GENERIC NAME: OXYMETHOLONE - ORAL (OX-i-METH-oh-lone)
BRAND NAME(S): Anadrol
WARNING: This medication may rarely cause serious, sometimes life-threatening liver problems including cysts, tumors, or liver failure. Tell your doctor immediately if you have dark urine, yellowing eyes or skin, persistent nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain, or unusual fatigue.
USES: This medication is a synthetic male hormone (androgen or anabolic steroid) used to treat a low red blood cell count (anemia). It works by increasing the amount of the hormone (erythropoietin) involved in the production of red blood cells.Due to the risk of serious, possibly life-threatening side effects, this medication must not be used to improve athletic performance or physical appearance. Oxymetholone does not enhance athletic ability. When used as directed under medical supervision, the risks are minimal.
HOW TO USE: Take this medication by mouth as directed by your doctor. It may be taken with food or milk if stomach upset occurs. Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. Remember to use it at the same time(s) each day.Dosage is based on your medical condition and response to therapy. Do not increase your dose or take this more often than directed since the risk of side effects may be increased.It may take between 3-6 months before a benefit from this medication occurs.
SIDE EFFECTS: See also Warnings.Diarrhea, excitation, or trouble sleeping may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, notify your doctor or pharmacist promptly.Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.Tell your doctor immediately if any of these serious side effects occur: mental/mood changes, swelling of the ankles/feet, unusual or rapid weight gain, trouble breathing, decreased/increased interest in sex, new or worsening acne.Males before puberty - tell your doctor immediately if any of these signs of maturation occur while taking this drug: enlargement of the penis, more frequent erections.Adult males - tell your doctor immediately if any of these serious side effects occur: hair loss, trouble urinating, changes in testicle size, impotence, breast tenderness/swelling.For males, in the very unlikely event you have a painful or prolonged erection lasting 4 or more hours, stop using this drug and seek immediate medical attention, or permanent problems could occur.Females (both young girls and women) may experience signs of masculinization. These changes may be irreversible. Discuss the risks and benefits of therapy with your doctor. Seek immediate medical attention if the following serious side effects occur: deepening of the voice/hoarseness, facial hair growth, new or worsening acne, clitoral enlargement, menstrual period changes.This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.In the US -Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
PRECAUTIONS: See also Warning section.Before taking oxymetholone, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: breast cancer (males), breast cancer with high blood calcium levels (females), prostate cancer, severe kidney disease, severe liver disease.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: kidney disease, liver disease, heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease), swelling (edema, fluid retention), enlarged prostate, diabetes.If you have diabetes, oxymetholone may increase your blood sugar level. Check your blood (or urine) glucose level frequently, as directed by your doctor and promptly report any abnormal results. Your diabetes medicines may need to be adjusted.Caution is advised when using this drug in children because they may be more sensitive to its effects. This medication may stunt growth in children under 18 years of age. Periodic bone x-rays may be used to monitor the drug's effects on bone growth. Oxymetholone may also affect sexual development in children. Consult your doctor for more details.This medication must not be used during pregnancy due to the risk of harm to an unborn baby. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, inform your doctor immediately. It is recommended that young girls and women of child-bearing age use effective birth control while taking this drug.It is not known whether this drug passes into breast milk. However, due to the potential harm to a nursing infant, breast-feeding is not recommended. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
DRUG INTERACTIONS: Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: warfarin.This drug may affect the results of certain lab tests. Make sure laboratory personnel and your doctors know you use this drug.This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.
OVERDOSE: If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center.
NOTES: Do not share this medication with others. It is against the law.A balanced diet, rich in iron and folic acid, may help to improve your condition. Discuss a diet plan with your doctor.Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., blood count, iron levels, cholesterol levels, blood/urine mineral levels, liver function tests, prostate exam) should be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
MISSED DOSE: If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you remember. If it is near the time of the next dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to catch up.
STORAGE: Store at room temperature between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) away from light and moisture. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Information last revised March 2013. Copyright(c) 2013 First Databank, Inc.
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Anabolic Steroid AbuseAnabolic steroids are synthetic substances that are related to testosterone and promote skeletal muscle growth and the development of male sexual characteristics in both men and women. In the 1930s, it was discovered that anabolic steroids could promote skeletal muscle growth in lab animals, which lead to anabolic steroid abuse by bodybuilders and weight lifters.
Oral anabolic steroids (androgens) are man-made drugs that have the effect on the body similar to testosterone. Oral anabolic steroids are prescribed to treat:
- Delayed puberty in boys
- Low muscle mass as the result of AIDS, HIV
- Breast cancer
- Testosterone replacement therapy
Examples of oral anabolic steroids that are available in the US include oxymetholone (Anadrol-50), and fluoxymesterone (Android-F, Halotestin). Common side effects of anabolic steroids include:
- Low sperm count
- Heart attack
- Elevated cholesterol levels
- Mood changes
- Liver disease
Drug interactions, pregnancy and breastfeeding safety, and patient information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
Anemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased. There are several types of anemia such as iron deficiency anemia (the most common type), sickle cell anemia, vitamin B12 anemia, pernicious anemia, and aplastic anemia. Symptoms of anemia may include
- hair loss,
- menstruation, and
Treatment for anemia includes treating the underlying cause for the condition. Iron supplements, vitamin B12 injections, and certain medications may also be necessary.