Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage results in symptoms that may include numbness, weakness, vertigo, paralysis, and involuntary muscle contractions. Different forms of MS can follow variable courses from relatively benign to life-threatening. MS is treated with disease-modifying therapies. Some MS symptoms can be treated with medications. Read more: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Life Expectancy Article
Multimedia: Slideshows, Images & Quizzes
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Multiple Sclerosis is a debilitating neurological condition. Take the MS Quiz to test your knowledge of the causes, symptoms,...
Eye Problems & Conditions Quiz
What do you know about your eyes? Take this quick quiz to learn about a range of eye diseases and conditions....
Pain Quiz: Test Your IQ of Pain
Is pain all in the brain? Take the Pain Quiz to learn everything you've ever wanted to know about the unpleasant sensation we...
Picture of Nerve Fibers and Myelin Attack in MS
In multiple sclerosis, an agent such as a virus or foreign antigen, in theory, may alter or interact with the immune system so...
Picture of Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis may be single or multiple and may range from mild to severe in intensity and short to long in...
Pain Management: Surprising Causes of Pain
What’s causing your pain? Learn the common causes of lower back pain, as well as pain in the knee, stomach, kidney, shoulder,...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms and Treatment
Learn about multiple sclerosis (MS) causes, symptoms, and treatment for this autoimmune disease that attacks the nerves of the...
What You Should Know About Multiple Sclerosis
Learn about celebrities, such as Montel Williams and Jack Osbourne, who are living with multiple sclerosis....
Multiple Sclerosis: Making an MS Friendly Home
Adults with multiple sclerosis may be at risk for injuries, hazards, and falling at home. Some simple home modifications can...
Related Disease Conditions
Vertigo (Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, and Home Remedies)
Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or rocking, even when someone is at rest. Vertigo may be caused by a problem in the brain or...
Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing...
Depression: When a Friend is Depressed
Second Source article from Government...
Multiple Sclerosis Early Symptoms and Signs (Early, Body Areas Affected)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission....
Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with rickets, cancer, cardiovascular disease, severe asthma in children and cognitive...
Tremor is the involuntary movements of one or more parts of the body. Causes of tremor include neurological disorders,...
Constipation (Relief, Home Remedies, Treatment Medications)
Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week....
Genetic Disease (List, Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, Prognosis)
The definition of a genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Some types of...
Bladder Infection (Cystitis)
Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including...
Dizziness is a symptom that often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of dizziness...
Fatigue (Symptoms, Causes, Treatment)
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental...
Urinary Incontinence in Women
Millions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of...
Double vision (diplopia) is a symptom that my indicate Graves' disease, myasthenia gravis, stroke, multiple sclerosis,...
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one...
Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence)
Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying...
Pain that originates in the face is referred to as trigeminal neuralgia. This pain may be caused by: an injury, an infection...
MS (Multiple Sclerosis) vs. ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) Differences and Similarities
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lou Gehrig's disease) and MS (multiple sclerosis) are both diseases of the nervous system...
Medical Marijuana (Medical Cannabis)
Medical marijuana (medical cannabis) is a medicine that is plant based. There are two species of medical marijuana; 1) Cannabis...
There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress...
Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, swallowing problems. Dysphagia is due to problems in nerve or muscle control. It is...
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive...
Overactive Bladder (OAB)
Overactive bladder is a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscle wall of the bladder causing urinary urgency (an immediate...
People who have bladder spasms, the sensation occurs suddenly and often severely. A spasm itself is the sudden, involuntary...
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to...
Bowel or fecal incontinence refers to the loss of voluntary control of stool, or bowel movements. The condition can include...
Uveitis is inflammation of the eye. Symptoms include blurred vision, eye pain, eye redness, photophobia, and floaters. Treatment...
Is MS Contagious? (Multiple Sclerosis)
Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a degenerative disease of the covering around the nerves in the central nervous system (CNS)....
Nerve Disease and Bladder Control
A nerve problem might affect your bladder control if the nerves that are supposed to carry messages between the brain and the...
Alternative Treatment for MS (CAM for MS)
The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been...
Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain
Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system...
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Pregnancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is a central nervous system disease in which the immune system attacks the myelin sheath (the protective...
