GENERIC NAME: PIZOTIFEN - ORAL (pizz-oh-TIFF-en)
HOW TO USE: This drug is taken by mouth, generally starting with a bedtime dose, then increased slowly to 3 times daily. The maximum dose is 6 mg daily. Take exactly as directed regularly. Effects should be seen within 4 weeks. If your doctor plans to stop the drug for a period of time, the dose should be reduced slowly over 2 weeks to decrease the chance of increased headaches reoccurring. After a period of time, this medicine may not work as well as it had before. Consult your doctor if this occurs.
SIDE EFFECTS: Increased appetite and weight gain, drowsiness, fatigue, nausea, unusual weakness, dizziness, headache or dry mouth may occur. If these persist or worsen, notify your doctor promptly. Very unlikely but report promptly: vision changes, confusion, stomach pain, swelling, mood changes, sexual function problems. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
PRECAUTIONS: Before using this drug, tell your doctor your medical history including: any allergies (especially drug allergies), narrow angle glaucoma, trouble urinating (e.g., enlarged prostate gland), stomach/intestinal blockages, diabetes, heart or blood vessel problems, kidney or liver disease. Limit alcohol intake as it may increase the side effects of this drug. Use caution performing tasks requiring mental alertness such as driving because this drug may cause drowsiness. This drug is not recommended for children under 12 years old. This medication should be used only when clearly needed during pregnancy. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. It is not known if this drug is excreted into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Tell your doctor of all prescription and nonprescription medications you may use, especially of: MAO inhibitors (e.g., selegiline, furazolidone, tranylcypromine, phenelzine, moclobemide, linezolid). Also mention drugs that cause drowsiness such as: cough-and- cold products that contain drowsiness-causing antihistamines (e.g., diphenhydramine), psychiatric medicines, anti-seizure drugs, narcotic pain relievers such as codeine, tranquilizers, sedatives, muscle relaxants. Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist approval.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact your local poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call the US national poison hotline at 1-800-222-1222. Canadian residents should call their local poison control center directly. Symptoms of overdose may include drowsiness, fast pulse, nausea, and loss of sense of balance.
NOTES: Do not share this medication with others. Laboratory tests may be done periodically to monitor for side effects.
MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not "double-up" the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Store at controlled room temperature away from light and moisture.
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Migraine headaches are severe headaches that are sensitive to light, sounds, and smells. Some people who suffer from migraines also have severe head pain. People also have symptoms of nausea and vomiting. Common migraine triggers may include:
- Certain foods
- Changes in barometric pressure
- Other phenomenon
They are diagnosed by a doctor if the headache pattern fits established migraine headache criteria. Over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medications are sometime used to treat acute migraines. To prevent or reduce the frequency and severity of them doctors recommend supplements and prescription medications, for example:
- Blood pressure drugs
- Anti-seizure drugs
Lifestyle modification helps in migraine management. Many people who suffer from migraines get relief from their condition by keeping a headache diary, identifying and avoiding triggers, and taking appropriate medication.
Tension HeadacheA tension headache s one of the most common types of headaches, and the exact cause is not known. Factors that may contribute to tension or stress headaches are lack of sleep, increased stress (referred to as a stress headache), skipping meals, dehydration, medical diseases or conditions, anxiety, or changes at home, work, or school. Treatment of tension headaches include prescription and OTC medications, stress management, and treating any underlying illness or condition.