Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men after skin cancer. Risk factors include age, family history, ethnicity, and diet. Prostate cancer is diagnosed by digital rectal exam, prostate specific antigen (PSA) test, and prostate biopsy.
Symptoms may include frequent need to urinate, incontinence, pain, blood in the urine, fatigue, and more. Prognosis and treatment depend on cancer staging. Watchful waiting, surgery, radiation, cryotherapy, and other management strategies are available. Research and clinical trials strive to find new and better treatments for prostate cancer.Read more: Prostate Cancer Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Obesity is the state of being well above one's normal weight. A person has traditionally been considered to be obese if they are more than 20% over their ideal weight. That ideal weight must take into account the person's height, age, sex, and build.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
The prostate is a gland that is part of the male reproductive system and is located between the bladder and penis. Signs and symptoms of prostate problems include painful ejaculation, burning or pain while urinating, blood in the urine or semen, dribbling urine, frequent urination, urinary incontinence, and pain in the lower back, hips, upper thighs, or the pelvic or rectal area. Common causes of prostate problems in men are prostatitis, enlargement of the prostate gland (benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and prostate cancer. Causes of prostate problems can assist in diagnosing prostate cancer. Treatments for prostate problems include medications, surgery, and hormone or radiation therapy.
Peyronie's Disease (Curvature of the Penis)
Peyronie's disease or curvature of the penis (Peyronie disease) is a condition in which scar tissue develops inside the penis. This scar tissue causes the penis to develop an abnormal curvature in the scarred area. At this time, there is no known cause of Peyronie's disease. Symptoms of Peyronie's disease include pain during intercourse or ejaculation, erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence), the inability to have sexual intercourse, anxiety, stress, an indentation of the shaft at the site where there is plaque or scarring, and an angulation of the penis when erect or flaccid. There is no cure for Peyronie's disease, however, there are medications that can reduce symptoms of the disease. Surgery or penile implants may be an option for severe cases.
Hydronephrosis describes swelling of the kidney resulting from the inability of urine to drain from the kidney into the bladder. This may be a normal variant or it may be due to an underlying illness or medical condition. Symptoms of acute hydronephrosis may include: intense flank or back pain radiating to the groin, nausea, vomiting, bloody urine, sweating, and colicky pain, which may cause the person to writhe or roll around or pace in pain.
Blood in Urine (Causes, Pain, and Treatment in Men and Women)
Blood in the urine is termed hematuria. Hematuria, whether it be gross or microscopic, is abnormal and should be further investigated.
Enlarged Prostate (BPH, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH or enlarged prostate) is very common in men over 50 years of age. Half of all men over the age of 50 develop symptoms of BPH, but few need medical treatment. This noncancerous enlargement of the prostate can impede urine flow, slow the flow of urine, create the urge to urinate frequently and cause other symptoms like complete blockage of urine and urinary tract infections. More serious symptoms are urinary tract infections (UTIs) and complete blockage of the urethra, which may be a medical emergency. BPH is not cancer. Not all men with the condition need treatment, and usually is closely monitored if no symptoms are present. Treatment measures usually are reserved for men with significant symptoms, and can include medications, surgery, microwave therapy, and laser procedures. Men can prevent prostate problems by having regular medical checkups that include a prostate exam.
Bladder Infection (Cystitis)
Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including females, the elderly, men with enlarged prostates, and those with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for bladder infection. Bladder infections are treated with antibiotics, but cranberry products and adequate hydration may help prevent bladder infections.
Cancer Risk Factors
Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase a person's odds of developing cancer. These risk factors include growing older, family history of cancer, diet, alcohol and tobacco use, and exposure to sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals, and some viruses and bacteria.
There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Urinary incontinence in men may be caused by prostate or nerve problems. Treatment depends upon the type and severity of the UI and the patient's lifestyle.
Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men)
Pelvic pain is described as pain, usually in the lower pelvic area. Causes of acute and chronic pelvic pain in women include endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, menstrual cramps, ovarian cysts, tumors, or fibroids, ovulation, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or congestion syndrome, vulva pain, and rarely cancer. Pelvic pain during pregnancy may be caused by miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy), preterm or premature labor, and placental abruption. Causes of pelvic pain in men include prostate problems, testicular pain, and groin pain. Causes of pelvic pain in men and women include kidney stones, appendicitis, UTIs, IBD, and STDs. Signs and symptoms associated with pelvic pain depend on the cause, but man include pain during or after sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, distension, and tenderness, diarrhea, constipation, vaginal discharge or bleeding, blood, pus, in the urine, cloudy urine, blood in the stool, stool color changes, and low back pain. The cause of pelvic pain is diagnosed by a physical exam, blood tests, and imaging procedures. Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause.
Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence)
Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying causes of erectile dysfunction, including stress and emotional problems, brain dysfunction, problems with blood supply to the penis, and structural problems with the penis. Erectile dysfunction is diagnosed by taking the patient's history and physical exam. Blood tests measuring kidney function and blood sugar, cholesterol, hormone, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels may be ordered. Urinalysis, ultrasound, and other more sophisticated tests may be required. The treatment of erectile dysfunction depends on the underlying cause. Medications, penile injections, penile implants, and vacuum devices may be used. Treatment for erectile dysfunction is usually successful. The patient should manage heart disease risk factors (high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes) as they are related to erectile dysfunction risk.
