- What is Lactated Ringer's solution, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What are the uses for Lactated Ringer's solution?
- What are the side effects of Lactated Ringer's solution?
- What is the dosage for Lactated Ringer's solution?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with Lactated Ringer's solution?
- Is Lactated Ringer's solution safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about Lactated Ringer's solution?
What is Lactated Ringer's solution, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Lactated Ringer's is a sterile solution for fluid and electrolyte replenishment. It restores fluid and electrolyte balances, produces diuresis, and acts as alkalizing agent (reduces acidity). The FDA approved Ringer's solution in plastic containers in 1971.
What brand names are available for Lactated Ringer's solution?
Lactated Ringer's solution
Is Lactated Ringer's solution available as a generic drug?
GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes
Do I need a prescription for Lactated Ringer's solution?
What are the uses for Lactated Ringer's solution?
Lactated Ringer's is used for balancing fluid and electrolytes and as an alkalizing agent.
What is the dosage for Lactated Ringer's solution?
Adult dosing of Lactated Ringer's solution is as directed by the physician. Dosing is individualized based on the patient's age, weight, ongoing treatment, and clinical condition.
Safe and effective use of Lactated Ringer's solution in children is based on clinical practice.
Which drugs or supplements interact with Lactated Ringer's solution?
Lactated Ringer's solution should not be mixed with ceftriaxone (Rocephin) due to the significant risk of ceftriaxone and calcium precipitation.
Is Lactated Ringer's solution safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies done on Lactated Ringer's solution to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.
Use by women who are breastfeeding mothers has not been adequately evaluated.
What else should I know about Lactated Ringer's solution?
What preparations of Lactated Ringer's solution are available?
Lactated Ringer's solution is available in 250 ml, 500 ml, and 1000 ml in specific plastic containers.
- Lactated Ringer's is composed of sodium chloride 6 g/L, sodium lactate 3.1 g/L, potassium chloride 0.3 g/L, and calcium chloride 0.2 g/L.
- Lactated Ringer's contains ions of sodium 130 mEq/L, potassium 4 mEq/L, calcium 2.7 mEq/L, chloride 109 mEq/L, and lactate 28 mEq/L.
- Lactated Ringer's has an osmolarity of 273 mOsmol/L, pH of 6.5, and caloric content of 9 kcal/L.
How should I keep Lactated Ringer's solution stored?
Store Lactated Ringer's solution at room temperature of 25 C, avoiding excessive heat. Brief exposure to up to 40 C does not affect the product.
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Sodium chloride, potassium chloride, sodium lactate and calcium (Lactated Ringer's solution) is a sterile solution used to replace fluids and electrolytes in patients with unbalanced blood fluid, and it also is used for an alkalizing agent. Review side effects, drug interactions, dosage, storage, and pregnancy safety information prior to using this medication.
Related Disease Conditions
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Diarrhea is a change is the frequency and looseness of bowel movements. Symptoms associated with diarrhea are cramping, abdominal pain, and the sensation of rectal urgency. Causes of diarrhea include viral, bacterial, or parasite infection, gastroenteritis, food poisoning, and drugs. Absorbents and anti-motility medications are used to treat diarrhea.
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety. There are fitness programs that fit any age or lifestyle.
Travelers' diarrhea is generally contracted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water. Food is the primary source of travelers' diarrhea. Enterotoxigenic E. coli is the cause of up to 70% of all cases of travelers' diarrhea. There are five unique classes of E. coli that causes gastroenteritis. Other bacteria responsible for travelers' diarrhea include Campylobacter, jejuni, shigella, and salmonella. Viruses such as rotavirus and Norwalk virus (norovirus) and giardia lamblia a parasite may cause travelers' diarrhea. Prevention is careful eating and drinking of water.
Hyperthermia (Heat-Related Illness)
Heat-related illness include heat rash, cramps, exhaustion, stroke, and sunburn. Treatment of heat related illnesses depend on the condition, but symptoms may include headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting, seizures, and coma. Heat stroke is a medical emergency, and may result in death if not treated promptly. Heat exhaustion may lead to heat stroke if not treated properly.
Heat Stroke (A Very Serious Condition)
Heat stroke (heatstroke or sun stroke) is a form of hyperthermia. Heat stroke is a true medical emergency that can be fatal if not promptly and properly treated. Symptoms of heat stroke include high body temperature, absence of sweating, hot red or flushed dry skin, rapid pulse, difficulty breathing, strange behavior, hallucinations, confusion, agitation, disorientation, seizure, and coma. A victim of heat stroke must receive immediate treatment to avoid permanent organ damage.
Heat Exhaustion (First Aid Tips)
Heat exhaustion is a milder form of heat-related illness that can develop after several days of exposure to high temperatures and inadequate or unbalanced replacement fluids. Warning signs of heat exhaustion include heavy sweating, paleness, muscle cramps, tiredness, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea or vomiting, and fainting. A person suffering from heat exhaustion should stop the activity are doing, move to a cooler environment, and rehydrate with liquids, for example, water or sports drinks. Complications of heat exhaustion are dehydration, muscle weakness, nausea, and vomiting. Heat exhaustion can progress to heat stroke (a medical emergency) if not treated.
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Heat rash is a skin irritation caused by excessive sweating. It can occur at any age and it appears as a rash that itches or feels prickly, and looks like a red cluster of pimples or small blisters. Heat rash remedies include OTC creams and sprays. Usually heat rash resolves when the skin is cooled sufficiently. Medical treatment may be necessary if the sweat glands become infected.
Fitness: Exercise for a Healthy Heart
Regular exercise can help reduce the risk of heart disease. To achieve maximum benefits, do a mix of stretching exercise, aerobic activity, and strengthening exercise. Aim to get 20 to 30 minutes of aerobic exercise at least three to four times a week. Consult a doctor before exercising for the first time, especially if you have health problems.
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You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.