Multiple sclerosis or MS is an autoimmune disorder in which brain and spinal cord nerve cells become demyelinated. This damage results in symptoms that may include numbness, weakness, vertigo, paralysis, and involuntary muscle contractions. Different forms of MS can follow variable courses from relatively benign to life-threatening. MS is treated with disease-modifying therapies. Some MS symptoms can be treated with medications. Read more: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Life Expectancy Article
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Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Multiple Sclerosis is a debilitating neurological condition. Take the MS Quiz to test your knowledge of the causes, symptoms,...
Eye Problems & Conditions Quiz
What do you know about your eyes? Take this quick quiz to learn about a range of eye diseases and conditions.
Pain Quiz: Test Your IQ of Pain
Is pain all in the brain? Take the Pain Quiz to learn everything you've ever wanted to know about the unpleasant sensation we...
Picture of Nerve Fibers and Myelin Attack in MS
In multiple sclerosis, an agent such as a virus or foreign antigen, in theory, may alter or interact with the immune system so...
Picture of Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms
Symptoms of multiple sclerosis may be single or multiple and may range from mild to severe in intensity and short to long in...
Pain Management: Surprising Causes of Pain
What’s causing your pain? Learn the common causes of lower back pain, as well as pain in the knee, stomach, kidney, shoulder,...
What Is Multiple Sclerosis? MS Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis
MS is an autoimmune disease that attacks the nerves of the central nervous system. Learn about multiple sclerosis (MS) causes,...
What You Should Know About Multiple Sclerosis
Learn about celebrities, such as Montel Williams and Jack Osbourne, who are living with multiple sclerosis.
Multiple Sclerosis: Making an MS Friendly Home
Adults with multiple sclerosis may be at risk for injuries, hazards, and falling at home. Some simple home modifications can...
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Second Source article from Government
Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week. Constipation usually is caused by the slow movement of stool through the colon. There are many causes of constipation including medications, poor bowel habits, low fiber diets, laxative abuse, and hormonal disorders, and diseases primarily of other parts of the body that also affect the colon.
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Erectile Dysfunction (ED, Impotence)
Erectile dysfunction (ED, impotence) is the failure to achieve or maintain an erection. There are many potential underlying causes of erectile dysfunction, including stress and emotional problems, brain dysfunction, problems with blood supply to the penis, and structural problems with the penis.
Tremor is the involuntary movements of one or more parts of the body. Causes of tremor include neurological disorders, neurodegenerative diseases, drugs, mercury poisoning, overactive thyroid and liver failure. There are several types of tremor. Treatment depends upon the type of tremor and availability of medications for the condition.
Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or rocking, even when someone is at rest. Vertigo may be caused by a problem in the brain or spinal cord or a problem within in the inner ear. Head injuries, certain medications, and female gender are associated with a higher risk of vertigo. Medical history, a physical exam, and sometimes an MRI or CT scan are required to diagnose vertigo. The treatment of vertigo may include medication, special exercises to reposition loose crystals in the inner ear, or exercises designed to help the patient re-establish a sense of equilibrium. Controlling risk factors for stroke (blood pressure, weight, cholesterol, and blood glucose) may decrease the risk of developing vertigo.
Swallowing Problems (Dysphagia)
Dysphagia or difficulty in swallowing, swallowing problems. Dysphagia is due to problems in nerve or muscle control. It is common, for example, after a stroke. Dysphagia compromises nutrition and hydration and may lead to aspiration pneumonia and dehydration.
There are many types of urinary incontinence (UI), which is the accidental leakage of urine. These types include stress incontinence, urge incontinence, and overflow incontinence. Urinary incontinence in men may be caused by prostate or nerve problems. Treatment depends upon the type and severity of the UI and the patient's lifestyle.
Overactive Bladder (OAB)
Overactive bladder is a sudden involuntary contraction of the muscle wall of the bladder causing urinary urgency (an immediate unstoppable need to urinate). Overactive bladder is is a form of urinary incontinence. Treatment options may include Kegel exercises, biofeedback, vaginal weight training, pelvic floor electrical stimulation, behavioral therapy, and medications.