Tumor grade is a system used to classify cancer cells in how likely the tumor is to grow and how abnormal they look under a microscope. Tumor grade is not the same as tumor stage. A biopsy is taken to determine if the tumor is benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Prostatitis vs. BPH (Enlarged Prostate) Differences and Similarities
Prostatitis and BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia, enlarged prostate gland) are both conditions of the prostate gland. There are four types of prostatitis that can be caused by infections (usually bacterial) or other health conditions or problems, acute bacterial prostatitis (type I), chronic bacterial prostatitis (type II), chronic prostatitis and chronic pelvic pain syndrome (type III), and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis (type IV). BPH is inflammation of the prostate gland, and most men have the condition by age 50. Doctor's don't know what causes this inflammation, but they theorize that it may be related to hormones. Both of these conditions can cause similar symptoms like low back pain, pain during urination, or difficulty or the inability to urinate. However, prostatitis has many more symptoms and signs than BPH, and they based on the type of prostatitis. Examples include low back pain and/or abdominal pain, painful urination, fever, chills, feeling tired, recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), painful urination intermittently, intermittent obstruction urinary tract symptoms (frequent, painful, or incomplete urination), pelvic pain and/or discomfort, pain with ejaculation, and erectile dysfunction (ED). If you think you have either of these conditions contact your doctor or other health care professional. Bacterial prostatitis can be cured with antibiotics; however, there is no cure for BPH.
Prostate Cancer (Prostatic Cancer) Symptoms and Causes
Difficulty with urination – frequency, weak stream, trouble getting started, etc. – is usually the first sign of prostate cancer. But these and other early symptoms of prostatic cancer can also come from benign prostate conditions, so diagnostic testing is important, including PSA tests and digital rectal exam.
Men's health is an important component to a happy lifestyle and healthy relationships. Eating healthy, exercise, managing stress, and knowing when to have medical tests for a particular age is key to disease prevention in men.
Prostate Cancer Facts
Prostate cancer is a leading cause of cancer and cancer death in males; in some men, identifying it early may prevent or delay metastasis and death from prostate cancer. The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is a part of the male reproductive system that wraps around the male urethra at it exits the bladder. Prostate cancer is common in men over 50 years of age, with the risk of developing prostate cancer increases with aging.
Early Prostate Cancer
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Prostate Cancer Staging and Prognosis
The prognosis for prostate cancer, as with any cancer, depends on how advanced the cancer has become, according to established stage designations. The patient's PSA score at diagnosis, as well as their Gleason score (the grading system used to determine the aggressiveness of prostate cancer) determines the prognosis and final stage designation. Prostate cancer has a high survival rate in general, but your chances depend on the stage of the cancer.
Early-Stage Prostate Cancer Treatment
If prostate cancer is detected early and appears to be slow-growing, invasive procedures, chemotherapy, radiation and other approaches can sometimes do more harm than good. Many prostate cancer treatments come with side effects, like incontinence or impotence, so it’s in the patient’s interest to put off invasive treatments as long as is medically safe. Active surveillance is where doctors "watch and wait" for changes that could prompt medical intervention.
Enjoying a satisfying sex life as we age is important to both physical and mental health. As we age, diseases and conditions may pose challenges in our sexual health, and sexual experiences. Learn how to manage your conditions and still have a gratifying sex life as you age.
How Is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed?
Prostate cancer is largely a disease of men over 40, so it’s around this age doctors recommend the first prostate screening. The first exam is a blood test to determine if there are abnormal prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels in your blood – PSA is produced by the prostate. If the PSA is high, your doctor will perform a digital rectal exam, during which the doctor feels your prostate from inside your rectum with a gloved finger. Other diagnostic tests include an endoscopic biopsy of tumor tissue for analysis in a lab.
Prostate Cancer Treatment: Radical Prostatectomy Surgery
Radical prostatectomy, or surgical removal of the entire prostate gland, isn’t typically the first choice in prostate cancer treatment. Sometimes a radical approach is necessary to keep the cancer from metastasizing, however. Some cases are too severe or diagnosed too late for drugs or radiation to have much effect. In these cases, treatment teams may opt for a radical prostatectomy, despite potential side effects like impotence and incontinence.
Prostate Cancer Treatment: Hormonal Therapy
Prostate cancer is highly sensitive to, and dependent on, the level of the male hormone testosterone, which drives the growth of prostate cancer cells. Testosterone belongs to a family of hormones called androgens, and today front-line hormonal therapy for advanced and metastatic prostate cancer is called androgen deprivation therapy (ADT).
Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their grandchildren. The majority of caregivers are middle-aged women. Caregiving can be very stressful, so it's important to recognize when it's putting to much strain on you and to take steps to prevent/relieve stress.
Prostate Cancer Treatment: Radiation, Brachytherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals
Radiation treatment for prostate cancer is a powerful tool at doctors’ disposal. Using radiation vs. surgery or other invasive treatments to kill cancer cells may still cause side effects, but ideally they are less severe. Radiation therapy can be performed via external beam therapy (EBRT) or the placement of radioactive seeds into the prostate (prostate brachytherapy) or using radioactive drugs (radiopharmaceuticals).
Cancer fatigue is a lack of energy that is caused by cancer or cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation, biological therapy, or bone marrow transplantation. Strategies to combat cancer fatigue include scheduling rest, pacing oneself, planning ahead and prioritizing work and activities, eating the right foods, exercising, and practicing proper body mechanics.
Certain behavioral, lifestyle, and environmental factors contribute to cancer. Cancer prevention involves modifying these factors to decrease cancer risk. Tobacco use, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, inadequate fruit and vegetable intake, and obesity increase the risk of certain cancers. Vaccines, genetic testing, and cancer screening also play a role in cancer prevention.
Prostate Cancer Treatment: Focal Therapy and Other Experimental Treatments
Several new and experimental treatments for prostate cancer are under study, including treatments that use ultrasound, lasers, tissue-freezing gas, and new ways of administering radiation. These new methods are types of focal therapy, that is, treatment focused on the cancer cells in the prostate, rather than systemic therapy that administers medications or other treatments to the whole body with the aim of treating the prostate.