Local ResourcesFind a local Neurologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Liver Blood Tests (Normal, Low, and High Ranges & Results)
- CT Scan vs. MRI (Differences between Machines, Costs, Uses)
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- Lumbar Puncture (LP or Spinal Tap)
- IV Drug Infusion FAQs
- Deep Brain Stimulation
- Baclofen Pump (Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis)
- Botox to Treat Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Numbness Toes
- Hand and Finger Numbness
- Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea)
- Blurred Vision
- Difficulty Urinating
- Tingling Tongue
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Eye Pain
- Frequent Urination
- Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)
- Difficulty With Speech
- Vision Loss
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Vaginal Dryness
- Memory Loss
- Urinary Incontinence
- Unsteady Gait
- Loss of Temperature Sensation
- Abnormal Facial Expressions
- Double Vision
- Urinary Retention
- Chronic Pain
- Fecal Incontinence
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Advance Medical Directives
- Pain FAQs
- Multiple Sclerosis MS FAQs
- Eyes and Eye Conditions FAQs
- Coping with a Bad Disease - Community Counts
- Shortness of Breath & VP Cheney
- Multiple Sclerosis: New Treatment Possibility for MS
- Multiple Sclerosis: New Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Suspended
- The Hygiene Hypothesis
- Multiple Sclerosis Treatment
Medications & Supplements
- interferon beta-1a prefilled syringe - injection, Avonex
- interferon beta 1a - subcutaneous injection, Rebif
- Antidepressants (Depression Medications)
- baclofen (Gablofen, Lioresal)
- ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba, Fossil Tree, Kew Tree, Silver Apricot)
- Monoclonal Antibodies
- Baclofen vs. Flexeril (Side Effects and Interactions)
- dantrolene - oral, Dantrium
- fingolimod, Gilenya
- dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera)
- Avonex (interferon beta 1a injection)
- mitoxantrone (Novantrone)
- dalfampridine, Ampyra
- teriflunomide (Aubagio)
- interferon beta-1b (Betaseron, Extavia)
- natalizumab - injection, Tysabri
- glatiramer (Copaxone, Glatopa)
- interferon beta-1a (Rebif)
- peginterferon beta-1a (Plegridy)
- daclizumab (Zinbryta)
Prevention & Wellness
- New Drug Could Help Kids With MS
- Drug Slows Brain Shrinkage in Progressive MS
- Doctors Discover New Type of Multiple Sclerosis
- Pain, Sleeplessness Often Precede MS: Study
- New MRI Test May Predict Severity of MS
- Vitamin D No Panacea for Brain Diseases
- Paints, Solvents Tied to Big Rise in MS Risk for Some Smokers
- Massive Study Finds Same Genes Drive Many Psychiatric Conditions
- Use of MS Drug Expanded to Include Children
- Patients Crowdfunding for Fake Stem Cell Treatments: Study
- Don't Wait to Take MS Drugs
- Stem Cell Transplant for MS Shows Promise
- Sunnier Days in Youth May Mean Less Odds of MS Later
- Eating Fish Might Guard Against MS
- MS Drug Poses Hard Choices for Women Wanting Children
- MS Patients May Gain From Balance-Focused Workouts
- Healthy Living May Ease Some MS Symptoms
- Controversial MS Treatment Found to Be Ineffective
- High-Fat Diets Could Pose Danger to Young MS Patients
- Clues to MS May Lurk in Gut Bacteria
- More Evidence Links the 'Mono' Virus to MS Risk
- Resistance Training May Slow MS, Study Says
- Breast-Feeding May Lower Risk of MS, Study Says
- MS-Related Brain Changes May Affect Social Skills
- Black, Hispanic Americans Less Likely to See a Neurologist
- Vitamin D Fails the Asthma Test
- Immune-Based Therapy Shows Early Promise Against MS
- New MS Drug Approved by FDA
- Controversial MS Treatment Seems Ineffective
- FDA Throws Cold Water on Whole Body Cryotherapy
- Scientists Spot Signs That Predict Worsening Multiple Sclerosis
- Immune Disorders Such as MS, Psoriasis May Be Tied to Dementia Risk
- Stem Cell Transplants May Help Some With Multiple Sclerosis
- Fate of Lesser-Known Obamacare Benefits Not Known
- U.S. Report Cites the Good and Bad on Marijuana
- Does Living Near Major Roads Boost Dementia Risk?
