Generic drug: levetiracetam
Brand name: Roweepra
What is Roweepra (levetiracetam), and how does it work?
Roweepra (levetiracetam) is a prescription medicine taken by mouth that is used with other medicines to treat:
- partial onset seizures in people 1 month of age and older withepilepsy
- myoclonic seizures in people 12 years of age and older with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy
- primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures in people 6 years of age and older with certain types of generalized epilepsy.
It is not known if Roweepra is safe or effective in children under 1 month of age.
This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about Roweepra. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about Roweepra that is written for health professionals. You can call 1-800-273-6729 to get information about Roweepra.
What are the side effects of Roweepra?
Roweepra can cause serious side effects.
Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms:
- mood and behavior changes such as aggression, agitation,
anger, anxiety, apathy, mood swings, depression, hostility,
A few people may get psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are really not there), delusions (false or strange thoughts or beliefs) and unusual behavior.
- extreme sleepiness, tiredness, and weakness
- problems with muscle coordination (problems walking and moving)
- a skin rash. Serious skin rashes can happen after you start taking Roweepra. There is no way to tell if a mild rash will become a serious reaction.
The most common side effects seen in people who take Roweepra include:
The most common side effects seen in children who take Roweepra include, in addition to those listed above:
These side effects can happen at any time but happen more often within the first 4 weeks of treatment except for infection.
Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the possible side effects of Roweepra. For more information, ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
IMAGESBrowse our medical image collection to see examples of MRI brain scans, PET scans, and other imaging techniques used to diagnose and treat brain disorders See Images
What is the dosage for Roweepra?
Important Administration Instructions
- Roweepra is given orally with or without food. The Roweepra dosing regimen depends on the indication, age group, dosage form (tablets or oral solution), and renal function.
- Prescribe the oral solution for pediatric patients with body weight ≤ 20 kg. Prescribe the oral solution or tablets for pediatric patients with body weight above 20 kg.
- When using the oral solution in pediatric patients, dosing is weight-based (mg per kg) using a calibrated measuring device (not a household teaspoon or tablespoon).
- Roweepra tablets should be swallowed whole. Roweepra tablets should not be chewed or crushed.
Dosing For Partial Onset Seizures
Adults 16 Years And Older
- Initiate treatment with a daily dose of 1,000 mg/day, given as twice-daily dosing (500 mg twice daily). Additional dosing increments may be given (1,000 mg/day additional every 2 weeks) to a maximum recommended daily dose of 3,000 mg. There is no evidence that doses greater than 3,000 mg/day confer additional benefit.
1 Month to < 6 Months
- Initiate treatment with a daily dose of 14 mg/kg in 2 divided doses (7 mg/kg twice daily). Increase the daily dose every 2 weeks by increments of 14 mg/kg to the recommended daily dose of 42 mg/kg (21 mg/kg twice daily).
- In the clinical trial, the mean daily dose was 35 mg/kg in this age group. The effectiveness of lower doses has not been studied.
6 Months to <4 Years
- Initiate treatment with a daily dose of 20 mg/kg in 2 divided doses (10 mg/kg twice daily).
- Increase the daily dose in 2 weeks by an increment of 20 mg/kg to the recommended daily dose of 50 mg/kg (25 mg/kg twice daily).
- If a patient cannot tolerate a daily dose of 50 mg/kg, the daily dose may be reduced. In the clinical trial, the mean daily dose was 47 mg/kg in this age group.
4 Years to < 16 Years
- Initiate treatment with a daily dose of 20 mg/kg in 2 divided doses (10 mg/kg twice daily). Increase the daily dose every 2 weeks by increments of 20 mg/kg to the recommended daily dose of 60 mg/kg (30 mg/kg twice daily). If a patient cannot tolerate a daily dose of 60 mg/kg, the daily dose may be reduced. In the clinical trial, the mean daily dose was 44 mg/kg. The maximum daily dose was 3,000 mg/day.
