- Side Effects
- Drug Interactions
- Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- What Else to Know
Generic Name: propolis
Brand and Other Names: bee glue, bee putty, bienenharz, cera alba, galangin, hive dross, Nivcrisol, propolin H
Drug Class: Herbals
What is propolis, and what is it used for?
Propolis is a natural adhesive and resin-like substance produced and used by bees to construct and repair their hives. Honeybees produce propolis by collecting pollen, resin, and other substances from various plants such as poplar and coniferous trees and mixing it with beeswax and salivary enzymes they secrete. Propolis is a complex mixture of several chemicals and has been used as traditional medicine since ancient times to treat several ailments.
Ancient Egyptians used propolis for mummification, Incas used it to treat fever, and Greek and Roman physician used it as a mouth disinfectant and as an antiseptic and healing agent in wound treatment. People have since used propolis for various conditions including tuberculosis, inflammatory skin conditions, rheumatism, peptic ulcers and other gastrointestinal conditions. The famous crafter of string instruments Antonio Stradivari used propolis as an ingredient in the varnish of his instruments, and it is still used in rosin for stringed instruments.
The chemical composition of propolis is highly variable depending on the geographical origin, vegetation, and seasons, and it is difficult to standardize the product. Generally, propolis contains resins, waxes, essential oils, pollen and other organic compounds, and studies have identified more than 300 compounds in propolis samples. Some of the bioactive components of propolis include polyphenols, flavonoids, terpenes, and aromatic acids. Propolis also contains several trace minerals, vitamins, fatty acids, enzymes, and sugars.
Studies of propolis indicate it has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, immunomodulatory, and antitumor properties. Although many therapeutic compounds have been identified in propolis, there are no controlled clinical trials in humans to establish their efficacy in any of its uses. Propolis, however, is generally considered safe and nontoxic. It is commercially available in the form of capsules, mouthwash solutions, throat lozenges, powder and topical formulations such as ointments, creams, and lotions.
Suggested uses of propolis include:
- Common cold and respiratory infections
- Inflammatory gastrointestinal conditions such as colitis and diverticulitis
- Herpes simplex infections
- Improvement of insulin sensitivity and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes
- Reducing alcohol-induced liver injury
- Treatment of wounds, burns, acne, psoriasis, and dermatitis
- Bacterial, viral, and fungal infections of the skin or the mouth
- Mouthwashes and toothpaste to prevent caries, oral inflammation, and gum disease
- Health food and beverages
- Do not use propolis if you are allergic to pollen or bee products.
- Do not use propolis if you are prone to allergies or have asthma.
- Propolis may slow down blood clotting. Avoid taking if you have a bleeding disorder or concurrently with blood thinners. Stop taking propolis 2 weeks before surgery.
- Propolis may slow down the breakdown of drugs that are metabolized by the liver and increase their effects.
What are the side effects of propolis?
Common side effects of propolis include:
- Allergic reactions in people allergic to bee products
- Mouth irritation and ulcers with lozenges
This is not a complete list of all side effects or adverse reactions that may occur from the use of this drug.
Call your doctor for medical advice about serious side effects or adverse reactions. You may also report side effects or health problems to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What are the dosages of propolis?
- There isn't enough reliable information or human studies to know what might be an appropriate dose of propolis. Natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important.
- Follow directions on product labels and consult a healthcare professional before using.
What drugs interact with propolis?
Inform your doctor of all medications you are currently taking, who can advise you on any possible drug interactions. Never begin taking, suddenly discontinue, or change the dosage of any medication without your doctor’s recommendation.
- Propolis has no known severe or serious interactions with other drugs.
- Propolis may have moderate interaction with medications that slow down clotting (anticoagulant/antiplatelet) including:
- Propolis has no known mild interactions with other drugs.
The drug interactions listed above are not all of the possible interactions or adverse effects. For more information on drug interactions, visit the RxList Drug Interaction Checker.
It is important to always tell your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider of all prescription and over-the-counter medications you use, as well as the dosage for each, and keep a list of the information. Check with your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions about the medication.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
What else should I know about propolis?
- Propolis is possibly safe for most people.
- Use propolis products exactly as per labeled instructions.
- Always check labels of herbal supplements for the ingredients they contain.
- Propolis is marketed as an herbal supplement and does not require extensive pre-marketing approval from the FDA. There may be discrepancy between the labeling and the actual ingredients and their amounts. Choose your product carefully.
