- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: remdesivir
Brand Name: Veklury
Drug Class: Antivirals, SARS-CoV-2
What is remdesivir, and what is it used for?
Remdesivir is an antiviral medication used to treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which has led to the global pandemic that started in 2019. Remdesivir was developed after the outbreak of COVID-19 and was granted Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) in May 2020. Remdesivir was the first drug to receive FDA approval for the treatment of COVID-19, in October, 2020.
SARS-CoV-2 is an RNA virus that spreads through droplets when an infected person talks, coughs, sneezes or laughs. Remdesivir works by inhibiting SARS-CoV-2 RNA-dependent RNA polymerase, the enzyme that is essential for viral replication. Remdesivir is a prodrug that is metabolized in the body into its active form remdesivir triphosphate (RDV-TP). RDV-TP gets incorporated into the growing viral RNA chain and inhibits its synthesis and replication.
- Do not use in patients who are hypersensitive to remdesivir or any of its components
- Hypersensitivity reactions, including infusion-related and anaphylactic reactions have been observed, mostly within an hour of administration; slower infusion rate (up to 120 minutes) may reduce the risk of these reactions; in case of clinically significant reactions, discontinue remdesivir immediately and implement appropriate treatment
- Elevation of liver enzymes (transaminases) can occur; perform liver tests in all patients before starting therapy; consider discontinuing if ALT levels are higher than 10 times the upper normal limit, and discontinue if ALT elevation is accompanied by signs and symptoms of liver inflammation
- Do not co-administer with chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine; may reduce remdesivir’s antiviral activity
What are the side effects of remdesivir?
Common side effects of remdesivir include:
- Decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)
- Decrease in creatinine clearance
- Increase in creatinine levels
- Decrease in hemoglobin levels
- Increase in blood glucose levels
- Decrease in lymphocytes
- Increase in blood clotting time (prothrombin time)
- Increase in serum levels of liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)
Less common side effects of remdesivir include:
Rare side effects of remdesivir include:
- Hypersensitivity reactions which may include
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Rapid heart rate (tachycardia)
- Slow heart rate (bradycardia)
- Low oxygen in tissues (hypoxia)
- Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
- Swelling of tissue under the skin and mucous membranes (angioedema)
- Excessive sweating (diaphoresis)
- Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
- Increase in serum alkaline phosphatase
- Redness (erythema) at the injection site
- Leakage of drug from the vein (extravasation)
- Infusion related reactions
- Severe bradycardia
- Heart failure
- Acute liver failure
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug.
Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What are the dosages of remdesivir?
Injection, Lyophilized Powder for Reconstitution
- Note: Use lyophilized powder to prepare dose for children younger than 12 years or weight under 40 kg according to EUA for this group
Injection, Concentrated Solution
- 100mg/20mL (5mg/mL)
Adults and pediatric patients 12 years or older
Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)
Indicated for treatment of COVID-19 in adults and pediatric patients 12 years or older who weigh 40 kg or more with positive results of direct severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) viral testing, requiring hospitalization, or are not hospitalized and have mild-to-moderate COVID-19 and are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death
- Day 1 loading dose: 200 mg intravenous (IV) infused over 30-120 minutes, THEN
- Day 2 and thereafter: 100 mg IV every day
- Treatment duration
- Not requiring invasive mechanical ventilation and/or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO): 5 days; if clinical improvement not demonstrated, treatment may be extended up to 10 days in total
- Requires invasive mechanical ventilation and/or ECMO: 10 days
- Initiate as soon as possible after diagnosis of symptomatic COVID-19 has been made and within 7 days of symptom onset
- 200 mg IV on Day 1, then 100 mg IV on Days 2-3 (i.e. 3 consecutive days)
- Pharmacokinetics have not been evaluated in patients with renal impairment
- eGFR 30 mL/min or more: No dose adjustment
- eGFR below 30 mL/min: Not recommended; sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin sodium salt (SBECD) excipient in the concentrated solution is renally cleared and accumulates in patients with decreased renal function
- Not evaluated; unknown if dosage adjustment required
- Obtain before initiating in all patients and while receiving as clinically appropriate
- Determine eGFR
- Perform hepatic laboratory testing