Prostate Cancer Treatment: Chemotherapy, Bone-Targeted and Immune Therapy
Doctors may introduce chemotherapy and immune therapy if other measures fail to cure a case of prostate cancer. However, unlike with other forms of cancer, chemotherapy isn’t the first choice for early prostate cancer. Immune therapy uses the body's own immune system to attack the prostate tumor, while bone-targeted therapy aims to preserve bone and prevent metastasis.
Cancer pain results from the tumor pressing on nerves or invading bones or organs. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery can also cause pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers, prescription medications, radiation, biofeedback, and relaxation techniques are just some treatments for cancer pain.
Disease Prevention in Men
Disease prevention in men includes routine screening tests that are part of basic prevention medicine. Take an active role in your own health care and discuss screening tests with your doctor early in life. Age of screening and timing of screening depends upon the condition being assessed. Diseases men should take steps to prevent include high blood pressure (hypertension), hypercholesterolemia, type II diabetes mellitus, HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), colon cancer and colon polyps, prostate cancer, glaucoma, melanoma and other skin cancer, and bladder cancer.
Local ResourcesFind a local Oncologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Burning Urination (Dysuria)
- Difficulty Urinating
- Urinary Urgency
- Frequent Urination
- Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)
- Blood in Urine
- Blood in Semen
- Urinary Retention
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Prostate Cancer
- Advance Medical Directives
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Prostate Cancer FAQs
- Biopsy: Questions to Ask Your Doctor Before a Biopsy
- Cancer Care in the Elderly
- Prostate Cancer - New Criteria
- Prostate Cancer Risk May Be Lowered By Vitamin E
- Coping with a Bad Disease - Community Counts
- Ten Health Benefits of a Healthy Sex Life
- Is Prostate Cancer Genetic?
- What Is the Di Bella Cancer Cure?
- What Is the Prostate Cancer TNM Stage?
- What Does Prostate Cancer Do to You?
- How Do You Develop Prostate Cancer?
- What Are the Early Signs of Prostate Cancer?
- Red Meats and Processed Meats Raise Cancer Risk
- Complementary and Alternative Cancer Treatments
- What Is Bone Cancer?
- Prostate Cancer- The Importance of a PSA Test
Medications & Supplements
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- Monoclonal Antibodies
- leuprolide 4 month (30 mg) - subcutaneous injection, Eligard
- leuprolide monthly (7.5 mg) - subcutaneous injection, Eligard
- leuprolide monthly (3.75 mg) - injection, Lupron Depot
- leuprolide 3 month (22.5 mg) - subcutaneous injection, Eligard
- leuprolide - injection, Lupron
- bicalutamide - oral, Casodex
- Dilaudid vs. Fentanyl (Pain Strength Comparison and Side Effects)
- fentanyl patch (Duragesic)
- leuprolide (Lupron, Eligard)
- finasteride (Proscar)
- green tea (camellia sinensis) - oral
- bicalutamide (Casodex)
- zoledronic acid - injection, Zometa
- triptorelin 3 month (11.25 mg) - injection, Trelstar
- goserelin - implant, Zoladex
- docetaxel (Taxotere, Docefrez)
- triptorelin 1 month (3.75 mg) - injection, Trelstar Depot
- flutamide - oral, Eulexin
- Uroxatral (alfuzosin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- radium Ra 223 dichloride (Xofigo)
- estramustine phosphate - oral, Emcyt
- nilutamide - oral, Nilandron
Prevention & Wellness
- Exercise Helps Men During Hormone Treatment for Prostate Cancer: Study
- Prostate Cancer Leaves Detectable 'Fingerprint' in Blood: Study
- Lose Weight, Lower Prostate Cancer Risk
- Dual Method May Boost Accuracy of Prostate Cancer Diagnosis
- Cholesterol Drugs Might Help Curb 'High-Risk' Prostate Cancers
- High Testosterone Levels Have Different Health Impact for Men and Women
- Massachusetts' Health Reforms Helped Catch More Cancers Early
- Eating More Veggies Won't Stop Prostate Cancer: Study
- AI Might Help Spot, Evaluate Prostate Cancer
- Progress Against Lung Cancer Fuels Record Drop in U.S. Cancer Deaths
- AHA News: Statins May Do Double Duty on Heart Disease and Cancer
- Using Sound Waves to Destroy Prostate Cancer
- Gene-Based Therapy Helps Fight Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Many Poor, Minority Seniors Get Cancer Diagnosis in the ER
- Radiation Right After Surgery Might Not Help Prostate Cancer Patients
- Link Seen Between Infertility, Prostate Cancer
- High-Dose Radiation a Game Changer in Fighting Deadly Prostate Cancer
- Doubt Over Long-Term Use of Hormone Rx for Recurrent Prostate Cancer
- What Is Your Risk for Prostate Cancer?
- Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Might Harm the Heart: Study
- AHA News: Common Prostate Cancer Treatment May Increase Risk of Fatal Heart Condition
- Hormone Treatment for Prostate Cancer Linked to Heightened Alzheimer's Risk
- New Urine Test Might Show Whether Prostate Cancer Needs Treatment
- 9/11 Dust Linked to Prostate Cancer in First Responders
- Few Prostate Cancer Patients Are Getting Checkups They Need
- Could 2 Prostate Cancer Drugs Fight Disease in Earlier Stages?
- Is That Prostate Cancer Worth Treating? Chromosomes May Tell
- Use of Meds for Enlarged Prostate Might Delay a Cancer Diagnosis
- Could Common Heart Meds Lower Prostate Cancer Risk?
- Does Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Raise Dementia Risk?
