What is Qvar (beclomethasone)?
Qvar (beclomethasone) is a corticosteroid used to control bronchial asthma in patients who require continuous treatment for asthma. Such patients may include those with frequent asthma episodes that require medications to dilate the airways in the lung or those with asthma episodes at night.
Qvar is also used to treat asthma in patients who require oral steroid therapy and it may reduce or eliminate the need for oral steroid treatment. Corticosteroids have potent anti-inflammatory actions.
Common side effects of Qvar include:
- mild cough,
- wheezing due to chemical irritation,
- oral candidiasis or thrush,
- easy bruising, pain, and
- back pain.
Serious side effects of Qvar usually accompany higher doses and may include weak bones and risk of fractures and suppression of the adrenal glands.
No drug interactions have been described with Qvar treatment.
There does not appear to be an increased risk of malformation in a child born to patients exposed to Qvar during pregnancy.
It is unknown if Qvar is secreted in breast milk. Other drugs in this class of medications are secreted into breast milk, but is unknown if the small amounts of Qvar that appear in milk have any effect on the infant. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
What are the important side effects of Qvar (beclomethasone)?
Common side effects of include:
- Mild cough
- Wheezing due to chemical irritation
Other side effects include:
Other less common side effects included:
A spacer device that can be attached to the inhaler and washing out the mouth with water following each use of Qvar reduces the amount of Qvar in the mouth and throat and reduces the risk of thrush and hoarseness.
Higher doses of inhaled beclomethasone (more than 1000 mcg/day) may result in more absorption into the body. This may decrease bone formation and increase bone breakdown (resorption), resulting in weak bones and a risk of fractures.
Even higher doses (more than 1500 mcg/day in adults and 400 mcg/day in children) may suppress the adrenal glands and impair their ability to make natural glucocorticoid. Patients with such suppression (which can be identified by testing) need increased amounts of glucocorticoid orally or by the intravenous route during periods of high physical stress since higher amounts of glucocorticoids are needed by the body to fight physical stress.
Qvar (beclomethasone) side effects list for healthcare professionals
Systemic and local corticosteroid use may result in the following:
- Candida albicans infection
- Hypercorticism and adrenal suppression
- Growth effects
- Glaucoma and cataracts
Clinical Trials Experience
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The following reporting rates of common adverse experiences are based upon 4 clinical trials in which 1196 patients (671 female and 525 male adults previously treated with as-needed bronchodilators and/or inhaled corticosteroids) were treated with Qvar (doses of 40, 80, 160, or 320 mcg twice daily) or CFC-BDP (doses of 42, 168, or 336 mcg twice daily) or placebo.
Table 3 below includes all events reported by patients taking Qvar (whether considered drug related or not) that occurred at a rate over 3% for Qvar. In considering these data, difference in average duration of exposure and clinical trial design should be taken into account.
Table 3 Adverse Events Reported by at Least 3% of the Patients for Qvar by Treatment and Daily Dose
Other adverse events that occurred in these clinical trials using Qvar with an incidence of 1% to 3% and which occurred at a greater incidence than placebo were nausea, dysmenorrhea, and coughing. Oropharyngeal candidiasis occurred in <1% of patients in both Qvar and placebo treatment groups.
In two 12-week placebo-controlled studies in steroid naive pediatric patients 5 to 12 years of age, no clinically relevant differences were found in the pattern, severity, or frequency of adverse events compared with those reported in adults, with the exception of conditions which are more prevalent in a pediatric population generally.
In addition to adverse reactions experienced in the clinical trials, the following adverse events have been reported during post-approval use of Qvar. Because they are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
Local Effects: Localized infections with Candida albicans have occurred in patients treated with Qvar or other orally inhaled corticosteroids.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
What Is Asthma? Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
What is asthma? Learn information about asthma, a chronic disease of the bronchiole tubes. Discover information about asthma...
Asthma: Natural Ways to Ease Asthma Symptoms
You can do more than take medication to manage your asthma. Several other things can help you breathe more easily.
What is Asthma? Asthma Myths Debunked
What are asthma myths and facts? There is currently no cure for asthma, and no specific, single cause for asthma has been...
