Red yeast rice is a rice fermented by the red yeast, Monascus purpureus. It has been used by the Chinese for centuries. It is the ingredient for the red color in Peking duck, spices, and an ingredient in rice wine. Red yeast rice was marketed in a product called "Cholestin" and purported to lower cholesterol. In the United States it is no longer legal to sell supplements of red yeast rice that contain more than trace amounts of cholesterol lowering substances. It is however, still available in many countries. Read more: Red Yeast Rice and Cholesterol Article
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