Mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) is a rare autoimmune disorder characterized by certain symptoms shared by lupus, scleroderma, polymyositis or dermatomyositis, and rheumatoid arthritis. However, in MCTD, the symptoms are not as severe or extensive as with a specific one of these disorders.
Signs and symptoms of mixed connective tissue disease can include
- muscle pain,
- joint pain,
- swollen fingers,
- swollen hands, and
Other associated symptoms and signs can include low-grade fever and Raynaud's phenomenon (sensitivity, numbness, and loss of color in the fingers, toes, ears, or nose due to reduced blood flow).
Cause of a mixed connective tissue disease
The cause of MCTD is not clear, and some experts believe it may be an earlier stage of one of these other rheumatic conditions.
Other mixed connective tissue disease symptoms and signs
Main Article on Mixed Connective Tissue Disease Symptoms and Signs
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Examples of Medications for Mixed Connective Tissue Disease Symptoms and Signs
- adalimumab (Humira)
- captopril (Capoten)
- cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
- enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned)
- etanercept (Enbrel)
- hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)
- infliximab (Remicade)
- lansoprazole (Heartburn Relief 24 Hour, Heartburn Treatment 24 Hour, Prevacid 24)
- losartan and hydrochlorothiazide (Hyzaar)
- methotrexate (Rheumatrex, Trexall)
- nifedipine (Procardia, Adalat, Afeditab)
- Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
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