- Side Effects
- Drug Interaction
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: pyridoxine
Brand and Other Names: vitamin B6, Nestrex
Drug Class: B Vitamins; Vitamins, Water-Soluble
What is pyridoxine, and what is it used for?
Pyridoxine is a form of vitamin B6, a water-soluble vitamin and an important micronutrient required for the normal functioning of many biological systems in the body.
Pyridoxine is not synthesized naturally in humans and people must obtain it from dietary intake. Pyridoxine is used as a supplement to compensate for natural deficiency and to treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. Pyridoxine is also used to prevent or reduce nerve damage associated with isoniazid, a drug used to treat tuberculosis, and poisoning from certain toxic substances.
Pyridoxine is essential for maintaining the health and normal functioning of nerves, muscles, skin and immune function. Pyridoxine is converted to its active form pyridoxal 5-phosphate in the body, a coenzyme involved in the metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats and release of glycogen stored in the liver and muscles. Pyridoxine plays a role in the synthesis of DNA, RNA, neurotransmitters, amino acids including homocysteine, and heme, the molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen.
Pyridoxine is naturally available in foods such as chickpeas, fish, beef liver and other organ meats, poultry, and many vegetables, seeds and fruits (other than citrus). Deficiency of pyridoxine can lead to nerve damage (neuropathy), confusion, insomnia and dermatitis. Most healthy people can obtain adequate pyridoxine through dietary intake.
Pyridoxine is available on prescription and over-the-counter and is taken as a supplement by people with natural deficiency or when supplementation is required because of certain conditions or when taking certain drugs. Uses of pyridoxine include:
- Pyridoxine deficiency
- Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy
- Prevention of peripheral neuropathy associated with isoniazid therapy for treatment of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection
- Prevention and treatment of neurological toxicities including seizures or coma associated with isoniazid overdose
- Ethylene glycol poisoning
- Treatment and prevention of gyromitrin-containing mushroom (false morel) overdose or toxicity
- Hydrazine toxicity
- Do not take pyridoxine if you are hypersensitive to pyridoxine or any of the components in the formulation.
- Large doses taken for prolonged periods can cause severe and permanent neuropathies.
- Some intravenous formulations may contain aluminum. Use with caution in premature newborns and patients with impaired kidney function.
- Doses higher than 200 mg may cause dependence and withdrawal.
- Single vitamin deficiency is rare. Evaluate patients with pyridoxine deficiency for other vitamin deficiencies.
What are the side effects of pyridoxine?
Common side effects of pyridoxine include:
- Drowsiness (somnolence)
- Abnormal skin sensations (paresthesia)
- Nerve damage (neuropathy)
- Impaired coordination, balance and speech (ataxia)
- Seizure (from very large IV dose)
- Folate deficiency
- Excessive acidity in body fluids (acidosis)
- Increase in liver enzyme AST
- Hypersensitivity reaction
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug.
Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What are the dosages of pyridoxine?
Tablets, Extended Release
Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)
- Younger than 50 years old: 1.3 mg/day
- Older than 50 years old: 1.7 mg/day
- Younger than 50 years old: 1.3 mg/day
- Older than 50 years old: 1.5 mg/day
- Pregnant: 1.9 mg/day
- Lactation: 2 mg
- 10-20 mg/day intravenous/intramuscular (IV/IM) for 3 weeks
- 2.5-10 mg/day oral
Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy
- 10-25 mg orally every 8 hours
Prevention of Peripheral Neuropathy
- Patients treated with isoniazid for Mycobacterium tuberculosis: 25-50 mg/day oral
- Children younger than 6 months: 0.1 mg/day
- Children 6-12 months: 0.3 mg/day
- Children 1-3 years: 0.5 mg/day
- Children 3-8 years: 0.6 mg/day
- Children 8-13 years: 1 mg/day
- Children 13-18 years: 1.3 mg/day (male); 1.5 mg/day (female)
- Dose of pyridoxine is equal to amount of isoniazid ingested
- Administer at rate of 0.5-1 g/min until seizures stop or maximum initial dose (70 mg/kg) administered; may administer every 5-10 minutes as needed to control persistent seizure activity and/or central nervous system (CNS) toxicity
- Pyridoxine overdose can neurological symptoms such as tingling and numbness of the extremities, and in severe overdose, difficulty with walking and coordination. There is no specific antidote for pyridoxine toxicity.