- Determine prothrombin time
Children younger than 12 years
COVID-19 in Younger Children (EUA)
Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) issued for treatment of COVID-19 in pediatric patients weighing 3.5 kg to under 40 kg or children aged younger than 12 years who weigh at least 40 kg, with positive results of direct SARS-CoV-2 viral testing, who are hospitalized, or not hospitalized and have mild-to-moderate COVID-19 and are at high risk for progression to severe COVID-19, including hospitalization or death
- Weight 3.5-40 kg
- Day 1 loading dose: 5 mg/kg mg IV infused over 30-120 minutes, THEN
- Day 2 and thereafter: 2.5 mg/kg IV every day
- Age younger than 12 years and weight 40 kg or more
- Day 1 loading dose: 200 mg IV infused over 30-120 min, THEN
- Day 2 and thereafter: 100 mg IV every day
- Inpatient treatment duration
- Not requiring invasive mechanical ventilation and/or ECMO: 5 days; if clinical improvement not demonstrated, treatment may be extended up to 10 days in total
- Requires invasive mechanical ventilation and/or ECMO: 10 days
- Initiate as soon as possible after diagnosis of symptomatic COVID-19 has been made and within 7 days of symptom onset
- Weight 3.5-40 kg: 5 mg/kg IV on Day 1, then 2.5 mg/kg IV on Days 2-3
- Weight 40 kg or more: 200 mg IV on Day 1, then 100 mg IV on Days 2-3
- Administer for 3 consecutive days
- eGFR 30 mL/min or more: No dose adjustment
- Pediatric patients (older than 28 days) with eGFR below 30 mL/min: Not recommended
- Full-term neonates (7 days to 28 days) with serum creatinine more than 1 mg/dL: Not recommended
- Sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin sodium salt (SBECD) excipient in the concentrated solution is renally cleared and accumulates in patients with decreased renal function
- Not evaluated; unknown if dosage adjustment required
- Administer only in a hospital or healthcare setting capable of providing acute care comparable to inpatient hospital care
- Use lyophilized powder to prepare dose for children younger than 12 years or weight below 40 kg according to EUA for this group
- Obtain before initiating in all patients and while receiving as clinically appropriate
- Determine eGFR for patients older than 28 days
- Measure serum creatinine for all full-term neonates aged 7-28 days
- Perform hepatic laboratory testing
- Determine prothrombin time
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- There are no data on overdosage with remdesivir and there is no specific antidote for overdose.
- Overdose should be treated with general supportive measures including monitoring of vital signs and observation of the clinical status of the patient.
What drugs interact with remdesivir?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
- Remdesivir has no known severe interactions with other drugs.
- Serious interactions of remdesivir include:
- Chloroquine phosphate
- hydroxychloroquine sulfate
- Moderate interactions of remdesivir include:
- Remdesivir has no known mild interactions with other drugs.
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Remdesivir treatment should not be withheld if needed during pregnancy.
- Available data on use of remdesivir in pregnant women are insufficient to evaluate drug-related risk of major birth defects, miscarriage, or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes, however, animal reproductive studies did not show any fetal harm.
- Untreated COVID-19 in pregnancy is associated with maternal and fetal risks, including preeclampsia, eclampsia, preterm birth, premature rupture of membranes, venous thromboembolic disease, and fetal death.
- Information on COVID-19 treatment during pregnancy continues to emerge; refer to current guidelines for the treatment of pregnant patients.
- The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) have developed an algorithm to help practitioners assess and manage pregnant patients with COVID-19 (https://www.acog.org/covid-19; https://www.smfm.org/covid19). Interim guidance is also available from the CDC at (https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/hcp/inpatient-obstetric-healthcare-guidance.html).
- Data collection to monitor maternal and infant outcomes following exposure to remdesivir during pregnancy is ongoing.
- Pregnant and recently pregnant patients exposed to remdesivir are encouraged to enroll in the registry (800-616-3791 or http://covidpr.pregistry.com).
- Health care providers are encouraged to enroll patients exposed to COVID-19 during pregnancy in the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS) pregnancy registry (877-311-8972; https://mothertobaby.org/join-study/).
- Remdesivir and its metabolite have been detected in breast milk in concentration considered acceptable for breastfeeding. There is, however, insufficient information and decision should be based benefits to the mother and potential risks to the infant. Viral particles have not been found in breast milk, however, the breastfeeding mother should take all precautions to avoid spreading the virus to the infant.
