Trending Neurology Topics
A brain tumor can be benign or malignant, primary, or secondary. Causes and risk factors include age, gender, family history, and exposure to chemicals. Symptoms range from headaches, leg and feet numbness to seizures. Treatment is dependant upon the type and location of the brain tumor.
Watch this slideshow on strokes and learn about symptoms like sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arms, or legs, confusion, vision problems, problems with walking or coordination, or severe headache.
Find your Autism Spectrum Disorder IQ with this online quiz featuring answers to causes, symptoms, treatments, medications, and clues about ASD and Asperger syndrome.
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Early Warning Signs and Symptoms of Stroke (FAST)
Stroke is a serious medical condition. If you think you or someone you know is having a stroke call 911 immediately. There...
Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults
Abdominal migraine in adults and children is a variant of migraine headaches. Abdominal migraine in children generally occurs in...
Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults
MS (Multiple Sclerosis) vs. ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) Differences and Similarities
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lou Gehrig's disease) and MS (multiple sclerosis) are both diseases of the nervous system...
Alternative Treatment for MS (CAM for MS)
The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been...
ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) Symptoms, Causes, Life Expectancy
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, Lou Gehrig's disease) is a neurological disease that progresses rapidly. The disease attacks...
Aphasia is a condition that is the result of damage to portions of the brain. It can be caused by stroke, head injury, brain...
Arachnoiditis is a painful condition that is caused by the inflammation of the arachnoid, a membrane that protects the nerves of...
Arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is a congenital disorder of blood vessels in the brain, brainstem, or spinal cord that is...
Ataxia is a lack of muscle coordination when a voluntary movement is attempted. There are many different types of ataxia...
Autism Spectrum Disorder (In Children and Adults)
Autism in children and adults is a developmental disorder, characterized by impaired development in communication, social...
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) FAQs
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are developmental disorders that do not appear to be linked to vaccines. More people than ever...
Brain aneurysm (cerebral aneurysm) is caused by microscopic damage to artery walls, infections of the artery walls, tumors,...
Concussion is a short-lived loss of brain function that is due to head trauma. There are two types of concussion, simple and...
Brain Damage: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment
Brain damage causes destruction or deterioration of brain cells. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and acquired brain injury (ABI) are...
A brain hemorrhage is a type of stroke caused when an artery bursts in the brain, causing localized bleeding in the surrounding...
Brain Lesions (Lesions on the Brain)
A brain lesion is defined as an area of damaged brain. Brain lesions (lesions on the brain) are caused by: trauma,...
Brain Tumor: Warning Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatments, and Cure
A brain tumor can be either non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), primary, or secondary. Common symptoms of a primary...
Canavan disease is an inherited genetic disorder that typically causes death before 10 years of age. Signs and symptoms of the...
Cauda Equina Syndrome
Cauda equina syndrome is a medical emergency condition that is caused by the uncommon compression of the nerves at the end of the...
Cerebral palsy (CP) is an abnormality of motor function and postural tone acquired at an early age (even before birth). Cerebral...
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease (CMT)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders. Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease affects the...
Coma is the inability to waken or react to the surrounding environment. The Glasgow Coma Scale is frequently used to measure the...
Complex Regional Pain Syndrome
Complex regional pain syndrome is a chronic pain condition in which high levels of nerve impulses are sent to an affected site is...
Neuromyelitis optica (Devic's syndrome) is a disease of the CNS that affects the optic nerves and spinal cord. People with...
Dizziness is a symptom that often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of dizziness...
Dystonia disorders cause involuntary movements and prolonged muscle contraction, resulting in twisting body motions, tremor, and...
Autism: Early Signs and Symptoms
Autism is known as a condition that falls under the category of the "autism spectrum disorders" because there is wide variation...
Encephalopathy means brain disease, damage, or malfunction. Causes of encephalopathy are varied and numerous. The main symptom of...
Endovascular coiling is a procedure that is used to treat brain aneurysms. The procedure is an alternative to surgical clipping....
Face Blindness (Prosopagnosia)
Face blindness (prosopagnosia) is a condition that causes the inability to recognize faces. Face blindness may be caused by...