- Overdose is treated with discontinuation of pyridoxine supplementation and symptomatic and supportive care until symptoms resolve, including physical therapy.
What drugs interact with pyridoxine?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
- Pyridoxine has no known severe interactions with other drugs.
- Serious Interactions of pyridoxine include:
- Moderate Interactions of pyridoxine include:
- erythromycin base
- erythromycin ethylsuccinate
- erythromycin lactobionate
- erythromycin stearate
- Pyridoxine has mild interactions with at least 71 different drugs.
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
- Pyridoxine is an essential micronutrient and requirement may go up during pregnancy.
- Pyridoxine is recommended for the treatment of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy.
- Studies show no evidence of fetal farm from pyridoxine use in pregnancy and may offer some protection from congenital cardiovascular malformations in the fetus.
- Pyridoxine use in pregnancy is generally safe in recommended doses.
- Pyridoxine is present in breast milk and is a beneficial nutrient to the breastfeeding baby. Pyridoxine requirement goes up in nursing mothers and is safe if taken by the mother in recommended doses.
What else should I know about pyridoxine?
- Do not take supplemental pyridoxine unless there is deficiency or specific requirement. The best way to meet daily requirement is to eat foods rich in pyridoxine.
- Do not exceed the daily recommended dose if you take over-the-counter pyridoxine supplement.
- In case of overdose, discontinue pyridoxine and seek medical help or contact Poison Control.
- Pyridoxine is marketed as a dietary supplement and is not rigorously regulated by the FDA. There may sometimes be discrepancy between labeling and contents, exercise caution and choose products from reliable manufacturers.
- Attachment Theory: What It Is, Stages & the Different Attachment Styles
- Gentle Parenting: What It Is, Techniques & Discipline
- U.S. Nursing Homes Fail to Report Many Serious Falls, Bedsores: Study
- The Younger You Get Diabetes, the Higher Your Risk for Dementia Later
- FDA Grants Full Approval to Paxlovid to Treat COVID-19
- More Health News »
Pyridoxine is a form of vitamin B6, a water-soluble vitamin and an important micronutrient required for the normal functioning of many biological systems in the body. Common side effects of pyridoxine include headache, drowsiness (somnolence), abnormal skin sensations (paresthesia), nerve damage (neuropathy), impaired coordination/balance/speech (ataxia), seizure (from very large IV dose), folate deficiency, excessive acidity in body fluids (acidosis), increase in liver enzyme AST, nausea, and hypersensitivity reaction.
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Acid Reflux (Heartburn, GERD): Symptoms & Remedies
Heartburn is a symptom of acid reflux that causes chest pain when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus. Heartburn symptoms...
Heartburn: Foods to Eat, Foods to Avoid
Learn the symptoms of heartburn and which foods cause heartburn or GERD. Discover home remedies and which foods may provide...
10 Fast Acting Ways to Relieve Heartburn
What do you need to know about heartburn remedies? Learn the foods that cause heartburn, quick home remedies, and the rules of...
How to Get Rid of Nausea and Vomiting
What is nausea? Do you want to know how to get rid of nausea and how to stop vomiting? Learn home remedies for nausea,...
Pregnancy Myths and Facts Quiz
Being pregnant is a delicate time for both mother and baby. Take this pregnancy myths and facts quiz to separate the myths and...
Stomach Pain Quiz: Nausea & Other Causes
Tummy Troubles? Get a better idea of what's causing the nausea, vomiting, bloating, gas, constipation, diarrhea, pain, and other...
