Enterovirus (Non-Polio Enterovirus Infection): Symptoms & Signs

  • Medical Author:
    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD

    Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, is a U.S. board-certified Anatomic Pathologist with subspecialty training in the fields of Experimental and Molecular Pathology. Dr. Stöppler's educational background includes a BA with Highest Distinction from the University of Virginia and an MD from the University of North Carolina. She completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology at Georgetown University followed by subspecialty fellowship training in molecular diagnostics and experimental pathology.

Medically Reviewed on 6/9/2017

Many people who become infected with non-polio enteroviruses either have no symptoms from the infection or experience only a mild illness. When symptoms do occur, they often resemble those of the common cold:

More serious infections can cause

In rare cases, the enterovirus infection spreads to the central nervous system, leading to

Other possible non-polio enteroviruses symptoms include

Causes of non-polio enterovirus infection

There are well over 100 types of known enteroviruses. Human enteroviruses belong to the virus family known as Picornaviridae (small RNA viruses) that were originally classified or named as polioviruses, Coxsackieviruses (groups A and B), echoviruses, and enteroviruses. Rhinoviruses are included as enteroviruses by some experts. Enterovirus D68 is an example of non-polio enteroviruses that has caused severe respiratory symptoms in children in recent years.


Schwartz, Robert A. "Enteroviruses Treatment & Management." Medscape.com. Feb. 8, 2017. <http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/217146-treatment>.

United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "Non-Polio Enteroviruses." June 10, 2016. <http://www.cdc.gov/non-polio-enterovirus>.

Medically Reviewed by a Doctor on 6/9/2017

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