- What other names is Pine known by?
- What is Pine?
- How does Pine work?
- Are there safety concerns?
- Dosing considerations for Pine.
Don't confuse pine with fir shoots (Picea abies or Abies alba) or man-made "pine oil."
Pine is used for upper and lower respiratory tract swelling (inflammation), stuffy nose, hoarseness, common cold, cough or bronchitis, fevers, tendency towards infection, and blood pressure problems.
Some people apply pine directly to the skin for mild muscle pain and nerve pain.
Insufficient Evidence to Rate Effectiveness for...
- Thinking and memory. Early research suggests that taking vitamin C along with a specific product containing pine extract (Enzogenol) for 5 weeks improves thinking and memory in middle-aged and older men.
- Upper and lower respiratory tract swelling (inflammation).
- Mild muscle pain.
- Nerve pain.
- Blood pressure problems.
- Common cold.
- Other conditions.
Quick GuideVitamin D Deficiency: How Much Vitamin D Is Enough?
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking pine if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Asthma, allergy: Pine pollen can cause an increase in allergic symptoms, even in people who test negatively to pine skin tests.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database rates effectiveness based on scientific evidence according to the following scale: Effective, Likely Effective, Possibly Effective, Possibly Ineffective, Likely Ineffective, and Insufficient Evidence to Rate (detailed description of each of the ratings).
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