Pregnancy Exercises: Safe Workouts Like Prenatal Yoga, Kegels
Pregnancy exercises and workouts for moms-to-be include Kegel exercises and prenatal yoga. A prenatal workout is an important...
Vitamin B6: Signs You're Not Getting Enough
B6 is a hard-working vitamin that affects everything from your mood to appetite to skin condition. Here are signs you may not...
What Are the Most Common Pregnancy Cravings?
Learn about pregnancy cravings, what they are, the most common foods pregnant women crave such as pickles and ice cream, why they...
Related Disease Conditions
Is It Normal to Have Pain on Your Left Side During Pregnancy? Why and When to Worry
Left side pain and back pain are common symptoms that affect many women during pregnancy. Learn what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat left side pain and back pain during pregnancy.
Early Pregnancy Symptoms: Am I Pregnant?
Pregnancy symptoms can vary from woman to woman, and not all women experience the same symptoms. When women do experience pregnancy symptoms they may include symptoms including missed menstrual period, mood changes, headaches, lower back pain, fatigue, nausea, breast tenderness, and heartburn. Signs and symptoms in late pregnancy include leg swelling and shortness of breath. Options for relief of pregnancy symptoms include exercise, diet, and other lifestyle changes.
What Vitamins and Supplements Should Not Be Taken Together?
Some vitamins that should not be taken together, or have dosage limitations, include vitamin C with vitamin B-12, vitamin A supplement with vitamin A-rich foods, folic acid (vitamin B9) and vitamin B12, and vitamin E with vitamin K.
Why Do I Wake Up Feeling Nauseated?
Here are 12 causes of waking up feeling nauseated in the morning, which include low blood sugar levels, GERD, constipation, and pregnancy (morning sickness).
Heartburn is a burning sensation experienced from acid reflux (GERD). Symptoms of heartburn include chest pain, burning in the throat, difficulty swallowing, the feeling of food sticking in the throat, and a burning feeling in the chest. Causes of heartburn include dietary habits, lifestyle habits, and medical causes. Treatments for heartburn include lifestyle changes, OTC medication,prescription medication, and surgery.
GERD (Acid Reflux, Heartburn)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also called acid reflux, can cause symptoms like heartburn, chest pain, regurgitation, and nausea. Learn about causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.
Ectopic Pregnancy (Tubal Pregnancy)
An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy located outside the inner lining of the uterus. The majority of ectopic pregnancies occur in the Fallopian tube. Signs and symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy may include abdominal pain, lack of menstrual period (amenorrhea), vaginal bleeding, fainting, dizziness, and low blood pressure. Treatment options for an ectopic pregnancy include observation, medication, or surgery.
Vitamins and Calcium Supplements
Vitamins are organic substances that are essential for the proper growth and functioning of the body. Calcium is a mineral essential for healthy bones and is also important for muscle contraction, heart action, and normal blood clotting. Check out the center below for more medical references on vitamins and calcium supplements, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related disease conditions, treatment and diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
What Relieves Nausea Fast?
Nausea can be relieved with ginger, mint, lemon, acupressure, deep breathing exercises, and other home remedies. Learn about what causes nausea and when to call a doctor.
Digestive Diseases: Nausea and Vomiting
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea and vomiting are symptoms of many conditions including motion sickness, pregnancy, emotional stress, gallbladder disease, and other illnesses. Learn about causes, treatment, and when to be concerned.
Is It Normal to Lose Appetite in 2nd Trimester Pregnancy?
What to know about losing your appetite in pregnancy. Learn about the risks and how you can make sure you're eating a healthy diet.
Care Before and During Pregnancy--Prenatal Care
Second Source article from Government
What Should I Eat When I Have Heartburn?
Heartburn happens when your stomach acid comes up your throat. Foods you should eat if you have heartburn include oatmeal, sweet potatoes, ginger, melons, chicken broth, fennel, non-fat milk, herbs, olive oil and lean meat.
What Is the Quickest Way to Get Rid of Heartburn?
The quickest way to get rid of heartburn is taking antacids, which help neutralize stomach acid. There are also natural remedies that can relieve heartburn.
Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy
Hypothyroidism during pregnancy can be treated with synthetic thyroid hormones to maintain the proper thyroid hormone balance. Hypothyroidism symptoms and signs include fatigue, weight gain, lethargy, and constipation. Check out the center below for more medical references on pregnancy and hypothyroidism, including multimedia (slideshows, images, and quizzes), related disease conditions, treatment and diagnosis, medications, and prevention or wellness.
28 Tips to Get Rid of Heartburn at Night
What to know about nighttime heartburn relief. Learn foods to avoid, lifestyle changes, and medications for heartburn.
Beyond Food: What Triggers Heartburn and GERD?
Heartburn is the burning sensation in the chest due to backflow or reflux of the acidic stomach contents into the food pipe (esophagus). Heartburn is a major symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD.
Is Gas Common in Early Pregnancy?
Gas is one of the unexpected signs of pregnancy. Gas is a common symptom in pregnancy, showing up around week 11 and lasting for the better part of the pregnancy.
Ways to Relieve Acid Reflux (GERD, Heartburn)
Most people have experienced some sort of pain or discomfort following a large meal or a particular food that didn’t quite agree with their stomach. Acid reflux symptoms can happen without a specific underlying condition.
Pregnancy Diet (Menu Plans)
When a woman is pregnant, she needs more vitamins, minerals, and other foods in her diet to stay healthy and deliver a healthy baby. A healthy pregnancy diet menu plan should consist of lots of fruits, vegetables, lean meats (unless you are vegan or vegetarian), and dairy. Examples of healthy pregnancy diet meal plans include holistic pregnancy diet, vegan or vegetarian diet, and low-carb diets. Begin your healthy eating plan around three months before you begin trying to conceive, and follow the same eating plan until after you have stopped breastfeeding. If you are overweight or obese, being pregnant is not the right time to try to lose weight. Discuss your options with your health care professional.
What Should I Eat for Dinner to Avoid Heartburn?
Acid reflux takes place when the acid from your stomach touches the esophagus, causing pain and irritation. Good foods to eat for dinner to avoid heartburn include leafy greens, non-citrus fruits, ginger, oatmeal, healthy fats, seafood and aloe vera juice.
Does Throwing Up Help Morning Sickness?
Can Hormonal Imbalance Affect Pregnancy?
Hormonal imbalance is a common issue that affects many people. Learn the signs of hormonal imbalance, how it affects pregnancy, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
Can Morning Sickness Start At 1 Week?
Morning sickness is among the most common signs of pregnancy. Usually, morning sickness starts around the ninth week of conception. But some people experience it sooner.
What Causes Low Blood Pressure in Pregnancy?
What Vitamins and Supplements Should I Avoid During Pregnancy?
You should always clear it with your obstetrician before taking any vitamins or supplements while pregnant.
Heart Attack vs. Heartburn
Heartburn is a symptom of another disease or medical problem and can be described as a feeling of burning in the chest accompanied by symptoms of nausea, vomiting, or a sour taste or food stuck in the back of the throat. Heart attack occurs when an artery in the heart is completely blocked by a blood clot, which causes that portion of heart muscle to die. Heart attack also has symptoms of chest pain, nausea, and vomiting, however, other warning signs and symptoms of a heart attack are unusual weakness or fatigue, and persistent and/or increased severity of symptoms over a few minutes. Heart attack is a life threatening emergency. If you think you or someone you are with is having a heart attack, call 911 immediately for urgent medical treatment. It may save your life.
Gestational Diabetes (Diabetes during Pregnancy))
Learning how to avoid gestational diabetes is possible and maintaining a healthy weight and diet before and during pregnancy can help. Discover risk factors, tests and treatments for, and signs and symptoms of gestational diabetes.
How Can I Stop Vomiting During Pregnancy?
Nausea and vomiting happen during pregnancy and are called morning sickness. Stop vomiting during pregnancy by using ginger, acupressure wristbands, diet management, lifestyle management, vitamin B6 and doxylamine and by managing triggers.
