pyrimethamine (Daraprim)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Bacterial Infections 101 Pictures Slideshow

What is pyrimethamine-oral, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Pyrimethamine is an oral antiparasitic drug used for treating Toxoplasma gondii and plasmodia infections. Toxoplasma gondii is a parasite that causes toxoplasmosis, and plasmodia parasites cause malaria. Pyrimethamine prevents parasites from producing important proteins by blocking the use of folic acid which is necessary for the production of proteins. Preventing parasites from producing important proteins prevents growth and development of new parasites. The FDA approved pyrimethamine in January 1953.

What brand names are available for pyrimethamine-oral?

Daraprim

Is pyrimethamine-oral available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: No

Do I need a prescription for pyrimethamine-oral?

Yes

What are the side effects of pyrimethamine-oral?

Side effects of pyrimethamine include:

Quick GuideSymptoms of Mono: Infectious Mononucleosis Treatment

Symptoms of Mono: Infectious Mononucleosis Treatment

What is the dosage for pyrimethamine-oral?

  • Toxoplasmosis treatment For the treatment of toxoplasmosis the recommended adult starting dose is 50 to 75 mg of daily with 1 to 4 g daily of a sulfonamide for 1 to 3 weeks depending on the response of the patient and tolerance to therapy. The dosage of each drug should be reduced by half then continued for an additional 4 to 5 weeks.
  • Acute malaria treatment For treatment of acute malaria the dose is 25 to 50 mg daily for 2 days with a sulfonamide though chloroquine or quinine are preferred for treatment of acute malaria.
  • Malaria prevention For preventing malaria the recommended dose for adults and children over 10 years of age is 25 mg once weekly, and for children 4 through 10 years of age the dose is 12.5 mg (1/2 tablet) once weekly. Infants and children under 4 years of age should receive 6.25 mg (1/4 tablet) once weekly.

Which drugs or supplements interact with pyrimethamine-oral?

Combining pyrimethamine with other drugs that block folic acid or drugs that suppress the bone marrow may increase the risk of bone marrow suppression. Examples include sulfonamides or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole combinations, proguanil, zidovudine (Retrovir), or methotrexate (Trexall). If signs of folate deficiency develop, pyrimethamine should be discontinued and folinic acid (leucovorin) should be administered until normal bone marrow function is restored.

Is pyrimethamine-oral safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?

There are no adequate studies of pyrimethamine in pregnant women. Pyrimethamine should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. Folic acid should also be given if it is used for the treatment of toxoplasmosis during pregnancy.

Pyrimethamine is secreted in breast milk. Women should not nurse while taking pyrimethamine.

What else should I know about pyrimethamine-oral?

What preparations of pyrimethamine-oral are available?

Tablets: 25 mg.

How should I keep pyrimethamine-oral stored?

Pyrimethamine tablets should be stored between 15 C and 25 C (59 F and 77 F).

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

Quick GuideSymptoms of Mono: Infectious Mononucleosis Treatment

Symptoms of Mono: Infectious Mononucleosis Treatment

Summary

Pyrimethamine (Daraprim) is a drug prescribed to treat Toxoplasma gondii (toxoplasmosis) and plasmodia (malaria) infections. Side effects, drug interactions, dosing, storage, and pregnancy and breastfeeding information should be reviewed prior to taking any medication.

Treatment & Diagnosis

Medications & Supplements

Subscribe to MedicineNet's General Health Newsletter

By clicking Submit, I agree to the MedicineNet's Terms & Conditions & Privacy Policy and understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet's subscriptions at any time.

FDA Logo

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Reviewed on 10/12/2015
References
REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information

Health Solutions From Our Sponsors