Pulmonary Hypertension (Symptoms, Treatment Medications, Life Expectancy) Center

Pulmonary hypertension is an increase pressure in the pulmonary arteries that carry blood from the lungs to the heart. The most common symptoms are fatigue and difficulty breathing. If the condition goes undiagnosed, more severe symptoms may occur, for example:

As pulmonary hypertension worsens, some people with the condition have difficulty performing any activities that require physical exertion. For example: Researchers and doctors do not know what causes one type of pulmonary hypertension called idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. However, they do know that the can be caused diseases or condition you already have, for example, heart disease, high blood pressure, connective tissue disease, congenital heart disease, liver disease, pulmonary embolism (blood clot in the lungs), COPD, and emphysema.

People at risk of developing pulmonary hypertension are those who:
  • Live at high altitudes
  • Have a family history of the condition.
  • Have diseases and conditions that may put them at risk of developing pulmonary hypertension
  • Use illegal drugs like cocaine, and certain diet drugs.
While there is no cure for pulmonary hypertension, it can be managed and treat it with drugs like diuretics, blood thinners, calcium channel blockers, and using supplemental oxygen to increase blood oxygen levels. The prognosis and life expectancy for a person with pulmonary hypertension depends upon the severity of their condition.


NIH. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. "What is Pulmonary Hypertension?" Updated: Aug 2011

NIH. PubMed Health. "Pulmonary Hypertension (PH)."

CDC. Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention. "Pulmonary Hypertension Fact Sheet." Updated: Jul 22, 2014.

Read more: Pulmonary Hypertension (Symptoms, Treatment Medications, Life Expectancy) Article


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Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 7/26/2017

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