What else should I know about remdesivir?
- Inform your healthcare provider:
- If you have liver or kidney problems
- If you are pregnant/breastfeeding or planning to
- If you are taking chloroquine phosphate or hydroxychloroquine sulfate
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Remdesivir is an antiviral medication used to treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Do not co-administer with chloroquine or hydroxychloroquine; may reduce remdesivir’s antiviral activity. Common side effects of remdesivir include decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), decrease in creatinine clearance, increase in creatinine levels, decrease in hemoglobin levels, increase in blood glucose levels, decrease in lymphocytes, increase in blood clotting time (prothrombin time), increase in serum levels of liver enzymes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and nausea. Consult your doctor if pregnant or breastfeeding.
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What Happens if a Pregnant Woman Gets a Cold?
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Lungs are the main organs affected by COVID-19; however, the virus can also affect other organs, such as the kidneys, brain, and liver.
Do Recovered COVID-19 Patients Have Antibodies?
While antibodies have been found in people who recover from COVID-19, it’s unclear how long the immune response lasts. It’s important to continue following public health guidelines to protect yourself from reinfection.
Is COVID-19 One of the Causes of Pleurisy?
Pleurisy is a painful lung condition that makes it hard to breathe. Learn what causes it, how it's diagnosed, what you can do to treat it, and if COVID-19 causes it.
Can Congestion Be the Only Symptom of COVID-19?
Congestion can be the only symptom of COVID-19 in some cases.
What Are COVID Toes and Fingers?
While less common, COVID-19 can affect your skin. COVID toes and fingers refer to rashes and discoloration on the toes and fingers of people infected with the virus.
Does COVID-19 Cause Weird Dreams?
Research shows that the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant effect on sleep and dream activity in healthy adults.
Is It a Cold or a Sinus Infection?
A sinus infection, also known as sinusitis or rhinosinusitis, is a condition in which the delicate membranes that line the sinuses may get swollen and become red. A cold or common cold is a viral infection. It affects the upper respiratory system, which includes the nose, mouth, throat, and lungs.
How Long Is COVID-19 Patient Contagious for?
People infected with COVID-19 can still be contagious even when they stop feeling sick, so precautionary measures should continue for at least 2 weeks after symptoms disappear and until the COVID-19 test result is negative. Ideally, patients should be quarantined at home or an institution for 2 weeks after the symptoms completely disappear.
COVID-19 (Coronavirus, 2019-nCoV)
Infection with COVID-19 (2019 novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV) causes respiratory problems in humans. Transmission of COVID-19 occurs mainly through contact with respiratory sections from an infected person, however, fecal contamination may also spread the virus. Symptoms start off flu-like and progress to coughing, fever, shortness of breath, shaking chills, headache, loss of sense of taste and/or smell, muscle pain, and sore throat. Treatment focuses on supportive care and symptom relief. COVID-19 vaccines are available.
Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments
Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the symptoms, which symptoms one wishes to relieve, and the active ingredients in the OTC product. Taking products that only contain the medications needed for relieving your symptoms prevents ingestion of unnecessary medications and reduces the chances of side effects.
When Does a COVID-19 Patient Need to Go on a Ventilator?
When COVID-19 leads to ARDS, a ventilator is needed to help the patient breathe. ARDS reduces the ability of the lungs to provide enough oxygen to vital organs.
Can I Drink Alcohol Before Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine?
While no scientific evidence exists claiming to avoid alcohol before or after the COVID-19 vaccine, health officials still advise against drinking a week before or after.
Genital Herpes and Cold Sores: 10 Myths and Facts
Genital herpes and cold sores (oral herpes) are the names given to two types of infection caused by the two types of herpes simplex virus (HSV): HSV-1 and HSV-2.
How Do You Know if You Have a Sinus Infection (Sinusitis) or COVID-19 Coronavirus?
Learn how the signs and symptoms of a sinus infection are different from those caused by COVID-19.
Are Cold Sores (Fever Blisters) Contagious?
About 20% of cases of cold sores are caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and approximately 80% of cold sores are caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Cold sores are transmitted by sharing utensils and razors, kissing, and oral sex. There is no cure for cold sores.
When Might COVID-19 Booster Shot Side Effects Start?