Heartburn During Pregnancy
Heartburn during pregnancy is quite common. During pregnancy the lower esophageal sphincter muscle becomes weakened , which likely occurs due to the effect of the high levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone during pregnancy. Fortunately, this resolves after pregnancy. Management of heartburn during pregnancy are generally involves lifestyle changes and avoiding foods that promote heartburn, for example, don't smoke, avoid tight clothing, eat small, frequent meals, chew gum, or sip liquids.
Pregnancy Discomforts: Common Causes
During pregnancy, most women will experience discomforts during the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd trimesters. Common causes of discomforts during pregnancy include nausea and vomiting (morning sickness), fatigue, breast swelling and pain, hemorrhoids, stretch marks, mood swings, dizziness, migraines, tooth pain and bleeding gums, and pica. Common causes of pregnancy discomforts include constipation, heartburn, indigestion, reflux, varicose veins, abdominal pain, problems sleeping, congested or bloody nose, and flu like body aches.
Are Belly Bands Safe During Pregnancy?
How are belly bands used during pregnancy? Learn whether you need belly bands and if they are safe to use during pregnancy.
What Can Heartburn Be a Sign of?
Heartburn symptoms may indicate a bigger health concern. Learn more about heartburn, heartburn symptoms, heartburn related to other health conditions, how it's diagnosed, and your treatment options for heartburn.
Can Cashew Nuts Cause Heartburn?
Although not a major cause, nuts, such as cashews, can trigger heartburn in some individuals. Nuts, including cashews, are high in fats, which slow down the emptying stomach.
Heartburn vs. Acid Reflux (Differences and Similarities)
Heartburn and acid reflux are not the same thing. Heartburn is actually a symptom of acid reflux. Heartburn gets its name because it feels like a burning sensation around the heart. Another symptom that occurs with heartburn is a bitter or sour taste in the mouth, usually when you eat or lye down. Heartburn affects more than 60 million people in the US at least once a month. Acid reflux, or GERD, occurs when stomach acid backs up into the esophagus, which irritates it. Heartburn is just one symptom of acid reflux. Other symptoms of acid reflux include: Belching Nausea after eating A feeling of fullness during or after eating Abdominal bloating Upset stomach Belching Wheezing Reflux laryngitis A tightness in the throat Problems swallowing Indigestion In some people, vomiting Causes of acid reflux and heartburn include: Being obese Slouching (poor posture) Medications like calcium channel blockers, theophylline, nitrates, and antihistamines Foods and drinks like caffeine, citrus fruits and vegetables, alcohol, and chocolate Pregnancy Diabetes Increase in stomach acid Eating a heavy meal Eating before bed The treatment for heartburn and acid reflux is to treat the underlying cause, for example, GERD, with over-the-counter (OTC) medicine, prescription medicine, natural remedies, and lifestyle changes like a eating a healthy, less fatty, spicy diet, not eating big meals, not eating before bed, and getting regular exercise to improve your posture.Sometimes a heart attack can mimic heartburn and acid reflux because they feel very similar. If you have symptoms of chest pain, tightness in the chest, heartburn, acid reflux, jaw, tooth, or head pain; shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, sweating, discomfort in the upper middle of the abdomen, arm or upper back pain, or the general feeling of being ill, go to the nearest Emergency Department immediately because these are the symptoms of a heart attack.REFERENCES:American College of Gastroenterology. "Acid Reflux." 2017.<http://patients.gi.org/topics/acid-reflux/> familydoctor.org. "Heartburn." Updated: Mar 2014.<https://familydoctor.org/condition/heartburn/> National Library of Medicine; PubMed Health. "Heartburn and GERD: Treatment options for GERD." Updated: Nov 18, 2015.<https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0072436/>
How Do You Relieve Constipation During Pregnancy?
Learn what medical treatments can help ease constipation during pregnancy and speed up your recovery.
How Many Weeks Pregnant Do You Start to Feel Flutters?
