- How Smoking Affects Your Looks & Life Slideshow
- Tips to Quit Smoking Slideshow
- Take the Quiz on Smoking
- What is the nicotine patch, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What brand names are available for for nicotine patches?
- Is the nicotine patch available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for a nicotine patch?
- What are the uses for the nicotine patch?
- What are the side effects of the nicotine patch?
- What is the dosage for the nicotine patch?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with nicotine patches?
- What else should I know about nicotine patches?
What is the nicotine patch, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Nicotine patches are used for smoking cessation. Nicotine is released from the patches and absorbed through the skin. Released nicotine binds to nicotine receptors in the body, reducing nicotine craving and withdrawal symptoms associated with smoking cessation. The FDA approved the grit nicotine patch in November 1991.
What are the uses for the nicotine patch?
Nicotine patches are used to control nicotine withdrawal symptoms and cravings associated with smoking cessation.
What is the dosage for the nicotine patch?
Smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day:
- Step 1: Use one 21 mg patch per day for weeks 1 to 6 then,
- Step 2: Use one 14 mg patch per day for weeks 7 to 8 then,
- Step 3: Use one 7 mg patch per day for weeks 9 to 10 then stop.
Smoking 10 or less cigarettes per day:
- Do not use Step 1 (21 mg)
- Start with Step 2: Use one 14 mg patch per day for weeks 1 to 6 then,
- Step 3: Use one 7 mg patch per day for weeks 7 to 8 then stop.
Apply one new patch every 24 hours to dry, clean, hairless skin. Patients may wear the patch for 16 to 24 hours. Do not wear one patch for more than 24 hours due to chances of skin irritation and loss of effectiveness of patch.
Which drugs or supplements interact with nicotine patches?
What else should I know about nicotine patches?
What preparations of nicotine-patch are available?
Nicotine patches are available in doses of: 21 mg (Step 1), 14 mg (Step 2), and 7 mg (Step 3) per patch. Each patch delivers nicotine over 24 hours.
How should I keep nicotine-patch stored?
Nicotine patches should be stored at room temperature, 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F).
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
25 Effects of Smoking on Your Looks and Life
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Smoking Quiz: How to Quit Smoking
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How to Quit Smoking: 13 Tips to End Addiction
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How to Quit Smoking Without Weight Gain
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Effects of Secondhand Smoke: Facts
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Related Disease Conditions
Emphysema is a COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) that often occurs with other obstructive pulmonary problems and chronic bronchitis. Causes of emphysema include chronic cigarette smoking, exposure to secondhand smoke, air pollution, and in the underdeveloped parts of the world. Symptoms of emphysema include chronic cough, chest discomfort, breathlessness, and wheezing. Treatments include medication and lifestyle changes.
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
COPD or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a lung condition caused by smoking tobacco, exposure to secondhand smoke, and/or air pollutants. Conditions that accompany COPD include chronic bronchitis, chronic cough, and emphysema. Symptoms of COPD include shortness of breath, wheezing, and chronic cough. Treatment of COPD includes GOLD guidelines, smoking cessation, medications, and surgery. The life expectancy of a person with COPD depends on the stage of the disease.
Vaping: e-Cigarette and Marijuana Vape Risks
Vaping or e-cigarettes are smokable products that use refillable or replaceable cartridges or containers that contain a liquid composed of nicotine, chemical flavors, and other compounds. The cartridges used during vaping contains nicotine, therefore vaping is addictive. In low doses vaping, can cause side effects like nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. In higher doses, vaping can cause more serious side effects like popcorn lung, seizures, coma, cancer, and death. The FDA regulates the manufacturing, import, packaging, labeling, advertising, promotion, sale, and distribution of electronic delivery systems like e-cigarettes.
Lung cancer kills more men and women than any other form of cancer. Eight out of 10 lung cancers are due to tobacco smoke. Lung cancers are classified as either small-cell or non-small-cell lung cancers.
Does Drinking Water Flush Nicotine Out of Your System?
Nicotine is water-soluble, so drinking water will help flush out any lingering traces. Water helps flush nicotine and other chemicals out of your body.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
The lungs are primarily responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the air we breathe and the blood. Eliminating carbon dioxide from the blood is important, because as it builds up in the blood, headaches, drowsiness, coma, and eventually death may occur. The air we breathe in (inhalation) is warmed, humidified, and cleaned by the nose and the lungs.
Smoker's Lung: Pathology Photo Essay
Smoker's lung photo essay is a collection of pictures and microscopic slides of lung disease caused by cigarette smoking. Smoker's lung refers to the diseases and structural abnormalities in the lung caused by cigarette smoking.
What Should I Do After an Unwanted Pregnancy?
There are a variety of options that may help you handle your situation. It might help you to visualize each option and decide how you feel about it. Consider reaching out to trained professionals or close friends if you get overwhelmed.
What Are the Effects of Secondhand Smoke?
Secondhand smoke can cause illness and disease in nonsmokers. Some of these conditions include lung cancer, heart disease, respiratory illnesses such as asthma, SIDS, bronchitis, and pneumonia. The best way to protect yourself and your family from secondhand smoke exposure is to not allow anyone to smoke in the home and to avoid being around smoke when outside the home.
Smoking During Pregnancy
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, low birth weight, premature birth and more. Secondhand smoke also increases your baby's risk of developing lung cancer, heart diseases, emphysema, asthma, allergies and SIDS.
What Helps With Nicotine Withdrawal?
People who stop using nicotine may experience irritability, anxiety, depression, sweating, headaches, insomnia, confusion, cramps and weight gain. Things that help with nicotine withdrawal include dressing in cool clothing, taking ibuprofen or acetaminophen, avoiding spicy foods, doing relaxing activities, using nicotine replacement products and other strategies.
Smoking and Heart Disease
Smoking increases the risk of heart disease in women and men. Nicotine in cigarettes decrease oxygen to the heart, increases blood pressure, blood clots, and damages coronary arteries. Learn how to quit smoking today, to prolong your life.
Treatment & Diagnosis
Medications & Supplements
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