- What Is
- Neurogenic Bladder Causes
What is urinary incontinence?
Loss of bladder control is urinary incontinence. Severity ranges from occasionally leaking urine while straining, coughing or sneezing to having a frequent sudden urge to urinate. Urinary incontinence can affect daily activities and quality of life. Therefore, it requires appropriate treatment. Neurological disorders that cause loss of bladder control cause a condition called neurogenic bladder. The cause may be in the brain, spinal cord or nerves supplying the bladder. Treatment involves medical management and lifestyle changes.
What neurological disorders cause loss of bladder control?
The causes of neurologic urinary incontinence include
What are the symptoms of neurological damage to the bladder?
People with this condition may have the following symptoms
How is urinary incontinence treated?
Treatment options for urinary incontinence depend on the type of incontinence, severity and underlying cause. A combination of medical treatments, exercises and lifestyle modifications may be needed to manage urinary continence associated with neurogenic bladder.
Treatment options include
- Behavioral techniques
- Fluid and diet management: This means reducing or avoiding alcohol, caffeine or acidic foods and decreasing fluid consumption.
- Bladder training: This means training the bladder to delay urination after having the urge to urinate. Patients could start by trying to hold off going to the bathroom for 10 minutes every time there’s an urge to urinate and gradually lengthening the time between going to the bathroom.
- Double voiding: This means urinating and then waiting to urinate again after a few minutes.
- Bladder diary: Keeping a bladder diary may help you to record some things that make your symptoms worse.
- Pelvic floor muscle exercises: The pelvic floor muscles support the bladder. Strengthening the pelvic floor muscles by doing exercises recommended by the doctor can help manage urinary incontinence. These are also called Kegel exercises. The first step is to imagine that you're trying to stop urinary flow and then contract or tighten the muscles you would use to do that. Hold the position for two to 10 seconds and then relax for two to 10 seconds. This should be performed at least three times a day for a few minutes each time.
- Electrical stimulation: Electrodes (rods that can conduct small shocks) can be temporarily inserted into the rectum or vagina to stimulate and strengthen the pelvic floor muscles.
- Alpha blockers: They help treat overflow and urge incontinence. They relax the bladder muscles, making it easier to empty the bladder. Examples include Flomax (tamsulosin) and Cardura (doxazosin).
- Anticholinergics: These help to control an overactive bladder and help in treating urge incontinence. Examples include Ditropan XL (oxybutynin) and Sanctura (trospium).
- Mirabegron: This is used to relax the bladder muscles, hence increasing bladder capacity.
- Botulinum toxin (Botox®) injections: These may be used to help patients who have an overactive bladder due to a brain or spinal cord disease or injury. These may need to be repeated every three months.
- Sacral neuromodulation: This technique is used for patients with an overactive bladder when drugs or lifestyle changes do not work. The sacral nerves carry signals between your spine and bladder. Manipulation of these signals can improve overactive bladder symptoms. The surgeon places a thin wire close to the sacral nerves. Then, the wire is connected to a small, battery-operated device placed under your skin. It delivers electrical impulses of harmless intensity to the bladder to stop the “bad” signals that can cause an overactive bladder.
- Catheterization of the bladder: If nothing else works, the bladder may be catheterized for a short or long period of time. A tube is inserted inside the bladder through the urinary opening. This helps drain the bladder. The urine is collected in a bag that is attached to the tube.
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Continence Foundation of Australia
Urology Care Foundation
Top Neurological Disorders Cause Loss Bladder Control Related Articles
Brain Tumor: Warning Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatments, and CureA brain tumor can be either non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), primary, or secondary. Common symptoms of a primary brain tumor are headaches, seizures, memory problems, personality changes, and nausea and vomiting. Causes and risk factors include age, gender, family history, and exposure to chemicals. Treatment is depends upon the tumor type, grade, and location.
