Reflux laryngitis is inflammation of the voice box (larynx).
The most common symptom of reflux laryngitis is heartburn. Other associated symptoms can include difficulty swallowing, hoarseness, cough, throat clearing, vocal cord spasms, and the feeling of a foreign body stuck in the throat. Symptoms of asthma or sinusitis may also develop.
Causes of reflux laryngitis
Stomach acid backing up (reflux) into the esophagus (also known as acid reflux, gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD) causes reflux laryngitis. The cause of the reflux of stomach acid is complex and is not fully understood. Many conditions can increase the risk of acid reflux, including lower esophageal sphincter abnormalities, abnormal motility of the esophagus, hiatal hernias, obesity, and slow or prolonged emptying of the stomach.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.
Main Article on Reflux Laryngitis Symptoms and Signs
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Reflux Laryngitis Symptoms and Signs
Examples of Medications for Reflux Laryngitis Symptoms and Signs
- aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, simethicone antacids (Mylanta, Mylanta Maximum Strength)
- calcium carbonate (Caltrate 600, Os-Cal 500, Tums)
- cimetidine, Tagamet HB
- famotidine (Pepcid AC)
- lansoprazole (Heartburn Relief 24 Hour, Heartburn Treatment 24 Hour, Prevacid 24)
- metoclopramide, Reglan, Metozolv ODT, (Reglan ODT, Octamide, and Maxolon
- nizatidine, Axid, Axid AR
- omeprazole (Prilosec, Zegerid)
- ranitidine, Zantac
- sodium bicarbonate
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