PTSD is a type of _____________ disorder.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an emotional illness that is classified as an anxiety disorder and usually develops as a result of a terribly frightening, life-threatening, or otherwise highly unsafe experience.
Who is more likely to develop PTSD?
It is estimated that 5 million people suffer from PTSD at any one time in the United States. Women are twice as likely as men to develop PTSD.
PTSD may follow after an event such as...
Virtually any trauma, defined as an event that is life-threatening or that severely compromises the physical or emotional well-being of an individual or causes intense fear, may cause PTSD. Such events often include either experiencing or witnessing severe accidents, physical injuries, war combat, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, abuse, or involvement in civil conflict.
The term "hypervigilance" means excessive watchfulness for threats or danger.
"Hypervigilance" refers to excessive watchfulness for threats or danger. People who suffer from PTSD may also show hypervigilance in addition to other signs, including sleep problems, trouble concentrating, irritability, anger, poor concentration, blackouts, memory lapse, being easily startled, nightmares, and phobias.
Children with PTSD may exhibit which signs and symptoms?
In very young children, symptoms of PTSD can include the following:
- Bedwetting, when they had learned how to use a toilet before
- Forgetting how or being unable to speak
- Acting out the scary event during playtime
- Being unusually clingy with a parent or other adult
Older children and teens usually show symptoms more like those seen in adults. They may also develop disruptive, disrespectful, or destructive behaviors. Older children and teens may feel guilty for not preventing injury or deaths. They may also have thoughts of revenge.
Most people who have lived through dangerous events develop PTSD.
It is important to remember that not everyone who lives through a dangerous event develops PTSD. In fact, most people will not develop the disorder.
Extreme emotional or psychological upset after tragedy or disaster is also called ______________.
Extreme emotional upset after tragedy or disaster is referred to as shock. Not to be confused with medical shock, in this sense, shock refers to a psychological or emotional trauma or injury, usually resulting from an extremely stressful or life-threatening situation.
Treatment for PTSD includes...
Early on, grief counseling can be helpful. Cognitive psychotherapy in which a trained mental-health professional helps the traumatized person talk through the distressing event is also supportive. Additionally, certain antidepressant medications have been approved for the treatment of posttraumatic stress.
PTSD is preventable.
No prevention for PTSD exists, of course, because traumatic events are often unpredictable and random. However, knowledge is one of the best ways to cope with PTSD. That's why grief counseling works if the counselor concentrates on talking things through.
PTSD was formerly known as "battle fatigue syndrome."
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was once called "shell shock" or "battle fatigue syndrome."
The term "reliving" describes one symptom of PTSD. Other symptoms include...
There are four types of PTSD symptoms:
- Reliving the event (also called re-experiencing symptoms)
- Avoiding situations that remind a person of the event
- Emotional numbness (avoiding relationships)
- Feeling keyed up (also called hyperarousal)
A traumatized person is likely to be diagnosed with PTSD after having symptoms for at least...
If the symptoms last longer than one month, cause great distress, or interfere with work or home life, PTSD is likely to blame. PTSD symptoms usually start soon after the traumatic event, but they may not happen until months or years later (delayed-onset PTSD). At three months or less, a patient is said to have acute PTSD. At three months or longer, chronic PTSD is the diagnosis.
______________ is a common emotion associated with PTSD.
Anger is a common emotion associated with PTSD. Anger can create major problems in the personal lives of those who have experienced trauma and those who suffer from PTSD. Anger is also a common response to events that seem unfair or in which you have been made a victim. Research shows that anger can be especially common if you have been betrayed by others. This may be most often seen in cases of trauma that involve exploitation or violence.
Images provided by:
MedicineNet: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
MedicineNet: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
MedicineNet: High Blood Pressure Related Diseases and Conditions
National Institute of Mental Health
NIH: Trauma and Shock
WebMD: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: What is PTSD?
American Academy of Family Physicians
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information:
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the MedicineNet Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
© 1996-2018 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved.