Infection with a virus causes rubella, a contagious disease. German measles is another name for rubella. While rubella virus infection typically causes a mild illness, it can lead to birth defects in the unborn baby if a pregnant woman becomes infected. People also sometimes refer to the illness as three-day measles, and it's not as severe as measles (rubeola, which is the result of infection with a different virus).
Rubella virus infection does not always cause symptoms or signs. When signs and symptoms associated with rubella virus do occur, these usually include low-grade fever and rash. Other symptoms and signs can include swollen or enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, runny nose or nasal congestion, cough, malaise, and headache.
Cause of German measles
Infection with the rubella virus causes rubella, or German measles. The infection spreads via fluid infected with the virus (for example, through coughing, sneezing, or sharing drinks or food with an infected person).
Other rubella (german measles) symptoms and signs
- Joint Pain
- Joint Swelling
- Loss of Appetite
- Mild Fever
- Rash That Starts on the Face and Moves Down the Body
- Runny or Stuffy Nose
- Sore Throat
- Swollen Lymph Nodes
Main Article on Rubella (German Measles) Symptoms and Signs
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
Picture of Rubella 1
The constellation of abnormalities caused by infection with the rubella (German measles) virus before birth. See a picture of...
Picture of Rubella 2
Petechiae on the hard palate of the same individual (Forchheimer's sign). See a picture of Rubella and learn more about the...
Viral Infection Types, Treatment, and Prevention
Watch this slideshow on Viral Infections and learn about types, treatment, and prevention of illnesses caused by viruses.
Viral Skin Rashes: A Guide to Itchy Rashes, Blisters, and Sores
Your skin breaks out in itchy rashes, painful blisters, or crusty sores. Allergies? Eczema? The answer could be a viral infection.
Infectious Disease Resources
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter