Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) refers to diseases of the blood vessels (arteries and veins) located outside the heart and brain. While there are many causes of peripheral vascular disease, doctors commonly use the term peripheral vascular disease to refer to peripheral artery disease (peripheral arterial disease, PAD), a condition that develops when the arteries that supply blood to the internal organs, arms, and legs become completely or partially blocked as a result of atherosclerosis. Peripheral artery disease symptoms include:
- Intermittent Leg pain while walking
- Leg pain at rest
- Numbness in the
Treatment for peripheral artery disease includes: lifestyle measures, medication, angioplasty, and surgery.Read more: Peripheral Vascular Disease Article
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Local ResourcesFind a local Cardiologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Cold Feet and Toes
- Cold Fingers
- Hair Loss
- Hand and Finger Numbness
- Numbness Toes
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Chronic Pain
- Foot Pain
- Cold Hands
- Heel Pain
- Arm Pain
- Leg Pain
- Unsteady Gait
- Leg Sores
- Hand Pain
Medications & Supplements
- isosorbide mononitrate sustained-release - oral, Imdur
- isosorbide mononitrate - oral, ISMO, Monoket
- warfarin (Coumadin, Jantoven)
- ticlopidine, Ticlid (discontinued brand in the US)
- pentoxifylline, Trental, Pentoxil
- cilostazol, Pletal
- clopidogrel (Plavix)
- cerivastatin, Baycol
- colesevelam, Welchol
- Aspirin Therapy (Guidelines for Heart Attack and Stroke Prevention)
- ezetimibe and simvastatin, Vytorin
- abciximab - injection, Reopro
- Anticoagulants (Anticoagulant Drug Class)
- atorvastatin (Lipitor) vs. simvastatin (Zocor)
Prevention & Wellness
- Eye Exam Might Help Spot Poor Circulation in Legs
- Statins Might Protect People With Narrowed Leg Arteries
- Restoring Blood Flow Beats Exercise for Poor Leg Circulation
- Many Kidney Transplant Patients Land in ER Within 2 Years: Study
- Medical Costs Soar for Smokers Who Develop Artery Disease
- Leg Artery Procedure May Be Overused in Nursing Homes, Study Finds
- Imaging Tests May Help Stem Amputations for Circulatory Disorder
- Surgical Treatments Equally Effective for Women With Poor Leg Circulation
- Aspirin May Not Protect Heart After Non-Cardiac Surgeries: Study
- Dissolving 'Scaffolds' Could Help Treat Leg Artery Disease
- Dementia Risk Might Rise for Older Women With Heart Disease
- Higher Spending on Poor Leg Circulation May Not Pay Off
- Bypass May Beat Angioplasty for Diabetics With Heart Disease
- Psoriasis, Other Medical Conditions May Be Linked, Study Says
- Heart Surgery Riskier for Blacks With Peripheral Artery Disease, Study Finds
- Erectile Dysfunction Tied to Long-Term Narcotic Use in Men
- Blacks More Likely to Get Amputations Due to Blocked Blood Flow: Study
- Drug May Make Walking Easier for People With Artery Disease
- Lifestyle Affects Outcome of Peripheral Artery Procedure: Study
- Drug-Eluting Stent Approved for Peripheral Arterial Disease
- Smoking, Diabetes Are Risk Factors for Poor Leg Circulation: Study
- Hospitals Often Not Alerted About Incoming Stroke Patients
- Bypass Beats Angioplasty for People With Diabetes
- Angioplasty May Be Risky for Those With Poor Leg Circulation
- Depression Linked to Peripheral Artery Disease
- Aspirin as Good as Plavix for Poor Leg Circulation: Study
- Millions of Women Are Unaware They Have Arterial Disease
- Blood Pressure Differences Between Arms Could Signal Heart Risk
- Too Many Heart Patients Getting Migraine Drugs
- Psoriasis, Heart Disease, and Diabetes: What's the Link?
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