What Were Your First Signs and Symptoms of a Brain Tumor?The symptoms of a tumor depend on how big it is and where it is in the brain. Some slow-growing tumors may not cause any symptoms at first. Eventually, the tumor may put pressure on the brain that may cause the signs and symptoms like severe headaches, seizures, irritability, dizziness, personality change and more.
Mercury PoisoningMercury is a naturally occurring element found in water, soil, and the air. Mercury also is contained in some fish, some of the products we use in the home, school, or dentist. Mercury poisoning can cause cognitive problems, dermatitis, tremor and other symptoms. Information about sources of mercury exposure, potential health effects, symptoms of exposure, fish that may contain mercury, consumer products that contain mercury, and ways to reduce your exposure to mercury is important for the health of you, and your family.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage results in symptoms that may include numbness, weakness, vertigo, paralysis, and involuntary muscle contractions. Different forms of MS can follow variable courses from relatively benign to life-threatening. MS is treated with disease-modifying therapies. Some MS symptoms can be treated with medications.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Early Warning Signs and TypesMultiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an immune-mediated inflammatory process involving different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) at various points in time. Early warning signs and symptoms of MS in children, teens, and adults are similar; however, children and teens with pediatric also may have seizures and a complete lack of energy. Adults with MS do not have these signs and symptoms. Other signs and symptoms of MS include inflammation of the optic nerve (optic neuritis), changes in vision, Wiping or having tissues around the eye and moving the eye may be painful, and double vision. There are four types of MS, relapsing remitting MS (RRMS), secondary progressive MS (SPMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), and progressive relapsing MD (PRMS).
MS QuizMultiple Sclerosis is a debilitating neurological condition. Take the MS Quiz to test your knowledge of the causes, symptoms, risks and treatments.
MS SlideshowMS is an autoimmune disease that attacks the nerves of the central nervous system. Learn about multiple sclerosis (MS) causes, symptoms, and treatment, along with diagnosis and life expectancy.
Famous Faces of MSLearn about celebrities, such as Montel Williams and Jack Osbourne, who are living with multiple sclerosis.
Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms PictureSymptoms of multiple sclerosis may be single or multiple and may range from mild to severe in intensity and short to long in duration. See a picture of Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms and learn more about the health topic.
Parkinson's DiseaseParkinson's disease is a slowly progressive neurological disease characterized by a fixed inexpressive face, a tremor at rest, slowing of voluntary movements, a gait with short accelerating steps, peculiar posture and muscle weakness, caused by degeneration of an area of the brain called the basal ganglia, and by low production of the neurotransmitter dopamine. Most patients are over 50, but at least 10 percent are under 40.
Parkinson's SlideshowDiscover the symptoms, causes, stages, and treatment options for Parkinson's disease. Learn more about the stages of Parkinson's disease such as tremors and loss of muscle control.
Spinal Cord Injury: Treatments and RehabilitationWhen vertebrae are broken or dislocated, the result can cause traumatic injury to the spinal cord. A spinal cord injury can have significant physiological consequences. One indication of the severity of a spinal cord injury are respiratory complications. Spinal cord injuries are classified as either. Rehabilitation and recovery of a spinal cord injury is dependant upon the type of injury.
There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Urinary incontinence in men may be caused by prostate or nerve problems. Treatment depends upon the type and severity of the UI and the patient's lifestyle.
Urinary Incontinence in WomenMillions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of urinary incontinence: stress incontinence, urge incontinence, overactive bladder, functional incontinence, overflow incontinence, transient incontinence, and mixed incontinence.
Incontinence in WomenUrinary incontinence in women is a common problem. Overactive bladder (OAB), stress incontinence, and urge incontinence can be treated. Learn more about the types of urinary incontinence, their symptoms, and treatment options.
Urinary Incontinence Products for MenThere are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Urinary incontinence in men may be caused by prostate or nerve problems. Treatment depends upon the type and severity of the UI and the patient's lifestyle.
Urinary Incontinence QuizWhat is urinary incontinence and why do people develop it? Learn all you need to know with this quiz.