There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer have an increased risk of developing the disease. Some ovarian cancer symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, and abnormal vaginal bleeding, however, they usually do not present until the disease has progressed. Early diagnosis is important for successful treatment. Read more: Ovarian Cancer Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Cancer Risk Factors
Though it's difficult to say why some people develop cancer while others don't, research shows that certain risk factors increase a person's odds of developing cancer. These risk factors include growing older, family history of cancer, diet, alcohol and tobacco use, and exposure to sunlight, ionizing radiation, certain chemicals, and some viruses and bacteria.
Intestinal Gas (Belching, Bloating, Flatulence)
Gas (intestinal gas) means different things to different people. Everyone has gas and eliminates it by belching, burping, or farting (flatulence). Bloating or abdominal distension is a subjective feeling that the stomach is larger or fuller than normal. Belching or burping occurs when gas is expelled from the stomach out through the mouth. Flatulence or farting occurs when intestinal gas is passed from the anus. Causes of belching or burping include drinking too rapidly, anxiety, carbonated drinks, habit, and swallowing air. Learn about causes of intestinal gas, foods that cause gas and bloating, treatments that reduce excessive gas and soothe gas pain, and much more.
Abdominal Pain (Causes, Remedies, Treatment)
Abdominal pain can have many causes that range from mild to severe. Some of these causes include bloating, gas, colitis, endometriosis, food poisoning, GERD, IBS (irritable bowel syndrome), ovarian cysts, abdominal adhesions, diverticulitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, gallbladder disease, liver disease, and cancers. Signs and symptoms of the more serious causes include dehydration, bloody or black tarry stools, severe abdominal pain, pain with no urination or painful urination. Treatment for abdominal pain depends upon the cause.
Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats, irregular vaginal bleeding, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, urinary incontinence, weight gain, and emotional symptoms such as mood swings. Treatment of menopausal symptoms varies, and should be discussed with your physician.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled, sac-like structures within an ovary. Symptoms of an ovarian cysts may be: Pain in the belly or pelvis A feeling for the need to have a bowel movement Urgency to urinate Pain during intercourse. There are a variety of causes and types of ovarian cysts, and treatment depends upon type of cyst.
Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and diseases that may occur. Educating yourself so that the transitions into different phases of life is key to a healthy, happy, and productive life.
Cancer is a disease caused by an abnormal growth of cells, also called malignancy. It is a group of 100 different diseases, and is not contagious. Cancer can be treated through chemotherapy, a treatment of drugs that destroy cancer cells.
Certain behavioral, lifestyle, and environmental factors contribute to cancer. Cancer prevention involves modifying these factors to decrease cancer risk. Tobacco use, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, inadequate fruit and vegetable intake, and obesity increase the risk of certain cancers. Vaccines, genetic testing, and cancer screening also play a role in cancer prevention.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
Cancer pain results from the tumor pressing on nerves or invading bones or organs. Cancer treatments like chemotherapy, radiation, or surgery can also cause pain. Over-the-counter pain relievers, prescription medications, radiation, biofeedback, and relaxation techniques are just some treatments for cancer pain.
Cancer fatigue is a lack of energy that is caused by cancer or cancer treatment, including chemotherapy, radiation, biological therapy, or bone marrow transplantation. Strategies to combat cancer fatigue include scheduling rest, pacing oneself, planning ahead and prioritizing work and activities, eating the right foods, exercising, and practicing proper body mechanics.
Most often, caregivers take care of other adults who are ill or disabled. Less often, caregivers are grandparents raising their grandchildren. The majority of caregivers are middle-aged women. Caregiving can be very stressful, so it's important to recognize when it's putting to much strain on you and to take steps to prevent/relieve stress.
Symptoms of 12 Serious Diseases and Health Problems
Learn how to recognize early warning signs and symptoms of serious diseases and health problems, for example, chronic cough, headache, chest pain, nausea, stool color or consistency changes, heartburn, skin moles, anxiety, nightmares, suicidal thoughts, hallucinations, delusions, lightheadedness, night sweats, eye problems, confusion, depression, severe pelvic or abdominal pain, unusual vaginal discharge, and nipple changes. The symptoms and signs of serious health problems can be caused by strokes, heart attacks, cancers, reproductive problems in females (for example, cancers, fibroids, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and sexually transmitted diseases or STDs), breast problems (for example, breast cancer and non-cancer related diseases), lung diseases (for example, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, lung cancer, emphysema, and asthma), stomach or digestive diseases (for example, cancers, gallbladder, liver, and pancreatic diseases, ulcerative colitis, or Crohn's disease), bladder problems (for example, urinary incontinence, and kidney infections), skin cancer, muscle and joint problems, emotional problems or mental illness (for example, postpartum depression, major depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mania, and schizophrenia), and headache disorders (for example, migraines, or "the worst headache of your life), and eating disorders and weight problems (for example, anorexia or bulimia).
