Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes after childbirth may lead to depression. Symptoms of postpartum depression include crying a lot, headaches, chest pains, eating too little or too much, sleeping too little or too much, withdrawal from friends and family, and feeling irritable, sad, hopeless, worthless, guilty, and overwhelmed. Treatment typically involves talk therapy and medication. Read more: Postpartum Depression Article
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Learn to Spot Depression: Symptoms, Warning Signs, Medication
Know when you or someone else is depressed. Get information on depression symptoms, signs, tests, and treatments for many types...
12 Tips for Success with Antidepressants, SSRI Medication
Antidepressants like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are medication...
Depression Quiz: Signs & Symptoms
Many people do not recognize the symptoms and warning signs of depression and depressive disorders in children and adults. With...
Postpartum Depression: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
Postpartum depression symptoms include insomnia, anger, and irritability after giving birth. Learn about postpartum depression...
Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Stress is a normal part of life, but chronic or severe stress can be harmful to your health. Learn what happens in your body when you are stressed and how you can manage your response.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is considered a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMDD has also been referred to as late luteal phase dysphoric disorder. The cause of PMDD is unknown. Some of the common symptoms of PMDD (not an inclusive list) include mood swings, bloating, fatigue, headache, irritability, headache, breast tenderness, acne, and hot flashes. Treatment for PMDD is with medication to treat the symptoms of PMDD.
Second Source article from WebMD
Panic attacks are sudden feelings of terror that strike without warning. These episodes can occur at any time, even during sleep. A person experiencing a panic attack may believe that he or she is having a heart attack or that death is imminent. The fear and terror that a person experiences during a panic attack are not in proportion to the true situation and may be unrelated to what is happening around them. Most people with panic attacks experience several of the following symptoms: racing heartbeat, faintness, dizziness, numbness or tingling in the hands and fingers, chills, chest pains, difficulty breathing, and a feeling of loss or control. There are several treatments for panic attacks.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Second Source article from Government
Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy
Hypothyroidism during pregnancy can be treated with synthetic thyroid hormones to maintain the proper thyroid hormone balance. Hypothyroidism symptoms and signs include fatigue, weight gain, lethargy, and constipation. Treatment of hypothyroidism in pregnant women is important because inadequate levels of thyroid hormones may affect the fetus and child during growth and development.
Pregnancy Planning (Tips)
Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes taking prenatal vitamins, eating healthy for you and your baby, disease prevention (for both parents and baby) to prevent birth defects and infections, avoiding certain medications that may be harmful to your baby, how much weight gain is healthy exercise safety and pregnancy, travel during pregnancy.
Bipolar Disorder in Children, Teen, and Adults
Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment may incorporate mood-stabilizer medications, antidepressants, and psychotherapy.
Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and diseases that may occur. Educating yourself so that the transitions into different phases of life is key to a healthy, happy, and productive life.
Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year, and 10 million to 20 million attempt suicide annually.
Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under the umbrella of mental illness. Depression, anxiety, and substance-abuse disorders are common types of mental illness. Symptoms and signs of mental illness include irritability, moodiness, insomnia, headaches, and sadness. Treatment may involve psychotherapy and medication.
What Exactly Does a Psychotherapist Do?
A psychotherapist or therapist is a trained professional who assists people with various mental health conditions such as stress, depression, anxiety, insomnia, addiction, bipolar disorder, negative behavior patterns, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other debilitating feelings. Psychotherapy is also called talk therapy and can help treat challenges and symptoms associated with mental health and emotional conditions by helping a person understand their repressed feelings, hence equipping them to face new challenges both in the present and future.
What Are the Four Main Types of Psychotherapy?
There are various approaches to psychotherapy. Which type of therapy will work best may vary from person to person. Therapists often use more than one type of psychotherapy approach in helping their clients. The four most common types of psychotherapy are psychoanalysis, behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy and humanistic therapy.
What Is Major Depression Disorder?
The American Psychiatric Association defines major depressive disorder (depression) as a common, but serious, medical illness that negatively affects how one feels, thinks and acts. Depression causes sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and decrease a person’s ability to function at work and home.
Can Major Depression Lead to Bipolar Disorder?
Depression and bipolar disorder are not the same despite sharing some symptoms. Major depression can't lead to bipolar disorder.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
What Are the Benefits of Bone Broth?
Broth, also known as stock, made from bones of animals and birds has long been consumed as food since prehistoric times. Traditionally, it has been used as a home remedy for certain diseases, such as the flu. Bone broth is often actively promoted and used as a part of therapy for individuals suffering from a range of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric disorders.
Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma)
Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, is the condition that describes the symptoms and signs that result from the violent shaking of an infant. These symptoms and signs include bruising, vomiting, poor feeding, seizures, head trauma, and hemorrhages of the retina. Shaken baby syndrome treatment involves removing the infant from the household where the abuse occurred and providing supportive care for the child's injuries.
How Can I Boost My Mood and Mental Health Naturally?
Mental health affects how you think, feel, and interact with the outside world. Boost your mood and mental health naturally by getting enough sleep, moving, eating well, stepping outside, and doing something you enjoy.
Depression and Suicide
Depression is a psychiatric illness that affects one in six people in the United States. Nearly two-thirds of people with depression do not realize that they have a treatable illness and do not seek treatment. Depression could happen when there is a decrease in the functional balance of the brain chemicals e.g., serotonin and norepinephrine.
How to Recognize Symptoms of Suicidal Behavior
People who contemplate suicide see it as a solution to run away from the problems that seem never-ending to them. If they get help in the form of counseling and emotional support at an earlier stage, they can be saved. Some of their words and actions can give you clues if they are at risk of hurting themselves.
How Can Parents Relieve the Stress of a Newborn Baby?
Welcoming a newborn baby into the world is an exciting and stressful time. Use the following tips to help manage your stress.
Local ResourcesFind a local Psychiatrist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Loss of Appetite
- Poor Hygiene
- Unusual Behavior
- Social Isolation
- Inability to Regulate Emotions
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Postpartum Depression
- Postpartum Depression: Behind the Smile
Medications & Supplements
- Antidepressants (Depression Medications)
- Lexapro (escitalopram)
- Zoloft (sertraline)
- Wellbutrin (bupropion)
- venlafaxine, Effexor XR (Effexor has been discontinued in the US)
- Trazodone (Desyrel)
- fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Prozac Weekly)
- Side Effects of Lexapro (escitalopram)
- Celexa vs. Lexapro
- Cymbalta (duloxetine)
- fluvoxamine (Luvox)
- Xanax vs. Valium
- Cymbalta (duloxetine) vs. Effexor XR (venlafaxine)
- mirtazapine (Remeron, Soltab)
- quetiapine (Seroquel)
- paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva)
- amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)
- Side Effects of Zoloft (sertraline)
- lithium (Lithobid)
- risperidone, Risperdal; Risperdal Consta, Risperdal M-TAB
- aripiprazole (Abilify)
- Zoloft vs. Celexa
- desvenlafaxine (Pristiq, Khedezla)
- valproic acid, divalproex, Depakote, Depakote Sprinkle, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor
- Side Effects of Remeron (mirtazapine)
- Side Effects of Elavil (amitriptyline)
- olanzapine (Zyprexa, Zydis)
- clozapine (Clozaril, Fazacio ODT, Versacloz)
- nortriptyline (Pamelor)
- Lexapro vs. Prozac
- clomipramine (Anafranil)
- nefazodone (Serzone)
- desipramine (Norpramin)
- doxepin (Sinequan and Adapin are discontinued brand in the US; Silenor)
- carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril
- Side Effects of Pamelor (nortriptyline)
- St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
- lamotrigine, Lamictal, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODT, Lamictal XR
- imipramine (Tofranil)
- ziprasidone (Geodon)
- Side Effects of Tofranil (imipramine)
- Aldactone (spironolactone) Side Effects, Interactions, and Warnings
- Side Effects of Pristiq (desvenlafaxine)
- Side Effects of Spravato (esketamine)
- Side Effects of Serzone (nefazodone)
- Limbitrol (chlordiazepoxide amitriptyline ds)
- Side Effects of Lithobid (lithium)
- Side Effects of Forfivo XL (bupropion hydrochloride)
- Side Effects of Surmontil (trimipramine)
Prevention & Wellness
- Nurses Key to Spotting Postpartum Depression in New Moms
- No Link Between Antidepressants in Pregnancy, Epilepsy in Children
- Postpartum Depression Rates Have Tripled for New Moms During Pandemic
- Antidepressants Often Ineffective for Depression in Pregnancy
- Which New Moms Are at Highest Risk for Postpartum Depression?
- Breastfeeding Longer May Lower Postpartum Depression Risk
- Dads of 'Preemie' Babies Can Be Hit by Depression
- Treating Mom's Postpartum Depression Could Help Baby's Brain, Too
- During Lockdown, Pregnancy Exercise Down and Depression Up
- COVID Fuels Depression Among Pregnant Women, New Moms
- Severe Morning Sickness Linked to Depression Before and After Birth
- Baby's Heart Rate Reflects Mom's Mental Health
- Pandemic Affecting Mental Health of Pregnant Women, New Moms
- Mom's Depression Can Lead to Behavior Problems in Kids
- Mental Health Problems After First Baby Reduce Likelihood of More Children: Study
- General Anesthesia Boosts Postpartum Depression Risk After C-Section: Study
- Are You Lonely? Your Tweets Offer Important Clues, Experts Say
- Depressed Moms, More Anxious, Troubled Kids?