- New MS Drug Shows 'Breakthrough' Promise for Advanced Disease
- Could Low Vitamin D Levels at Birth Mean Higher MS Risk?
- MS Symptoms May Develop Earlier in Darker, Cooler Climes
- Nearly 3 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Weakened Immunity: Study
- Powerful MS Drug Used Early May Reverse Some Disability
- Exercise May Not Lower Women's Risk of Multiple Sclerosis
- Drug Shows Promise Against MS in Mouse Study
- Treating Early Symptoms of MS May Extend Time to Diagnosis
- Beware Whole Body Cryotherapy Claims, FDA Warns
- Hundreds of U.S. Clinics Sell Unapproved Stem Cell 'Therapies'
- Poor Sleep May Worsen Thinking Problems in MS Patients
- MS Stem Cell Therapy Succeeds But Poses Risks
- What a Change in DEA's Pot Rules Might Mean for Medical Research
- Health Tip: Wishing for Better Balance?
- Allergy Med Might Also Fight MS-Linked Eye Damage
- Zika May Be Linked to Autoimmune Brain Disorder, Study Says
- Low Prenatal Vitamin D Linked to Later MS in Offspring
- Heavy Coffee Drinkers Show Lower Risk of Multiple Sclerosis
- MS Drug Tied to Higher Risk for Potentially Deadly Brain Virus
- Multiple Sclerosis Stem Cell Treatment: FAQ
- Could High-Dose Vitamin D Help Fight Multiple Sclerosis?
- Coffee Drinkers May Live Longer
- Sun Exposure in Teen Years May Delay Onset of MS: Study
- New MS Drug Yields Mixed Results in Study
- Childhood Brain Tumor Survivors May Have Memory Troubles
- Seasonal Melatonin Levels May Affect MS Flare-Ups, Study Says
- Quitting Smoking After MS Diagnosis May Delay Disease Progression
- Women Who Breast-Feed Less Likely to Have MS Relapse: Study
- Exercise May Help Kids With Multiple Sclerosis
- MS May Raise Odds for Earlier Death, Study Finds
- Vitamin D Levels Tied to Survival in Seriously Ill Cats
- Immune System Genes May Change With the Seasons: Study
- Prices of MS Drugs Soaring, Study Finds
- Generic Copaxone Approved for Multiple Sclerosis
- New Drug Shows Promise for MS
- New Specialty Medicines Drive Up Drug Spending
- Ingredient in MS, Psoriasis Drugs Linked to Two Deadly Brain Infections
- New Test Helps Diagnose Delayed Stomach Emptying
- Could Coffee Lower Risk of Multiple Sclerosis?
- Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Lower Levels of Key Nutrients in Women
- Mercury in Seafood May Raise Risk of Autoimmune Diseases in Women: Study
- Early Study Says Stem Cells May Reverse Multiple Sclerosis Disability
- Ulcer Bacteria Tied to Lower Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Women
- Study: HPV Vaccine Doesn't Increase Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
- Stem Cell Therapy for MS Shows Promise
- Neurologists Say Jury Still Out on Medical Marijuana's Use for Brain Disorders
- Research Shows No Link Between Vaccinations, Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
- Can Diet Affect Multiple Sclerosis?
- New Myelin Loss Linked to MS Severity: Study
- Study: Undiagnosed Sleep Disorders Common With Multiple Sclerosis
- Could Too Much Salt Harm MS Patients?