Swollen Lymph Nodes (Glands)
Lymph nodes help the body's immune system fight infections. Causes of swollen lymph nodes (glands) may include infection (viral, bacterial, fungal, parasites). Symptoms of swollen lymph nodes vary greatly, but may include fever, night sweats, toothache, sore throat, or weight loss. Causes of swollen lymph nodes also vary, but may include cancer, the common cold, mono, chickenox, HIV, and herpes. The treatment of swollen lymph nodes depends upon the cause.
Ascites, the accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity is most commonly caused by cirrhosis of the liver. Some of the other causes of ascites include portal hypertension, congestive heart failure, blood clots, and pancreatitis. The most common symptoms include increased abdominal girth and size, abdominal bloating, and abdominal pain. Treatment depends on the cause of ascites.
Tumor grade is a system used to classify cancer cells in how likely the tumor is to grow and how abnormal they look under a microscope. Tumor grade is not the same as tumor stage. A biopsy is taken to determine if the tumor is benign (non cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
Pelvic Pain (in Women and Men)
Pelvic pain is described as pain, usually in the lower pelvic area. Causes of acute and chronic pelvic pain in women include endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, menstrual cramps, ovarian cysts, tumors, or fibroids, ovulation, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or congestion syndrome, vulva pain, and rarely cancer. Pelvic pain during pregnancy may be caused by miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy (tubal pregnancy), preterm or premature labor, and placental abruption. Causes of pelvic pain in men include prostate problems, testicular pain, and groin pain. Causes of pelvic pain in men and women include kidney stones, appendicitis, UTIs, IBD, and STDs. Signs and symptoms associated with pelvic pain depend on the cause, but man include pain during or after sexual intercourse, abdominal pain, distension, and tenderness, diarrhea, constipation, vaginal discharge or bleeding, blood, pus, in the urine, cloudy urine, blood in the stool, stool color changes, and low back pain. The cause of pelvic pain is diagnosed by a physical exam, blood tests, and imaging procedures. Treatment for pelvic pain depends on the cause.
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) is common in older individuals and happens when too much antidiuretic hormone releases and causes water retention and a low sodium level. There are several causes of SIADH. Symptoms include seizures, irritability, elevated systolic blood pressure, and hyponatremia, among others. Treatment involves restricting fluids, treating the underlying cause, and taking medications to decrease the antidiuretic hormone's effect on the kidneys.
Cramps but No Period
Having cramps but no period can occur because of conditions other than your monthly menstrual cycle. They may feel like period cramps of the lower abdomen when you are not due for your period and produce no blood. These 12 diseases and conditions are examples of what can cause abdominal cramping when not on period.
Local ResourcesFind a local Oncologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Screening Tests for Cancer
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- Clinical Trials
- Colonoscopy (Test, Side Effects, Preparation, Recovery)
- Chest X-Ray
- Barium Enema
- Pap Smear
- Questions To Ask Before Surgery
- Radiation Therapy
- CA 125 Ovarian Tumor Marker Blood Test
- Alpha-Fetoprotein Blood Test
- Advance Medical Directives
- Abdominal Pain
- Leg Swelling
- Vaginal Bleeding
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea)
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Distended Stomach (Abdominal Distention)
- Ovarian Cancer
- Painful Intercourse
- Pelvic Pain
- Ovarian Cancer FAQs
- Abdominal Pain Causes
- Coping with a Bad Disease - Community Counts
- Ovarian Cancer Symptoms, Early Warning Signs, and Risk Factors
- Ovarian Cancer: Exercise May Help Prevent
- Angelina Jolie's Mastectomy
- What Are the Early Warning Signs of Ovarian Cancer?
- Can You Get Ovarian Cancer after Tubal Ligation?