Typically vaccine-related side effects are reported within 24 to 48 hours of taking the vaccine.
Omicron Variant Vs. Flu Symptoms: Similarities and Differences
Here are the similarities and differences of the Omicron COVID-19 variant and flu symptoms.
Is the COVID-19 Booster Shot the Same Vaccine as the First Two Shots?
COVID-19 booster shots are the same formulation as the existing vaccines. However, the Moderna booster is half the dose of the previous two doses.
Is Fever a Symptom of COVID-19?
Fever is a symptom of COVID-19, although not everyone presents with fever. Learn about other COVID-19 symptoms and what to do if you are infected.
How Long Does the Stomach Flu Last?
Stomach flu or viral gastroenteritis is an infection caused by a virus that infects your stomach. Although the term has flu in it, it is not a true flu. Symptoms that include vomiting and diarrhea, fever and stomach pain can last for one to three days depending on the cause. Diarrhea may persist longer, for up to 10 days, after the disappearance of other symptoms.
What Does a COVID-19 Headache Feel Like?
COVID-19 headache may feel like a pulsing, pressing, or stabbing pain.
What Qualifies as Immunocompromised for Covid Vaccine Booster?
People with compromised immune systems who have already received two doses of either the Pfizer or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine are eligible for a third shot if they meet these immunocompromised conditions.
Can You Have the Flu Without a Fever?
Since not every individual experiences all of the flu symptoms, it is possible to have the flu without having a fever.
How Do You Cure the Flu Quickly?
Flu or influenza is a common viral disease affecting the respiratory system. This infectious disease is caused by the influenza virus. Most cases of flu are self-limiting and can be easily managed at home.
Cold vs. Flu
Though the common cold and flu share many signs and symptoms, they are caused by different viruses. Signs and symptoms include sneezing, sore throat, runny nose, fatigue, and cough. Treatment options for the cold and flu are similar and focus on reducing symptoms. Doctors may prescribe antivirals/neuraminidase inhibitors for the flu.
Can COVID-19 Affect a Newborn Baby?
There is a low risk of transmitting COVID-19 from mother to child during pregnancy. In some cases, newborns might test positive for COVID-19 after birth. Symptoms for newborns who test positive may range from mild to severe illness.
How Long Do Flu Symptoms Last in Toddlers?
What is the flu, and how long do symptoms last in kids? Learn the signs of the flu and find out what medicines may help.
COVID-19 vs. Flu vs. Cold
When you're feeling sick, it can be difficult to distinguish the symptoms of a COVID-19 infection from the symptoms of the common cold or the flu (influenza). While fever is common with the flu and COVID-19, sneezing is typically only associated with colds. Though sore throats are typical with colds, they are uncommon with COVID-19 infections and the flu.
What Is the Difference Between Strep Throat and Sore Throat?
What Is The Difference Between Strep Throat and Sore Throat? Learn how to identify the symptoms and treat these throat conditions effectively.
Can COVID-19 Cause Mediastinal Lymphadenopathy?
COVID-19 can cause mediastinal lymphadenopathy, but it is not considered a typical finding on chest CT scans of patients infected by COVID-19.
What Are the Differences Between Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccines?
Despite being made using the same technology and sharing similar effects on the body, here are the differences between the Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccines.
Sinus Infection vs. Cold
Viruses cause the common cold and most sinus infections. Bacterial and fungal infections may also cause a sinus infection. Signs and symptoms of colds and sinus infections include nasal irritation or dryness, sore throat, stuffy nose, nasal discharge/congestion, sneezing, and cough. Additional symptoms of sinus infections include sinus pressure behind the cheeks or eyes, facial pain when pressure is applied, bad breath, and thick yellow or green mucus. Treatment focuses on symptom relief.
How Long Does a Cold Last?
Most often, a common cold lasts anywhere from 5 to 10 days in length.
How Soon After the COVID-19 Booster Vaccines Are You Protected?
According to recent studies, it takes about 14 days after receiving the COVID-19 booster vaccine for your immune system to offer protection from the virus.
How Long Does the Flu Last in Seniors?
What is the flu? Learn the signs of the flu in seniors and when you need to call a doctor.
Is There a Lot of Sneezing With COVID-19?