Bell's Palsy (Facial Nerve Problems) Paralysis Causes and Treatments
Bell's palsy is one type of facial nerve paralysis. The 7th cranial nerve controls the muscles of the face, and although...
Guillain-Barré Syndrome is an autoimmune disease of the nervous system due to damage to the myelin sheath around nerves....
Head Injury (Brain Injury)
In the United States, head injuries are one of the most common causes of death and disability. Head injuries due to bleeding are...
Hematoma Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
A hematoma is a collection of blood that is outside a blood vessel. There are different areas where hematomas occur including;...
How Painful is a Lumbar Puncture?
A lumbar puncture (LP) procedure, also called a spinal tap, spinal puncture, thecal puncture, or rachiocentesis, collects...
Huntington's disease is the result of degeneration of neurons in areas of the brain. Huntington's disease is an inherited...
Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the ventricles of the brain. The fluid is often under...
Inclusion Body Myositis (IBM)
Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is a progressive muscle disorder characterized by muscle inflammation, weakness, and atrophy...
Is Craniotomy a Serious Surgery?
Craniotomy is a procedure in which a neurosurgeon removes a section of the skull in order to access the brain. A craniotomy...
Is MS Contagious? (Multiple Sclerosis)
Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a degenerative disease of the covering around the nerves in the central nervous system (CNS)....
Lead-based paint and lead contaminated dust are the main sources of exposure for lead in U.S. children. Lead-based paints were...
Left Brain vs. Right Brain (Characteristics, Differences, and Functions)
Are left brain vs. right brain theories myth or fact? They actually are a little of both! Scientists and researchers have tried...
Lewy Body Dementia (Dementia with Lewy Bodies)
Lewy body dementia (LBD or dementia with Lewy bodies) is one the most common causes of dementia. There are two types of LBD: 1)...
Locked-in syndrome is a condition that causes paralysis and the inability to speak or move the face. A hemorrhage and blood clot...
MELAS syndrome, a rare form of dementia, stands for Mitochondrial Encephalopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Stroke-like episodes....
Meralgia paresthetica is an entrapment or "pinching" of the nerve (lateral femoral cutaneous nerve) that supplies sensation to...
Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury also is contained in some fish, some of the...
Migraines and Seizures (Symptoms, Auras, Medication)
Migraines are a type of headache and seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. Migraine headaches and seizures are two...
Migraine and Stroke (Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatment)
Migraine headache is a type of headache in which the exact cause is not known; however, they may be inherited, and certain...
Migraine vs. Headache: Differences and Similarities
Headaches are the most common reason why a person goes to the doctor or other healthcare professional for treatment. There are...
Learn about mitochondrial disease, genetic disease in which include a group of neuromuscular diseases that are caused by damage...
Motion sickness is a feeling of unwellness caused by the inner ear and balance systems. Motion sickness can include sea sickness,...
Moyamoya disease is an inherited (genetic) progressive cerebrovascular disorder caused by arteries that are blocked at the base...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission....
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Life Expectancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Pregnancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is a central nervous system disease in which the immune system attacks the myelin sheath (the protective...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Early Warning Signs and Types
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an immune-mediated inflammatory process involving different areas of the central...
Myasthenia gravis, a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease. Varying degrees of weakness of the voluntary muscles of the body...
Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that leads to ongoing pain symptoms. Patients can be predisposed to developing...
Occipital Neuralgia (Headache)
Occipital neuralgia is a type of headache that involves inflammation or irritation of occipital nerves. Signs and symptoms...
Parkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurological disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest,...
Parkinson's Disease Clinical Trials
Before participating in a clinical trial for Parkinson's disease consider the risks and the benefits. You should know about who...
Parkinson's Disease: Eating Right
Eating a well-balanced and nutritional diet is very beneficial to people with Parkinson's disease. With a proper diet, our...
Parry-Romberg syndrome is a rare disorder that is characterized by a slow progressive atrophy of the skin and soft tissues of...