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Daily Health News
Propolis is a natural adhesive and resin-like substance produced and used by bees that is commercially available in the form of capsules, mouthwash solutions, throat lozenges, powder and topical formulations such as ointments, creams, and lotions. Propolis has many uses, which include common cold and respiratory infections, inflammatory gastrointestinal conditions such as colitis and diverticulitis, cancer, herpes simplex infections, improvement of insulin sensitivity and glycemic control in type 2 diabetes, reducing alcohol-induced liver injury, treatment of wounds, burns, acne, psoriasis, and dermatitis; and others.
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What Is the Fastest Way to Heal an Open Wound?
An open wound is an injury that includes an external or internal break in your body tissue, usually the skin. Nearly, everyone experiences an open wound at some point in their life. Mostly, they are minor and can be treated with home remedies.
How Do You Get Rid of a Cold Overnight?
Cold symptoms are part of your body’s healing processes. Most of the time, it does not require any help. However, you can get rid of a cold faster, even overnight, by resting, drinking hot fluids, blowing your nose, gargling with salt water, taking a hot shower, using a humidifier and taking OTC pain relievers and decongestants.
Is It Common to Get a Cold During Early Pregnancy?
It is common to get a cold and the flu during pregnancy. Find out if it affects the baby and how to take care of yourself.
Eczema is a general term for many types dermatitis (skin inflammation). Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of eczema. Other types of eczema include: contact eczema, allergic contact eczema, seborrheic eczema, nummular eczema, stasis dermatitis, and dyshidrotic eczema.
Are Skin Rashes Contagious?
Direct and indirect contact can spread some types of rashes from person to person. Rash treatment depends upon a rash's underlying cause. A rash that sheds large amounts of skin warrants urgent medical attention. Rashes can be either contagious or noncontagious. Noncontagious rashes include seborrheic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, stasis dermatitis, psoriasis, nummular eczema, drug eruptions, hives, heat rash (miliaria), and diaper rash. Rashes usually considered contagious include molluscum contagiosum (viral), impetigo (bacterial), herpes (herpes simplex, types 1 and 2 viruses), rash caused by Neisseria meningitides (N. meningitides) (bacterial), rash and blisters that accompany shingles (herpes zoster virus), ringworm (fungal) infections (tinea), scabies (itch mite), chickenpox (viral), measles and rubella (viral), erythema infectiosum (viral), pityriasis rosea (viral), cellulitis and erysipelas (bacterial), lymphangitis (bacterial, and folliculitis (bacterial).
Killer Cold Virus (Adenovirus Infection, Ad14)
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Skin Cancer and Sun Damage
Second Source WebMD Medical Reference
Sunburn (Sun Poisoning)
Sunburn is caused by overexposure to UV radiation from the sun. UV rays can also damage the eyes. Repeated overexposure to UV rays also increases the risk of scarring, freckles, wrinkles, and dry skin. Symptoms of sunburn include painful, red, tender, and hot skin. The skin may blister, swell, and peel. Sun poisoning (severe sunburn) includes nausea, fever, chills, rapid pulse, dizziness, and more. Home remedies can help relieve sunburn pain, blisters, and peeling. Severe sunburns may need medical treatment. Sun protection and sunscreen for a person's skin type are recommended to decrease the chance of severe sunburn and sun poisoning.
Skin cancers occur when skin cells undergo malignant transformations and grow into tumors. The most common types of skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, are highly curable when they are diagnosed and treated early. Sun exposure, tanning beds, depressed immune system, radiation exposure, and certain viral infections are risk factors for skin cancer. Skin cancers are treated with surgery or radiation. The prognosis of nonmelanoma skin cancers is generally very good.
How Does Tea Tree Oil Get Rid of Skin Tags?
Learn how tea tree oil will help get rid of your skin tags and help you manage this condition.
Should You Cover a Burn or Let It Breathe?
First aid for burns is the same for all types and includes applying a cool compress to the burn area.
What Does Retinol Do for the Skin?
Retinol is a type of retinoid, which is a fat-soluble organic compound and vitamin A derivative. Vitamin A is important for eyesight, skin health, growth, and development. It acts as an immediate precursor to two important active metabolites: retinal, which plays a critical role in vision, and retinoic acid, which serves as an intracellular messenger regulating the transcription of genes.
