Signs and symptoms of portal hypertension are related to the backup of pressure within the venous system. These can include varices, or enlarged veins, in the esophagus or stomach. Varices can cause vomiting blood or black, tarry stool. Other associated symptoms can include
- splenomegaly or enlargement of the spleen,
- thrombocytopenia, and
- decreased white blood cell counts.
Causes of portal hypertension
Any condition that causes obstruction of blood flow through the liver, including cirrhosis, fatty liver, and other diseases of the liver tissue, can cause portal hypertension. Conditions outside the liver, including thrombosis or blood clot formation, can also cause portal hypertension.
Other portal hypertension symptoms and signs
- Black, Tarry Stool
- Decreased White Blood Cell Counts
- Splenomegaly or Enlargement of the Spleen
- Varices in the Esophagus or Stomach
- Vomiting Blood
Main Article on Portal Hypertension Symptoms and Signs
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Examples of Medications for Portal Hypertension Symptoms and Signs
- Beta Blockers (Drug Class, List of Brand and Generic Names)
- lactulose (liver) - oral, rectal, Cephulac, Enulose
- Letairis (ambrisentan)
- metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- nitroglycerin, Nitro-Bid, Nitro-Dur, Nitrostat, Transderm-Nitro, Minitran, Deponit, Nitrol
- Side Effects of Benicar HCT (olmesartan medoxomil-hydrochlorothiazide)
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