Periodic Paralysis Syndrome (Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Diet)
Periodic paralysis syndrome comprises several types of rare muscle diseases in which a person experiences temporary muscle...
Peripheral neuropathy is a problem with the functioning of the nerves outside of the spinal cord. Symptoms may include numbness,...
Frontotemporal Dementia (Pick's Disease and Semantic Dementia)
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a syndrome that is associated with shrinking of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain....
Post-polio syndrome (PPS) is a group of signs and symptoms that show up two to four decades after the initial polio infection....
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
Progressive supranuclear palsy, or PSP, is a rare neurodegenerative disease that is often misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease...
Pseudotumor Cerebri (Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension)
Pseudotumor Cerebri (intracranial hypertension) is a condition where there is an increase in pressure of fluid surrounding the...
Ramsay Hunt Syndrome
Ramsay Hunt syndrome is an infection of a facial nerve that causes a red painful rash with blisters and facial paralysis. Other...
Restless Leg Syndrome
Restless leg syndrome (RLS) is a common cause for painful legs that typically eases with motion, and becomes worse and more...
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are...
Seizure vs. Seizure Disorders (Differences and Similarities)
The differences between a seizure, epilepsy, and seizure disorders are confusing to many people. What makes it more confusing, is...
Seizures Symptoms and Types
Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from...
Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an inherited (genetic) disease that attacks motor neurons (nerve cells) in the spinal cord. As...
Stiff-Person syndrome is a neurological disorder associated with features of an autoimmune disease. Signs and symptoms of...
Stroke vs. Mini-Stroke (TIA) Differences
A stroke or "brain attack" occurs when a blood clot or artery ruptures within the brain. The rupture or clot causes...
Tardive dyskinesia occurs after exposure to certain types of medication. The most common medications that can lead to tardive...
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS)
Thoracic outlet syndrome is a condition where symptoms are produced from compression of nerves or blood vessels because the...
Tourette syndrome is disorder, which symptoms include involuntary facial tics, motor tics, and vocal tics. The cause of Tourette...
How Do You Get Rid of Restless Leg Syndrome?
Restless Leg Syndrome is an often uncontrollable urge to twitch and move your legs – especially when sitting or lying down. It...
How Do I Get My Sciatic Nerve to Stop Hurting?
Sciatica or sciatic nerve pain is centered on the lower back, and the cause is usually from a ruptured disc in the spinal column...
Tremor is the involuntary movements of one or more parts of the body. Causes of tremor include neurological disorders,...
Pain that originates in the face is referred to as trigeminal neuralgia. This pain may be caused by: an injury, an infection...
Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or rocking, even when someone is at rest. Vertigo may be caused by a problem in the brain or...
Balance is a state of body equilibrium or stability. We often take for granted how dependent we are on a healthy balance system....
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Autism Quiz: Test Your IQ of Autism Spectrum Disorder
Take the Autism Spectrum Disorder Quiz related to the causes, reasons, symptoms, treatment, diagnosis, and therapies for this...
Balance Disorders: Vertigo, Motion Sickness, Labyrinthitis, and More
What is vertigo? What causes dizziness? Understand different balance disorders and symptoms such as vertigo, motion sickness,...
Brain and Nervous System: Left-Handed vs. Right-Handed People
Right- and left-handed people can differ in very noticeable ways. Find out how and why....
Concussions & Brain Injuries: Symptoms, Tests, Treatment
Concussions are a common type of traumatic brain injury. Read more about symptoms of a concussion, how to treat head injuries,...
Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz: What Causes Seizures?
Do you know the difference between seizures and epilepsy? What are the types of seizures? Take the Epilepsy & Seizures Quiz to...
Epilepsy: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
Learn about epilepsy stages, symptoms and treatment for this disorder of the brain's electrical system. Epileptic seizures cause...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
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Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms and Treatment
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Parkinson's Disease Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
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Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
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Treatment & Diagnosis
- Baclofen Pump (Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis)
- Botox to Treat Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Electromyogram (EMG)
- Epilepsy Treatment
- Extratemporal Cortical Resection
- First Aid for Seizures
- Multiple Subpial Transection
- Nerve Conduction Velocity Test
- What Are the Side Effects of Stereotactic Radiosurgery?
