PTSD Quiz: Test your IQ of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

PTSD is a type of _____________ disorder.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an emotional illness that is classified as an anxiety disorder and usually develops as a result of a terribly frightening, life-threatening, or otherwise highly unsafe experience.

Anger Depressive Anxiety Phobia

Who is more likely to develop PTSD?

It is estimated that 5 million people suffer from PTSD at any one time in the United States. Women are twice as likely as men to develop PTSD.

Men Women

PTSD may follow after an event such as...

Virtually any trauma, defined as an event that is life-threatening or that severely compromises the physical or emotional well-being of an individual or causes intense fear, may cause PTSD. Such events often include either experiencing or witnessing severe accidents, physical injuries, war combat, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, abuse, or involvement in civil conflict.

Natural disasters and serious accidents Military combat and terrorist incidents Violent personal assaults and sexual assaults All of the above

The term "hypervigilance" means excessive watchfulness for threats or danger.

"Hypervigilance" refers to excessive watchfulness for threats or danger. People who suffer from PTSD may also show hypervigilance in addition to other signs, including sleep problems, trouble concentrating, irritability, anger, poor concentration, blackouts, memory lapse, being easily startled, nightmares, and phobias.

True False

Children with PTSD may exhibit which signs and symptoms?

In very young children, symptoms of PTSD can include the following:
- Bedwetting, when they had learned how to use a toilet before
- Forgetting how or being unable to speak
- Acting out the scary event during playtime
- Being unusually clingy with a parent or other adult

Older children and teens usually show symptoms more like those seen in adults. They may also develop disruptive, disrespectful, or destructive behaviors. Older children and teens may feel guilty for not preventing injury or deaths. They may also have thoughts of revenge.

Delayed growth spurt Hives Bedwetting Hearing loss

Most people who have lived through dangerous events develop PTSD.

It is important to remember that not everyone who lives through a dangerous event develops PTSD. In fact, most people will not develop the disorder.

True False

Extreme emotional or psychological upset after tragedy or disaster is also called ______________.

Extreme emotional upset after tragedy or disaster is referred to as shock. Not to be confused with medical shock, in this sense, shock refers to a psychological or emotional trauma or injury, usually resulting from an extremely stressful or life-threatening situation.

Denial Shock Avoidance Fear

Treatment for PTSD includes...

Early on, grief counseling can be helpful. Cognitive psychotherapy in which a trained mental-health professional helps the traumatized person talk through the distressing event is also supportive. Additionally, certain antidepressant medications have been approved for the treatment of posttraumatic stress.

Psychotherapy Medication Both of the above Neither of the above

PTSD is preventable.

No prevention for PTSD exists, of course, because traumatic events are often unpredictable and random. However, knowledge is one of the best ways to cope with PTSD. That's why grief counseling works if the counselor concentrates on talking things through.

True False

PTSD was formerly known as "battle fatigue syndrome."

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was once called "shell shock" or "battle fatigue syndrome."

True False

The term "reliving" describes one symptom of PTSD. Other symptoms include...

There are four types of PTSD symptoms:
- Reliving the event (also called re-experiencing symptoms)
- Avoiding situations that remind a person of the event
- Emotional numbness (avoiding relationships)
- Feeling keyed up (also called hyperarousal)

Avoiding situations Emotional numbness Hyperarousal All of the above

A traumatized person is likely to be diagnosed with PTSD after having symptoms for at least...

If the symptoms last longer than one month, cause great distress, or interfere with work or home life, PTSD is likely to blame. PTSD symptoms usually start soon after the traumatic event, but they may not happen until months or years later (delayed-onset PTSD). At three months or less, a patient is said to have acute PTSD. At three months or longer, chronic PTSD is the diagnosis.

1 month 2 weeks 3 weeks 1 week

______________ is a common emotion associated with PTSD.

Anger is a common emotion associated with PTSD. Anger can create major problems in the personal lives of those who have experienced trauma and those who suffer from PTSD. Anger is also a common response to events that seem unfair or in which you have been made a victim. Research shows that anger can be especially common if you have been betrayed by others. This may be most often seen in cases of trauma that involve exploitation or violence.

Boredom Anger Disinterest Superiority

Sources: Sources

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