Postpartum depression is a form of depression that occurs within a year after delivery. It is thought that rapid hormone changes after childbirth may lead to depression. Symptoms of postpartum depression include crying a lot, headaches, chest pains, eating too little or too much, sleeping too little or too much, withdrawal from friends and family, and feeling irritable, sad, hopeless, worthless, guilty, and overwhelmed. Treatment typically involves talk therapy and medication. Read more: Postpartum Depression Article
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Depression Quiz: Signs & Symptoms
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Postpartum Depression: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
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Related Disease Conditions
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Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Panic attacks are sudden feelings of terror that strike without warning. These episodes can occur at any time, even during sleep. A person experiencing a panic attack may believe that he or she is having a heart attack or that death is imminent. The fear and terror that a person experiences during a panic attack are not in proportion to the true situation and may be unrelated to what is happening around them. Most people with panic attacks experience several of the following symptoms: racing heartbeat, faintness, dizziness, numbness or tingling in the hands and fingers, chills, chest pains, difficulty breathing, and a feeling of loss or control. There are several treatments for panic attacks.
Pregnancy Planning (Tips)
Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes taking prenatal vitamins, eating healthy for you and your baby, disease prevention (for both parents and baby) to prevent birth defects and infections, avoiding certain medications that may be harmful to your baby, how much weight gain is healthy exercise safety and pregnancy, travel during pregnancy.
Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.
Sleep Disorders (How to Get a Good Night's Sleep)
A number of vital tasks carried out during sleep help maintain good health and enable people to function at their best. Sleep needs vary from individual to individual and change throughout your life. The National Institutes of Health recommend about 7-9 hours of sleep each night for older, school-aged children, teens, and most average adults; 10-12 for preschool-aged children; and 16-18 hours for newborns. There are two stages of sleep; 1) REM sleep (rapid-eye movement), and 2) NREM sleep (non-rapid-eye movement). The side effects of lack of sleep or insomnia include: Irritability Tiredness Feeling sleepy during the day Concentration or memory problems Lack of sleep and insomnia can be caused by medical conditions or diseases, medications, stress, or pain. The treatment for lack of sleep and insomnia depends upon the cause.
Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and diseases that may occur. Educating yourself so that the transitions into different phases of life is key to a healthy, happy, and productive life.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
Hypothyroidism During Pregnancy
Hypothyroidism during pregnancy can be treated with synthetic thyroid hormones to maintain the proper thyroid hormone balance. Hypothyroidism symptoms include fatigue, weight gain, lethargy, and constipation. Treatment of hypothyroidism in pregnant women is important, because inadequate levels of thyroid hormones may affect the fetus, and child during growth and development.
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Bipolar disorder (or manic depression) is a mental illness characterized by depression, mania, and severe mood swings. Treatment may incorporate mood-stabilizer medications, antidepressants, and psychotherapy.
Suicide is the process of intentionally ending one's own life. Approximately 1 million people worldwide commit suicide each year, and 10 million to 20 million attempt suicide annually.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
Mental health is an optimal way of thinking, relating to others, and feeling. All of the diagnosable mental disorders fall under the umbrella of mental illness. Depression, anxiety, and substance-abuse disorders are common types of mental illness. Symptoms and signs of mental illness include irritability, moodiness, insomnia, headaches, and sadness. Treatment may involve psychotherapy and medication.
Anxiety is a feeling of apprehension and fear characterized by symptoms such as trouble concentrating, headaches, sleep problems, and irritability. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect approximately 19 million American adults. Treatment for anxiety may incorporate medications and psychotherapy.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Shaken Baby Syndrome (Abusive Head Trauma)
Shaken baby syndrome, or abusive head trauma, is the condition that describes the symptoms and signs that result from the violent shaking of an infant. These symptoms and signs include: bruising, vomiting, poor feeding, seizures, head trauma, and hemorrhages of the retina. Shaken baby sundrome treatment involves removing the infant from the household where the abuse occurred and providing supportive care for the child's injuries.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is considered a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMDD has also been referred to as late luteal phase dysphoric disorder. The cause of PMDD is unknown. Some of the common symptoms of PMDD (not an inclusive list) include mood swings, bloating, fatigue, headache, irritability, headache, breast tenderness, acne, and hot flashes. Treatment for PMDD is with medication to treat the symptoms of PMDD.
What Is Major Depressive Disorder?
The American Psychiatric Association defines major depressive disorder (depression) as a common, but serious, medical illness that negatively affects how one feels, thinks and acts. Depression causes sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. Depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and decrease a person’s ability to function at work and home.
