Psychotic Disorder: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 1/6/2022

Psychotic disorders are a group of psychiatric conditions that have in common the loss of a connection to reality.

Symptoms of psychotic disorders are varied and include many disordered forms of thinking and disordered perceptions of reality. Associated signs and symptoms can include

  • hallucinations,
  • delusions,
  • poor personal hygiene,
  • loss of interest in activities,
  • problems at school or work,
  • an inability to regulate or express emotion,
  • mood swings,
  • dangerous behavior,
  • unusual movements, and
  • incoherent speech.

Psychotic disorders may be accompanied by other mental conditions including depression, agitation, anxiety, and mania, among others.

Causes of Psychotic Disorder

There are many different causes of psychosis, and these causes include schizophrenia and the schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Psychotic disorders can also be induced by alcohol or drugs.

Other psychotic disorder symptoms and signs

  • Agitation
  • Anxiety
  • Dangerous Behavior
  • Delusions
  • Depression
  • Hallucinations
  • Inability to Regulate or Express Emotion
  • Incoherent Speech
  • Loss of Interest in Activities
  • Mania
  • Mood Swings
  • Poor Personal Hygiene
  • Problems at School or Work
  • Unusual Movements


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Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.