- One High Dose of Radiation May Be Enough for Early Prostate Cancer
- Researchers Seek Firefighters for Data on Cancer Risk
- U.S. Leads World in Reducing Prostate Cancer Cases
- Hormonal Therapy for Prostate Cancer Might Raise Depression Risk
- Low-Dose Aspirin Doesn't Prolong Survival in Prostate Cancer
- More U.S. Men Holding Off on Prostate Cancer Surgery
- Obesity-Linked Cancers On the Rise Among Young Americans
- Prostate Drug Finasteride Can Safely Lower Cancer Risk, Study Says
- Suicide Risk Rises Following Cancer Diagnosis
- Crohn's, Colitis May Be Tied to Prostate Cancer
- Surgery May Benefit Some With Early Prostate Cancer: Study
- Rapid Test for Cancer Developed by Researchers
- Health Tip: Identifying Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer
- Is Teen Drinking Tied to Aggressive Prostate Cancer Later in Life?
- Clinical Trials Balance Out Urban, Rural Cancer Survival Rates
- Large U.S. Study Targets Prostate Cancer in Black Men
- Could an Early Supper Lower Breast, Prostate Cancer Risk?
- Drug May Help Keep Aggressive Prostate Cancer in Check
- New DNA Test May Predict Prostate Cancer Risk
- Blacks With Prostate Cancer May Fare Better Than Whites
- U.S. Cancer Death Rate Declines Again, But Prostate Cancer Incidence Rises
- Men May Gain More From Cancer Immunotherapy
- Expert Panel Highlights Patient Choice for Prostate Cancer Screen
- Diet, Exercise Can Ease Side Effects of Prostate Cancer Treatment
- A Light Breakfast Might Cut Cost of Pricey Prostate Cancer Drug
- His Prostate Cancer Becomes Her Struggle, Too
- New Treatment Approved for Prostate Cancer That Resists Hormone Therapy
- Two Drugs Offer Hope Against a Tough-to-Treat Prostate Cancer
- What Might Make Prostate Cancer's Return More Likely?
- Mitt Romney Treated for Prostate Cancer Last Year
- Health Tip: Recognizing Prostate Cancer
- Prostate Cancer Symptoms Aren't Always Obvious
- U.S. Cancer Death Rate Continues to Fall
- New Research Finds Value in PSA Testing
- Common Treatment for Early Prostate Cancer May Carry Heart Risk
- Little Evidence That Vasectomy Raises Prostate Cancer Risk
- Are Big Men More Prone to Aggressive Prostate Cancer?
- 'Observation' Best Option for Most Low-Risk Prostate Cancer
- Drug Extends Lives of Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer: Studies
- Addressing Your Cancer Risk
- PSA Testing Rates for Prostate Cancer Have Leveled Off
- Should Prostate Cancer Screening Start Earlier for Black Men?
- It's Yoga to the Rescue for Prostate Cancer Patients
- Updated Prostate Cancer Test Guidelines Now Stress Patient Choice
- Many Docs Don't Discuss Prostate Cancer Screening Pros and Cons
- Guys, a Good Night's Sleep Might Save Your Life
- Can Daily Low-Dose Aspirin Lower Cancer Death Risk?
- Survival Continues to Improve for Most Cancers
- Tests May Bring New Wave of Cancer Detection
- Is MRI the 'Mammography' of Prostate Cancer Screening?
- Prostate Cancer Treatments Have Varying Side Effects, Study Shows
- Cancer Isn't 'One Size Fits All' for Hispanics
- Hormonal Drug Boosts Survival After Prostate Cancer's Return: Study
- Anxiety May Lead to Unneeded Prostate Cancer Treatments
- U.S. Cancer Deaths Decline Over Three Decades
- Powerful Drug for Advanced Cancers May Need Less Frequent Dosing
- Vitamin E, Selenium Don't Cut Colon Cancer Risk: Study
- New Prostate Cancer Therapy Works Without Severe Side Effects
- Worldwide Cancer Rates Up More Than One-Third in Past Decade: Report
- Alcohol May Fuel Prostate Cancer Risk
- Second Opinions Don't Seem to Sway Prostate Cancer Patients
- Monitoring, Not Treatment, May Be Better for Some Prostate Cancer Patients
- Can Hormonal Rx for Prostate Cancer Raise Dementia Risk?
- Smokeless Tobacco Product Tied to Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer Death
- Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Less Safe for Men With Prior Heart Attack
- Cancer Treatment More Likely to Leave Blacks in Debt
- Vasectomy May Not Raise Prostate Cancer Risk After All
- Prostate Cancer Treatments: Different Choices for Different Men
- Experts Weigh In On Newly Released Health Information From Clinton, Trump
- Early Prostate Cancer Diagnoses Continue to Fall in U.S.: Study
- 'Active Surveillance' of Prostate Cancer Doesn't Dampen Quality of Life
- Cancer Experts Criticize Report on Rising Prostate Cancer Numbers
- Number of Advanced Prostate Cancer Cases Soars: U.S. Study
- Could Statins Help Fight Cancer?
- Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer Might Consider Gene Test
- U.S. Cancer Survivors Living Longer
- Healthy Living Slashes Cancer Risk
- 15.5 Million Americans Now Surviving Cancer: Report
- HIV Patients Less Likely to Get Treatment for Cancer: Study
- Men Miss Out on Bone Loss Screening
- Could 'Breast Cancer Genes' Play Role in Prostate Cancer, Too?
- Could Certain Fatty Foods Be Linked to Aggressive Prostate Cancer?
- Regular Exercise May Boost Prostate Cancer Survival
- Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Tied to Depression
- High-Dose Radiation May Be No Better for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer
- Sugary Drinks, 'Bad' Carbs Tied to Breast, Prostate Cancers
- New Prostate Technique May Help Men's Nighttime Urination
- Shorter, Intensive Radiation Works for Prostate Cancer: Study
- Hospital Volume Tied to Success of Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer
- Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer May Carry Certain Risks
- Low Vitamin D Levels May Signal More Aggressive Prostate Cancer
- Testosterone Therapy May Boost Sex Drive in Older Men ...
