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What is minocycline? What is minocycline used for?
Minocycline immediate-release tablets and capsules are used for infections caused by Mycoplasma pneumonia, Chlamydia trachomatis, Borrelia recurrentis, Yersinia pestis, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter aerogenes, Shigella species, Acinetobacter species, respiratory tract infections caused by Haemophilus influenza and Streptococcus pneumoniae, and respiratory tract and urinary tract infections caused by Klebsiella species. Minocycline extended-release tablets are used to treat inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate-to-severe acne vulgaris. Minocycline is used for treating Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus and other infections caused by the typhus group of bacteria, Q fever, rickettsialpox and tick fevers caused by rickettsiae.
What brand names are available for minocycline?
Dynacin, Minocin, Solodyn
Is minocycline available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for minocycline?
What are the side effects of minocycline?
Side effects of minocycline are:
What is the dosage for minocycline?
Adults (immediate-release tablets and capsules): The recommended dose for minocycline is: 200 mg initially, followed by 100 mg every 12 hours. If more frequent doses are preferred, then two or four 50 mg capsules initially, followed by 500 mg 4 times a day.
Children 8 years of age and older (immediate-release tablets and capsules): The recommended dose of minocycline is: 4 mg/kg initially, followed by 2 mg/kg every 12 hours, not to exceed the usual adult dose.
Adults and children 12 years of age and older (extended-release tablets): The recommended dose for minocycline is: Approximately 1 mg/kg by mouth once daily for up to 12 weeks for the treatment of inflammatory lesions of non-nodular acne vulgaris.
Safe and effective use of minocycline is not established for children under the age of 8.
Which drugs or supplements interact with minocycline?
Antacids containing aluminum, calcium, magnesium and iron-containing medications can bind with minocycline, delay the absorption, and reduce the effectiveness of minocycline.
Minocycline should be used with caution with oral contraceptives because it may decrease the effectiveness of oral contraceptives.
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Is minocycline safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
Minocycline should be avoided in pregnant women because it crosses the placenta and may cause fetal harm.
Minocycline is excreted in human milk, and there is potential for serious adverse effects involving the development of teeth and bones in nursing infants. A decision should be made to discontinue medication or stop nursing, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother.
What else should I know about minocycline?
What preparations of minocycline are available?
Tablets and Capsules: 50, 75, and 100 mg. Tablets (Extended Release): 45, 55, 65, 80, 90, 105, 115, and 135 mg. Injection: 100 mg/ vial.
How should I keep minocycline stored?
Minocycline immediate-release tablets and capsules should be stored between 20 C-25 C (68 F-77 F). Minocycline extended-release tablets should be stored between 15 C -30 C (59 F-86 F).
Minocycline hydrochloride (Dynacin, Minocin, Solodyn) is an antibiotic used to treat a variety of different bacterial infections. Side effects drug interactions, dosage, storage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
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Related Disease Conditions
Acne is a localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of oil glands at the base of hair follicles. This inflammation, depending on its location, can take the form of a superficial pustule (contains pus), a pimple, a deeper cyst, congested pores, whiteheads, or blackheads. Treatments vary depending on the severity of the acne.
Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness of the forehead, chin, and lower half of the nose. In addition to inflammation of the facial skin, symptoms include dilation of the blood vessels and pimples (acne rosacea) in the middle third of the face. Oral and topical antibiotics are treatments for rosacea. If left untreated, rhinophyma (a disfiguring nose condition) may result.
Folliculitis is a skin condition that causes small red bumps to form around the hair follicles. Skin bacteria such as Staphylococcus and Pseudomonas may infect the follicles. Treatment involves over-the-counter bacterial washes, topical antibiotics, and/or topical steroids.
Pimple vs. Cold Sore
Pimples are areas of skin inflammation with pus in the center. Cold sores are fluid-filled blisters. Pimples are caused by bacterial overgrowth and inflammation. Cold sores are caused by infection with herpes simplex viruses (HSV-1 and HSV-2). Benzoyl peroxide and sometimes antibiotics treat acne. Antiviral medications accelerate the healing process of oral herpes.
Cystic acne is distinguised by painful nodules on the chest, face, neck, and back. This formo of acne is known to scar. Treatment may incorporate the use of hormonal therapies, oral antibiotics, and prescription medications.
Heart Attack Prevention
Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back. Women experience the same symptoms as men; however, they also may experience: Extreme fatigue Pain in the upper abdomen Dizziness Fainting Leading a healthy lifestyle with a heart healthy low-fat diet, and exercise can help prevent heart disease and heart attack.
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Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.