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.
Genetic Diseases (Disorder Definition, Types, and Examples)
The definition of a genetic disease is a disorder or condition caused by abnormalities in a person's genome. Some types of genetic inheritance include single inheritance, including cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia, Marfan syndrome, and hemochromatosis. Other types of genetic diseases include multifactorial inheritance. Still other types of genetic diseases include chromosome abnormalities (for example, Turner syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome), and mitochondrial inheritance (for example, epilepsy and dementia).
Bowel Incontinence (Fecal Incontinence)
Bowel or fecal incontinence refers to the loss of voluntary control of stool, or bowel movements. The condition can include partial incontinence, in which a person loses only a small amount of liquid waste, to complete incontinence, in which the entire bowel movement cannot be controlled. Diet changes and elimination of certain medications can help patients to regain bowel control. Treatment involves a combination of medication, biofeedback, and exercise.
Pain that originates in the face is referred to as trigeminal neuralgia. This pain may be caused by: an injury, an infection in the face, a nerve disorder, or it can occur for no known reason. Trigeminal neuralgia can be treated with antiseizure medications. Some antidepressant drugs also have significant pain relieving effects.
Sexual Problems in Men
Male sexual dysfunction can be caused by physical or psychological problems. Common sexual problems in men include erectile dysfunction (impotence or ED), premature ejaculation, and loss of libido. Treatment for sexual dysfunction in men may involve medication, hormone therapy, psychological therapy, and the use of mechanical aids.
Alternative Treatment for MS (CAM for MS)
The term alternative therapy, in general, is used to describe any medical treatment or intervention that has not been scientifically documented or identified as safe or effective for a specific condition. Alternative therapy encompasses a variety of disciplines that range from diet and exercise to mental conditioning to lifestyle changes.
Uveitis is inflammation of the eye. Symptoms include blurred vision, eye pain, eye redness, photophobia, and floaters. Treatment may involve prescription eyedrops, antibiotics, and wearing dark glasses.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
Urinary Incontinence in Women
Millions of women suffer from urinary incontinence (UI). UI occurs twice as often in women as in men. There are many types of urinary incontinence: stress incontinence, urge incontinence, overactive bladder, functional incontinence, overflow incontinence, transient incontinence, and mixed incontinence.
Dizziness is a symptom that often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of dizziness include low blood pressure, heart problems, anemia, dehydration, and other medical conditions. Treatment of dizziness depends on the cause.
Muscle spasms are involuntary muscle contractions that come on suddenly and are usually quite painful. Dehydration, doing strenuous exercise in a hot environment, prolonged muscle use, and certain diseases of the nervous system may cause muscle spasms. Symptoms and signs of a muscle spasm include an acute onset of pain and a possible bulge seen or felt beneath the skin where the muscle is located. Gently stretching the muscle usually resolves a muscle spasm.
Nerve Disease and Bladder Control
A nerve problem might affect your bladder control if the nerves that are supposed to carry messages between the brain and the bladder do not work properly. Such problems include urine retention, poor control of sphincter muscles, and overactive bladder. Treatment depends upon the cause of the nerve damage and resulting type of bladder control problem.
People who have bladder spasms, the sensation occurs suddenly and often severely. A spasm itself is the sudden, involuntary squeezing of a muscle. A bladder spasm, or "detrusor contraction," occurs when the bladder muscle squeezes suddenly without warning, causing an urgent need to release urine. The spasm can force urine from the bladder, causing leakage. When this happens, the condition is called urge incontinence or overactive bladder.
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Vitamin D Deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked with rickets, cancer, cardiovascular disease, severe asthma in children and cognitive impairment in older adults. Causes include not ingesting enough of the vitamin over time, having limited exposure to sunlight, having dark skin, and obesity. Symptoms include bone pain and muscle weakness. Treatment for vitamin D deficiency involves obtaining more vitamin D through supplements, diet, or exposure to sunlight.
