Osteoarthritis is a type of joint damage.
Signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis include pain in the affected joints that occurs after repetitive use. Since the condition can affect many different joints, this can lead to hand pain, hip pain, knee pain, lower back pain, neck pain, or any kind of joint pain. Other associated symptoms and signs include joint swelling, joint stiffness, joint creaking or crackling, and loss of range of motion. Joint deformity can occur in severe cases.
Causes of osteoarthritis
Aging, wear and tear on the joints, inherited conditions, and injury from trauma or disease cause osteoarthritis. OA causes the breakdown and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. Osteoarthritis occurs more frequently with advancing age and occurs in different locations throughout the body.
Kasper, D.L., et al., eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.
Main Article on Osteoarthritis (OA) Symptoms and Signs
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Osteoarthritis (OA) Symptoms and Signs
Examples of Medications for Osteoarthritis (OA) Symptoms and Signs
- acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tylenol Arthritis Pain, Tylenol Ext, Little Fevers Children's Fever/Pain)
- aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid, Bayer, Ecotrin, and others)
- celecoxib (Celebrex)
- duloxetine, Cymbalta
- hyaluronic acid, Restylane, Restylane-L, Perlane
- hydrocodone (Zohydro ER)
- ibuprofen (Advil, Children's Advil/Motrin, Medipren, Motrin, Nuprin, PediaCare Fever, and others)
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- Oxycodone for Pain (OxyContin, Roxicodone, Oxecta, Oxaydo, Xtampza ER, Roxybond)
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- Tramadol: for Pain (Ultram, Ultram ER, Conzip)