- What Is
- What Causes
What is neck pain?
Neck pain is any degree of discomfort in the front or back of the neck between the head and the shoulders. Neck pain can feel dull, aching, sharp, piercing, shooting, burning, and may increase or decrease with certain movements of the neck. Neck pain can range from mild to severe.
What is dizziness?
Dizziness can be characterized as either vertigo with disequilibrium or lightheadedness associated with feeling faint or the potential to lose consciousness or “pass out.” Poor balance generally accompanies dizziness. Dizziness may or may not be associated with pain or other symptoms.
What are the causes and risk factors of neck pain?
Causes of neck pain can include:
- Injury or trauma
- Muscle strain
- Degenerative disc disease
- Disc herniation and cervical radiculopathy
- Ligament damage
- Thyroid disease
- Virus infection
- Bacterial infection
- Fungus infection
Risk factors for neck pain include:
What are the causes and risk factors of dizziness?
Causes of dizziness can include:
- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
- Low blood pressure
- Heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias)
- Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
- Inadequate oxygen supply (hypoxia)
- Migraine headaches
- Benign positional vertigo
- Meniere’s disease
- Drugs, alcohol or medications
- Brain tumor or hemorrhage
- Inner ear infection or tumors
Risk factors for dizziness include:
What are signs of neck pain and dizziness?
Neck pain can be associated with stiffness or abnormal positioning of the neck, commonly referred to as “wry neck.” There may be pain or worsening of pain with certain movements of the neck. Sometimes there is notable swelling and tenderness of neck tissues such as the muscles or lymph nodes, which may be enlarged. Rash may be present. Occasionally, neck pain is associated with dizziness.
When to seek medical care for neck pain and dizziness
With any unexplained or persisting neck pain or dizziness, consult with a health care professional. This is essential to determine whether the symptoms are harmless (benign) and temporary or serious and threatening.
You can often manage common causes of harmless neck pain and dizziness -- including neck strains, viral infections of the mouth and throat, and minor dehydration -- with home remedies and rehydration. You can use over-the-counter analgesics, such as acetaminophen (Tylenol), rest, topical analgesics, and heat applications for minor pain.
What specialists treat conditions that cause neck pain and dizziness?
Specialists who evaluate and treat the causes of neck pain and dizziness include:
- Family practitioners
- General practitioners
- Urgent care doctors
- Emergency physicians
- Internal medicine specialists
- ENT physicians
How do doctors diagnose conditions that cause neck pain and dizziness?
Doctors diagnose the conditions that cause neck pain and dizziness after a history and physical examination, including measuring blood pressure, respiratory rate, and pulse. Doctors may also perform other tests that include blood testing, electrocardiogram (EKG), and imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scan, MRI scan, and others.
What are the treatments for conditions that cause neck pain and dizziness?
The treatments for the conditions that cause neck pain and dizziness depend on the precise condition involved. Treatments can include:
- Heat application
- Blood transfusion
- Glucose administration
- Diabetes treatment
- Oxygen administration
- Muscle relaxants
- Burn care
- Vertigo treatments
- Cardiology care
- Physical therapy (including ultrasound, electric stimulation, and exercises)
What is the prognosis for conditions that cause neck pain and dizziness?
The prognosis, or outlook, for conditions that cause neck pain and dizziness depends on the specific condition causing the symptom. Because common causes of neck pain and dizziness are often benign, the prognosis for conditions that cause neck pain and dizziness is usually good. However, as listed above, many serious causes of neck pain and dizziness can have a worse prognosis or outlook.
How to prevent neck pain and dizziness
To some degree, you can prevent neck pain and dizziness by avoiding injury, staying hydrated, getting regular medical checkups, not smoking, and minimizing alcohol intake.
Latest MedicineNet News
Daily Health News
Health Solutions From Our Sponsors
Top neck pain and dizziness Related Articles
Anemia: Symptoms, Treatment and CausesAnemia is the condition of having less than the normal number of red blood cells or less than the normal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood. The oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is, therefore, decreased. There are several types of anemia such as iron deficiency anemia (the most common type), sickle cell anemia, vitamin B12 anemia, pernicious anemia, and aplastic anemia. Symptoms of anemia may include fatigue, malaise, hair loss, palpitations, menstruation, and medications. Treatment for anemia includes treating the underlying cause for the condition. Iron supplements, vitamin B12 injections, and certain medications may also be necessary.
Brain Cancer SymptomsBrain cancer, whether primary or secondary cancer, involves invasive brain tumors including gliomas and glioblastomas. Learn the brain cancer survival rate, treatment options including chemotherapy, and the different brain tumor grades. Find out how the right treatment plan can fight cancerous brain tissue.