Bladder Infection (Cystitis)
Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including females, the elderly, men with enlarged prostates, and those with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for bladder infection. Bladder infections are treated with antibiotics, but cranberry products and adequate hydration may help prevent bladder infections.
Double vision (diplopia) is a symptom that my indicate Graves' disease, myasthenia gravis, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, diabetes, cataracts, aneurysm, brain tumor, or migraine. Symptoms and signs include eye pain, droopy eyelids, nausea, headache, and a cross-eyed appearance. Treatment of double vision depends upon the underlying cause.
Pain Management: Neuropathic Pain
Neuropathic pain is chronic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. The injury can be to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) or the peripheral nervous system (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord).
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms vary from person to person, and can last for days to months without periods of remission. Symptoms of MS include sexual problems and problems with the bowel, bladder, eyes, muscles, speech, swallowing, brain, and nervous system. The early symptoms and signs of multiple sclerosis usually start between age 20 and 40. MS in children, teens, and those over age 40 is rare. Treatment options for multiple sclerosis vary depending on the type and severity of symptoms. Medications may be prescribed to manage MS symptoms.
Medical Marijuana (Medical Cannabis)
Medical marijuana (medical cannabis) is a medicine that is plant based. There are two species of medical marijuana; 1) Cannabis sativa, and 2) Cannabis indica. Medical marijuana is used to treat pain, nausea, anxiety, MS, insomnia, seizures, and muscle spasms. Medical cannabis is legal in a variety of states in the US. A card or licence is required to purchase medical marijuana in states where it is legal; however, medical cannabis is against Federal law. Medical marijuana comes in a variety of products, for example, gummy bears and other candy, muffins, cookies, drinks, salves, ointments, creams, oils, and wax.
Is MS Contagious? (Multiple Sclerosis)
Multiple sclerosis, or MS, is a degenerative disease of the covering around the nerves in the central nervous system (CNS). Researchers and doctors don't know the exact cause, but many theorize that it may be due to environmental triggers, an autoimmune disease, and viruses (infections). Symptoms of MS include vision changes, paralysis, vertigo, heat intolerance, slurred speech, sexual dysfunction, and urinary incontinence (the inability to urinate). There's no vaccine or cure for MS, but the progression and symptoms of the disease can be treated.
MS (Multiple Sclerosis) vs. ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) Differences and Similarities
ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lou Gehrig's disease) and MS (multiple sclerosis) are both diseases of the nervous system (neurodegenerative). ALS is a disease in which the nerve cells in the body are attacked by the immune system, although it's not considered an autoimmune disease by some scientists. MS is an autoimmune disease in which the insulated covering of the nerves (myelin sheath) in the CNS (central nervous system) degenerate, or deteriorate. Scientists don't know the exact cause of either problem. However, they have discovered that mutations in the gene that produces the SOD1 enzyme were associated with some cases of familial ALS. Scientists also theorize that multiple sclerosis may be caused by infection or vitamin D deficiency. ALS occurs between 50-70 years of age (the average age of occurrence ALS is 55), and mostly affects men. While MS occurs between 20-60 years of age, and mostly affects women. About 30,000 people in the US have ALS, and an average of 5,000 new diagnoses per year (that's about 15 new cases per week). Worldwide, MS affects more than 2.3 million people, with about 10,000 new cases diagnosed each year (that's about 200 new diagnoses per week).Some of the signs and symptoms of both diseases include muscle weakness, muscle spasms, problems walking, fatigue, slurred speech, and problems swallowing. ALS signs and symptoms that are different from MS include problems holding the head upright, clumsiness, muscle cramps and twitches, problems holding objects, and uncontrollable periods of laughing or crying. MS signs and symptoms that are different from ALS include vision problems, vertigo and balance problems, sexual problems, memory problems, depression, mood swings, and digestive problems. There is no cure for either disease, however the prognosis and life expectancy are different. Multiple sclerosis is not a fatal condition, while ALS progresses rapidly and leads to death.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Pregnancy
Multiple sclerosis or MS is a central nervous system disease in which the immune system attacks the myelin sheath (the protective coating around nerves). Symptoms of MS include pain, sexual problems, fatigue, numbness and tingling, emotional changes, and depression.Women who are pregnant and have multiple sclerosis may have more difficulty carrying a pregnancy. Multiple sclerosis does not affect ability to conceive, and does not seem to affect fertility. MS symptoms during pregnancy may stay the same or get better; however, they may worsen after giving birth. Pregnancy decreases the number of relapses, but flares increase in the first 3-6 months after delivery. Pregnant women with MS may carrying a pregnancy more difficult to tell when labor starts, and there is an increased need to use forceps or vacuum to assist with delivery or b7 C-section (Cesarean birth) increases. Some treatment MS drugs may be safe to use during pregnancy; however, some drugs should not be taken, for example, baclofen (Gablofen, Lioresal), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), or solifenacin succinate (VESIcare), and most disease-modifying therapies (DMTs). Talk with your healthcare team about vitamins, supplements, and medications that you are taking if you are pregnant and have MS.
Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) is common in older individuals and happens when too much antidiuretic hormone releases and causes water retention and a low sodium level. There are several causes of SIADH. Symptoms include seizures, irritability, elevated systolic blood pressure, and hyponatremia, among others. Treatment involves restricting fluids, treating the underlying cause, and taking medications to decrease the antidiuretic hormone's effect on the kidneys.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Early Warning Signs and Types
Multiple sclerosis (MS) can be thought of as an immune-mediated inflammatory process involving different areas of the central nervous system (CNS) at various points in time. Early warning signs and symptoms of MS in children, teens, and adults are similar; however, children and teens with pediatric also may have seizures and a complete lack of energy. Adults with MS do not have these signs and symptoms. Other signs and symptoms of MS include inflammation of the optic nerve (optic neuritis), changes in vision, Wiping or having tissues around the eye and moving the eye may be painful, and double vision. There are four types of MS, relapsing remitting MS (RRMS), secondary progressive MS (SPMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS), and progressive relapsing MD (PRMS).
What are the First Signs of MS?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease in which a person’s immune system attacks the cells of their brain and spinal cord. It is an autoimmune disease — a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. MS damages the nervous system to the extent that most of the patients are physically disabled in a span of 20 to 25 years. And MS is two times more common in women than in men.
Can Stress Cause Multiple Sclerosis (MS)?
Multiple sclerosis (MS) results when your immune system attacks the cells of the brain and spinal cord. It is an autoimmune disease, a condition in which the body’s immune system is misdirected and attacks its own cells. Stress can make it difficult for a person to manage MS symptoms. Regular exercise and mindful eating have been found to control the stress levels and overall health of people with MS.
What Are the Early Signs of Multiple Sclerosis?
Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks the central nervous system (spinal cord and brain) by damaging and destroying the protective myelin sheath around the nerve fibers. Someone with multiple sclerosis might develop problems with muscle control, vision, bladder control and other body functions.
What Are Some Taste Disorders?
The most common taste disorders involve phantom taste disorders, hypogeusia, ageusia and dysgeusia. Taste disorders may be related to diabetes, high blood pressure, poor nutrition, poor dental hygiene, COVID and nervous system disorders.
What Neurological Disorders Cause Loss of Bladder Control?
Loss of bladder control is urinary incontinence. Severity ranges from occasionally leaking urine while straining, coughing or sneezing to having a frequent sudden urge to urinate. The causes of neurologic urinary incontinence include multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, stroke, brain tumor, spinal injury and heavy metal poisoning.
Local ResourcesFind a local Neurologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- Liver Blood Tests
- Lumbar Puncture (LP or Spinal Tap)
- Deep Brain Stimulation
- Baclofen Pump (Therapy for Multiple Sclerosis)
- Botox to Treat Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- IV Drug Infusion FAQs
- CT Scan vs. MRI
- How Painful is a Lumbar Puncture?
- What Are Muscle Biopsy and Clinical and Laboratory Features of Neuromuscular Disease?
- What Is the Cause of Cotard’s Syndrome?
- Who Is at High Risk for Multiple Sclerosis?
