Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a highly contagious viral infection. Symptoms and signs include fever and nasal congestion and discharge. Treatment focuses on supportive care. This disease has a good prognosis in babies and infants. Read more: Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Upper Respiratory Infection (URTI)
An upper respiratory infection is a contagious infection of the structures of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the sinuses, nasal passages, pharynx, and larynx. Common causes of an upper respiratory infection include bacteria and viruses such as rhinoviruses, group A streptococci, influenza, respiratory syncytial, whooping cough, diphtheria, and Epstein-Barr. Examples of symptoms of upper respiratory infection include sneezing, sore throat, cough, fever, and nasal congestion. Treatment of upper respiratory infections are based upon the cause. Generally, viral infections are treated symptomatically with over-the-counter (OTC) medication and home remedies.
Chronic cough is a cough that does not go away and is generally a symptom of another disorder such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, sinus infection, cigarette smoking, GERD, postnasal drip, bronchitis, pneumonia, medications, and less frequently tumors or other lung disease. Chronic cough treatment is based on the cause, but may be soothed natural and home remedies.
Fever in Adults and Children
Although a fever technically is any body temperature above the normal of 98.6 F (37 C), in practice, a person is usually not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38 C). Fever is part of the body's own disease-fighting arsenal; rising body temperatures apparently are capable of killing off many disease-producing organisms.
Stomach Flu (Gastroenteritis) Symptoms Signs, Treatment Remedies, Diet
Stomach flu (gastroenteritis) is a term referred used to describe a variety of gastrointestinal problems. The most common signs and symptoms of gastroenteritis are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. The most common cause of gastroenteritis in the United States is Norovirus. Other causes of gastroenteritis include Rotavirus, Astrovirus, Adenovirus, and Sapovirus. There are bacterial causes of gastroenteritis such as Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter Aeromonas, E. coli, Clostridium, Vibrio, Campylobacter, and Yersinia spp. Parasites that cause gastroenteritis include Giardia, Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, and Entamoeba. Treatment for gastroenteritis is generally home remedies such as keeping hydrated to prevent dehydration. At times, hospitalization may be necessary if dehydration occurs.
Pneumonia is inflammation of the lungs caused by fungi, bacteria, or viruses. Symptoms and signs include cough, fever, shortness of breath, and chills. Antibiotics treat pneumonia, and the choice of the antibiotic depends upon the cause of the infection.
The common cold (viral upper respiratory tract infection) is a contagious illness that may be caused by various viruses. Symptoms include a stuffy nose, headache, cough, sore throat, and maybe a fever. Antibiotics have no effect upon the common cold, and there is no evidence that zinc and vitamin C are effective treatments.
Is Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Contagious?
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a contagious viral infection that causes symptoms such as decreased appetite, runny nose, sneezing, coughing, and mild fever. The incubation period is 4-6 days, and the contagious period ends after the symptoms disappear.
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
Bronchitis is inflammation of the airways in the lung. Acute bronchitis is short in duration (10-20 days) in comparison with chronic bronchitis, which lasts for months to years. Causes of acute bronchitis include viruses and bacteria, which means it can be contagious. Acute bronchitis caused by environmental factors such as pollution or cigarette smoke is not contagious. Common symptoms for acute bronchitis include nasal congestion, cough, headache, sore throat, muscle aches, and fatigue. Acute bronchitis in children also my include runny nose, fever, and chest pain. Treatment for acute bronchitis are OTC pain relievers, cough suppressants (although not recommended in children), and rest. Infrequently antibiotics may be prescribed to treat acute bronchitis.
Is Croup Contagious?
Croup is a viral infection that typically affects children and causes inflammation of the larynx and trachea. The cough associated with croup sounds like a barking dog or seal. Croup usually lasts for about a week.
Chronic bronchitis is a cough that occurs daily with production of sputum that lasts for at least 3 months, 2 years in a row. Causes of chronic bronchitis include cigarette smoking, inhaled irritants, and underlying disease processes (such as asthma, or congestive heart failure). Symptoms include cough, shortness of breath, and wheezing. Treatments include bronchodilators and steroids. Complications of chronic bronchitis include COPD and emphysema.
