Radiation refers to high-energy rays that are directed at the breast to kill or slow the growth of cancer cells. Radiation reduces the risk of local cancer recurrence in the breast. Potential side effects include skin redness, swelling, peeling, and fatigue. It is necessary to undergo follow-up exams and diagnostic X-rays after completing radiation therapy for breast cancer. Read more: Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Breast cancer is an invasive tumor that develops in the mammary gland. Breast cancer is detected via mammograms, breast self-examination (BSE), biopsy, and specialized testing on breast cancer tissue. Treatment of breast cancer may involve surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Breast cancer risk may be lowered by managing controllable risk factors.
Pericarditis (Symptoms, ECG, Types, Causes, Treatment)
Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart. The causes of pericarditis include injury from heart attack, heart surgery, trauma, viral or fungal infection, HIV, tumors, mixed connective tissue disease, metabolic disease, medication reactions, or unknown reasons. Treatment for pericarditis is generally medication, however, sometimes surgery is necessary.
Biologic rhythms, or biorhythms, are how our bodies respond to the regular phases of the sun, moon, and seasons. A medical chronobiologist studies how the "body clock" or biorhythms affect diseases and how the body clock responds to treatment of diseases and conditions at different times of the day.
Breast Cancer Prevention
Lifestyle changes, a healthy antioxidant-rich diet, exercise, and weight reduction can help reduce a woman's risk of developing breast cancer. It's important to be aware of how risk factors such as family history, lifestyle factors, breast conditions, radiation therapy, and hormonal factors may influence your chances of developing breast cancer. Mammography and breast self-examinations are crucial steps in breast cancer prevention.
Breast Cancer and Coping With Stress
Being diagnosed with breast cancer is stressful. Learning relaxation techniques, exercising, eating well, getting adequate sleep, receiving psychotherapy, and maintaining a positive attitude can help you cope. Creating documents, such as an advance directive, living will, and durable power of attorney will outline your wishes in the event that you are no longer able to make decisions regarding your care.
Breast Cancer and Lymphedema
Lymphedema is a common chronic, debilitating condition in which excess fluid called lymph collects in tissues and causes swelling in them. It is common after a mastectomy, lumpectomy or breast cancer surgery and radiation therapy.
Breast Cancer Clinical Trials
Breast cancer clinical trials are research programs designed to evaluate new medical treatments, drugs, or devices for the treatment of breast cancer. Clinical trials are designed to test the safety and efficacy of new treatments as well as assess potential side effects. Clinical trials also compare new treatment to existing treatments to determine if it's any better. There are many important questions to ask your doctor before taking part in a breast cancer clinical trial.
Male Breast Cancer
Male breast cancer accounts for 1% of all breast cancers, and most cases are found in men between the ages of 60 and 70. A man's risk of developing breast cancer is one in 1,000. Signs and symptoms include a firm mass located below the nipple and skin changes around the nipple, including puckering, redness or scaling, retraction and ulceration of the nipple. Treatment depends upon staging and the health of the patient.
Paget Disease of the Breast (Paget's Disease of the Nipple)
Paget's disease is a rare form of cancer that forms in or around the nipple and frequently coexists with breast cancer. The exact cause of Paget's disease is unknown. Symptoms and signs include redness, scaling, and flaking of the nipple skin. A biopsy and imaging studies are needed to diagnose the disease. Treatment may include surgery, radiation, and adjuvant therapy.
Lymphedema is a condition in which one or more extremities become swollen as the result of an impaired flow of the lymphatic system. There are two types of lymphedema: primary and secondary. Filariasis is the most common cause of lymphedema worldwide. In the U.S., breast cancer surgery is the most common cause. Symptoms include swelling of one or more limbs, cracked and thickening skin, and secondary bacterial or fungal infections of the skin. There is no cure for lymphedema.
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Breast Cancer Treatment by Stage
Treatment of breast cancer depends upon the stage of the cancer at the time of diagnosis. Some of the various treatments include: hormone therapy, radiation therapy, surgery, chemotherapy, HER2-targeted therapy, neoadjuvant therapy, and adjuvant therapy.
Genetic Testing: Families With Breast Cancer
Breast cancer can be a killer and the decision to get tested to see if a patient is prone to the disease should be discussed with a doctor -- particularly if the woman has a history of breast cancer in her family. Genetic testing can only tell so much about breast cancer risk, however.
Triple-Negative Breast Cancer
Triple-negative breast cancer is more common in Hispanic and African-American women. Signs and symptoms include a lump in the armpit or breast, nipple discharge and inversion, and changes in the breast's skin. Treatment may incorporate surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Can Fibroadenomas Turn Into Breast Cancer?
A fibroadenoma is the most common type of benign, non-cancerous lump of the breast. Although it is rare, complex fibroadenomas and phyllodes tumors have a chance to develop into malignant breast cancer.
Is Adenocarcinoma an Aggressive Cancer?
Adenocarcinoma happens when cells in the glands that line organs grow out of control. They may spread to other places and harm healthy organs. Adenocarcinoma in different organs manifests differently, so some are more aggressive than others.
What Are The Five Warning Signs Of Breast Cancer?
The majority of breast cancer patients first seek diagnosis because of a lump on the breast. This is one of the five warning signs of breast cancer. Others include changes in the nipple, changes in the breast skin and other symptoms.
What Is Usually the First Sign of Breast Cancer?
A lump in the breast or in the armpits is often the first sign of breast cancer. This may be felt while in the shower. There may or may not be changes in the structure of the breast. Other early signs include changes in breast skin, breast pain and others.
What Are the Four Types of Breast Cancer?
The four most common types of breast cancer are ductal carcinoma in situ, lobular carcinoma in situ, invasive ductal carcinoma, invasive lobular carcinoma. The designations are based on the locations of the tumors, whether they have spread and where they have spread to.