- What Does an MS Attack Feel Like?
- Advance Medical Directives
- Erectile Dysfunction (Impotence)
- Urinary Incontinence
- Hand and Finger Numbness
- Numbness Toes
- Vaginal Dryness
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Eye Pain
- Frequent Urination
- Shortness of Breath (Dyspnea)
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Chronic Pain
- Memory Loss
- Blurred Vision
- Double Vision
- Loss of Temperature Sensation
- Ptosis (Drooping Eye)
- Difficulty With Speech
- Urinary Retention
- Tingling Tongue
- Vision Loss
- Unsteady Gait
- Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
- Difficulty Urinating
- Fecal Incontinence
- Abnormal Facial Expressions
- Loss of Smell (Anosmia)
- Inability to Exercise (Exercise Intolerance)
- Pinpoint Pupils (Miosis)
- Pain FAQs
- Multiple Sclerosis MS FAQs
- Eyes and Eye Conditions FAQs
- Coping with a Bad Disease - Community Counts
- Shortness of Breath & VP Cheney
- Multiple Sclerosis: New Treatment Possibility for MS
- Multiple Sclerosis: New Multiple Sclerosis Treatment Suspended
- The Hygiene Hypothesis
- Multiple Sclerosis Treatment
Medications & Supplements
- interferon beta-1a prefilled syringe - injection, Avonex
- interferon beta 1a - subcutaneous injection, Rebif
- baclofen (Gablofen, Lioresal)
- Interferon: Potential COVID-19 Treatment
- natalizumab - injection, Tysabri
- mitoxantrone (Novantrone)
- dantrolene - oral, Dantrium
- glatiramer (Copaxone, Glatopa)
- ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba)
- Avonex (interferon beta 1a injection)
- Antidepressants (Depression Medications)
- fingolimod (Gilenya)
- dalfampridine, Ampyra
- dimethyl fumarate (Tecfidera)
- teriflunomide (Aubagio)
- interferon beta-1a (Rebif)
- peginterferon beta-1a (Plegridy)
- daclizumab (Zinbryta)
- Monoclonal Antibodies
- Baclofen vs. Flexeril (Side Effects and Interactions)
- Interferon Beta-1b (Betaseron, Extavia)
- Cladribine Oral Tablets (10mg) for Multiple Sclerosis
- Aubagio (teriflunomide)
- Copaxone (glatiramer acetate)
- Tecfidera (dimethyl fumarate)
- Mayzent (siponimod)
- Side Effects of Aubagio (teriflunomide)
- Side Effects of Zanaflex (tizanidine)
- Side Effects of Plegridy (peginterferon beta-1a)
- Side Effects of Novantrone (mitoxantrone)
- Side Effects of Betaseron (interferon beta-1b)
- Side Effects of Gilenya (fingolimod)
- Side Effects of Rebif (interferon beta-1a)
- Lemtrada (alemtuzumab)
- Vumerity (diroximel)
Prevention & Wellness
- New Drug Offers Hope Against MS
- Many MS Patients Struggle With Finances, Forgo Treatments
- New Drug May Beat Older One at Preventing MS Relapse
- MS Patients Turn to Marijuana, Other Alternative Treatments
- Icky Prescription: Could Hookworms Help Ease MS?
- Dirty City Air Might Raise MS Risk
- Multiple Sclerosis Ups Odds for Heart Trouble, Stroke
- High-Tech 'Exoskeleton' Can Give Mobility Back to People With MS
- Lab Discovery Offers Promise for Treating Multiple Sclerosis
- Prices of MS Medications Keep Soaring
- Breastfeeding May Bring Added Bonus for Women With MS
- FDA Approves First Generic Forms of MS Drug Gilenya
- Could MS Have Links to the Herpes Virus?