- Why You Should Ask to Be Screened for Postpartum Depression
- Drug Overdoses, Suicide Are Risk for New Mothers: Study
- Fussy Baby May Raise Mom's Risk of Depression
- FDA Approves Ketamine-Like Drug for Severe Depression
- Counseling Can Prevent Pregnancy-Related Depression: Task Force
- Postpartum Opioid Rx May Lead to Persistent Use: Study
- Health Tip: Risk Factors for Depression After Pregnancy
- Docs Should Screen for Depression During, After Pregnancy
- Facebook Posts May Hint at Depression
- Do Dimmer Days in Pregnancy Raise Postpartum Depression Risk?
- Health Tip: Recovering from Cesarean Section
- New Dads Can Get the Baby Blues, Too
- Health Tip: Help a New Mom With Postpartum Depression
- Know the Signs of Postpartum Depression
- Never Ignore Depression
- 1 in 20 Younger Women Suffers Major Depression
- Summer Baby, Higher Odds for Postpartum Depression?
- Postpartum Depression Likely to Recur With Future Pregnancies
- More Fetal Deaths, Fewer Pregnancies When Flint Had High Lead Levels in Drinking Water: Study
- Suicide a Danger for Some Women During Pregnancy: Study
- 1 in 5 Moms Mum About Post-Pregnancy Blues
- U.S. Moms-to-Be Often Victims of Assault
- Happy Mom Means Less Colicky Baby
- Studies Question Link Between Mom's Antidepressant Use, Autism in Kids
- Can Supplements Ward Off the 'Baby Blues'?
- Health Highlights: March 7, 2017
- Hey Fellas, Depression Can Strike New Dads, Too
- Gestational Diabetes a Risk Factor for Postpartum Depression: Study
- Postpartum Depression Affects New Dads, Too
- Less Labor Pain, Lower Postpartum Depression Risk?
- Doctors Often Neglect Their Own Mental Health
- 5 Tips for New Moms
- 'Love Hormone' Levels in Pregnancy May Point to Risk for Postpartum Depression
- Women Who've Battled Postpartum Depression Often Limit Family Size
- Pregnancy May Ease PTSD for Some Women, Study Finds
- Military Deployment Tied to Greater Odds of Child Abuse, Neglect
- For Pregnant Military Wives, Risks Rise if Partner Deployed
- New Moms Gain No Benefit From Eating Placenta, Studies Show
- Risk to Baby From Antidepressant Use in Pregnancy Is Small, Study Says
- Antidepressants Ease Postpartum Depression, Study Finds
- Do Antidepressants in Pregnancy Raise Risks for Mental Woes in Kids?
- Tips for New Moms on Mother's Day
- Young Dads at Risk of Depressive Symptoms, Study Finds
- Pfizer Recalls Some Antidepressants After Drug Mixup
- Pfizer Recalls Effexor Antidepressant
- Postpartum Depression Often Linked to Long-Term Woes, Review Suggests
- Antidepressants in Pregnancy Tied to Slight Risk of Lung Disorder in Babies
- Could Longer Maternity Leave Prevent Postpartum Depression?
- Depression During Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Psychiatric Trouble in Kids
- Health Tip: Battling The Post-Baby Blues
- Postpartum Depression Risk May Rise for New Moms in Big Cities
- Genes May Boost Woman's Risk of Postpartum Depression
- Anxiety May Be More Common Than Depression After Pregnancy
- Motherhood May Spur Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior in Some
- Married Women More Likely to Have Positive Pregnancies: Study
- Postpartum Depression May Lead to Shorter Kids: Study
- Brain Changes Seen in Postpartum Depression
- Health Tip: What to Expect After Childbirth
- 'Love Hormone' May Buffer Kids From Mom's Depression
- Low Oxytocin Linked to Postpartum Depression
- Depression After Miscarriage Can Linger
- Study: Fish Oil Doesn't Affect Postpartum Depression
- New Parents at Risk for Postpartum Depression
- Dads Get Postpartum Depression, Too
- Cataracts From Antidepressants?
- Health Tip: Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression
- Health Tip: Symptoms of Postpartum Depression
- Predicting Postpartum Depression May Be Possible
- Moms Help Moms Duck Postpartum Depression
- 3 Questions Can Spot Possible Postpartum Depression
- Possible Cause of Postpartum Depression Pinpointed
- Postpartum Depression: How Common?
- Postpartum Depression Linked to Boys?