- For Roweepra tablet dosing in pediatric patients weighing 20 to 40 kg, initiate treatment with a daily dose of 500 mg given as twice daily dosing (250 mg twice daily). Increase the daily dose every 2 weeks by increments of 500 mg to a maximum recommended daily dose of 1,500 mg (750 mg twice daily).
- For Roweepra tablet dosing in pediatric patients weighing more than 40 kg, initiate treatment with a daily dose of 1,000 mg/day given as twice daily dosing (500 mg twice daily). Increase the daily dose every 2 weeks by increments of 1,000 mg/day to a maximum recommended daily dose of 3,000 mg (1,500 mg twice daily).
Levetiracetam Oral Solution, USP Weight-Based Dosing Calculation For Pediatric Patients
The following calculation should be used to determine the appropriate daily dose of oral solution for pediatric patients:
|Total daily dose (mL/day) =||Daily dose (mg/kg/day) x patient weight(kg)|
Dosing For Myoclonic Seizures In Patients 12 Years Of Age And Older With Juvenile Myoclonic Epilepsy
- Initiate treatment with a dose of 1,000 mg/day, given as twice-daily dosing (500 mg twice daily). Increase the dosage by 1,000 mg/day every 2 weeks to the recommended daily dose of 3,000 mg. The effectiveness of doses lower than 3,000 mg/day has not been studied.
Dosing For Primary Generalized Tonic-Clonic Seizures
Adults 16 Years And Older
- Initiate treatment with a dose of 1,000 mg/day, given as twice-daily dosing (500 mg twice daily). Increase dosage by 1,000 mg/day every 2 weeks to the recommended daily dose of 3,000 mg. The effectiveness of doses lower than 3,000 mg/day has not been adequately studied.
Pediatric Patients Ages 6 To <16 Years
- Initiate treatment with a daily dose of 20 mg/kg in 2 divided doses (10 mg/kg twice daily). Increase the daily dose every 2 weeks by increments of 20 mg/kg to the recommended daily dose of 60 mg/kg (30 mg/kg twice daily).
- The effectiveness of doses lower than 60 mg/kg/day has not been adequately studied. Patients with body weight =20 kg should be dosed with oral solution. Patients with body weight above 20 kg can be dosed with either tablets or oral solution. Only whole tablets should be administered.
Dosage Adjustments In Adult Patients With Renal Impairment
- Roweepra dosing must be individualized according to the patient’s renal function status.
- Recommended dosage adjustments for adults are shown in Table 1.
- In order to calculate the dose recommended for patients with renal impairment, creatinine clearance adjusted for body surface area must be calculated.
- To do this an estimate of the patient’s creatinine clearance (CLcr) in mL/min must first be calculated using the following formula:
|CLcr =||[140-age (years)] x weight (kg)
72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)
|x 0.85 for female patients)|
Then CLcr is adjusted for body surface area (BSA) as follows:
|CLcr (mL/min) =||CLcr (mL/min/1.73m2)
BSA subject (m2)
Table 1: Dosing Adjustment Regimen for Adult Patients with Renal Impairment
|Normal||> 80||500 to 1,500||Every 12 hours|
|Mild||50 – 80||500 to 1,000||Every 12 hours|
|Moderate||30 – 50||250 to 750||Every 12 hours|
|Severe||< 30||250 to 500||Every 12 hours|
|ESRD patients using dialysis||-||500 to 1,0001||Every 24 hours1|
|1 Following dialysis, a 250 to 500 mg supplemental dose is ecommended.|
Is Roweepra safe to use while pregnant or breastfeeding?
- There are no adequate and controlled studies in pregnant women. Levetiracetam is excreted in human milk.
- Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in nursing infants from Roweepra, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
Roweepra (levetiracetam) is a prescription medicine taken by mouth that is used with other medicines to treat partial onset seizures, myoclonic seizures, and primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures in people with certain types of epilepsy. The most common side effects seen in people who take Roweepra include sleepiness, weakness, infection, and dizziness.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
What Is Epilepsy? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
Learn about epilepsy symptoms and treatment for this seizure condition. Discover the definition of epilepsy, how epilepsy is...
Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz: What Causes Seizures?