- For Medicare Patients, Costs of MS Drugs Rise Sevenfold Over 10 Years
- Regular Vaccines Advised With Multiple Sclerosis
- Scans Reveal 'Smoldering' Spots in Brains Touched by MS
- Surgery Not a Relapse Risk for MS Patients
- MS Linked to Higher Cancer Risk
- Obesity Could Worsen MS Disability
- MS Patients Now Pay 20 Times More for Drugs Than a Decade Ago
- Many Misdiagnosed With MS
- Second New MS Drug Secures FDA Approval
- Mavenclad Approved for Multiple Sclerosis
- Mayzent Approved for Relapsing MS
- Common MS Treatment Can Bring Longer, Healthier Life
- Managing MS
- Study Disputes Pregnancy Link to MS Relapses
- Could Too Much Soda Worsen MS?
- Hot Cocoa May Ease the Fatigue of MS
- MS Drug Costs Skyrocket After Medicare Rule Change: Study
- Health Tip: Managing Fatigue Associated With MS
- Stem Cell Transplant May Help Some With Aggressive MS
- Drug May Delay MS Disability for Some
- Food Allergies Tied to MS Relapses
- FDA Warns of Rare Stroke Risk With MS Drug
- Low-Dose Aspirin May Help Fight MS, Mouse Study Hints
- Selma Blair Reveals MS Diagnosis
- Medical Marijuana Might Help MS Patients, But Uncertainty Remains
- For Many With MS, Well-Being Increases With Age
- New Drug Could Help Kids With MS
- Drug Slows Brain Shrinkage in Progressive MS
- Doctors Discover New Type of Multiple Sclerosis
- Pain, Sleeplessness Often Precede MS: Study
- New MRI Test May Predict Severity of MS
- Vitamin D No Panacea for Brain Diseases
- Paints, Solvents Tied to Big Rise in MS Risk for Some Smokers
- Massive Study Finds Same Genes Drive Many Psychiatric Conditions
- Use of MS Drug Expanded to Include Children
- Patients Crowdfunding for Fake Stem Cell Treatments: Study
- Don't Wait to Take MS Drugs
- Stem Cell Transplant for MS Shows Promise
- Sunnier Days in Youth May Mean Less Odds of MS Later
- Eating Fish Might Guard Against MS
- MS Drug Poses Hard Choices for Women Wanting Children
- MS Patients May Gain From Balance-Focused Workouts
- Healthy Living May Ease Some MS Symptoms
- Controversial MS Treatment Found to Be Ineffective
- High-Fat Diets Could Pose Danger to Young MS Patients
- Clues to MS May Lurk in Gut Bacteria
- More Evidence Links the 'Mono' Virus to MS Risk
- Resistance Training May Slow MS, Study Says
- Breast-Feeding May Lower Risk of MS, Study Says
- MS-Related Brain Changes May Affect Social Skills
- Black, Hispanic Americans Less Likely to See a Neurologist
- Vitamin D Fails the Asthma Test
- Immune-Based Therapy Shows Early Promise Against MS
- New MS Drug Approved by FDA
- Controversial MS Treatment Seems Ineffective
- FDA Throws Cold Water on Whole Body Cryotherapy
- Scientists Spot Signs That Predict Worsening Multiple Sclerosis
- Immune Disorders Such as MS, Psoriasis May Be Tied to Dementia Risk
- Stem Cell Transplants May Help Some With Multiple Sclerosis
- Fate of Lesser-Known Obamacare Benefits Not Known
- U.S. Report Cites the Good and Bad on Marijuana
- Does Living Near Major Roads Boost Dementia Risk?
- New MS Drug Shows 'Breakthrough' Promise for Advanced Disease
- Could Low Vitamin D Levels at Birth Mean Higher MS Risk?
- MS Symptoms May Develop Earlier in Darker, Cooler Climes
- Nearly 3 Percent of U.S. Adults Have Weakened Immunity: Study
- Powerful MS Drug Used Early May Reverse Some Disability
- Exercise May Not Lower Women's Risk of Multiple Sclerosis
- Drug Shows Promise Against MS in Mouse Study
- Treating Early Symptoms of MS May Extend Time to Diagnosis
- Beware Whole Body Cryotherapy Claims, FDA Warns
- Hundreds of U.S. Clinics Sell Unapproved Stem Cell 'Therapies'
- Poor Sleep May Worsen Thinking Problems in MS Patients
- MS Stem Cell Therapy Succeeds But Poses Risks
- What a Change in DEA's Pot Rules Might Mean for Medical Research
- Health Tip: Wishing for Better Balance?