While sneezing is not a definitive symptom of COVID-19, some people infected with the Delta variant have complained of sneezing.
Should I Get Tested for COVID-19 if I Have a Sore Throat?
If you have a sore throat along with symptoms such as fever, cough, and shortness of breath, you should get tested for COVID-19.
When Is BiPAP Used for COVID?
BiPAP helps improve breathing in people who have severe difficulty in breathing irrespective of the lung injury being COVID-19 related.
How Does COVID-19 Infection Affect the Placenta?
The placenta is the supply chain and waste disposal for the baby in your womb. After studying a few second-trimester and hundreds of third-trimester placentas from women with Covid-19, researchers determined the virus causes significant destruction within this vital organ.
Is My Sore Throat Allergies or COVID-19?
Sore throat can be a symptom of allergies or COVID-19, and it can be difficult to tell which one you have. Understanding the difference between these two illnesses can help.
Can COVID-19 Leave Lingering Symptoms?
Nearly 80 percent of people infected with COVID-19 experience one or more lingering symptoms post-recovery.
Do All Patients With COVID-19 Get Pneumonia?
According to the CDC, about 3%-17% of patients with COVID-19 develop lung-related complications that require hospitalization, such as pneumonia.
Does COVID-19 Have an Effect on Your Skin?
COVID-19 can affect the skin with symptoms known as cutaneous manifestations that result in bumps, rashes, papules, and more.
Can I Have COVID-19 and Fungal Infection at the Same Time?
One of those challenges is that bacterial and fungal infections can occur alongside COVID-19, especially in people whose cases are severe enough to put them in the ICU or who have existing comorbidities like diabetes or HIV.
What Happens If You Don't Take the Second Shot of the COVID-19 Vaccine?
If you don’t take the second shot of the COVID-19 vaccine, you will not reach full immunity against the virus and will be at higher risk of contracting the disease.
How Does COVID-19 Mainly Spread?
COVID-19 mainly spreads via airborne particles and respiratory droplets formed when an infected person breathes, talks, coughs, or sneezes.
How Do You Treat a Baby With the Flu?
The home remedy for flu will depend on the temperature of the baby and on what other signs and symptoms are present with the flu. Flu or influenza is an infectious disease caused by the influenza virus. It affects the respiratory tract (which involves the throat, nose, and lungs) causing symptoms, such as cough, running nose, fever, and difficulty in breathing.
Can Babies Get COVID-19?
According to the CDC, it's not common for newborns to be diagnosed with COVID-19. But there have been a few cases of newborns testing positive for the virus.
How Long Does Immunity Last After You Get Moderna, Pfizer, or Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 Vaccines?
People's bodies all respond differently to the vaccines so to understand how long immunity lasts, it comes down to your body’s antibody production.
Can COVID-19 Cause Pneumonia?
In some cases, COVID-19 can cause life-threatening lung complications such as pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and sepsis.
How Dangerous Is the Coronavirus Disease?
The outbreak of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has been declared a global emergency. As per experts, the coronavirus disease is considered the worst crisis since World War II and has led to stringent lockdowns by governments worldwide.
Can I Get COVID-19 Again?
If you have had COVID-19, can you get it again? Yes, COVID-19 reinfection is rare but possible. Learn what symptoms to look for and how to protect yourself.
Can Flying on an Airplane Increase My Risk of Getting COVID-19?
Yes, air travel can increase your risk of COVID-19 infection; however, reduce that risk by getting vaccinated, wearing a face mask, and maintaining social distancing when possible.
What Are The Side Effects of the H1N1 Flu Vaccine?
H1N1, also known as the swine flu, most recently caused an outbreak in 2009. The vaccine for it used to be a separate shot, but is now included in your yearly flu shot. The side effects are similar to the flu shot, and are usually minor.
What Can You Take for a Cold While Pregnant?
You may take over-the-counter (OTC) treatment after consulting with the physician because these are generally safe. OTC medications for colds and flus include acetaminophen, guaifenesin syrup and saline nasal drops or spray. You can also use natural remedies to treat a cold during pregnancy.
What Kind of Headache Comes With COVID?
COVID-19 headache is described as a really tight, squeezing sensation that gets worse with coughing and physical activity.
What Can Trigger a Cold Sore?
After you get infected with HSV, it lies inactively in the nerve cells inside your skin and may appear as another cold sore at the same place as before.
