Polymyalgia Rheumatica: Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 2/7/2020

Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory condition that affects widespread areas of the body. It is more common in women than in men, and it typically occurs in older adults.

Signs and symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica include

Pain may be present in the shoulder, neck, upper arms, buttocks, thighs, or pelvic girdle (hips). Other associated symptoms can include

Lack of use of affected body parts can cause muscle weakness.

Causes of polymyalgia rheumatica

The cause may be due to an autoimmune disease in which the body's own immune system attacks the body's healthy tissues. Genetic factors and environmental exposures (such as infections) may also be important in its development.

Other polymyalgia rheumatica symptoms and signs


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Jameson, J. Larry, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 20th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Education, 2018.