- Can You Prevent Ovarian Cancer?
- Complementary and Alternative Cancer Treatments
- Abdominal Pain: Questions to Ask Your Doctor
- Ask The Experts: Women's Health
Medications & Supplements
- altretamine - oral, Hexalen
- fentanyl patch (Duragesic)
- cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
- docetaxel (Taxotere, Docefrez)
- altretamine (Hexalen)
- hydroxyurea (Hydrea, Droxia)
- granisetron transdermal system (patch), Sancuso
- Dilaudid vs. Fentanyl (Pain Strength Comparison and Side Effects)
- Side Effects of Hexalen (altretamine)
Prevention & Wellness
- Sales of Johnson's Baby Powder Halted in U.S., Canada
- Large Study Shows No Strong Link Between Baby Powder, Ovarian Cancer
- Hysterectomy Procedure Tied to Worse Cancer Outcomes
- PTSD a Risk Factor for Ovarian Cancer?
- Obamacare May Have Boosted Fight Against Ovarian Cancer
- Birth Control Pills May Protect Against Most Serious Ovarian Cancer: Study
- Low-Dose Aspirin May Protect Against Ovarian Cancer: Study
- Health Tip: Living With Cancer For Years
- Newer Birth Control Pills Tied to Lower Odds for Ovarian Cancer
- 5 Facts Every Woman Should Know About Ovarian Cancer
- What Every Woman Needs to Know About Ovarian Cancer
- Clinical Trials Balance Out Urban, Rural Cancer Survival Rates
- Genetic Testing for Cancer Lacking for Women on Medicare: Study
- Obamacare May Have Helped More Women Spot Cancer Early
- Daily Low-Dose Aspirin May Be Weapon Against Ovarian Cancer
- Infertility, Not Fertility Drugs, Linked to Raised Risk of Ovarian Cancer
- Early Success in Artificial Ovary Research
- Researchers Making Inroads Against Ovarian Cancer
- Dad Can Pass on Ovarian Cancer Genes, Too
- Ovarian Cancer Screening Still Ineffective, Not Recommended: Panel
- The Pill Lowers Ovarian Cancer Risk, Even for Smokers
- Know the Signs of Ovarian Cancer and Your Risks
- What You May Not Know About Ovarian Cancer
- Talcum Powder/Ovarian Cancer Lawsuit Award Overturned
- Jury Awards $417 Million in Baby Powder Case
- Can a Blood Test Detect a Range of Cancers Earlier?
- Most Women Should Forgo Ovarian Cancer Screening: Panel
- When Is Risk Highest for Women With Breast Cancer Gene Mutations?
- Drug Helps Fight Breast Tumors Tied to 'Cancer Genes'
- Woman Wins $110 Million Verdict in Talcum Powder Cancer Trial
- High Blood Pressure: A Silver Lining for Ovarian Cancer Patients?
- Many Women Who Get Breast Cancer Gene Test Don't Need It
- Too Few High-Risk Women Tested for Breast Cancer Gene: Survey
- Know the Risks, Warning Signs of Ovarian Cancer
- Ovarian Cancer Drug Given Fast-Track Approval
- 'Magic Mushroom' Chemical Eases Cancer Patients' Despair
- Does Baby Powder Cause Ovarian Cancer?
- Doctors Should Promote Breast-Feeding to Patients: Panel
- FDA Warns Ovarian Cancer Tests Not Reliable
- Know Your Risk for Ovarian Cancer -- and the Symptoms
- Are Birth Control Pills Tied to Decline in Ovarian Cancer Deaths?
- Exercise May Help Thwart Ovarian Cancer
- Female Reproductive Tract Not a Sterile Environment, Study Finds
- 1 in 5 Ovarian Cancer Patients Doesn't Get Life-Extending Surgery: Study
- Two-Pronged Chemo Helps Some With Advanced Ovarian Cancer
- Is Ovary Removal Tied to Colon Cancer Risk?
- Breast Cancer Gene Might Lower Women's Fertility: Study
- Gene Tests May Help Predict Outcomes in Advanced Ovarian Cancer
- Ovarian Cancer Is More Than One Disease: Report
- Annual Blood Test Might Help Prevent Deaths From Ovarian Cancer
- Healthy Diet May Lower Black Women's Risk of Ovarian Cancer
- Study Links Having Children to Lower Ovarian Cancer Risk
- Ovarian Cancer Drug Shows Promise With Tough-to-Treat Prostate Tumors
- IVF Tied to Higher Ovarian Cancer Risk?