- PSA Testing Differs Among Primary Care Doctors, Urologists
- Many Older Americans May Get Unneeded Breast, Prostate Cancer Screenings
- For Cancer Survivors, Expenses Keep Mounting
- Aspirin May Decrease Death From Prostate Cancer, Study Finds
- Childhood Cancer Treatment May Raise Adult Heart Disease Risk
- Surgery May Beat Radiation for Men With Early Stage Prostate Cancer
- 'Suicide Gene Therapy' Plus Radiation Fights Prostate Cancer: Study
- Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Tied to Possible Alzheimer's Risk
- Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Often Not Monitored Closely
- Yoga May Boost Quality of Life for Prostate Cancer Patients
- Prostate Cancer Screening, Detection Both Down in U.S., Studies Say
- Ovarian Cancer Drug Shows Promise With Tough-to-Treat Prostate Tumors
- Black Men May Get Worse Prostate Cancer Care, Study Contends
- Men's Health Supplements Don't Benefit Prostate Cancer Patients: Study
- Relaxed Guidelines on PSA Testing Might Miss Aggressive Tumors: Study
- Some Prostate Cancer Patients May Not Benefit From Hormone Therapy
- Combo Treatment May Boost Survival With Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Scientists Identify 5 Types of Prostate Cancer
- Study Questions Radiation Use for 'Low-Risk' Prostate Cancers
- 'Watchful Waiting' Becoming More Common for Prostate Cancer Patients
- Too Few Men With Low-Risk Prostate Cancers Get 'Watch and Wait' Approach
- High-Fat Diet May Raise Prostate Cancer Death Risk
- Excess Weight Linked to Worse Prostate Cancer Prognosis
- Smoking Ups Risk of Complications From Urologic Cancers: Study
- Prostate Cancer Testing Drops Off After Controversial Guidelines
- Early Chemo May Boost Survival in Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Radiation Plus Hormone Therapy May Help Some Prostate Cancer Patients
- Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer May Impair Thinking
- Statins May Slow Prostate Cancer Progression: Study
- Many Americans Not Getting Routine Cancer Screenings: CDC
- Dogs Find Prostate Cancer by Smell
- Obesity Linked to Greater Risk of Prostate Cancer in Blacks, Study Says
- Walking Boosts Outcomes for Prostate Cancer Survivors
- Report Shows Progress in America's War on Cancer
- Midlife Fitness May Be a Real Cancer Fighter for Men
- Smoking May Be Linked to Prostate Cancer's Return
- Vitamin D Supplements Might Slow Prostate Cancer, Study Suggests
- Study Links Family History of Prostate Cancer to Breast Cancer Risk
- Statins May Help Improve Prostate Cancer Survival: Study
- Early Studies See No Heart Risk From Testosterone Therapy
- Did PSA Test's Decline Spur Rise in Prostate Cancers?
- Watch-and-Wait Strategy May Be Riskier for Certain Prostate Cancers
- Testicular Cancer May Raise Prostate Cancer Risk: Study
- Are Too Many Prostate Cancer Patients Receiving Treatment?
- More Americans Surviving Cancer Today Than 20 Years Ago
- MRI Improves Prostate Cancer Biopsy Accuracy, Study Finds
- Prostate Cancer Patients Who Smoke Fare Worse, Study Finds
- Strategy Might Thwart Resistance to a Common Prostate Cancer Treatment
- Random Mutations Responsible for About Two-Thirds of Cancer Risk: Study
- Falling Cancer Death Rate Means 1.5 Million Lives Saved Over 20 Years
- Too Few Prostate Cancer Patients Get Bone-Strengthening Meds: Study
- Hormone Therapy May Up Heart-Related Deaths in Some Prostate Cancer Patients
- Playing the Field May Lower Prostate Cancer Risk: Study
- The Dangers of Thinning Bones as Men Age
- High Cholesterol Tied to Prostate Cancer's Return in Study
- Vitamin E, Selenium Supplements Don't Seem to Prevent Cataracts
- DNA Blood Test Might Identify Status of Prostate Cancer
- New Gene Variants for Prostate Cancer Identified
- Male Pattern Baldness Tied to Prostate Cancer, Study Suggests
- Watchful Waiting May Not Be Best for Black Men With Prostate Cancer
- New Guidelines for Treating Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Study: Many Seniors Get Unnecessary Cancer Tests
- Is the PSA Test Worth It? Major Study Is Inconclusive
- Can Bike Riding Up Prostate Cancer Risk?
- Men With Prostate Cancer May Not Always Get Best Advice
- Depression May Make It Harder to Beat Prostate Cancer
- Study Links Vasectomy to Aggressive Prostate Cancer
- Cost of Prostate Cancer Surgery Varies Widely in U.S.
- New Approach May Boost Survival From Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Number of Cancer Survivors Should Grow to 19 Million in Next Decade: Report
- Lower Risk of Prostate Cancer Seen in Circumcised Blacks: Study
- Your Income Might Influence Your Risk for Certain Cancers
- Pancreatic Cancer Will Be 2nd Deadliest Cancer by 2030: Study
- Diet, Lifestyle Affect Prostate Cancer Risk, Studies Find
- Dogs May Help Spot Human Prostate Cancers, Study Finds
- Some Prostate Cancer Patients Might Safely Delay Hormonal Therapy: Study
- Quarter of Prostate Cancer Patients May Abandon 'Watchful Waiting' Approach
- DNA Test May Gauge Risk of Prostate Cancer's Return
- Cialis May Not Prevent Impotence in Men Treated for Prostate Cancer
- Newer Radiation Therapy Treats Prostate Cancer More Quickly: Study
- Surgery May Benefit Younger Prostate Cancer Patients
- Vitamin E, Selenium Supplements Might Double Chances of Prostate Cancer
- Drug May Extend Survival for Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Scientists Explore Effect of Exercise on Prostate Cancer Patients
- 'Sleep Hormone' Tied to Possible Lower Prostate Cancer Risk
- Mouse Study Hints at Plastics Chemical's Link to Prostate Cancer Risk
- Type of Surgical Anesthesia Might Influence Prostate Cancer's Return
- Overweight Men May Face Higher Death Risk From Prostate Cancer: Study
- Statin Use Linked to Lower Prostate Cancer Death Risk
- Tests May Someday Show Which Breast, Prostate Cancers Will Turn Aggressive
- Study Ties Y Chromosome Variations to Prostate Cancer Risk
- Do Some Docs Have Vested Interest in Prescribing Radiation for Prostate Cancer?