Do you know the difference between seizures and epilepsy? What are the types of seizures? Take the Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz to...
Related Disease Conditions
What Is the Difference Between a Seizure and a Convulsion?
Learn what the main difference between a seizure and a convulsion is, and how to recognize and treat either condition.
Migraines and Seizures
Migraines are a type of headache and seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. Migraine headaches and seizures are two different neurological problems that have similar signs, symptoms, and auras, for example, sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound, irritability, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms unique to migraine and migraine auras are water retention, problems sleeping, appetite changes, and talkativeness. Symptoms unique to seizure and seizures auras are depression, a feeling of heaviness, a feeling that a seizure is approaching, and depression. Many of the symptoms of migraine and seizures are the same, however, seizures do not cause migraines; however, people who have seizures are twice as likely to have migraines and vice-versa. People who have migraines are twice as likely to have seizures, and people with seizures are twice as likely to have migraines; however, one condition does not cause the other.
Seizures: Symptoms and Types
Seizures occur when there is an abnormal burst of electrical activity in the brain and are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Learn about the symptoms of different types of seizures, and check out the center below for more medical references on seizures, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related diseases, treatment, diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
What Causes Myoclonic Seizures in Babies?
Epileptic syndromes that cause myoclonic seizures usually begin in early childhood, and last throughout life, though milder forms may improve with adulthood. Doose syndrome (myoclonic-atonic epilepsy), Dravet syndrome (severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy [SMEI]) and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome are all childhood epilepsy syndromes that may cause seizures in babies and toddlers.
Can the Vagus Nerve Cause Seizures?
The vagus nerve is an important pathway to the brain in addition to helping to control seizures. Stimulation of the vagus nerve leads to the discharge of electrical energy into a wide area of the brain, disturbing the abnormal brain activity that causes seizures. The vagus nerve is used to treat seizures that do not respond to medications.
Seizure vs. Seizure Disorders: What's the Difference?
Seizures and seizure disorders are not the same medical problems. A seizure happens when the electrical activity in the brain is uncontrolled. There are about 40 different types of seizure disorders, in which epilepsy is one. Symptoms depend on the type of disorder, but can include loss of consciousness, uncontrolled twitching or shaking of one side, or the entire body.
Can a Person With Epilepsy Live a Normal Life?
Can a person with epilepsy live a normal life? What is epilepsy and what causes it? Learn the signs and symptoms of epilepsy, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
What Is a Cluster Seizure?
Cluster seizures are episodes of increased seizure activity in which two or more seizures occur in 24 hours. Multiple seizures occur one after the other typically with a recovery period between each seizure and are different from a person’s usual seizure pattern.
Epilepsy and Seizures: How to Treat?
A seizure is a sudden, uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder where brain activities are abnormal, causing more than one or recurrent episodes of seizures. Most cases of seizures can be managed conservatively with medication and supportive treatments.
What Are the Different Types of Seizures?
A seizure is a sudden change in the brain's normal electrical activity. During a seizure, brain cells fire uncontrollably than their normal rate, temporarily affecting the way a person behaves, moves, thinks, or feels. Recurrent seizures are called epilepsy. Seizures are usually categorized into three types depending on their onset.
How Do You Stop Multiple Seizures?
Seizures are a medical emergency. Whether the seizure is a first-time onset or a recurring episode, it is advisable to dial 911 and call for help. A group of drugs called benzodiazepines is usually administered to stop multiple seizures.
Do Seizures Come in Clusters?
Yes, seizures can come in clusters. The term seizure clusters is used when three or more seizures that occur within 24 hours (or within six hours as defined in some studies).
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Epilepsy and Seizures FAQs
- What Are the Different Types of Epilepsy?
- Why Remove Half A Brain?
- Seizure Symptoms: How to Assist the Victim
- Seizures: When the Computer Goes Haywire
- Senator Ted Kennedy: Seizure, Brain Cancer, and Death
- Brain Cancer Symptoms: Headaches and Seizures
- Does Lupus Cause Seizures?
- What Is a Jacksonian Seizure?
Medications & Supplements
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.