Hyothermia or extreme exposure to cold can be classified as either accidental hypothermia (unintentional cold exposure) and intentional hypothermia (generally induced for a medical procedure). Hypothermia is caused by exposure to extremely cold temperatures. Risk factors for hypothermia include cold exposure and/or certain medical conditions. Symptoms of hypothermia include shivering; increased heart rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure; apathy, confusion, slurred speech, no reflexes, and dilated pupils. Medical attention is generally necessary to treat hypothermia.
How Do You Treat a Cold Sore in Your Nose?
Cold sores are a type of blister that may show up clear and then become cloudy. Treat a cold sore under your nose with home remedies, topical creams and ointments, and prescription medications.
How Long Is a Cold or Flu Contagious?
Viruses cause the common cold and the flu. Early symptoms and signs for a cold and the flu are similar, however, flu symptoms are typically more severe than cold symptoms. Cold and flu viruses are transmitted typically via coughing or sneezing.
Burns (First Aid)
Burn types are based on their severity: first-degree burns, second-degree burns, and third-degree burns. First-degree burns are similar to a painful sunburn. The damage is more severe with second-degree burns, leading to blistering and more intense pain. The skin turns white and loses sensation with third-degree burns. Burn treatment depends upon the burn location, total burn area, and intensity of the burn.
Diabetes and Safe Medications for Colds and the Flu: OTC Medication Guide
If you have diabetes and catch a cold or the flu, can be more difficult to recover from infections and their complications, for example, pneumonia. Home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs used for the treatment of the signs and symptoms of colds and the flu may affect blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.Some medications are OK to take if you have diabetes get a cold or the flu include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs, like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Motrin) to control symptoms of fever and pain. Most cough syrups are safe to take; however, check with your pediatrician to see what medications are safe to give your child if he or she has type 1 or 2 diabetes. If you have diabetes and are sick with a cold or flu, you need to check your blood sugar levels more frequently. Continue taking your regular medications. Eat a diabetic low-glycemic index diet rich in antioxidants. To prevent colds and the flu drink at least eight 8 ounce glasses of water a day. To replenish fluids, drink sports drinks like Gatorade and Pedialyte to replenish electrolytes. Avoid people who are sick, sneezing, coughing, or have other symptoms of a cold or flu.
Can You Take Tylenol Cold and Flu While Breastfeeding?
Tylenol is a well-known brand of acetaminophen and it is safe and effective for fever and pain.A void combined products like Tylenol Cold and Flu while you are breastfeeding.
Adenovirus 14 (Killer Cold Virus)
Adenovirus infection, particularly Ad14, or the "killer cold virus" has been on the increase in the past two years. Symptoms range from those experienced with colds, sore throat, bronchitis, pneumonia, diarrhea, pinkeye, fever, bladder infection, and neurological conditions. Diagnosis and treatment options need to be discussed with your physician.
How Do I Heal a Burn Quickly?
Burns may occur by direct or indirect contact with heat, electric current, radiation or chemical agents. The treatment depends upon the extent or level of the burn. If you are not certain about the type of burn, you must treat it as a major burn. For all serious burns, urgent medical attention is needed.
Cold and Cough Medicine for Infants and Children
The safety of giving infants and children over-the-counter (OTC) cold and cough medicine is important for caregivers to understand. While there is no "gold standard" recommendation for giving infants and children OTC cold and cough medicine for fever, aches, cough, and runny nose, a few standards have been recommended. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that OTC cold and cough medicine only be used in children age four years and older. The American College of Chest Physicians recommend that these medicines only be used in children age 15 years and older. The FDA recommends that OTC cold and cough medicine be used in children 2 years of age and older. However, there is agreement in regard to which OTC medications should not be used in children under the age of four (or the age of two, depending upon which guidelines are used), and they are 1) certain antihistamines like brompheniramine, chlorpheniramine maleate, and diphenhydramine (Benadryl); 2) cough expectorants (guaifenesin); 3) cough suppressants (dextromethorphan, DM); and 4) decongestants (pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine). Aspirin should never be given to infants, children, and adolescents due to the possibility of a rare, but often severe and even fatal illness called Reye's syndrome. REFERENCES:FDA. "Most Young Children with a Cough or Cold Don't Need Medicines." July 18, 2017. FDA. "Use Caution When Giving Cough and Cold Products to Kids." Updated: Nov 04, 2016.