- Hormone Therapy Safe During Ovarian Cancer?
- Screening All Women for Breast Cancer Genes Not Feasible: Study
- Blood Pressure Drugs Linked to Longer Ovarian Cancer Survival
- Broader Gene Tests for Breast, Ovarian Cancer Might Benefit Some: Study
- 1 in 3 Women Survive Ovarian Cancer a Decade or More: Study
- Lifesaving Chemo for Ovarian Cancer Is Underused
- Birth Control Pills May Cut Women's Odds for Uterine Cancer
- Combo Rx May Boost Ovarian Cancer Outcomes, But Too Few Get It: Study
- Less Chemo for Obese Ovarian Cancer Patients Linked to Worse Survival Rates
- Chemo Before Surgery May Boost Outcomes for Advanced Ovarian Cancer
- Study Sees Improving Survival Odds for Ovarian Cancer
- New Method May Detect Ovarian Cancer Earlier
- Ovary Removal Reduces Breast Cancer Death in BRCA1 Carriers: Study
- Genes Linked to Breast, Ovarian Cancers Act Differently in Each Woman: Study
- Progress in Battling Advanced Ovarian Cancer
- Angelina Jolie's Choice Not Uncommon for Women With Cancer Gene
- Angelina Jolie Has Ovaries Removed
- More Americans Surviving Cancer Today Than 20 Years Ago
- Study Ties Hormone Therapy to Increased Ovarian Cancer Risk
- Many U.S. Doctors Wary of Genetic Testing: Survey
- Phone Counseling Helps Rural Women With Cancer Gene Tests
- Kids: An Rx for Menopause's Hot Flashes?
- Ovarian Cancer DNA Detected in Vaginal Fluid, Researchers Report
- Removing Healthy Breast of Little Benefit to Breast Cancer Patients: Study
- 'Generally Reassuring' Findings on Fertility Drugs, Women's Cancers
- Most Women Don't Need Regular Pelvic Exams, New Guidelines State
- Pair of Pills Shows Promise for Recurrent Ovarian Cancer
- Cheaper 'Gene Panel' Screening May Reveal Cancer Risks
- Irregular Periods May Be Risk Factor for Ovarian Cancer, Study Suggests
- Could Daughter's Cancer Risk Be Affected by Father's Age at Birth?
- Excess Weight a Risk Factor for Ovarian Cancer: Report
- Ovarian Cancer Gene May Point to Early Removal of Ovaries: Study
- Daily Aspirin May Guard Against Ovarian Cancer
- Intravenous Vitamin C May Boost Chemo's Cancer-Fighting Power
- Troubled Launch of 'Obamacare' Tops Health News for 2013
- Troubled Launch of 'Obamacare' Tops Health News for 2013
- Only High-Risk Women Need Breast Cancer Gene Test: Experts
- Angelina Jolie's Story Didn't Boost Knowledge of Breast Cancer Risks: Study
- New Test May Help Predict Survival From Ovarian Cancer
- Nearly 60 Percent of Uterine Cancer Cases Preventable: Report
- Most Women Don't Understand Their Breast Cancer Risk: Survey
- New Hope for Early Detection of Ovarian Cancer
- More Women Consider Gene Test After Angelina Jolie Mastectomy Revelation
- Family History of Cancer May Raise Risk for Other Types of Tumors
- Supreme Court Rules That Human Genes Can't Be Patented
- New Drug May Slow Advanced Ovarian Cancer
- Angelina Jolie Will Have Ovaries Removed to Lower Chances of Cancer: Report
- Angelina Jolie's Double Mastectomy: Q&A
- Human Gene Patent Case Goes to Supreme Court
- Experimental Vaccine Shows Promise for Ovarian Cancer
- Breast Cancer Gene Tests Won't Help Most Women: Report
- More Genetic Insights Into 3 Types of Cancer
- Scientists ID Antibody That Might Boost Cancer Therapy
- Many Ovarian Cancer Patients Denied By-the-Book Care, Study Says
- Abdominal 'Chemo Bath' May Extend Survival in Ovarian Cancer Patients
- Ob-Gyn Group Lists Procedures That May Not Be Needed
- Cancer Chemotherapy Tied to Slight Rise in Risk for Leukemia
- Which Cancer Tests Do You Really Need?