- Allergy Med Might Also Fight MS-Linked Eye Damage
- Zika May Be Linked to Autoimmune Brain Disorder, Study Says
- Low Prenatal Vitamin D Linked to Later MS in Offspring
- Heavy Coffee Drinkers Show Lower Risk of Multiple Sclerosis
- MS Drug Tied to Higher Risk for Potentially Deadly Brain Virus
- Multiple Sclerosis Stem Cell Treatment: FAQ
- Could High-Dose Vitamin D Help Fight Multiple Sclerosis?
- Coffee Drinkers May Live Longer
- Sun Exposure in Teen Years May Delay Onset of MS: Study
- New MS Drug Yields Mixed Results in Study
- Childhood Brain Tumor Survivors May Have Memory Troubles
- Seasonal Melatonin Levels May Affect MS Flare-Ups, Study Says
- Quitting Smoking After MS Diagnosis May Delay Disease Progression
- Women Who Breast-Feed Less Likely to Have MS Relapse: Study
- Exercise May Help Kids With Multiple Sclerosis
- MS May Raise Odds for Earlier Death, Study Finds
- Vitamin D Levels Tied to Survival in Seriously Ill Cats
- Immune System Genes May Change With the Seasons: Study
- Prices of MS Drugs Soaring, Study Finds
- Generic Copaxone Approved for Multiple Sclerosis
- New Drug Shows Promise for MS
- New Specialty Medicines Drive Up Drug Spending
- Ingredient in MS, Psoriasis Drugs Linked to Two Deadly Brain Infections
- New Test Helps Diagnose Delayed Stomach Emptying
- Could Coffee Lower Risk of Multiple Sclerosis?
- Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Lower Levels of Key Nutrients in Women
- Mercury in Seafood May Raise Risk of Autoimmune Diseases in Women: Study
- Early Study Says Stem Cells May Reverse Multiple Sclerosis Disability
- Ulcer Bacteria Tied to Lower Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Women
- Study: HPV Vaccine Doesn't Increase Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
- Stem Cell Therapy for MS Shows Promise
- Neurologists Say Jury Still Out on Medical Marijuana's Use for Brain Disorders
- Research Shows No Link Between Vaccinations, Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
- Can Diet Affect Multiple Sclerosis?
- New Myelin Loss Linked to MS Severity: Study
- Study: Undiagnosed Sleep Disorders Common With Multiple Sclerosis
- Could Too Much Salt Harm MS Patients?
- Playing Video Game May Boost MS Patients' Balance: Study
- People With HIV May Be at Lower Risk for Multiple Sclerosis
- Stem Cells Reverse MS-Like Illness in Mice
- Medical Marijuana May Ease Some MS Symptoms, Study Concludes
- Rare, But Serious, Side Effect Reported With One MS Drug
- New Clues to Link Between MS Drug Tysabri and Rare Brain Disease
- New Clues to Link Between MS Drug Tysabri and Rare Brain Disease
- Medical Marijuana Pills May Ease Some MS Symptoms: Review
- Cholesterol Drug Might Help Slow MS Progression
- Obesity, 'The Pill' May Raise MS Risk, Research Suggests
- Blood Sample Might Predict MS Long Before Symptoms Start
- FDA approves Copaxone 3 times a week for MS
- Vitamin D Supplements: FAQ
- Risk for MS Among Patients' Relatives Not As High As Thought
- FDA Rejects MS Drug Lemtrada
- Hyperbaric Oxygen Chambers Aren't Cure-Alls, FDA Warns
- Controversial Theory Behind Possible MS Cause Refuted
- Ingredient in New MS Drug Linked to Serious Brain Disease
- New Kind of Therapy Shows Early Promise in MS Patients
- New MS Drug Tecfidera: Q&A
- Ingredient in New MS Drug Linked to Serious Brain Disease
- Shrinkage of Brain Region May Signal Onset of Multiple Sclerosis