- Surgical Options for Epilepsy
- Temporal Lobe Resection
- Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) for Seizures
- What Is the Recovery Time for a Discectomy?
- Altered Mental Status
- Arteriovenous Malformation (AVM)
- Cluster Headache
- Frontotemporal Dementia
- Guillain-Barre Syndrome
- Huntington's Disease
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Myasthenia Gravis
- Occipital Neuralgia
- Parkinson's Disease
- Progressive Supranuclear Palsy
- Pseudotumor Cerebri
- Shaking Hands (Hand Tremors)
- Spinal Headache
- Vocal Outbursts
- 8 Tips for Parents of Kids with Asperger's Syndrome
- What Are the Different Types of Epilepsy?
- Bell's Palsy Symptoms
- Candle Wicks Containing Lead
- Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE)
- Concussion Symptoms and Testing
- 21 Concussions Symptoms
- Does the weather affect neuritis?
- Guillain-Barre Syndrome Symptoms
- Head Injury Symptoms, Types, and Severity
- How Does Multiple Sclerosis Affect the Body?
- How Serious Is Multiple Sclerosis?
- Is MS passed on genetically?
- Migraine Headache Treatment
- Multiple Sclerosis Treatment
- Nodding Syndrome Symptoms (Nodding Disease)
- Robin Williams and Lewy Body Dementia
- Seizure Symptoms: How to Assist the Victim
- Signs of Cerebral Palsy
- Sports and Concussions: What Are the Recommendations?
- Stroke Symptoms - Typical
- Surviving a Gunshot Wound to the Head
- Surviving a Stroke
- The Worst Headache of Your Life: Brain Hemorrhage Symptoms
- Motion Sickness: 10 Prevention Tips
- Vertigo Causes
- Vertigo Treatment
- What Are the Symptoms of Chorea?
- What Is a Cerebral Infarction?
Medications & Supplements
- alemtuzumab (Campath)
- ambenonium - oral, Mytelase
- Aubagio (teriflunomide)
- baclofen (Gablofen, Lioresal)
- benztropine (Cogentin)
- betahistine (oral)
- onabotulinumtoxinA, Botox, Botox Cosmetic
- butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine (Esgic, Fioricet)
- carbamazepine, Tegretol, Tegretol XR , Equetro, Carbatrol, Epitol, Teril
- Cholinesterase Inhibitors (Side Effects, Uses, Interactions)
- Copaxone (glatiramer acetate)
- daclizumab (Zinbryta)
- dalfampridine, Ampyra
- dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera)
- fingolimod (Gilenya)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- gabapentin enacarbil (Horizant, Gralise, Neurontin)
- glatiramer (Copaxone, Glatopa)
- Avonex (interferon beta 1a injection)
- interferon beta-1a (Rebif)
- lamotrigine, Lamictal, Lamictal CD, Lamictal ODT, Lamictal XR
- levetiracetam (Keppra)
- levodopa-carbidopa, Sinemet, Sinemet CR, Parcopa
- lidocaine injection (Xylocaine)
- Cladribine Oral Tablets (10mg) for Multiple Sclerosis
- meclizine, Antivert, Bonine, Meni-D, Antrizine
- Neurontin (gabapentin) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- nimodipine - oral, Nymalize
- peginterferon beta-1a (Plegridy)
- phenytoin (Dilantin)
- pramipexole (Mirapex, Mirapex ER)
- Primidone (Mysoline) Side Effects, Dosage, and Uses
- pyridostigmine (Mestinon)
- rasagiline (Azilect)
- ropinirole (Requip)
- levetiracetam (Keppra) Side Effects
- succimer - oral, Chemet
- Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate)
- teriflunomide (Aubagio)
- tizanidine (Zanaflex)
- topiramate, Topamax, Qudexy XR, Topamax Sprinkle, Topiragen, Trokendi XR
- valproic acid, divalproex, Depakote, Depakote Sprinkle, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor
- vigabatrin - oral
- zonisamide (Zonegran)