- Radiation Therapy Overused in Advanced Prostate Cancer, Study Says
- Usual 'Hot Flash' Therapies Don't Help Prostate Cancer Patients: Study
- Extended Hormone Therapy Doesn't Help Some Prostate Cancer Patients: Study
- Gene Test May Help Predict Prostate Cancer Aggressiveness
- Terms Docs Use Can Influence Patients' Cancer Choices
- Could Heavy Coffee Drinking Help Men Battle Prostate Cancer?
- High-Tech Prostate Scan May Boost Cancer Detection
- 'Watch & Wait' OK for Many Low-Grade Prostate Tumors: Study
- 18-Year Study Finds Drug Cut Prostate Cancer Risk
- Helping Men Resolve Conflicts About Prostate Cancer Screening
- Family History of Cancer May Raise Risk for Other Types of Tumors
- Kidney Failure a Possible Risk of Prostate Cancer Hormone Treatment: Study
- Number of Nerve Fibers Near Prostate Tumor Tied to Aggressiveness
- Too Much Fish Oil Might Boost Prostate Cancer Risk, Study Says
- Many Men Plan to Ignore PSA Test Guideline: Survey
- Soy Won't Prevent Prostate Cancer's Return: Study
- Many Men Not Told Pros, Cons of PSA Testing, Survey Finds
- 'Low-Risk' Prostate Cancer Diagnosis May Not Work for Black Men
- New, Pricey Prostate Cancer Treatments May Be Overused: Study
- Some Infertile Men Show Higher Cancer Risk, Study Suggests
- Tweaking Dietary Fat Mix Might Boost Prostate Cancer Survival
- Experimental Drugs Show Promise Against Prostate Cancer
- Black Prostate Cancer Patients More Likely to Delay Treatment: Study
- Age, Other Illnesses May Make Prostate Cancer Treatment Unnecessary
- Newer, Pricier Prostate Cancer Radiation No Better Than Old: Study
- Xofigo Approved for Prostate Cancer
- FDA Approves New Drug to Fight Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Agent Orange Tied to Lethal Prostate Cancer
- Prostate Cancer May Be Deadlier for the Uninsured
- Sleep Woes Tied to Prostate Cancer Risk in Study
- Urologists' Group Issues Updated Guidelines on PSA Test
- Obesity Linked to Prostate Cancer, Study Finds
- Study Questions Value of PSA Test for Older Men
- Can Selenium Lower Risk of Advanced Prostate Cancer?
- Most Men Don't Need PSA Tests, Doctors' Group Says
- Black Men Often Face Delays in Prostate Cancer Care: Study
- Intermittent Hormone Treatment for Prostate Cancer Not the Best
- More Genetic Insights Into 3 Types of Cancer
- Nearly 14 Million Cancer Survivors in U.S.: Report
- Is Early Baldness in Blacks a Clue to Prostate Cancer?
- Blood Thinners May Boost Survival for Prostate Cancer Patients: Study
- Which Cancer Tests Do You Really Need?
- Fried Foods May Boost Prostate Cancer Risk, Study Says
- Folic Acid Supplements Don't Affect Cancer Risk, Review Finds
- Cancer Death Rates Drop 20% Over 2 Decades
- Some Complain of Shorter Penis After Prostate Cancer Treatment: Study
- Survival of 'Obamacare' Tops List of Biggest Health News in 2012
- Cancer-Related Fatigue Often Overlooked, Study Finds
- Children of Older Parents With Cancer May Be at Risk, Too
- Targeted Prostate Cancer Biopsies Might Improve Care: Study
- FDA OKs Expanded Use of Prostate Cancer Drug
- Plastics Chemical BPA Found in Fetal Livers
- New DNA-Based Blood Test May Spot Signs of Cancer
- Smokers, Nonsmokers Alike Urged to Learn About Lung Cancer
- Prostate Cancer Websites Often Hard to Understand: Study
- Boomers Zero In on Health at Age 50 and 65, Study Says
- Proton Beam Therapy Better for Prostate Cancer?
- Viagra Can Help Prostate Cancer Patients Maintain Sex Lives: Study
- Heart Disease Risk Factors Also Tied to Death From Prostate Cancer
- Post-Op Radiation May Boost Results for Prostate Cancer Patients: Study
- Green Tea and Cancer Prevention: New Clues
- Antioxidants in Tea, Fruit, Veggies Might Fight Prostate Cancer: Study
- Multivitamins May Help Prevent Cancer
- Rising Eye Injury Rates Seen With Robotic Prostate Surgery
- Scientists ID 'Genetic Signatures' for Aggressive Prostate Cancer
- Genes May Influence Impotence After Prostate Radiation
- Lab Contamination Behind Debunked Link Between Virus, Prostate Cancer
- Cancer Survivors Prefer to Stay With Cancer Doctors: Study
- Drug Used to Prevent Prostate Cancer Won't Lower Quality of Life
- Newly Approved Imaging Agent Helps Find Prostate Cancer
- New Device May Reduce Repeat Breast Cancer Surgeries
- Pan-Fried Red Meat May Raise Prostate Cancer Risk: Study
- Prostate Cancer: Start-and-Stop Hormone Therapy Works
- FDA OKs Drug for Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Race May Affect Quality of Prostate Cancer Surgical Care
- Daily Aspirin May Help Fight Prostate Cancer, But Not Breast Cancer
- Breast Cancer Drug Might Help Men on Prostate Cancer Therapy
- PSA Testing Linked to Improved Prostate Cancer Survival
- Doctors Who 'Self-Refer' to Radiation Clinics Add to Patients' Burden: Study
- Can Prostate Cancer Screening Improve Men's Lives?