When do you start feeling your baby move? Learn about fetal movement and flutters during pregnancy, and when you can expect them.
What Does Pregnancy Nausea Feel Like?
Nausea felt during pregnancy is known as morning sickness, which may range from mild bloating and indigestion to frank vomiting.
Can Morning Sickness Make You Depressed?
The misery of morning sickness can cause physical and psychological effects. This can also cause you to be depressed.
Why Do I Keep Getting Heartburn Every Day?
While occasional heartburn is common, heartburn that occurs every day may be a sign of something more serious. Learn about what causes frequent heartburn and what may be triggering the discomfort.
How Soon Can You Get Morning Sickness?
Morning sickness is a common symptom of pregnancy in the first trimester. Learn the signs of morning sickness, how soon it starts, and what you can do to treat it.
Quick Relief For Heartburn
Heartburn refers to the burning sensation in the chest due to backflow or reflux of the acidic stomach contents into the food pipe (esophagus). If you are experiencing heartburn, you may ease the problem through various ways.
How Do You Prevent Heartburn When Exercising?
Exercise is an excellent way to lose weight, which is one of the causes of heartburn. However, some people may experience heartburn after exercise or during a workout. There are six tips that may help you ease exercise heartburn.
How Much Sleep Should a Pregnant Woman Get in Second Trimester Pregnancy?
On average, you will get seven and a half hours of sleep per night during the second trimester of pregnancy.
Pain Relief Options for Childbirth
Women experience and tolerate pain differently. For some pregnant women, focused breathing is all they need to get through labor and childbirth; but for others, numbing of the pain is desired. There are a number of different medications a woman can take during labor and childbirth. It is important for you to learn what pain relief options are available. Please discuss the options with your health care professional well before your "birth day" so that when you are in labor you understand the choices.
Are Pregnancy Pillows Good for Back Pain?
A maternity or a pregnancy pillow is a specially designed body pillow to suit and support the changing curves of the body during pregnancy. This long pillow supports the entire body. And yes, they help reduce back pain of pregnancy to a large extent. Try a full-length pregnancy pillow. Sleep with this pillow on a bed keeping the arms wrapped around it.
Safest Rheumatoid Arthritis Drugs During Pregnancy
None of the drugs used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is completely safe during pregnancy. You must discuss with your physician regarding the decision to use, modify, or stop any medications.
What Home Remedies Kill Heartburn?
Heartburn can cause an uncomfortable burning sensation in the chest. Here are 15 natural remedies to relieve heartburn and alleviate symptoms.
What Helps IBS During Pregnancy?
Learn thirteen ways to successfully deal with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) during pregnancy to ease symptoms and keep your baby healthy.
How Do You Stop Heartburn Instantly?
Heartburn happens when your esophagus becomes irritated due to stomach acid. You can stop heartburn instantly with over-the-counter medications like antacids.
Does Body Shape Change After Pregnancy?
Your body changes a lot when you're pregnant. Many of those changes return to normal, but every woman is different. Some women may find that some changes to their bodies remain.
What Are Anemia Symptoms During Pregnancy?
Anemia during pregnancy is a common issue that affects many women. Learn the signs of anemia, what causes anemia, how doctors diagnose anemia, and what you can do to treat anemia in pregnancy.
How Does Pregnancy Affect Mental Health?
Pregnancy can be a time of great joy and happiness. Different women respond to pregnancy differently, but pregnancy can affect some womens' mental health negatively.
Is Rituximab Safe During Pregnancy?
Rituxan (Rituximab) may not be completely safe during pregnancy and should be stopped at least 12 months before attempting to conceive.
Do Hair Growth Vitamins Work?
Vitamins or herbal supplements for hair growth are often used to promote healthy hair growth and regrowth. If there is hair loss or hair damage associated with a serious nutritional deficiency of certain vitamins or minerals, hair growth supplements can help with hair growth or regrowth.
