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What is oxaprozin? What is oxaprozin used for?
Oxaprozin belongs to a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Other members of this class include ibuprofen (Motrin), indomethacin (Indocin), naproxen (Aleve) and several others. These drugs are used for the management of mild to moderate pain, fever and inflammation.
Oxaprozin is indicated:
- For relief of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis
- For relief of the signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis
- For relief of the signs and symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
NSAIDs work by reducing the levels of prostaglandins, chemicals that are responsible for pain, fever, and inflammation. Oxaprozin blocks the enzyme that makes prostaglandins (cyclooxygenase), resulting in lower concentrations of prostaglandins. As a consequence, inflammation, pain and fever are reduced. The FDA approved oxaprozin in October 1992.
What brand names are available for oxaprozin?
Is oxaprozin available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for oxaprozin?
What are the side effects of oxaprozin?
The most common side effects from oxaprozin are rash, ringing in the ears, headaches, dizziness, drowsiness, abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, heartburn, fluid retention, and shortness of breath.
NSAIDs reduce the ability of blood to clot and therefore increase bleeding after an injury. Oxaprozin also may cause bleeding in the stomach and intestine as well as ulcers. Sometimes, stomach ulceration and intestinal bleeding can occur without any abdominal pain. Black tarry stools, weakness, and dizziness upon standing may be the only signs of the bleeding.
People who are allergic to other NSAIDs should not use oxaprozin. NSAIDs reduce the flow of blood to the kidneys and impair function of the kidneys. The impairment is most likely to occur in patients with preexisting impairment of kidney function or congestive heart failure, and use of NSAIDs in these patients should be done cautiously. Individuals with asthma are more likely to experience allergic reactions to oxaprozin and other NSAIDs. Fluid retention, blood clots, heart attacks, hypertension, and heart failure also have been associated with the use of NSAIDs.
What is the dosage for oxaprozin?
The usual dose of oxaprozin is 600 or 1200 mg once daily taken with food. The maximum dose is 1800 mg daily. The total daily dose may be divided into multiple doses if single daily doses are not tolerated.
Which drugs or supplements interact with oxaprozin?
Oxaprozin may reduce the blood pressure lowering effects of blood pressure medications. This may occur because prostaglandins play a role in the regulation (reduction) of blood pressure.
When oxaprozin is used in combination with methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall) or aminoglycoside antibiotics (for example, gentamicin) the blood levels of methotrexate or aminoglycoside may increase, presumably because the elimination of methotrexate or aminoglycoside is reduced. This may lead to more side effects from methotrexate or aminoglycoside.
Individuals taking oral blood thinners or anticoagulants, for example, warfarin, (Coumadin), should avoid oxaprozin because oxaprozin also thins the blood, and excessive blood thinning may lead to bleeding.
Oxaprozin increases the negative effect of cyclosporine on kidney function.
If aspirin is taken with oxaprozin there may be an increased risk for developing an ulcer.
Persons who have more than 3 alcoholic beverages per day may be at increased risk of developing stomach ulcers when taking oxaprozin or other NSAIDs.
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Is oxaprozin safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
It is not known whether oxaprozin is excreted in breast milk.
What else should I know about oxaprozin?
What preparations of oxaprozin are available?
Tablets: 600 mg
How should I keep oxaprozin stored?
Oxaprozin should be stored at room temperature below 25 C (77 F) protected from moisture in a sealed container.
Oxaprozin (Daypro) is a drug in the class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) prescribed for the treatment of the pain and inflammation, welling and tenderness of joints, and fever caused by rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Side effects, warnings and precautions, drug interactions, and safety during pregnancy should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
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Related Disease Conditions
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed medications for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. Examples of NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and more. One common side effect of NSAIDs is peptic ulcer (ulcers of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum). Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, and patient safety information should be reviewed prior to taking NSAIDs.
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. Also known as degenerative arthritis, osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as well as other organs in the body. Because it can affect multiple other organs of the body, rheumatoid arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease. The 16 characteristic early RA signs and symptoms include the following. Anemia Both sides of the body affected (symmetric) Depression Fatigue Fever Joint deformity Joint pain Joint redness Joint stiffness Joint swelling Joint tenderness Joint warmth Limping Loss of joint function Loss of joint range of motion Many joints affected (polyarthritis)
Arthritis (Joint Inflammation)
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain. There are over 100 types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, gout, and pseudogout.
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.