nicotine patch (Nicoderm CQ, Habitrol)

  • Pharmacy Author:
    Omudhome Ogbru, PharmD

    Dr. Ogbru received his Doctorate in Pharmacy from the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy in 1995. He completed a Pharmacy Practice Residency at the University of Arizona/University Medical Center in 1996. He was a Professor of Pharmacy Practice and a Regional Clerkship Coordinator for the University of the Pacific School of Pharmacy from 1996-99.

  • Medical and Pharmacy Editor: Jay W. Marks, MD
    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD

    Jay W. Marks, MD, is a board-certified internist and gastroenterologist. He graduated from Yale University School of Medicine and trained in internal medicine and gastroenterology at UCLA/Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

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What is nicotine-patch, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?

Nicotine patches are used for smoking cessation. Nicotine is released from the patches and absorbed through the skin. Released nicotine binds to nicotine receptors in the body, reducing nicotine craving and withdrawal symptoms associated with smoking cessation. The FDA approved the grit nicotine patch in November 1991.

What brand names are available for nicotine-patch?

Nicoderm CQ

Is nicotine-patch available as a generic drug?

GENERIC AVAILABLE: Yes

Do I need a prescription for nicotine-patch?

No

What are the uses for nicotine-patch?

Nicotine patches are used to control nicotine withdrawal symptoms and cravings associated with smoking cessation.

What are the side effects of nicotine-patch?

Nicotine patches can cause the following side effects:

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What is the dosage for nicotine-patch?

Smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day:

  • Step 1: Use one 21 mg patch per day for weeks 1 to 6 then,
  • Step 2: Use one 14 mg patch per day for weeks 7 to 8 then,
  • Step 3: Use one 7 mg patch per day for weeks 9 to 10 then stop.

Smoking 10 or less cigarettes per day:

  • Do not use Step 1 (21 mg)
  • Start with Step 2: Use one 14 mg patch per day for weeks 1 to 6 then,
  • Step 3: Use one 7 mg patch per day for weeks 7 to 8 then stop.

Apply one new patch every 24 hours to dry, clean, hairless skin. Patients may wear the patch for 16 to 24 hours. Do not wear one patch for more than 24 hours due to chances of skin irritation and loss of effectiveness of patch.

Which drugs or supplements interact with nicotine-patch?

Nicotine patches may cause palpitations and abnormal heart rate. Patches should be used with caution in patients who take medications for abnormal heart rhythm.

What else should I know about nicotine-patch?

What preparations of nicotine-patch are available?

Nicotine patches are available in doses of: 21 mg (Step 1), 14 mg (Step 2), and 7 mg (Step 3) per patch. Each patch delivers nicotine over 24 hours.

How should I keep nicotine-patch stored?

Nicotine patches should be stored at room temperature, 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F).

REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information.

Summary

Nicotine patch (Nicoderm CQ, Habitrol) is a prescription medication used for assistance in smoking cessation. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.

Treatment & Diagnosis

Medications & Supplements

Prevention & Wellness

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25 Effects of Smoking on Your Looks and Life

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Reviewed on 1/5/2016
References
REFERENCE: FDA Prescribing Information.

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