Brain Tumor: Warning Symptoms, Types, Causes, Treatments, and CureA brain tumor can be either non-cancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), primary, or secondary. Common symptoms of a primary brain tumor are headaches, seizures, memory problems, personality changes, and nausea and vomiting. Causes and risk factors include age, gender, family history, and exposure to chemicals. Treatment is depends upon the tumor type, grade, and location.
Concussions & Brain Damage QuizWhat is a concussion? Learn causes, symptoms, and treatments of this very common traumatic brain injury by taking this quick quiz.
Brain Injuries SlidesConcussions are a common type of traumatic brain injury. Read more about symptoms of a concussion, how to treat head injuries, and learn about tests used to diagnose concussions.
DehydrationDehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged vigorous exercise, and some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of dehydration include headache, lightheadedness, constipation, and bad breath. Treatment for dehydration is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
Why Does My Head Ache?Find out what's behind your headache, and get some strategies to bring you relief for your pain.
Headaches QuizIf you're plagued with headaches, our Headaches Quiz may help you identify causes, triggers, symptoms, and treatments for headache pain caused by different types of headaches such as migraines, sinus, cluster, tension, or stress.
Low Blood Sugar (Hypoglycemia)Low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, is a syndrome in which a person's blood sugar is dangerously low. People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk for this condition. There are other diseases that can cause a person's blood sugar levels to go too low, for example, pancreatitis, Cushing's syndrome, and pancreatic cancer. Symptoms and signs that your blood sugar levels are too low include palpitations, trembling, intense hunger, sweating, nervousness, and weakness.
If your blood sugars become too low, use these nearby as a quick treatment table sugar, soda, juice, and glucose tablets.
Inner Ear Infection (Symptoms, Signs, Treatments, Home Remedies)An inner ear infection or otitis interna is caused by viruses or bacteria and can occur in both adults and children. An inner ear infection can cause symptoms and signs, for example, a severe ear, dizziness, vertigo, nausea and vomiting, and vertigo. An inner ear infection also may cause inflammation of the inner ear or labyrinthitis. Inner ear infections are not contagious; however, the bacteria and viruses that cause the infection can be transmitted to other people. Good hygiene practices will help decrease the chances of the infection spreading to others. Inner ear infection symptoms and signs like ear pain and nausea may be relieved with home remedies or over the counter (OTC) medication. Some inner ear infections will need to be treated and cured with antibiotics or prescription pain or antinausea medication.
Is Cervical Laminectomy a Major Surgery?A cervical laminectomy is a major surgical procedure performed on the cervical (neck) region of the spine. The spinal canal is protected by a series of bones called vertebrae. A part of each vertebra bone called the lamina abuts the lamina of adjacent vertebrae to form a bony, flexible tube (spinal canal). In a cervical laminectomy, the laminae of a cervical vertebra are removed to widen the spinal canal and relieve the pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.
Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)Low blood pressure, also referred to as hypotension, is blood pressure that is so low that it causes symptoms or signs due to the low flow of blood through the arteries and veins. Some of the symptoms of low blood pressure include light-headedness, dizziness, and fainting if not enough blood is getting to the brain. Diseases and medications can also cause low blood pressure. When the flow of blood is too low to deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to vital organs such as the brain, heart, and kidneys; the organs do not function normally and may be permanently damaged.
Migraine HeadachesIs it a headache or a migraine? Learn what a migraine is, causes, symptoms, treatments, and at-home remedies.
Migraine HacksA migraine can be more than just a whopping headache. Try these self-care tips for relief before and after it hits.
StrokeA stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
What Can Trigger Vertigo?Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or rocking, even when someone is at rest. Vertigo may be caused by a problem in the brain or spinal cord or a problem within in the inner ear. Head injuries, certain medications, and female gender are associated with a higher risk of vertigo. Medical history, a physical exam, and sometimes an MRI or CT scan are required to diagnose vertigo. The treatment of vertigo may include medication, special exercises to reposition loose crystals in the inner ear, or exercises designed to help the patient re-establish a sense of equilibrium. Controlling risk factors for stroke (blood pressure, weight, cholesterol, and blood glucose) may decrease the risk of developing vertigo.
What is Anterior Cervical Discectomy Used For?Anterior cervical discectomy (ACD) is a procedure to remove a severely damaged or diseased neck bone (cervical vertebrae). There are three main types of anterior cervical discectomy surgeries, one without adding any medical implants, one in which the vertebrae is removed and a bone graft is implanted, and one with a graft and stabilizing metal plate.