Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Quiz

Answers FAQ

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma FAQs

Reviewed by John P. Cunha, DO, FACOEP on December 8, 2021

Take the Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Quiz Quiz First! Before reading this FAQ, challenge yourself and
Test your Knowledge!

Q:Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a type of white blood cell cancer. True or false?

A:True.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (also known as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or NHL) is a cancer that starts in the body's immune system in white blood cells called lymphocytes.

back to top ↑

Q:Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma can start in any of these lymphatic system tissues. True or false?

A:True.

Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma can start in any of these lymphatic system tissues.

The lymphatic system is the part of the body that helps fight off disease and infection. The main areas in the body that make up the immune system are:

  • Lymph nodes
  • Spleen
  • Bone marrow
  • Thymus
  • Adenoids and tonsils
  • Digestive tract

back to top ↑

Q:Hodgkin lymphoma is more curable than non-Hodgkin lymphoma. True or false?

A:True.

Oncologists (doctors who specialize in treating cancer) are able to distinguish non-Hodgkin's from Hodgkin's lymphoma (formerly referred to as Hodgkin's disease) by examining the white blood cells of the patient. If the doctor does not detect what is known as a Reed-Sternberg cell, which are giant cells found in lymph fluid, the lymphoma is classified as non-Hodgkin's. If there are Reed-Sternberg cells present, it is classified as Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Hodgkin's lymphoma is recognized as one of the most treatable cancers, with over 90% of patients surviving more than five years. Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, however, often arises in various parts of the body (organs and lymph nodes) and because of this, most cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are diagnosed at an advanced stage and carry a worse prognosis.

back to top ↑

Q:Aymptoms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma may include swollen lymph nodes, fatigue, easy bruising, weight loss. True or false?

A:True.

Common symptoms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma include:

  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen abdomen
  • Feeling full after only a small amount of food
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Shortness of breath or cough
  • Severe or frequent infections
  • Easy bruising or bleeding

back to top ↑

Q:Powerful antibiotics are used as a treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. True or false?

A:False

Depending on the type and stage (extent) of the lymphoma and other factors, treatment options for people with NHL might include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Targeted therapy drugs
  • Radiation therapy
  • High-dose chemotherapy and stem cell transplant
  • Surgery
  • Palliative and supportive care

back to top ↑

Q:Non-Hodgkin lymphoma can be cured. True or false?

A:True.

Some types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) are curable and some people with other types of NHL are able to treat their disease and keep it under control and live good quality lives with medical treatment.

Treatment is used to destroy all of the lymphoma cells to induce a complete remission. Complete remission means that all evidence of disease is eliminated. Patients who go into remission are sometimes cured of their disease. Some people never achieve complete remission but treatments keep the symptoms of the disease manageable.

back to top ↑

Q:What kind of doctor treats non-Hodgkin lymphoma?

A:Treatment teams for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma could include doctors such as:

  • Medical oncologists or hematologists who treat lymphoma with chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy.
  • Radiation oncologists who treat cancer with radiation therapy.
  • Bone marrow transplant doctors who specialize in treating cancer or other diseases with bone marrow or stem cell transplants.
You might have many other specialists on your treatment team as well depending on your specific treatment such as surgeons, physical and occupational therapists, and other medical professionals.

back to top ↑

Q:Is non-Hodgkin lymphoma hereditary? Yes or no?

A:No.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma isn't infectious and isn't thought to be genetic, although your risk may be slightly increased if a parent or sibling has had lymphoma.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is caused by a change (mutation) in the DNA of a white blood cell called a lymphocyte. The cause of the mutation that triggers non-Hodgkin lymphoma is unknown.

Factors that can increase your risk of developing the condition include:

back to top ↑

Q:The survival rate for non-Hodgkin lymphoma is about 72%. True or false?

A:True.

Life expectancy for cancers is often expressed in 5-year survival rates, which is the percent of patients still alive 5 years following diagnosis.

The overall 5-year relative survival rate for people with NHL is 72%. Survival rates can vary for different types and stages of lymphoma. Below are the 5-year relative survival rates for two common types of NHL, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma.

The 5-year survival rate for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma:

  • Localized (cancer is limited to one lymph node area, one lymphoid organ, or one organ outside the lymph system): 73%
  • Regional (cancer reaches from one lymph node area to a nearby organ, is found in two or more lymph node areas on the same side of the diaphragm, or is considered bulky disease): 72%
  • Distant (cancer has spread to distant parts of the body such as the lungs, liver, or bone marrow, or to lymph node areas above and below the diaphragm): 55%
The 5-year survival rate for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, follicular lymphoma:
  • Localized is 96%
  • Regional is 89%
  • Distant is 85%

back to top ↑

Q:The average age for people diagnosed with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma is 20-years-old. True or false?

A:False

The average age for people diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is 60-years-old.

Hodgkin's lymphoma, however, is most common in people aged 15- to 24-years-old as well as people over the age of 60.

back to top ↑
© 1996-2022 MedicineNet, Inc. All rights reserved.
Source quiz on MedicineNet

Improve your Health I.Q. on Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

back to top ↑

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Related Slideshows

back to top ↑

Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Related Image Collections

back to top ↑