Naegleria fowleri is a type of amoeba that can infect the brain and cause a fatal illness. It is common throughout the world and lives in soil and warm freshwater.
The amoeba makes its way into brain tissue and causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM). PAM is rare but almost always fatal. Signs and symptoms start about 1 day to 1 week after exposure and may include
- changes in smell and taste,
- stiff neck,
- nausea, and
Later symptoms include
Causes of a Naegleria fowleri infection
The organism infects people when warm freshwater containing the organism forcefully enters the nose. This can occur through water-related activities, including swimming, jumping, or diving. Participating in sports like waterskiing or tubing behind a boat also are risk factors for contracting the infection.
Other naegleria fowleri infection
Main Article on Naegleria fowleri infection
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