What Are Some of the Symptoms of COVID-19 in Children?
What should you do if your child gets sick during the pandemic? Understand the symptoms of COVID-19 in children and how to manage them.
COVID-19 vs. Allergies
Though there is some overlap in allergy and COVID-19 signs and symptoms there are also significant differences. Symptoms that they have in common include headache, fatigue, tiredness, shortness of breath, wheezing, and sore throat. Fever does not occur with allergies but is one of the defining symptoms of COVID-19 infections.
Is It Safe to Go to the Gym During the COVID-19 Pandemic?
The COVID-19 pandemic changed many people's routines. Even if you are vaccinated, going to the gym does still come with some risk of getting COVID-19.
What Is the Most Effective Treatment for COVID-19?
Depending on a person’s symptoms, the most effective treatment for COVID-19 may range from rest and hydration to oxygen therapy and ventilation.
Are Migraines a Symptom of COVID-19?
Although the main symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, cough, and shortness of breath, migraines are also a common symptom that may persist during or after infection.
How Do You Fight Fatigue From COVID-19?
You can fight COVID-19 fatigue by getting plenty of rest, practicing good sleep hygiene, napping when needed, staying hydrated, and eating a balanced diet.
How Long Are You Contagious With the Flu?
The flu is contagious 1-2 days before symptoms start and up to 5-7 days after symptoms have developed. Young children and people who have weak immune systems may be contagious for longer.
Can COVID-19 Vaccine Affect Fertility?
The COVID-19 vaccine does not affect fertility.
COVID-19 (Coronavirus) Prevention Tips
COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus that spreads from person to person via infected respiratory droplets. The main symptoms of COVID-19 infection include cough, fever, and shortness of breath. Occasionally, people infected with COVID-19 may experience diarrhea, a sore throat, a runny or stuffy nose, or aches and pains. Avoiding contact with infected people, social distancing, not touching your face, frequent hand washing, cleaning, and disinfecting of frequently touched surfaces can help to reduce your risk of contracting the 2019 novel coronavirus.
What Is the Best Medicine for the Flu?
The best flu medicine would be to rest and get plenty of fluids. Most symptoms of flu such as a fever, a runny nose, and blocked sinuses can be managed by acetaminophen and antihistaminic medications.
Are There Any FDA-Approved Drugs for COVID-19?
Recently, the FDA has authorized several other medications for emergency use for COVID-19 besides the drug Veklury (remdesivir).
How Do You Keep Your Immune System Healthy With COVID-19?
Strong immunity is pivotal for the prevention and complete recovery from COVID-19. Here are eight tips to boost your immunity and reduce your risk of serious COVID-19 illness.
Can Parents Spread COVID-19 to Kids?
Parents need to be aware that their children can easily contract COVID-19, exercise maximum caution, and follow the COVID-19 protocols to ensure everyone is safe.
When Do Symptoms of the Coronavirus Disease Typically Start?
People infected with COVID-19 may experience symptoms five to six days after exposure to the virus; however, it can take up to 14 days for symptoms to initiate.
Can COVID-19 Only Be Shortness of Breath?
Shortness of breath may be a symptom of COVID-19, but on its own it is unlikely to be a sign of infection. Learn about other causes of shortness of breath.
What Are the Most Common Long-Term Effects of COVID-19?
Most people recover from COVID-19 in two weeks. The most common long-term effects of COVID-19 infection are mood problems, neurological issues, heart disease, liver disease, lung disease, and heart disease.
How Can Teens Cope With A Cold?
Usually, teens have a healthy immune system to cope with common cold. Getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can ease the symptoms.
Is the Coronavirus More Contagious Than the Flu?
COVID-19 or coronavirus disease is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered strain of coronavirus named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2). Cases that eventually led to a global pandemic were first discovered in the city of Wuhan, China, during early December 2019.
Is COVID-19 Life-Threatening?
Most people infected with COVID-19 experience mild to moderate respiratory symptoms and recover without special medical treatment. However, the virus is much more life-threatening to older people and those with underlying medical problems.
Vaccine-Induced Immune Thrombotic Thrombocytopenia (VITT) and COVID-19
Vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) is an extremely rare side effect of the COVID-19 vaccine and has only been seen with the Johnson & Johnson and AstraZeneca vaccines.