Local ResourcesFind a local Psychiatrist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Loss of Appetite
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Postpartum Depression: Behind the Smile
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
- Poor Hygiene
- Unusual Behavior
- Inability to Regulate Emotions
- Postpartum Depression
Medications & Supplements
- Wellbutrin (bupropion)
- clozapine (Clozaril, Fazacio ODT, Versacloz)
- venlafaxine, Effexor XR (Effexor has been discontinued in the US)
- amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)
- fluvoxamine (Luvox)
- paroxetine (Paxil, Pexeva)
- fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem, Prozac Weekly)
- risperidone, Risperdal; Risperdal Consta, Risperdal M-TAB
- nefazodone (Serzone)
- carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril
- Zoloft (sertraline)
- doxepin (Sinequan and Adapin are discontinued brand in the US; Silenor)
- nortriptyline (Pamelor)
- Trazodone (Desyrel)
- lithium (Lithobid)
- desipramine (Norpramin)
- imipramine (Tofranil)
- valproic acid, divalproex, Depakote, Depakote Sprinkle, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor
- olanzapine (Zyprexa, Zydis)
- Citalopram (Celexa)
- mirtazapine (Remeron, Soltab)
- quetiapine (Seroquel)
- lamotrigine, Lamictal, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODT, Lamictal XR
- ziprasidone (Geodon)
- Lexapro (escitalopram)
- aripiprazole (Abilify, Aristrada)
- St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum)
- clomipramine (Anafranil)
- Cymbalta (duloxetine)
- desvenlafaxine (Pristiq, Khedezla)
- Antidepressants (Depression Medications)
- Cymbalta (duloxetine) vs. Effexor (XR, venlafaxine) Differences in Uses, Dose, and Withdrawal
- Lexapro (escitalopram) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- Zoloft (sertraline) Side Effects, Warnings, and Interactions
- Lexapro vs. Prozac
- Aldactone (spironolactone) Side Effects, Interactions, and Warnings
- Side Effects of Elavil (amitriptyline)
Prevention & Wellness
- Mental Health Problems After First Baby Reduce Likelihood of More Children: Study
- General Anesthesia Boosts Postpartum Depression Risk After C-Section: Study
- Are You Lonely? Your Tweets Offer Important Clues, Experts Say
- Depressed Moms, More Anxious, Troubled Kids?
- Why You Should Ask to Be Screened for Postpartum Depression
- Drug Overdoses, Suicide Are Risk for New Mothers: Study
- Fussy Baby May Raise Mom's Risk of Depression
- FDA Approves Ketamine-Like Drug for Severe Depression
- Counseling Can Prevent Pregnancy-Related Depression: Task Force
- Postpartum Opioid Rx May Lead to Persistent Use: Study
- Health Tip: Risk Factors for Depression After Pregnancy
- Docs Should Screen for Depression During, After Pregnancy
- Facebook Posts May Hint at Depression
- Do Dimmer Days in Pregnancy Raise Postpartum Depression Risk?
- Health Tip: Recovering from Cesarean Section
- New Dads Can Get the Baby Blues, Too
- Health Tip: Help a New Mom With Postpartum Depression
- Know the Signs of Postpartum Depression
- Never Ignore Depression
- 1 in 20 Younger Women Suffers Major Depression
- Summer Baby, Higher Odds for Postpartum Depression?
- Postpartum Depression Likely to Recur With Future Pregnancies
- More Fetal Deaths, Fewer Pregnancies When Flint Had High Lead Levels in Drinking Water: Study
- Suicide a Danger for Some Women During Pregnancy: Study
- 1 in 5 Moms Mum About Post-Pregnancy Blues
- U.S. Moms-to-Be Often Victims of Assault
- Happy Mom Means Less Colicky Baby
- Studies Question Link Between Mom's Antidepressant Use, Autism in Kids
- Can Supplements Ward Off the 'Baby Blues'?
- Health Highlights: March 7, 2017
- Hey Fellas, Depression Can Strike New Dads, Too
- Gestational Diabetes a Risk Factor for Postpartum Depression: Study
- Postpartum Depression Affects New Dads, Too
- Less Labor Pain, Lower Postpartum Depression Risk?
- Doctors Often Neglect Their Own Mental Health
- 5 Tips for New Moms
- 'Love Hormone' Levels in Pregnancy May Point to Risk for Postpartum Depression
- Women Who've Battled Postpartum Depression Often Limit Family Size
- Pregnancy May Ease PTSD for Some Women, Study Finds
- Military Deployment Tied to Greater Odds of Child Abuse, Neglect
- For Pregnant Military Wives, Risks Rise if Partner Deployed
- New Moms Gain No Benefit From Eating Placenta, Studies Show
- Risk to Baby From Antidepressant Use in Pregnancy Is Small, Study Says
- Antidepressants Ease Postpartum Depression, Study Finds
- Do Antidepressants in Pregnancy Raise Risks for Mental Woes in Kids?
- Tips for New Moms on Mother's Day
- Young Dads at Risk of Depressive Symptoms, Study Finds
- Pfizer Recalls Some Antidepressants After Drug Mixup
- Pfizer Recalls Effexor Antidepressant
- Postpartum Depression Often Linked to Long-Term Woes, Review Suggests
- Antidepressants in Pregnancy Tied to Slight Risk of Lung Disorder in Babies
- Could Longer Maternity Leave Prevent Postpartum Depression?
- Depression During Pregnancy May Raise Risk of Psychiatric Trouble in Kids
- Health Tip: Battling The Post-Baby Blues
- Postpartum Depression Risk May Rise for New Moms in Big Cities
- Genes May Boost Woman's Risk of Postpartum Depression
- Anxiety May Be More Common Than Depression After Pregnancy
- Motherhood May Spur Obsessive-Compulsive Behavior in Some
- Married Women More Likely to Have Positive Pregnancies: Study
- Postpartum Depression May Lead to Shorter Kids: Study
- Brain Changes Seen in Postpartum Depression
- Health Tip: What to Expect After Childbirth
- 'Love Hormone' May Buffer Kids From Mom's Depression
- Low Oxytocin Linked to Postpartum Depression
- Depression After Miscarriage Can Linger
- Study: Fish Oil Doesn't Affect Postpartum Depression
- New Parents at Risk for Postpartum Depression
- Dads Get Postpartum Depression, Too
- Cataracts From Antidepressants?
- Health Tip: Risk Factors for Postpartum Depression
- Health Tip: Symptoms of Postpartum Depression
- Predicting Postpartum Depression May Be Possible
- Moms Help Moms Duck Postpartum Depression
- 3 Questions Can Spot Possible Postpartum Depression
- Possible Cause of Postpartum Depression Pinpointed
- Postpartum Depression: How Common?
- Postpartum Depression Linked to Boys?