How Do You Get Rid of Razor Burns Overnight?
Almost all adults use some form of hair removal methods for getting rid of unwanted body hair. Shaving is one of the easiest and commonest methods of hair removal. Being a practically painless and quick method of hair removal, shaving is preferred by most people.
Does Extra Skin Go Away With Weight Loss?
Typically, minimal saggy skin may return to normal shape after weight loss. However, skin stretched excessively for longer periods may require toning exercises or plastic surgery to remove the sagginess.
Contact dermatitis is a rash that occurs after exposure to an irritant. Symptoms of contact dermatitis include a red, elevated rash at the site of contact with the irritating substance. Contact dermatitis treatment may involve creams, application of cool water compresses, and applying topical steroids.
Can Burn Scars Be Permanent?
Scar tissue fades over time for burn scars affecting the outer layers of the skin; however, the scars are more permanent for more severe burn injuries.
Is It Better to Drink Cold Water or Room Temperature Water?
The effects of drinking both room temperature and cold water vary by person, specifically by health, age, and the amount being consumed.
What Happens if a Pregnant Woman Gets a Cold?
Having an ordinary cold shouldn't be harmful to the baby or mother. Pregnant women are highly likely to pick up a cold at some time during pregnancy because it's normal to catch two or three colds a year. A healthy lifestyle is a must to keep the immune system strong and to prevent colds.
How Long Does Contact Dermatitis Last? Treatment
Contact dermatitis may last for up to four weeks; however, using the following treatment options may help relieve your symptoms faster.
Melanoma (Skin Cancer)
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer which begins in skin cells called melanocytes and affects more than 53,600 people in the United States each year. These melanocytes can grow together to form benign moles which, after a change in size, shape, or color can be a sign of melanoma. Caused by sun exposure, early detection becomes extremely important to avoid a spread to other areas of the body. Diagnosis is confirmed through a biopsy of the abnormal skin and treatment depends on the extent and characteristics of the patient. Metastatic melanoma is melanoma that has spread to various organs.
How Do You Treat Perioral Dermatitis?
Perioral dermatitis (POD) is a rash that involves the skin around the mouth. The rash of POD is bumpy and scaly in appearance. There may be itching and pain, along with the discharge of clear fluid from the rash.
Atopic Dermatitis vs Psoriasis
Psoriasis and atopic dermatitis are common, long-term skin diseases. Both are noncontagious. Because both the rashes look somewhat similar, the diagnosis may be difficult at the first glance, and a biopsy of the skin remains the last resort. However, certain things that can help differentiate between the two before the doctor orders a biopsy.
Cold Agglutinin Disease
Cold agglutinin hemolytic anemia or cold agglutinin hemolytic disease, is rare disorder of the autoimmune system. There are two types of cold agglutinin disease, primary and secondary. Characteristics, symptoms, and signs of in cold agglutinin disease are premature destruction of red blood cells in the body’s natural defense antibodies. The lifespan of red blood cells is approximately 120 before the spleen destroys the antibodies. In cold agglutinin disease, the severity of the condition is determined by how long it takes for the red blood cells to survive, and at the rate that the bone marrow continues to produce more red cells. Immune hemolytic anemias are classified by the optimal temperature when the antibodies try to destroy red blood cells. Cold agglutinin anemia occurs at temperatures between 10 C (50 F) and 37 C (F 98.6) or above while the body warms antibody hemolytic anemia. Usually, cold agglutinin anemia becomes apparent between the ages of 50 to 60. Other symptoms of the disease include fatigue, jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), fingers and/or toes are cold and sweat, an uneven bluish or reddish discoloration of the toes, ankles, and wrists (Raynaud's syndrome), and fingers. Usually, cold agglutinin anemia affects people that are older. The disease is diagnosed by a physical exam, and the Coomb's test. If the red blood cells destruction seem to be slowing on its own, treatment therapies, usually, isn’t needed. Other treatments for cold agglutinin anemia are corticosteroids, and splenectomy (removal of the spleen). There is no cure for cold agglutinin disease.
Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS)
Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a condition that causes pain in the mouth. BMS may be caused by menopause, dry mouth or allergies. Signs and symptoms include tingling or numbness of the tip of the tongue, bitter or metallic taste, and dry or sore mouth. Treatment depends upon the cause of your burning mouth syndrome.