Is It Possible to Develop Immunity to COVID-19 After Recovering?
People who recover from COVID-19 do develop an immune response to the disease after infection; however, these antibodies usually decline after 8 months.
Are Kawasaki and COVID-19 Related?
Children with COVID-19 infection have experienced symptoms similar to Kawasaki disease due to multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C).
Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome in Children (MIS-C) and COVID-19
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) has been found mostly in children infected with COVID-19 or who were in contact with other infected people. The condition causes widespread inflammation in various tissues and organ systems.
Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds
If you have a COPD such as emphysema, avoiding chronic bronchitis and colds is important to avoid a more severe respiratory infection such as pneumonia. Avoiding cigarette smoking, practice good hygeine, stay away from crowds, and alerting your healthcare provider if you have a sinus infection or cold or cough that becomes worse. Treatment options depend upon the severity of the emphysema, bronchitis, or cold combination.
Does COVID-19 Affect My Heart?
As per the American Heart Association, COVID-19 may have a long-term effect on the heart. Having a heart condition doesn't make a person more likely to catch COVID-19, but an individual with heart disease or a serious heart condition is more likely to become severely ill from COVID-19 and has a higher risk of death.
What Should a Pregnant Woman Do If She Has COVID-19?
COVID-19 is a disease caused by a coronavirus. If you are pregnant and you think you have COVID-19, get professional medical help as soon as possible to reduce the risk of medical complications.
Is It Normal to Have Side Effects After the Second COVID-19 Vaccine?
As with any immunization, it is normal to have side effects after receiving your COVID-19 vaccine, irrespective of the dose.
When to See a Doctor When Your Baby Has a Cold
If your baby has a cold, signs that it may be time to see a doctor include poor feeding, dehydration, breathing difficulties, ear pain, and more.
How Do mRNA COVID-19 Vaccines Work?
Vaccines train a person’s immune system to recognize and fight specific germs that can cause illness. COVID-19 vaccines work with the immune system to help develop defenses against the disease so that the body will be ready to fight coronavirus if exposed to it in the future. If a vaccinated person gets exposed to coronavirus in the future, the antibodies will fight the virus and work to prevent severe COVID-19 illness.
Which Type of Diabetes Is Worse for COVID?
COVID-19, the disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, is a mild illness in most people. People with type 1 diabetes have 3.5 times the risk of dying compared to people without diabetes and people with type 2 diabetes have double the mortality risk with this viral infection.
What Is Flurona Disease?
“Flurona” is an informal term that refers to dual infection with the flu virus and the coronavirus. Learn more about co-infection with the flu and COVID-19.
What Is a Monoclonal Antibody for COVID-19?
Monoclonal antibodies for COVID-19 are lab-produced antibodies that can prevent the SARS-CoV-2 virus from attaching to cells.
What is Herd Immunity, and How Does It Help to Protect the Population from COVID-19?
Herd immunity means that the entire population is better protected against a particular disease. Herd immunity is possible with COVID-19, but the virus is likely to linger for several more years with breakthrough infections.
What Are Some of the Common Symptoms of COVID-19 and Flu?
Flu and COVID-19 share common symptoms because they are both respiratory tract infections. Learn the 12 common symptoms below.
What Is Good for a Child's Cold?
The common cold is one of the main reasons for missing schools in children and missing work in adults. Children are affected more commonly with cold than adults, who may have an average of two to three colds each year.
How to Identify Cold Symptoms in Children
When a child is sick, their way of showing it may not always be clear. Here’s what to look for to determine whether your child is sick with a cold.
What Are the First Warning Signs of the Flu?
Some of the first warning signs of the flu include fever, chills, tiredness, headache, muscle aches, and a general feeling of being unwell.
Are COVID-19 Vaccines Safe for Cardiac Patients?
Getting vaccinated for COVID-19 is both safe and recommended for cardiac patients, since they are more likely to develop complications from the infection.
Treating the Flu in People with Health Risks
Certain portions of the population are at an increased risk of suffering serious complications from the flu. Some of these indviduals at risk include: those with asthma, COPD, heart disease, liver or kidney disease, HIV, AIDs, elderly, women who are pregnant, and children under the age of two. Contact your physician if you have the flu immediately so that you receive the proper care to prevent serious complications.