Asthma Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Asthma is a chronic disease of the airways of the lungs, which can be managed with proper treatment. Triggered by two main...
Asthma Attacks: Triggers, Symptoms, and Treatment
Asthma symptoms include coughing, wheezing, headache, fatigue, dark circles under the eyes, trouble sleeping, and loss of...
Worst Smog Cities in Pictures: Air Pollution, Ozone, and Asthma
Learn the worst smog cities in America. See the 10 cities with the most polluted, unclean and smoggy air.
Related Disease Conditions
Asthma: Over the Counter Treatment
Patients who have infrequent, mild bouts of asthma attacks may use over-the-counter (OTC) medications to treat their asthma symptoms. OTC asthma medicines are limited to epinephrine and ephedrine. These OTC drugs are best used with the guidance of a physician, as there may be side effects and the drugs may not be very effective.
Asthma is a condition in which hyperreactive airways constrict and result in symptoms like wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. Causes of asthma include genetics, environmental factors, personal history of allergies, and other factors. Asthma is diagnosed by a physician based on a patient's family history and results from lung function tests and other exams. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting bronchodilators (LABAs) are used in the treatment of asthma. Generally, the prognosis for a patient with asthma is good. Exposure to allergens found on farms may protect against asthma symptoms.
COPD vs. Asthma (Differences and Similarities)
COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and asthma both have common symptoms like coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and a tight feeling in the chest. COPD is caused by tobacco smoking, while asthma is caused by your inherited genetic makeup and their interactions with the environment. Risk factors for asthma are obesity, exposure to cigarette smoke (even secondhand smoke), and personal history of hay fever. There is no cure for either disease, but symptoms can be managed with medication. A person with asthma has a better prognosis and life expectancy than someone with COPD.
There are two types of asthma medications: long-term control with anti-inflammatory drugs and quick relief from bronchodilators. Asthma medicines may be inhaled using a metered-dose inhaler or nebulizer or they may be taken orally. People with high blood pressure, diabetes, thyroid disease, or heart disease shouldn't take OTC asthma drugs like Primatene Mist and Bronkaid.
What Is Asthma? 19 Complex Facts
There are many unusual symptoms of asthma, including sighing, difficulty sleeping, anxiety, chronic cough, recurrent walking pneumonia, and rapid breathing. These symptoms may vary from individual to individual. These asthma complexities make it difficult to accurately diagnose and treat asthma.
Asthma in Children
Asthma in children manifests with symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Rates of asthma in children are increasing. Asthma in children is usually diagnosed based on the description of symptoms. Lung function tests may also be used. A variety of medications are used for the treatment of childhood asthma.
Occupational asthma is a type of asthma caused by exposure to a substance in the workplace. Symptoms and signs include wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. The usual treatment for occupational asthma involves removal from exposure and the use of bronchodilators and inhaled anti-inflammatory medicines.
Adult-onset asthma is asthma that is diagnosed in people over 20 years of age. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath and difficulty breathing. Treatment may involve anti-inflammatory medications or bronchodilators.
Exercise-induced asthma is asthma triggered by vigorous exercise. Symptoms include coughing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing, and fatigue while exercising. Preventing exercise-induced asthma attacks involves using inhaled medicines before exercising, performing warm-up exercises and cooling down afterward, avoiding exercising outdoors when pollen counts are high, restricting exercise when you have a viral infection, and wearing a mask over your nose and mouth when exercising in cold weather.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Asthma FAQs
- What if I Get COVID-19 with Asthma?
- Methotrexate Spares Steroids in Asthmatics
- Asthma Rates Increasing
- Exercise Preventing Asthma?
- Asthma in Women, Asthma in Pregnancy
- Can Asthma Go Away and Come Back?
- What Are the Side Effects of Asthma Inhalers?
- Does Altitude Affect Asthma?
- What Is Exercise-Induced Asthma?
- Can Asthma Medication Hide Churg-Strauss Syndrome?
- Best Exercises for Asthma: Yoga, Swimming, Biking, and Walking
- Does Stress Cause Asthma?
- Can Asthma Cause a Heart Attack?
- What Causes Asthma?
Medications & Supplements
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.