How Do You Get Rid of Contact Dermatitis Fast?
For mild contact dermatitis, the following simple home remedies can help get rid of the rash fast.
What Does Dermatitis Herpetiformis Look Like?
Dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) or Duhring’s disease looks similar to herpes lesion (a cluster of dew drops over skin) but is not caused by herpes virus. It is characterized by a cluster of red, itchy, bumpy skin rashes that may affect the elbows, knees, buttocks, lower back, and scalp. The rash can also be confused with eczema or acne.
Cold, Flu, Allergy Treatments
Before treating a cold, the flu, or allergies with over-the-counter (OTC) medications, it's important to know what's causing the symptoms, which symptoms one wishes to relieve, and the active ingredients in the OTC product. Taking products that only contain the medications needed for relieving your symptoms prevents ingestion of unnecessary medications and reduces the chances of side effects.
Does Being Cold Make Your Muscles Ache?
Cold weather can tighten the muscles and joints, leading to muscle aches and pain.
Is Drinking Cold Water Bad?
About 60 percent of the body is made up of water. It forms a major part of the blood. The cells and the body cannot function right if the water levels go down. Drinking cold water often causes “cold stress” in the body.
Genital Herpes and Cold Sores: 10 Myths and Facts
Genital herpes and cold sores (oral herpes) are the names given to two types of infection caused by the two types of herpes simplex virus (HSV): HSV-1 and HSV-2.
The Best Treatment for Stasis Dermatitis
The most effective way to treat stasis dermatitis is by controlling the disease.
Are Cold Sores (Fever Blisters) Contagious?
About 20% of cases of cold sores are caused by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and approximately 80% of cold sores are caused by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Cold sores are transmitted by sharing utensils and razors, kissing, and oral sex. There is no cure for cold sores.
Is It a Cold or a Sinus Infection?
A sinus infection, also known as sinusitis or rhinosinusitis, is a condition in which the delicate membranes that line the sinuses may get swollen and become red. A cold or common cold is a viral infection. It affects the upper respiratory system, which includes the nose, mouth, throat, and lungs.
Burn: What Are the Four Types of Burns?
Depending on how much the burn has penetrated the skin, the burn can be categorized into four types: first-degree burns, second-degree, third-degree, and fourth-degree burns.
Can Dermabond Be Used on Open Wounds?
The tissue adhesive, Dermabond, can be used as an alternative for 5-0 or smaller sutures to close wounds. It can be used to close wounds on the face, extremities and torso. The doctor may prefer Dermabond over sutures depending on their level of comfort and experience.
Basic Steps of Wound Care
After you get the wound and follow all the steps of wound care, you need to observe your wound for a few days till it heals completely. Call the doctor if you feel that your wound has become infected.
How Do You Irrigate a Wound?
Wound irrigation is a non-invasive procedure in which a steady flow of a solution is used to achieve wound hydration; remove debris, dead cells, pathogens, and excess blood or other exudates such as pus in an open wound; and assist with a better visual examination. Wound irrigation is one of the most effective methods of wound cleansing.
How Cold Is Too Cold to Go Outside?
Human body is capable of maintaining a steady core temperature between 97°F and 99°F. However, it is essential to layer up in cold weather and wear comfortable clothes in warm weather, so that we stay protected from extremes of temperature.
Atopic Dermatitis vs Contact Dermatitis
The word dermatitis refers to inflammation (redness and swelling) of the skin. Dermatitis includes various skin conditions that cause irritation or rashes on the skin. It generally causes no serious harm to the body and does not mean that the affected person’s skin is infected or unhygienic.
Cold vs. Flu
Though the common cold and flu share many signs and symptoms, they are caused by different viruses. Signs and symptoms include sneezing, sore throat, runny nose, fatigue, and cough. Treatment options for the cold and flu are similar and focus on reducing symptoms. Doctors may prescribe antivirals/neuraminidase inhibitors for the flu.
When To Not Close A Wound
Wounds with high chances of infection should be kept open for greater than 24 hours or should not be stitched for adequate cleaning and antibiotic treatment to prevent the risk of infection.
COVID-19 vs. Flu vs. Cold
When you're feeling sick, it can be difficult to distinguish the symptoms of a COVID-19 infection from the symptoms of the common cold or the flu (influenza). While fever is common with the flu and COVID-19, sneezing is typically only associated with colds. Though sore throats are typical with colds, they are uncommon with COVID-19 infections and the flu.