Morning Sickness: Remedies and Relief
Morning sickness refers to the vomiting and nausea begins by the 9th week after becoming pregnant. Morning sickness can happen during anytime during the day. Morning sickness can be worsened by certain foods or odors. Some women experience morning sickness throughout their pregnancy. Most likely is caused by hormonal changes in the body. Natural home remedies may relieve symptoms and signs. Usually, most pregnant women with morning sickness ends in the 2nd trimester.
When Should I Take Birthing Classes During Pregnancy?
Birthing classes are generally recommended in the last three months (last trimester) of pregnancy. You may, however, enroll in a birthing class anytime during pregnancy. Some women feel that joining a birthing class early in the pregnancy gives them enough time to learn, adapt, and prepare for the delivery. Early registration also gives the advantage of choosing the dates and time schedules according to individual preferences.
What Is a Good Family Multivitamin?
When looking for a good multivitamin for your family, consider one that has the following nutrients: vitamin D, Folate, Vitamin B-12Calcium, Iron, Zinc, and Magnesium.
Why Do Pregnant Women Get Morning Sickness?
Morning sickness, though exact cause is unknown, may be related to hormonal shifts and the increase in or presence of certain hormones.
What Foods Are Good for Morning Sickness?
What foods help morning sickness? Find out how you can reduce morning sickness symptoms and have a more comfortable pregnancy.
How Does Anemia Affect Pregnancy?
Anemia is a condition in which your body doesn't make enough red blood cells. The most common type is iron-deficiency anemia which 50% of women develop during pregnancy.
When Should You Worry About Heartburn?
Heartburn is usually not a cause for concern. However, if the pain is persistent or frequent, it could be a sign of something more serious. Here are signs to look out for.
What Is the Best Vitamin Supplement to Take?
Dietary supplements are a general term that includes vitamins, minerals, botanicals, probiotics and other products to supplement the diet. The best vitamin supplement differs from person to person depending on their gender, age and any health conditions they have.
Vitamins & Exercise: Heart Attack Prevention Series
Vitamins and exercise can lower your risk for heart attack and heart disease. Folic acid, vitamins, and homocysteine levels are interconnected and affect your risk for heart disease or heart attack. For better heart health, avoid the following fried foods, hard margarine, commercial baked goods, most packaged and processed snack foods, high fat dairy, and processed meats such as bacon, sausage, and deli meats.
What Vitamins and Supplements Should I Take During Pregnancy?
Even if you eat a variety of nutritious foods, you may need to take pregnancy vitamins and supplements. This is especially true if you have a restricted diet, are pregnant with twins or multiples, have food allergies, or nutrient deficiencies. Talk to your doctor about your needs.
How Do You Fight Off Morning Sickness?
Morning sickness is a common problem, but it can sometimes take away the excitement of being pregnant. Here are 12 tips for fighting off morning sickness while it lasts.
Nausea and Vomiting and How to Treat It
There are many over-the-counter medications or prescription medications to treat vomiting. Vomiting linked with surgery, radiation therapy, anticancer drugs, alcohol, and morphine needs another type of drug therapy for its treatment.
What Gets Rid of Heartburn Fast?
Learn what causes heartburn and how to get rid of heartburn fast.
What Should I Be Feeling at 19 Weeks of Pregnancy?
The 19th week of pregnancy or the 5th month of pregnancy is when most of the major organs and organ systems have formed in the fetus. The formed organ system continues to grow and form its respective shapes in the following months. The weight of the fetus increases each month to become a baby that can survive outside of the uterus.
How Do You Know If You Have Heartburn When Pregnant?
Heartburn is a common issue that affects many pregnant people. Learn the signs of heartburn in pregnancy, what causes it, how doctors diagnose it, and what you can do to treat it.
4 Common Discomforts of Pregnancy
Pregnancy comes with huge hormonal changes that can cause discomfort, including morning sickness, heartburn, constipation and headaches. Learn what causes these symptoms and how you can cope with them.
How Do You Know When Heartburn Is Serious?
Heartburn may be serious if it occurs more than twice a week and persists despite dietary changes and the use of over-the-counter medications.
