MONDAY, March 29 (HealthDay News) -- Preconceived attitudes about breastfeeding may explain why black American women are less likely than white women to breastfeed their infants, a new study shows.
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About 60% of black infants born in 2006 were ever breastfed, compared with 77% of white infants, according to the researchers, who examined the intention to breastfeed among pregnant black, white, Hispanic and Asian women.
There was a significant difference in breastfeeding intentions between black women and all other races. Black women were as comfortable as women of other races with the idea of breastfeeding their baby. However, black women were far more comfortable with the idea of formula feeding their baby than other women were, and it's this attitude that likely explains why black women are much less likely to breastfeed, the study authors noted.
The findings "tell us that public health campaigns to promote breastfeeding must also include messages regarding the risk of formula feeding," study author Laurie Nommsen-Rivers, from the department of neonatology & pulmonary biology at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, said in a news release. "For example, we know that formula-fed infants, even here in the U.S., are twice as likely to suffer an ear infection and two to three times more likely to develop gastroenteritis as compared to exclusively breastfed infants."
The study was published in the February issue of Breastfeeding Medicine.
A woman should exclusively breastfeed her infant during the first six months of life, according to the World Health Organization.
-- Robert Preidt
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SOURCE: Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, news release, March 24, 2010
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