- Pap Test to Detect Ovarian, Endometrial Cancers?
- Diabetes Drug Metformin May Fight Cancer
- Quick Survey May Pick Up Ovarian Cancer Warnings: Study
- 3 Quick Questions Help ID Ovarian Cancer Risk
- Gene Study Yields New Clues to Breast Cancer
- Wins in War on Cancer Highlighted in New Report
- U.S. Panel Rejects Ovarian Cancer Screens for Low-Risk Women
- X-Rays May Up Breast Cancer Risk for Women With Certain Genes: Study
- Health Highlights: Aug. 6, 2012
- More Moms Breastfeeding
- Avastin May Help Fight Tough-to-Treat Ovarian Tumors
- U.S. Panel Rejects Ovarian Cancer Screening
- Taller, Heavier Women May Face Higher Ovarian Cancer Risk
- Long-Term Estrogen Therapy Does Up Breast Cancer Risk: Study
- Health Highlights: March 27, 2012
- Black Women, Uninsured Get Worse Ovarian Cancer Care: Study
- Health Highlights: Feb. 21, 2012
- FDA Moves to Head Off Shortages of 2 Cancer Drugs
- Endometriosis Could Raise Risk of 3 Ovarian Cancers
- Fasting Plus Chemo May Help in Cancer Fight: Study
- Popular Diabetes Drug Might Cut Pancreatic Cancer Risk: Study
- Gene Mutations May Boost Ovarian Cancer Survival: Study
- Avastin Delays Ovarian Cancer Progression
- Research Sheds Light on Gene Mutation's Role in Rare Tumors
- Type of Muscular Dystrophy Linked to Raised Cancer Risk
- Family Tree May Affect Diagnosis Age in Some Breast Cancers
- IVF May Raise Risk for Less Aggressive Ovarian Cancer
- Why Many With Breast Implants Fail at Breastfeeding
- Antibody Could Help Predict Ovarian Cancer
- Study: Ovary Removal Doesn't Raise Heart Risk
- Whole-Genome Testing Could Become Diagnosis Tool
- Blood Test May Spot Inherited Ovarian Cancer
- Dogs Can Detect Early Colorectal Cancer
- Hormone Therapy Linked to Ovarian Cancer
- 2 Genes Have Possible Link to Deadly Ovarian Cancer
- Gene Test, Preventive Surgery Save Women's Lives
- Inner Workings of Gene Tied to Breast, Ovarian Cancer Revealed
- Novel Ovarian Cancer Test Shows Promise
- Deadly Cancer Risk Linked to Cell Age
- Exercise Recommended for Cancer Patients
- New Screening Technique for Ovarian Cancer
- Health Tip: Factors that Increase Risk of Ovarian Cancer
- Breastfeeding Cuts Fever Risk After Vaccines
- Study Makes Strides in Understanding Ovarian Cancer
- Breastfeeding Rates Vary by Race, Region
- Pain Relievers May Reduce Cancer Risk
- Good Diet May Aid Ovarian Cancer Survival
- Can Symptoms Predict Ovarian Cancer?
- Combo Test Might Spot Ovarian Cancer Early
- Markers for Ovarian Cancer May Show Up Years Earlier
- Hormone Therapy Raises Ovarian Cancer Risk
- Menstrual Periods: Clues to Ovarian Cancer
- New Insights, Inroads Against Breast, Ovarian Cancers
- Chemo Combo Shows Promise Against Ovarian Cancer
- Catching Ovarian Cancer Early May Miss Aggressive Tumors
- Combo Screening Doesn't Spot Early Ovarian Cancer
- Combo Treatment Best for Melanoma, Advanced Ovarian Cancer
- Ultrasound Beats Blood Test for Gauging Ovarian Cancers: Study
- New Guidelines Should Improve Ovarian Cancer Detection
- Cranberry Could Juice Up Ovarian Cancer Treatment
- Ovarian Cancer Vaccine Might Extend Survival
- Hormone Therapy Extends Lives of Ovarian Cancer Patients
- Ovarian Cancer : 4 Early Symptoms
- Combining PET, CT Scans Can Improve Ovarian Cancer Care
- Coretta Scott King Had Ovarian Cancer