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Morning Sickness
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
- Vitamin B12 Deficiency
- Heartburn (GERD) Dialogue
- Vitamin D Deficiency
- Pregnancy: Fertility Charting 101
- Heartburn (GERD) Drugs: A New Caution
- Pregnancy: Trying to Conceive: When to Get Help
- GERD: Putting Out the Fire of Heartburn
- Pregnancy:The Unofficial Guide to Having a Baby
- Pregnancy Nutrition for All 4 Trimesters
- Pregnancy, Fitness After
- Tummy Trouble FAQs
- Pregnancy Myths and Facts FAQs
- Esophageal Cancer Linked to Heartburn
- GERD: Safe GERD medications for pregnancy?
- GERD Acid reflux during pregnancy?
- Heartburn Diagnosis
- Heartburn or Heart Attack? Emergency In Flight
- GERD: Questions To Ask Your Doctor About GERD (Heartburn)
- Pregnancy - Labor Pain And Walking
- Heartburn: Is Heartburn Inherited?
- Paxil & Pregnancy, Possibilty of Birth Defect
- Do Oral Contraceptives Prevent Vitamin Absorption?
- Are Tums or Rolaids Good for Heartburn?
- What is acute fatty liver of pregnancy?
- What Are Difference Between Synthetic and Natural Vitamins?
- Which Vitamins are Water Soluble and Fat Soluble?
- Is It Safe to Exercise During Pregnancy?
- Can We Eat Potatoes During Pregnancy?
- 12 Common Pregnancy Cravings to Avoid
- Pregnancy Planning and Lifestyle Changes
- Does Vitamin D Deficiency Cause Symptoms?
- When to Call the Doctor for Fever, Nausea, Diarrhea, Colds, and Coughs
- Anemia During Pregnancy
- Heartburn: Carbonated Soda & Sleeping Pills Increase Nighttime Heartburn
- What Vitamin Should I Take for Nutrition?
Medications & Supplements
- calcium carbonate/vitamin b12/folic acid/vitamin b6 - oral, Premesis RX
- Prenatal Vitamins
- lansoprazole (Heartburn Relief 24 Hour, Heartburn Treatment 24 Hour, Prevacid 24)
- vitamin b-12/folic acid/vitamin b-6 - oral, Folgard, Folgard RX 2.2, Foltx
- multivitamins (includes prenatal vitamins) - oral
- vitamin A
- prenatal vitamins/iron/folic acid chewable tablet - oral
- multivitamins w/iron (includes prenatal vits) - oral liquids
- prenatal vitamins/minerals/omega-3 fatty acids - oral, CitraNatal 90 DHA, Duet DHA, M
- multivitamins w/iron (includes prenatal vitamins) - oral
- multivitamins (includes prenatal vitamins) chewable - oral
- multivitamins (includes prenatal vitamins) liquid - oral
- multivitamins/iron (includes prenatal vits) chewable tablet - oral
- multivitamins w/iron (includes prenatal vits) time release - oral
Prevention & Wellness
- 20 Vitamins and Supplements to Boost Immune Health for COVID-19
- 15 Top Pregnancy Power Foods (Superfoods)
- Vitamins, Minerals and Nutritional Supplements
- 17 Things to Buy for Your Newborn
- What Is the Best Vitamin for Energy?
- How Do You Use Ginger for Nausea?
- Ten Effective Ways to Increase Vitamin D Intake
- What Are the 14 Benefits of Vitamin D?
- What Painkillers Are Safe During Pregnancy?
- Which Is Better for You, Vitamin D3 or Vitamin D?
- When Should You Start Prenatal Yoga?
- How Do I Get the Most Out of My Multivitamins?
- Which Prenatal Vitamins Do Doctors Recommend?
- Do Kids Need Vitamin Supplements?
- How Do You Prepare for Prenatal Care?
- Macros: What They Are and How to Count Them for Weight Loss
- Is Coffee Bad for the Baby During Pregnancy?
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.