COVID-19 Vaccine for 5 to 11 Years Olds
Children aged 5 to 11 years old can receive a distinct vaccination formulation of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, which is one-third the amount provided to adolescents.
Can Immunocompromised People Get the COVID-19 Vaccine?
Immunocompromised people can and should get the COVID-19 vaccine, as they are extremely vulnerable to severe infection.
Should You Take the COVID-19 Vaccine if You Are Trying to Get Pregnant?
The COVID-19 vaccine is still being offered to women who are pregnant or are trying to get pregnant. Current information says that there is no reason not to get vaccinated if you are pregnant or are trying to get pregnant.
How Should I Prepare My Kids That Are Going Back to School During COVID-19?
As you start preparing your kids for back to school during COVID-19, there are some ways like wearing a mask and handwashing that can help keep them safe and healthy.
Guide for COVID-19 Vaccine for Cancer Patients
The authorities have jointly agreed that patients on active cancer treatment are at a higher risk of COVID-19 infection and complications. Hence, there is a necessity to prioritize patients with cancer for the COVID-19 vaccine.
Does Vitamin D Protect Against COVID-19?
COVID-19 or coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). It manifests as mild to moderate respiratory illness in most people who may not require any special treatment. Certain high-risk groups, such as older people and people with underlying health conditions (chronic respiratory diseases, diabetes, cancer and cardiovascular diseases), are more likely to get seriously ill.
What Do You Give a Child With a Cold?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for the common cold. Antibiotics may be used to fight bacterial infections, but they have no effect on viruses.
Is Sore Throat Symptom of Coronavirus?
Sore throat is a potential symptom of coronavirus or COVID-19 infection. Learn about other COVID-19 symptoms and how to protect yourself from the virus.
Are Pregnant Women at Higher Risk With COVID-19?
Your body undergoes significant physiological, mechanical, and immunologic changes during pregnancy. You're not more likely to get COVID-19 because you're pregnant.
How Do You Tell If Your Child Has Allergies or a Cold?
Colds and allergies have different causes, but both involve the body's immune system. Since the symptoms of allergies and the symptoms of a cold overlap, it can be hard to tell which one your child has.
How Do the COVID-19 Variants Differ?
The Delta variant is believed to be twice as contagious as previous COVID-19 variants and is associated with increased rates of hospitalization and serious illness.
How Do You Treat a Cold Naturally?
Hundreds of viruses and bacteria can cause the common cold and flu. Most cases of cold and flu usually resolve in a week with simple home remedies and over the counter (OTC) medications. If there is no improvement in a few days, it is advised to consult a doctor.
Which Groups of People Are at Increased Risk of Severe Illness From COVID-19?
People at higher risk of severe illness due to COVID-19 include individuals who have underlying medical conditions and have not been vaccinated.
Who Can Get the Booster Shot for COVID-19?
Learn who can get the booster shot for COVID-19, whether you can mix and match brands, and why COVID-19 booster shots are needed.
What Is the Delta Variant of COVID-19?
Here’s everything you need to know about the Delta variant, why it’s so contagious, and whether COVID-19 vaccines can protect against infection.
Should You Avoid Pain Relievers Before Getting the COVID-19 Vaccine?
Both the CDC and WHO do not recommend taking pain relievers before getting the COVID-19 vaccine, as it is still unknown whether they interfere with vaccine effectiveness.
How Long Should I Stay Home if I Have Been in Close Contact With Someone With COVID-19?
COVID-19 or coronavirus disease is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered strain of coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2). This disease has resulted in a global pandemic. The cases were first discovered in the city of Wuhan in early December 2019, which then spread globally and emerged as the cause of acute respiratory disease due to its highly transmissible and pathogenic nature.
Can You Get the COVID-19 Vaccine If You’re Pregnant?
The answer is 'Yes, you can get the COVID-19 vaccine if you’re pregnant.' But you may want to talk to your doctor before you get the vaccine.
Do COVID-19 Vaccines Protect Against the Delta Strain?
Research suggests that a full course of COVID-19 vaccines could protect you from early mutants such as the Delta strain.
How Does COVID-19 Affect Children?
Most children and adolescents infected with COVID-19 experience less severe symptoms than adults.
Treatment & Diagnosis
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