Rabies is a viral infection. The rabies virus attacks the central nervous system and is almost always fatal if untreated. Because of vaccination availability, transmission from dogs to humans is rare in developed countries.
Signs and symptoms associated with rabies include fever, muscle aches, loss of appetite, fatigue, nausea, irritability, headache, agitation, confusion, aggression, weakness, and muscle spasms. As the brain inflammation progresses, other symptoms can include confusion, paralysis, seizures, coma, and death.
Causes of rabies
The rabies virus causes rabies. Wild animals (particularly bats and raccoons) sometimes carry the virus in their saliva, and most cases of rabies in humans trace back to animal bites. Other causes can include inhalation of the virus in bat caves of laboratory accidents or contracting the virus from contaminated transplanted donor tissue.
Other rabies symptoms and signs
- Difficulty Swallowing (Dysphagia)
- Dilated Pupils
- Excessive Salivation
- Loss of Appetite
- Muscle Pain
- Muscle Spasms
- Sensitivity to Light
Main Article on Rabies Symptoms and Signs
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
Travel Health Slideshow: 25 Ways to Stay Well Abroad
Explore travel health tips and vaccines to prevent disease while abroad. Learn to protect yourself against malaria, hepatitis,...
Viral Infection Types, Treatment, and Prevention
Watch this slideshow on Viral Infections and learn about types, treatment, and prevention of illnesses caused by viruses.
When Animal (Allergies) Attack: Pet Allergy Symptoms, Treatment
How do you control and relieve pet allergies? How do you prevent pet allergies? Learn dog and cat allergy symptoms, the cause of...
Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter