Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Symptoms & Signs

Medically Reviewed on 9/10/2019

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious infection of the female reproductive organs in the upper genital tract. These include the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

Signs and symptoms of PID include

Other associated PID symptoms and signs can include

Complications of PID can include scarring of the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and related structures, leading to an increased risk of ectopic pregnancies, infertility, and chronic pelvic pain.

Causes of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Infections (usually sexually transmitted diseases) that spread from the cervix and vagina upward into the pelvis cause PID. Chlamydia and gonorrhea are two common causes of PID.

Other pelvic inflammatory disease symptoms and signs


Condoms are the best protection from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). See Answer

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Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.