Nasal polyp removal is generally done by endoscopic surgery.
Nasal polyp removal is generally done by endoscopic surgery.

Nasal polyp removal is generally done by endoscopic surgery. Recovery after the surgery may vary from person to person. You may experience pain and some bleeding from the nose for the next three to five days. Most people report feeling weak in the first week after the surgery. You may need to take at least a week off from your work to recover after nasal polyp removal. Because the recovery varies, some people may get okay and join work sooner. At around one week after the surgery, you may be able to resume 50% of your regular exercise regimen. You will be able to follow your normal workout routine by around two weeks post the surgery.

What are nasal polyps?

Nasal polyps are small noncancerous (benign) growths that grow from the lining of the nose or sinuses. The nose is divided into left and right nasal passages by a wall called the nasal septum. Polyps may occur in both left and right nasal passages obstructing the flow of air.

Nasal polyps occur due to a long-term (chronic) inflammation of the lining of the nose or sinuses or allergies. A small polyp may cause little or no symptoms. Larger polyps, however, may cause symptoms, such as stuffiness, decreased sense of smell, nasal discharge, and pain.

How do they remove polyps from the nose?

Surgery for the removal of a nasal polyp is called a nasal polypectomy. It is done when conservative treatment, such as steroids, does not provide relief. Nasal polyp removal is generally done by using a thin, long, and a flexible instrument called an endoscope (endoscopic surgery). The surgery is often done as an outpatient procedure. It removes the polyps and corrects problems with the sinuses, which make individuals vulnerable to inflammation and the development of polyps.

Endoscopic polyp removal surgery involves the insertion of the endoscope through the nostril into the sinus cavity. The endoscope also carries tiny instruments for polyp removal.

Corrections are done for the removal of other substances blocking fluid flow from the sinuses.

The sinus openings between the sinuses and nasal passages may also be enlarged to facilitate drainage.

Your doctor may prescribe steroid nasal spray to help manage symptoms and prevent the recurrence of nasal polyps.

Saltwater or saline rinse may be prescribed to promote healing after surgery.

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How can I recover faster after a nasal polyp removal surgery?

To recover faster from a nasal polyp removal surgery, you can follow the following tips:

  • Avoid nose blowing and straining: Avoid lifting heavy weights and straining and blowing your nose for at least 10 days after the surgery because these may cause complications, such as bleeding. At around one week after the surgery, you may be able to resume 50% of your regular exercise regimen. You will be able to follow your normal workout routine by around two weeks post the surgery.
  • Avoid medications, such as Aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs): These medications may cause bleeding and must be stopped two weeks before and after the surgery. You must discuss with your doctor about the medications you are on so that they may advise accordingly.
  • Use saline (saltwater) nasal spray: Saline nasal spray can be used after the surgery every two to three hours. It can make you feel better and make the healing occur faster.
  • Perform sinus irrigations: Sinus rinse kits (such as NeilMed Sinus Rinse Kit) may be used for sinus irrigation the day after surgery. It must be done at least twice a day or as prescribed by your doctor. Your healthcare provider will teach you how to perform sinus irrigation.

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Medically Reviewed on 12/15/2020
References
John Hopkins Medicine. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/otolaryngology/specialty_areas/sinus_center/procedures/post_operative_instructions.html

Mayoclinic. Nasal Polyps. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/nasal-polyps/symptoms-causes/syc-20351888