It takes about 4 weeks for complete recovery after tubal ligation. During this period, complete internal healing also occurs. After surgery, you can expect the following things:
- You can return home a few hours after the surgery.
- Wait 48 hours to take a bath or shower.
- Don’t rub or scrub the operated area for at least a week. Pat your skin dry carefully after your bath or shower.
- You may have some discomfort around the incision site.
- You may experience abdominal pain or cramps, fatigue, mild vaginal bleeding, dizziness, or a sore throat due to the anesthesia.
- You may experience some bloating when the physician uses gas to blow up the abdomen, which resolves in a couple of days.
- You can return to your daily activities in a few days, but avoid lifting anything heavy until the doctor says so.
- You can resume sexual activities a week after the tubal ligation.
- Tubal ligation does not protect from sexually transmitted diseases; hence, using condoms is desirable.
- Tubal ligation may or may not be reversed with surgery. The reversal surgery depends on several factors and is uncertain.
- If you get pregnant after a tubal ligation, it would be mostly pregnancy outside the uterus.
What is tubal ligation?
Tubal ligation is a type of permanent birth control method that involves tying off the tubes. During the tubal ligation, the fallopian tubes are cut, tied, or blocked to prevent pregnancy. Blocking the fallopian tubes may prevent traveling of the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus and traveling of sperm up the fallopian tubes to the eggs.
When is tubal ligation indicated?
Tubal ligation is indicated if:
- The woman desires permanent sterilization
- The woman has completed her childbearing age
- The woman has health risk with pregnancy
- The woman has the risk of ovarian cancer
Tubal ligation is avoided when:
What to expect during a tubal ligation?
Before the procedure:
Discuss with the physician about your need for sterilization. The physician may instruct you to:
- Stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), clopidogrel (Plavix), and other blood thinners
- Tell about the drugs that you can continue till the day of surgery
- Inform about any bleeding disorders or other medical conditions
- Give blood samples for blood transfusion
- Avoid smoking to help you recover quickly
During the procedure:
Tubal ligation can be performed in an outpatient setting. The physician may give general anesthesia to make you sleep throughout the procedure. The physician makes a cut or two in the abdomen and inflates it with gas. The physician then inserts a long tube or laparoscope through the incision to view the pelvic organs. After identifying the fallopian tubes, the physician with other instruments closes off the fallopian tubes. Finally, the physician closes the cut with sutures. The whole procedure takes about 20-30 minutes.
What are the complications of tubal ligation?
The risks of tubal ligation include:
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Can Fallopian Tubes Grow Back After Removal?Fallopian tube removal is effective in preventing pregnancy, but it's not entirely reliable. An estimated 1 in every 200 women will get pregnant after tubal ligation.
How Does Tubal Sterilization Work?Tubal sterilization is also called tubal ligation. It is a form of permanent birth control for women. Tubal sterilization works to permanently prevent pregnancy by cutting and tying or clipping the fallopian tubes, hence preventing the egg from traveling from the ovaries through the fallopian tubes. It also blocks the sperm from entering the fallopian tubes to fertilize the egg.
Is Tubal Sterilization Reversible?Tubal ligation is technically reversible. However, the procedure is complicated and the results are not guaranteed. Though it is possible to reverse a tubal ligation, it is a major surgery that doesn’t always work, it is rarely covered by insurance and it is not recommended.
What Is Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation?Tubal ligation or tying tubes is a permanent birth control surgical procedure for women who no longer want children. In this surgery, both of your fallopian tubes (the tubes on either side of your womb that collect eggs from the ovaries and transport to the womb) are tied or blocked so that the sperms and eggs cannot be met for fertilization.
What Is the Best Form of Birth Control?What's "best" among birth control methods differs from person to person. What's right for one person may not be right for others. And a person’s needs may also change over time.
Which Birth Control Has Least Side Effects?No form of birth control is free of side effects, but there are some that have the least noticeable ones.