How Can You Detect Breast Cancer Early?
Breast cancer develops from the cells of the breasts and can spread to other parts of the body (metastasis). It is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in women in the United States. A lump in the breast or armpit is often the first sign. Treatment success depends largely on early detection.
What Is the Difference Between a Radical Mastectomy and Modified Radical Mastectomy?
In a radical mastectomy, the entire breast tissue along with the nipple, covering skin, lymph nodes (filter organs for harmful substances) in the armpit and chest wall muscle under the breast is removed. It is known as a standard treatment for breast cancer. In a modified radical mastectomy (MRM), the entire breast is removed, including the skin, areola (surrounding the nipple), nipple and most armpit lymph nodes. The underlying chest wall muscles (the pecs) will be left intact. Additionally, the skin covering the chest wall may or may not be removed.
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Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
- eribulin mesylate (Halaven)
- Lapatinib (Tykerb)
- Ibrance (palbociclib)
- Proleukin (aldesleukin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Verzenio (abemaciclib)
- Kisqali (ribociclib)
- Side Effects of Soltamox (tamoxifen)
- Side Effects of Arimidex (anastrozole)
- Side Effects of Perjeta (pertuzumab)
- Side Effects of Zofran (ondansetron)
- Side Effects of Femara (letrozole)
- Side Effects of Halaven (eribulin mesylate)
- Side Effects of Herceptin (trastuzumab)
- Side Effects of Ibrance (palbociclib)
- Side Effects of Megace (megestrol)
- Side Effects of Tykerb (lapatinib)
- Targeted Therapy: What Is Oncogenic Addiction in Cancer Cells?
- Kadcyla (ado-trastuzumab emtansine)
- Abraxane (paclitaxel protein-bound particles)
- Enhertu (fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki)
Prevention & Wellness
- Can Women With Early Breast Cancer Skip Post-Op Radiation?
- Delayed Surgery for Early Breast Cancer Won't Harm Survival: Study
- The AI Revolution: Robots Already Helping Humans Deliver Better Care
- Palliative Radiation Therapy for Cancer During COVID-19
- U.S. Exposure to Medical Radiation Drops Dramatically
- Radiation Treatments Need to Take Breast Size Into Account: Study
- Young Breast Cancer Patients Struggle Financially, Even When Insured
- Drug Shows Promise Against Aggressive Breast Cancer
- Health Tip: Preparing for a Wig During Cancer Treatment
- Young Cancer Patients Fare Better on Private Insurance
- Radiation of Just Part of the Breast Can Stop Cancer's Return
- Cancer Drugs Sometimes Work in Unexpected Ways: Study
- New DNA Blood Test May Help Guide Breast Cancer Treatment
- Finances Affect Women's Choice of Breast Cancer Treatment: Study
- Hurricanes Can Hurt Survival Odds Among Those With Cancer
- Heart Disease Is Lasting Threat to Breast Cancer Survivors
- Statins May Lower Risk of Stroke After Cancer Radiotherapy
- 'Focused' Radiation Could Lighten Treatment Burden for Early Breast Cancer
- FDA Making Experimental Cancer Treatments Easier to Get
- First PI3K Inhibitor Approved for Metastatic, Advanced Breast Cancer
- Red Tape Means Many Cancer Patients Get Radiation Treatments Late
- Study Supports Radiation for Early, Hormone-Driven Breast Cancer
- With Weeks to Live, Many Cancer Patients Try Useless Treatments
- Ibrance Approval Expanded to Include Men With Breast Cancer
- FDA Approves 1st Immunotherapy Drug for Breast Cancer
- High Deductibles May Threaten Breast Cancer Patients' Survival
- Could Invasive Lung Cancer Biopsies Be Replaced by Blood Tests?
- Radioactive Chemo Meds Might Threaten Crematorium Workers: Study
- Health Tip: Evaluating a New Cancer Treatment
- Radiation Doses From CT Scans Vary Widely
- For Younger Cancer Patients, Mastectomy vs. Breast-Conserving Surgery
- Fewer Early Stage Breast Cancer Patients May Need Lymph Node Removal: Study
- Many Mistakenly Believe Alternative Therapies Can Cure Cancer
- Medical Bills 'Toxic' for Some Breast Cancer Patients
- Skin Creams May Be OK During Cancer Radiation Therapies, Study Finds
- Cancer Bell Ringing Angers Some Who Can Only Watch
- Therapeutic Vaccine Shows Promise Against a Range of Cancers
- Patients Want Breast Cancer Costs Upfront
- Nobel Prize Goes to Cancer Immunotherapy Pioneers
- Cancer Advances Rely on U.S. Funding: Report
- Health Tip: Understanding Mouth Issues During Cancer Treatment
- Heart Monitoring a Must for Breast Cancer Patients on Herceptin
- Health Tip: Take Care of Yourself During Radiation Therapy
- New Cancer Immunotherapy Technique Could be 'Game Changer'
- Positioning During Cancer Radiation May Be Key to Heart Risks
- Breast Cancer Radiation Not as Bad as Many Fear
- Breast Cancer Radiation 'Less Scary' Than Thought
- Antiperspirant Use Seems Safe During Breast Cancer Treatment: Study
- Smokers May Be Prone to Risks From Breast Cancer Radiation Therapy
- Higher-Dose, Short-Duration Radiation Better for Early Breast Cancer: Study
- Targeted Radiation Might Help Fight Advanced Breast Cancer: Study
- More Breast Cancer Patients Choosing Reconstructive Surgery, Study Finds
- Breast Cancer Radiation Has Long-Term Heart Effects: Study
- Face-Down Position May Be Safer During Radiation for Breast Cancer: Study
- Targeted Radiation for Breast Cancer May Be Overused: Study