Precatory Bean

What other names is Jequirity known by?

Abro, Abrus precatorius, Bead Vine, Black-Eyed Susan, Buddhist Rosary Bead, Crab's Eye, Glycine Abrus, Grain D'Église, Gunja, Haricot Paternoster, Herbe de Diable, Herbe du Diable, Indian Bead, Jequirity Bean, Jequirity Seed, Liane Réglisse, Love Bean, Lucky Bean, Ojo De Pajaro, Pater Noster, Pois Rouge, Prayer Beads, Prayer Head, Precatory Bean, Regaliz Americano, Réglisse Marron, Rosary Pea, Seminole Bead, Soldat, Weather Plant, Xian Si Zi.

What is Jequirity?

Jequirity is a climbing plant. The roots, leaves, and beans have been used as medicine. But there is no evidence that jequirity works to treat any condition.

Jequirity root is taken by mouth for asthma, bronchial tube swelling, fever, hepatitis, malaria, seizures, snakebites, sore throat, stomach pain, tapeworms, and to speed up labor.

Jequirity leaves are taken by mouth for fever, cough, common cold, flu, insect bites, and gonorrhea.

Despite serious safety concerns, women use jequirity bean to speed up labor, to cause an abortion, or to prevent pregnancy. Jequirity bean is also used as a painkiller in terminally ill patients.

The whole plant is used for eye swelling.

Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...

More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of jequirity for these uses.

How does Jequirity work?

Jequirity bean contains abrin, which is toxic and prevents cells from growing or functioning normally. Jequirity might work as birth control by blocking ovulation in women and lowering testosterone levels and sperm count in men. It might also help eliminate certain bacteria, tapeworms, or the parasite that causes malaria. Jequirity bean also contains chemicals that might slow blood clotting, reduce swelling, and lessen allergies.

Are there safety concerns?

Jequirity is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth. Jequirity contains a chemical called abrin. Abrin is a poison and can cause death, even at low doses. Symptoms of toxicity include stomach cramping, followed by severe diarrhea and vomiting that can become bloody. Other symptoms include a fast heart rate, as well as liver or kidney toxicity. Symptoms can happen within hours or appear up to several days later. Death can occur after 3-4 days of persistent stomach problems and other symptoms.

When seeds come in contact with the skin, they can cause inflammation, irritation, and severe eye problems.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

While precatory bean isn't safe for anyone to take, some people should be particularly careful to avoid use.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Jequirity is LIKELY UNSAFE when taken by mouth during pregnancy or breast-feeding. Jequirity contains a chemical called abrin, which is a poison. Also, jequirity might cause labor to start. Avoid use.

Children: Jequirity is UNSAFE in children. Children are attracted to the bright colors of the seed, which is unfortunate, since children are particularly sensitive to the toxic effects of jequirity bean. Children can die after swallowing just one seed. If exposure to jequirity bean is suspected, get immediate medical assistance.

Bleeding disorder; Jequirity might slow blood clotting. In theory, this might make bleeding disorders worse.

Diabetes: Jequirity might lower blood sugar. Watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use jequirity.

Surgery: Jequirity might slow blood clotting or lower blood sugar. In theory, jequirity might increase the risk of bleeding and interfere with blood sugar control during and after surgical procedures. Stop using jequirity at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.

Are there any interactions with medications?

Medications for diabetes (Antidiabetes drugs)
Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.
Talk with your health provider.

Jequirity might lower blood sugar. Diabetes medications are also used to lower blood sugar. Taking jequirity along with diabetes medications might cause your blood sugar to go too low. Monitor your blood sugar closely. The dose of your diabetes medication might need to be changed. Some medications used for diabetes include glimepiride (Amaryl), glyburide (DiaBeta, Glynase PresTab, Micronase), insulin, metformin (Glucophage), pioglitazone (Actos), rosiglitazone (Avandia), and others.

Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs)
Interaction Rating: Moderate Be cautious with this combination.
Talk with your health provider.

Jequirity might slow blood clotting. Taking jequirity along with medications that also slow blood clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.

Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.

Dosing considerations for Jequirity.

The appropriate dose of jequirity depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for jequirity. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).

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Last Editorial Review: 3/29/2011