Prostate Cancer or Enlarged Prostate?
Two conditions can cause some symptoms that mimic those seen in prostate cancer described previously.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
BPH results from the prostate growing larger. BPH causes symptoms by creating pressure on the bladder, urethra, or both. BPH commonly occurs in elderly men and is a relatively benign condition.
Prostatitis (inflammation or infection of the prostate gland)
In the case of prostatitis, prostate tissue becomes inflamed, causing the prostate gland to swell. Any bacteria that can cause a urinary tract infection (UTI) can also cause prostatitis, and it may be caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including chlamydia and gonorrhea.
Both conditions are treated medically but some individuals with BPH may require surgical treatment.
Prostate cancer is differentiated from the above conditions by identifying cancer cells in a biopsy of the prostate.