Mitral valve prolapse is a condition in which the leaflets of the mitral valve of the heart do not close normally. Instead, they protrude upward into the left atrium, the upper left chamber of the heart. Mitral valve prolapse is the most common abnormality of the heart valves.
Most people with mitral valve prolapse do not have symptoms or signs. When symptoms do occur, these can include
The extent of severity of symptoms is not related to the severity of the heart abnormality. Mitral valve prolapse is also known as Barlow syndrome.
Cause of mitral valve prolapse
An abnormal composition of the valve leaflets that is found in about 2% of the population causes a mitral valve prolapse.
Other mitral valve prolapse symptoms and signs
Main Article on Mitral Valve Prolapse Symptoms and Signs
Pictures, Images, Illustrations & Quizzes
Heart Disease Quiz: Test Your Medical IQ
Take our Heart Disease Quiz to get answers and facts about high cholesterol, atherosclerosis prevention, and the causes,...
Heart Disease: Causes of a Heart Attack
Heart disease prevention includes controlling risk factors like diet, exercise, and stress. Heart disease symptoms in women may...
Heart Disease: Symptoms, Signs, and Causes
What is heart disease (coronary artery disease)? Learn about the causes of heart disease. Symptoms of heart disease include chest...
Heart Palpitations: 14 Possible Causes and Should You Worry?
Heart palpitations are caused by stress, exercise, caffeine, nicotine, hormone changes, fever, medications, low blood sugar,...
Picture of Heart
The muscle that pumps blood received from veins into arteries throughout the body. See a picture of the Heart and learn more...
Examples of Medications for Mitral Valve Prolapse Symptoms and Signs
- amoxicillin (Amoxil, Moxatag, Larotid)
- atenolol, Tenormin
- beta-blockers w/thiazide diuretics-oral
- diltiazem (Cardizem, Cardizem CD, Cardizem LA, Tiazac, Cartia XT, Diltzac, Dilt-CD, and several oth)
- erythromycin (Ery-Tab, PCE)
- metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- propranolol, Inderal, Inderal LA, Innopran XL
- vancomycin, Vancocin
- verapamil (Calan, Verelan, Verelan PM [Discontinued: Isoptin, Isoptin SR, Covera-HS])