- Calcium, Vitamin D Supplements May Pose Risks for Men With Prostate Cancer
- Screening Debate Typifies Prostate Cancer Uncertainties
- Health Highlights: Aug. 6, 2012
- Most Prostate Cancer Patients Don't Die From the Disease: Study
- Study: PSA Testing Cuts Worst Prostate Cancers
- Antioxidants Might Help Cut Pancreatic Cancer Risk, Study Suggests
- Prostate Cancer Surgery May Not Always Up Survival
- Expert Panel Suggests PSA Test May Benefit Some Men
- Study Compares Timing of Hormonal Therapy for Prostate Cancer
- PSA Screening Controversy: FAQ
- Study Ties Genes to Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Prostate Cancer Risk
- Do Bald Men Face Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer?
- Panel: Don't Get PSA Prostate Cancer Screen
- Some Cholesterol Drugs May Slow Prostate Growth
- Advanced Prostate Cancer Drug May Help at Earlier Stage
- Can Testosterone Therapy Help Obese Men Lose Weight?
- Prostate Cancer Screening Guidelines Often Not Followed: Study
- Health Highlights: April 18, 2012
- Health Highlights: April 17, 2012
- Warren Buffett Has Early Stage Prostate Cancer
- Ultrasound 'Male Lumpectomy' for Prostate Cancer
- Best Prostate Cancer Radiation?
- Researchers Find Genes Linked to Aggressive Prostate Cancer
- Many Medical Tests, Procedures Not Always Needed
- New Scanning Technology Might Help Guide Prostate Cancer Care
- Cancer Deaths Continue to Fall
- PSA Test Cuts Prostate-Cancer Deaths -- At a Cost
- Can Circumcision Prevent Prostate Cancer?
- Older Prostate Cancer Patients Might Be Overtreated: Study
- Nerve-Sparing Prostate Surgery Helps Men Retain Sexual Function
- Prostate Size May Be Clue to Severity of Cancer
- Health Highlights: Feb. 9, 2012
- Heart Disease May Be Risk Factor for Prostate Cancer
- Health Highlights: Feb. 6, 2012
- New Type of Prostate Cancer Pill Extends Lives
- Study: Radioactive Seeds Beat Out Other Prostate Cancer Treatments
- Health Highlights: Jan.30, 2012
- CDC: Cancer Screening Below Target Rates
- Drug for Enlarged Prostate May Slow Cancer Growth
- U.S. Work-Related Injuries, Illnesses Take Toll on the Till
- Scientists Identify Inherited Prostate Cancer Gene
- PSA Test for Prostate Cancer Doesn't Save Lives: Study
- Health Highlights: Jan. 3, 2012
- Health Care Reform Battle Tops Health News for 2011
- 40 Years On, the Triumphs and Challenges of America's 'War on Cancer'
- Previous Cancer May Up Melanoma Risk
- Making Sense of Cancer Screening Updates
- Are the Benefits of Vitamin D Overhyped?
- Are Too Many Older People Screened for Cancer?
- Active Surveillance May Benefit Men With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer
- Targeted Radiation May Not Be Better for Breast Cancer
- Common Prostate Cancer Treatment May Be Less Risky Than Thought
- Can of Soup a Day Linked to High BPA Levels in Urine
- Experimental Drug Slims Obese Monkeys
- U.S. Sets New Goals for a Healthier Nation
- Vaccine May Help Slow Spread of Lung Cancer
- Study: Testosterone May Not Treat ED
- Barrett's Esophagus May Be Less Risky Than Thought
- Vitamin E Supplements May Raise Prostate Cancer Risk
- Report: Task Force to Recommend Against PSA Test
- Americans Living Longer, Healthier Lives
- Infections Linked to Biopsies for Prostate Cancer
- Shorter Course of Radiation May Treat Prostate Cancer
- In Older Men, Prostate Biopsies Can Raise Risk of Hospitalization
- Study: BPA Common in Kids' Canned Foods
- New Test Predicts Risk for Impotence After Prostate Cancer Therapy
- Genes May Explain Blacks' Bleaker Prostate Cancer Stats
- Exercise a 'Wonder Drug' for Cancer Survival
- PSA Test May Help Check for Breast Cancer
- Combination Therapy May Treat Prostate Cancer
- Family History of Cancer Needs to Be Updated as You Age
- FDA: Prostate Cancer Risk From BPH, Hair Drugs
- Prostate Cancer Drug Zytiga May Extend Life
- Coffee May Lower Prostate Cancer Risk
- Prostate Cancer: Early Surgery or Watchful Waiting?
- FDA Approves Prostate Cancer Drug Zytiga
- New Doubts on Value of Prostate Cancer Screening
- New Insight on Weight Gain After Prostate Cancer Therapy
- Can Pomegranate Pills Fight Prostate Cancer?