What Does Shea Butter Do for Your Skin?
Shea butter is fat extracted from the nuts of the shea tree. It has been used cosmetically for centuries because it is great at softening skin. Shea butter has a high concentration of vitamins and fatty acids.
Does COVID-19 Have an Effect on Your Skin?
COVID-19 can affect the skin with symptoms known as cutaneous manifestations that result in bumps, rashes, papules, and more.
What Causes Rashes on Baby Skin?
A baby’s skin is delicate and can easily break into rashes in response to various irritants. Rashes on a baby’s skin may be caused by miliaria, baby oil or soaps, viruses, bacteria, fungi, excessive dryness, moisture, insect bites, food allergy and exposure to heat and sun.
How Long Does a Cold Last?
Most often, a common cold lasts anywhere from 5 to 10 days in length.
Atopic Dermatitis vs. Eczema
Atopic dermatitis and eczema both refer to skin conditions. Atopic dermatitis is a cause of eczema, which refers to skin conditions that cause inflammation and irritation. The terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Eczema is not a condition in itself, but a description for a group of skin diseases that cause skin inflammation and irritation.
Sinus Infection vs. Cold
Viruses cause the common cold and most sinus infections. Bacterial and fungal infections may also cause a sinus infection. Signs and symptoms of colds and sinus infections include nasal irritation or dryness, sore throat, stuffy nose, nasal discharge/congestion, sneezing, and cough. Additional symptoms of sinus infections include sinus pressure behind the cheeks or eyes, facial pain when pressure is applied, bad breath, and thick yellow or green mucus. Treatment focuses on symptom relief.
First Aid: Why You Need a First Aid Kit and CPR
First aid is providing medical assistance to someone a sick or injured person. The type of first aid depends on their condition. Preparedness is key to first aid, like having basic medical emergency kits in your home, car, boat, or RV. Many minor injuries may require first aid, including cuts, puncture wounds, sprains, strains, and nosebleeds. Examples of more critical first aid emergencies include heart attacks, strokes, seizures, and heatstroke.
What Part of the Body Loses the Most Heat in Cold Water?
Due to a higher blood flow in the head and neck than in the rest of the body, 40 to 45 percent of body heat is lost through the head and neck.
What Can Trigger a Cold Sore?
After you get infected with HSV, it lies inactively in the nerve cells inside your skin and may appear as another cold sore at the same place as before.
How Can I Get Rid of a Cold While Breastfeeding?
The common cold is a viral infection that affects your nose and throat. There is no cure for the cold while breastfeeding, so you’ll need to give it time to clear up.
What Can You Take for a Cold While Pregnant?
You may take over-the-counter (OTC) treatment after consulting with the physician because these are generally safe. OTC medications for colds and flus include acetaminophen, guaifenesin syrup and saline nasal drops or spray. You can also use natural remedies to treat a cold during pregnancy.
What Causes Skin Discoloration?
Skin discoloration may result from several factors, such as excessive sun exposure, hormonal fluctuations, autoimmune diseases and genetics.
How Do You Get Rid of Neurodermatitis?
Treatment of neurodermatitis generally aims to control severe itching, prevent scratching, and address underlying causes. Learn about how to get rid of neurodermatitis.
Is Neurodermatitis an Autoimmune Disease?
Researchers have suggested that there may be a link between neurodermatitis and autoimmune diseases, but the exact cause of the condition is unknown.
How Is Honey Good for Your Skin?
Honey has so many skin benefits that it often appears as an ingredient in commercial skincare products. You can also use honey straight from the jar if you want to get all the effects without other ingredients.
When Should You Not Close A Wound?
Wounds should not be closed if there is a high risk of infection and in other situations. Wounds may be classified as acute or chronic or open or closed. They may be caused by penetrating objects, nonpenetrating trauma and other miscellaneous causes.
What Does Glycolic Acid Do to Your Skin?
Glycolic acid is a skin exfoliating agent that helps remove the top layer of skin cells including dead skin cells. Glycolic acid helps smooth fine lines and surface wrinkles on the skin, unblock pores and improve skin’s texture and appearance.
How Do You Burn Fat Really Fast?
Weight gain is a common concern. You can reduce fat by knowing your shape, maintaining a healthy diet, focusing on your carbs intake, and exercising.