Adenovirus 14 (Killer Cold Virus)
Adenovirus infection, particularly Ad14, or the "killer cold virus" has been on the increase in the past two years. Symptoms range from those experienced with colds, sore throat, bronchitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, pinkeye, fever, bladder infection, and neurological conditions. Diagnosis and treatment options need to be discussed with your physician.
Influenza (flu) is a respiratory illness caused by a virus. Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, headache, fatigue, and muscle aches. The flu may be prevented with an annual influenza vaccination.
Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments
Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the symptoms, which symptoms one wishes to relieve, and the active ingredients in the OTC product. Taking products that only contain the medications needed for relieving your symptoms prevents ingestion of unnecessary medications and reduces the chances of side effects.
Children's Cough Causes and Treatments
Children's cough causes include infection, acid reflux, asthma, allergies or sinus infection, whooping cough, and exposure to irritants. Treatment for a child's cough include cough medicine for children over the age of four.
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)
The cause of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is unknown. The risk of SIDS peaks in infants 2-4 months of age. SIDS is more common among male infants, particularly African American and Native American infants, during the winter months. Putting the baby to sleep on his/her back, avoiding fluffy, loose bedding, using a firm mattress, and avoiding co-sleeping may help to prevent SIDS.
Bronchiolitis is an illness caused by a variety of viruses that is most common during the winter season. Bronchiolitis symptoms are nasal congestion and moderate nasal discharge accompanied by mild to severe pulmonary distress. Bronchiolitis usually can be treated at home. Some patients may require hospitalization.
Local ResourcesFind a local Pediatrician in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- Biologics (Biologic Drug Class)
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- ribavirin - inhalation, Virazole
- ribavirin, Rebetol, Copegus, Ribasphere, RibaPak, Moderiba
- palivizumab - injection, Synagis
- respiratory syncytial virus immune globulin,human (rsv-igiv)-inj, Respigam
Prevention & Wellness
- Your Young Child Is Sick: Is it COVID or RSV?
- RSV Respiratory Illnesses Rising for Babies, Experts Warn
- Troubling Rise Seen in Both COVID, RSV Cases Among Children
- Ambitious Plan to Guard Against Future Pandemics
- CDC Issues Alert About RSV Spread in Southern U.S.
- Labs Worldwide Working on Coronavirus Vaccine, But Rollout Could Take Time
- Study Estimates Actual Coronavirus Case Count in Wuhan May Be Near 76,000
- Will a Face Mask Protect You From Coronavirus?
- Checklist: What You Need to Know About Coronavirus
- Bats Are Thought to Be Coronavirus Source, and Scientists Think They Know Why
- WHO Declares Coronavirus a Public Health Emergency, U.S. Reports First Person-to-Person Infection
- Is the Super Bowl Safe With Coronavirus in the U.S.?
- Coronavirus Infections in China Hit 7,700, as WHO Mulls Emergency Declaration
- Where Is the New Coronavirus Most Likely to Spread?
- Coronavirus Cases Top 2,700 in China, While 5th U.S. Case Is Confirmed
- Coronavirus Deaths Top 100 in China, While U.S Issues Travel Alert
- First Clinical Studies Find Wuhan Virus Closely Resembles SARS
- First U.S. Patient With China Coronavirus Is Diagnosed in Washington State
- China Coronavirus in US—The New SARS? 5 Things You Need to Know
- Respiratory Virus Lurks as Wintertime Worry
- How to Spot the Virus That Puts Some Babies in the Hospital
- Common Viruses a Deadly Threat at Nursing Homes
- How to Spot a Common, Potentially Dangerous, Childhood Illness
- Health Tip: Help Prevent RSV
- Vaccine for Deadly Respiratory Virus Shows Promise in Early Trial
- Parents' Clothing Can Infect Newborns in Intensive Care
- Vaccine Combo Shows Promise Against Common, Dangerous Infection
- Viruses Increasingly Behind Child Pneumonia Cases
- New Drug May Fight Serious Respiratory Virus in Infants
- When a Common Cold Becomes More Dangerous for Kids
- Little-Known Respiratory Infection Sends Many Kids to Hospital
- Virus Patterns Where Kids Live May Affect Asthma Risk
- Common Respiratory Virus Affecting Many Young Children
- Health Highlights: Sept. 8, 2011
- Low Vitamin D at Birth Linked to Lung Infections
- RSV: Winter Virus Common Cause of Illness
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