- Playing Video Game May Boost MS Patients' Balance: Study
- People With HIV May Be at Lower Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
- Stem Cells Reverse MS-Like Illness in Mice
- Medical Marijuana May Ease Some MS Symptoms, Study Concludes
- Rare, But Serious, Side Effect Reported With One MS Drug
- New Clues to Link Between MS Drug Tysabri and Rare Brain Disease
- New Clues to Link Between MS Drug Tysabri and Rare Brain Disease
- Medical Marijuana Pills May Ease Some MS Symptoms: Review
- Cholesterol Drug Might Help Slow MS Progression
- Obesity, 'The Pill' May Raise MS Risk, Research Suggests
- Blood Sample Might Predict MS Long Before Symptoms Start
- FDA approves Copaxone 3 times a week for MS
- Vitamin D Supplements: FAQ
- Risk for MS Among Patients' Relatives Not As High As Thought
- FDA Rejects MS Drug Lemtrada
- Hyperbaric Oxygen Chambers Aren't Cure-Alls, FDA Warns
- Controversial Theory Behind Possible MS Cause Refuted
- Ingredient in New MS Drug Linked to Serious Brain Disease
- New Kind of Therapy Shows Early Promise in MS Patients
- New MS Drug Tecfidera: Q&A
- Ingredient in New MS Drug Linked to Serious Brain Disease
- Shrinkage of Brain Region May Signal Onset of Multiple Sclerosis
- Your Autoantibody 'Profile' Might Someday Help Spot Illness
- Babies' Birth Month May Affect MS Risk: Study
- Tecfidera Approved for Multiple Sclerosis
- FDA Approves New Multiple Sclerosis Drug
- Salty Diet Might Help Trigger MS, Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Brain Scans May Explain Thinking, Memory Problems in Some MS Patients
- Eye Scan Could Help Track Progress of Multiple Sclerosis
- Marijuana Extract May Not Relieve MS Spasms: Review
- Vitamin D in Pregnancy May Be Key to Women's Risk for MS, Study Says
- Nanoparticles Show Potential for Treating MS
- Month of Birth Might Help Determine MS Risk, Study Suggests
- Leukemia Drug Is Highly Effective MS Treatment
- Stem Cell Transplants May Show Promise for Multiple Sclerosis
- Marijuana Extract May Help Ease Muscle Stiffness in MS: Study
- Statins Tied to Reduced Glaucoma Risk
- Retina's Thickness May Be Tied to Severity of MS, Study Suggests
- Screening Tool Reveals Two Multiple Sclerosis Types
- Experimental MS Pill Continues to Show Promise
- FDA Approves New Multiple Sclerosis Drug Aubagio
- More Benefits of Breast Milk Revealed
- Study Casts Doubt on Link Between MS and Vein Trouble
- In Mice, Alzheimer's-Linked Protein Shows Promise Against MS
- Multiple Sclerosis Drugs May Not Delay Disability
- Sodium Buildup in Brain Linked to Disability in MS Patients
- Scientists Pinpoint Antibody That May Be Specific to MS Patients
- Stress Management May Prevent MS Brain Lesions
- Botox May Ease Tremors in Multiple Sclerosis Patients
- Fertility Treatment Tied to Higher Relapse Rate in Women With MS
- Study Shows MS Patients at Most Risk for Drug-Linked Brain Illness
- Pot Might Help Ease Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms
- FDA Issues Multiple Sclerosis Drug Alert
- FDA Issues Warning on Controversial MS Treatment
- New Warnings for MS Drug Gilenya After FDA Review
- Early Use of MS Drug May Cut Likelihood of Progression
- Fish Oil Supplements Won't Help in Multiple Sclerosis: Study
- Experimental Pill for Multiple Sclerosis Shows Promise
- Diet, Smoking May Affect MS Progression
- Treating Clogged Veins Improves MS, Study Says
- Experimental Pill May Ease Multiple Sclerosis Disability
- Past Pregnancies May Protect Against MS
- Autoinjector Version of MS Drug Approved
- New Blood Test for Parkinson's Studied
- Chinese Herb Targets Immune System
- Study Finds No Link Between HPV Vaccine and Autoimmune Disorders
- Health Highlights: Jan. 24, 2012
- Health Highlights: Jan. 23, 2012
- First Test Approved to Help Detect Risk of Rare Brain Infection
- 'Exoskeleton' Helps Paralyzed Stand, Take Steps
- MS May Take a Different Pathway Than Previously Thought
- Foundation Aims to Raise Awareness of Brain Diseases
- Early-Stage MS Patients May Have Fracture Risk
- New Guidelines Suggest Higher Doses of Vitamin D
- Study: Stress Is Not Linked to MS Risk
- Low Vitamin D Levels May Be Linked to MS
- Low Vitamin D at Birth Linked to Lung Infections
- Stem Cell Transplants May Treat Aggressive MS
- Higher Vitamin D Intake Could Cut Cancer Risk
- Women With MS More Likely to Have Gene Mutation
- Worm Eggs May Heal Ulcerative Colitis
- FDA Panel Votes to Approve Gilenia, First Oral MS Drug
- 2 Types of MS, Study Reveals
- Migraines in Women May Have Link to MS
- Milk for Mom May Lower Baby's MS Risk
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