- New Debate on PSA Test for Prostate Cancer
- Cancer Costs Expected to Rise
- Aspirin Cuts Death Rate From Several Common Cancers
- Study Backs 'Active Surveillance' for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer
- Targeted Radiation May Help Men Avoid Impotence
- Prostate Cancer Screening No Benefit to Older Men With Low PSA Levels
- Researchers Study Virus' Link to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
- Initial Savings May Hide True Cost of Prostate Cancer Care
- Testing of Brothers May Boost Family's Prostate Cancer Rates
- Docs Shying Away From Drug That May Prevent Prostate Cancer
- Vaccine Boosts Survival for Men With Advanced Prostate Cancer: Study
- Aggressive Treatment for Prostate Cancer Is the Norm
- Prostate Cancer Screening: Benefits Outweigh Risks
- PSA Test Does Cut Prostate Cancer Deaths, Study Finds
- Statins May Lower Rates of Prostate Cancer Recurrence
- 'Watchful Waiting' Often Best Strategy for Slow-Moving Prostate Cancer
- FDA OKs New Drug for Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Exercise Recommended for Cancer Patients
- Studies Suggest New Treatment Paradigms for Ovarian, Prostate Cancers
- Value of Monitoring Low-Risk Prostate Cancer Assessed
- Dog Sniffs Out Prostate Cancer in Small Study
- Tracking PSA Test Results Over Time Gives Clues to Cancer
- New Tests for Prostate Cancer Might Bring More Certainty
- Radiation for Prostate Cancer May Boost Fracture Risk
- Prostate Cancer Vaccine Shows Few Side Effects
- Scientists Spot Real 'Smoking Gun' in Prostate Cancer
- As FDA Eyes Prostate Cancer Drugs, Experts Urge Caution
- FDA Reviews Side Effects From Prostate Cancer Therapy
- Prostate Cancer Test a Flop in Study
- Provenge Approved for Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Prostate Cancer Vaccine May Get FDA Approval
- Weight Gain, Smoking May Make Prostate Cancer Deadlier
- Weather Might Influence Prostate Cancer
- Test Pinpoints Aggressive Prostate Tumors
- New Test May Predict Prostate Cancer's Aggressiveness
- Hormone Therapy May Fight Resistant Prostate Cancer
- Fruits, Vegetables Offer Little Cancer Protection
- Avodart May Lower Prostate Cancer Risk
- Infertility Raises Risk of More Aggressive Prostate Cancer
- Balding Before 30 May Cut Prostate Cancer Risk
- Prostate Cancer Radiation Side Effects May Subside With Time
- Doctor's Specialty Often Steers Prostate Cancer Care
- Melanoma Cases on the Rise
- New Guidelines for Prostate Cancer Screening
- New Drug Fights Advanced Prostate Cancer
- New Prostate Cancer Screening Guidelines Unveiled
- Genetic Mutation Linked to Prostate Cancer in Blacks
- Statins May Benefit Prostate Cancer Patients
- Two Surgical Methods Equally Successful for Prostate Cancer
- Anticancer Effects of Aspirin: FAQ
- Advance Toward Test for Aggressive Prostate Cancer
- Prostate Cancer Diagnosis Raises Suicide Risk
- Prostate Cancer Care Varies By Hospital Type
- Genetic Marker for Aggressive Prostate Cancer Found
- Experimental Drug May Help in Brain, Prostate Cancers
- Proton Boost May Thwart Prostate Cancer's Return
- New Test Checks for Prostate Cancer Return
- Green Tea Component May Slow Prostate Cancer
- New Therapy May Fight Prostate Cancer
- Folic Acid May Raise Prostate Cancer Risk
- 'Male Lumpectomy' for Prostate Cancer
- Masturbation and Prostate Cancer Risk
- Study Links Serum Calcium, Prostate Cancer Death
- Being Tall May Raise Prostate Cancer Risk
- Imaging Advance Tracks Prostate Cancer in Lymph Nodes
- Type of Tomato Product Determines Power Against Prostate Cancer
- Lowering Cholesterol May Also Lower Prostate Cancer Risk
- Radiation Improves Survival for Advanced Prostate Cancer
- Radiation for Prostate Cancer Raises Risk of Other Cancers
- Newer Prostate Cancer Treatment Similar to Traditional Surgery
- Biomarker Spots Which Lesions Likely to Progress to Prostate Cancer
- Tissue-Freezing Technique Effective Against Prostate Cancer
- Chemo Break Benefits Some Men With Prostate Cancer
- Aspirin, Hormone Therapy Combo Can Shorten Lives of Prostate Cancer Patients
- Prostate Cancer Treatments Often Compound Existing Health Problems
- No-Carb Diet May Curb Prostate Cancer
- Obesity Linked to Prostate Cancer Death Rates
- Radiation Seed Treatment Helps Younger Men Fight Prostate Cancer
- Better Prostate Cancer Survival for Men Taking Statins
- Prostate Cancer Radiotherapy Won't Affect Sexual Function
- Surgery Best Bet for Prostate Cancer Survival
- PSA Testing Still Valuable for Prostate Cancer
- Diet, Drugs May Stop Prostate Cancer
- Broccoli May Help Cut Prostate Cancer
- Fast PSA Rise Implies Bad Prostate Cancer
- Hair-Loss Drug Skews Prostate Cancer Test
- 15 Cancer Symptoms Men Ignore
- The Truth About Vitamin D
- Vasectomy and Cancer Risk
- Prostate Cancer Prevention
- Surviving Prostate Cancer: One Patient's Story
- Prostate Cancer: How Does Your State Rate?
- Prostate Cancer Specific References
- Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer
- Cancer: Questions to Ask About Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer
- Cancer: 'You've Got Prostate Cancer'
- Chemotherapy Extends Life in Prostate Cancer
- Prostate Cancer Awareness Month
- Cancer Survival - Better & Longer Survival Rates
- Cancers: Leading Cancers in Women, Men, & Children
- Whole Body Scanning, Do You Really Need One?
- Prostate Exam Every 4 Years