- Your Autoantibody 'Profile' Might Someday Help Spot Illness
- Babies' Birth Month May Affect MS Risk: Study
- Tecfidera Approved for Multiple Sclerosis
- FDA Approves New Multiple Sclerosis Drug
- Salty Diet Might Help Trigger MS, Rheumatoid Arthritis
- Brain Scans May Explain Thinking, Memory Problems in Some MS Patients
- Eye Scan Could Help Track Progress of Multiple Sclerosis
- Marijuana Extract May Not Relieve MS Spasms: Review
- Vitamin D in Pregnancy May Be Key to Women's Risk for MS, Study Says
- Nanoparticles Show Potential for Treating MS
- Month of Birth Might Help Determine MS Risk, Study Suggests
- Leukemia Drug Is Highly Effective MS Treatment
- Stem Cell Transplants May Show Promise for Multiple Sclerosis
- Marijuana Extract May Help Ease Muscle Stiffness in MS: Study
- Statins Tied to Reduced Glaucoma Risk
- Retina's Thickness May Be Tied to Severity of MS, Study Suggests
- Screening Tool Reveals Two Multiple Sclerosis Types
- Experimental MS Pill Continues to Show Promise
- FDA Approves New Multiple Sclerosis Drug Aubagio
- More Benefits of Breast Milk Revealed
- Study Casts Doubt on Link Between MS and Vein Trouble
- In Mice, Alzheimer's-Linked Protein Shows Promise Against MS
- Multiple Sclerosis Drugs May Not Delay Disability
- Sodium Buildup in Brain Linked to Disability in MS Patients
- Scientists Pinpoint Antibody That May Be Specific to MS Patients
- Stress Management May Prevent MS Brain Lesions
- Botox May Ease Tremors in Multiple Sclerosis Patients
- Fertility Treatment Tied to Higher Relapse Rate in Women With MS
- Study Shows MS Patients at Most Risk for Drug-Linked Brain Illness
- Pot Might Help Ease Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms
- FDA Issues Multiple Sclerosis Drug Alert
- FDA Issues Warning on Controversial MS Treatment
- New Warnings for MS Drug Gilenya After FDA Review
- Early Use of MS Drug May Cut Likelihood of Progression
- Fish Oil Supplements Won't Help in Multiple Sclerosis: Study
- Experimental Pill for Multiple Sclerosis Shows Promise
- Diet, Smoking May Affect MS Progression
- Treating Clogged Veins Improves MS, Study Says
- Experimental Pill May Ease Multiple Sclerosis Disability
- Past Pregnancies May Protect Against MS
- Autoinjector Version of MS Drug Approved
- New Blood Test for Parkinson's Studied
- Chinese Herb Targets Immune System
- Study Finds No Link Between HPV Vaccine and Autoimmune Disorders
- Health Highlights: Jan. 24, 2012
- Health Highlights: Jan. 23, 2012
- First Test Approved to Help Detect Risk of Rare Brain Infection
- 'Exoskeleton' Helps Paralyzed Stand, Take Steps
- MS May Take a Different Pathway Than Previously Thought
- Foundation Aims to Raise Awareness of Brain Diseases
- Early-Stage MS Patients May Have Fracture Risk
- New Guidelines Suggest Higher Doses of Vitamin D
- Study: Stress Is Not Linked to MS Risk
- Low Vitamin D Levels May Be Linked to MS
- Low Vitamin D at Birth Linked to Lung Infections
- Stem Cell Transplants May Treat Aggressive MS
- Higher Vitamin D Intake Could Cut Cancer Risk
- Women With MS More Likely to Have Gene Mutation
- Worm Eggs May Heal Ulcerative Colitis
- FDA Panel Votes to Approve Gilenia, First Oral MS Drug
- 2 Types of MS, Study Reveals
- Migraines in Women May Have Link to MS
- Milk for Mom May Lower Baby's MS Risk
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