How Do You Get Rid of a Burning Mouth?
While burning mouth syndrome typically resolves on its own, you can ease symptoms by drinking fluids, sucking on ice chips, and rinsing with warm saltwater.
Burn: First-Degree Burn
A first-degree burn is the most minor form of burn and it usually heals within a week. It happens when the source of heat has come into contact with your skin for just a fraction of a second. A first-degree burn can usually be self-treated at home.
Emphysema, Chronic Bronchitis, and Colds
If you have a COPD such as emphysema, avoiding chronic bronchitis and colds is important to avoid a more severe respiratory infection such as pneumonia. Avoiding cigarette smoking, practice good hygeine, stay away from crowds, and alerting your healthcare provider if you have a sinus infection or cold or cough that becomes worse. Treatment options depend upon the severity of the emphysema, bronchitis, or cold combination.
How Do You Get a Cold Sore on Your Lip?
Cold sores, also called fever blisters or oral herpes, are a viral infection that leaves small blisters around your mouth. You get a cold sore on your lip due to viral infection from herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1).
What Are the Categories of Wound Closure?
An open wound can be closed in any of the three ways. These ways are referred to as the three categories of wound closure or three ways of wound healing.
How Can Teens Cope With A Cold?
Usually, teens have a healthy immune system to cope with common cold. Getting plenty of rest and drinking lots of fluids can ease the symptoms.
What Is the Immediate Management for Burns?
Immediate management for burns depends on the severity and extent of skin damage. Learn more about burn treatment.
What Can Trigger Contact Dermatitis? Causes and Symptoms
Learn the common triggers, causes, and symptoms of contact dermatitis below.
What Habits Are Bad for Your Skin?
When your skin is healthy, you look and feel better. Habits that are bad for your skin include popping pimples, misuse of chemical exfoliants, not cleansing your face, and not applying sunscreen.
How Do You Tell If Your Child Has Allergies or a Cold?
Colds and allergies have different causes, but both involve the body's immune system. Since the symptoms of allergies and the symptoms of a cold overlap, it can be hard to tell which one your child has.
When to See a Doctor When Your Baby Has a Cold
If your baby has a cold, signs that it may be time to see a doctor include poor feeding, dehydration, breathing difficulties, ear pain, and more.
What First Aid Can Be Done if a Bone Is Fractured?
A bone fracture requires immediate medical attention; however, here is how to manage a fracture and ease the affected person until help arrives.
What Do You Give a Child With a Cold?
Unfortunately, there is no cure for the common cold. Antibiotics may be used to fight bacterial infections, but they have no effect on viruses.
What Is Good for a Child's Cold?
The common cold is one of the main reasons for missing schools in children and missing work in adults. Children are affected more commonly with cold than adults, who may have an average of two to three colds each year.
How Do You Treat a Cold Naturally?
Hundreds of viruses and bacteria can cause the common cold and flu. Most cases of cold and flu usually resolve in a week with simple home remedies and over the counter (OTC) medications. If there is no improvement in a few days, it is advised to consult a doctor.
How Can I Improve the Health of My Skin?
Healthy, glowing skin is often a result of genes and efforts you invest in your overall health. Learn the 30 tips that can help you improve the health of your skin here.
How to Identify Cold Symptoms in Children
When a child is sick, their way of showing it may not always be clear. Here’s what to look for to determine whether your child is sick with a cold.
Treatment & Diagnosis
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United States. RXList.com. Aug. 9, 2021. "Propolis." https://www.rxlist.com/consumer_propolis_nivcrisol/drugs-condition.htm
United States. MedScape. June 20, 2022. "Propolis." https://reference.medscape.com/drug/bee-glue-bee-putty-propolis-999225#0
United States. National Library of Medicine. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Advances in Pharmacological Sciences. Dec. 9, 2013. "Propolis: A Wonder Bees Product and Its Pharmacological Potentials." https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3872021/
United States. National Library of Medicine. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. May 27, 2015. "Propolis: A Complex Natural Product with a Plethora of Biological Activities That Can Be Explored for Drug Development." https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4461776/
United States. WebMD.com. June 20, 2022. "Propolis - Uses, Side Effects, and More." https://www.webmd.com/vitamins/ai/ingredientmono-390/propolis
United States. RXList.com. June 11, 2021. "Propolis." https://www.rxlist.com/propolis/supplements.htm#Overview