Migraine headache is a type of headache associated with a sensitivity to light, smells, or sounds, eye pain, severe pounding on one side of the head, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. The exact cause of migraine headaches is not known. Triggers for migraine headaches include certain foods, stress, hormonal changes, strong stimuli (loud noises), and oversleeping. Treatment guidelines for migraines include medicine, pain management, diet changes, avoiding foods that trigger migraines, staying hydrated, getting adequate sleep, and exercising regularly. Prevention of migraine triggers include getting regular exercise, drinking water daily, reducing stress, and avoiding trigger foods. Read more: Migraine Headache Article
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Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
A stroke is an interruption of the blood supply to part of the brain caused by either a blood clot (ischemic) or bleeding (hemorrhagic). Symptoms of a stroke may include: weakness, numbness, double vision or vision loss, confusion, vertigo, difficulty speaking or understanding speech. A physical exam, imaging tests, neurological exam, and blood tests may be used to diagnose a stroke. Treatment may include administration of clot-busting drugs, supportive care, and in some instances, neurosurgery. The risk of stroke can be reduced by controlling high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stopping smoking.
Pregnancy (Week by Week, Trimesters)
Signs and symptoms of pregnancy vary by stage (trimester). The earliest pregnancy symptom is typically a missed period, but others include breast swelling and tenderness, nausea and sometimes vomiting, fatigue, and bloating. Second trimester symptoms include backache, weight gain, itching, and possible stretch marks. Third trimester symptoms are additional weight gain, heartburn, hemorrhoids, swelling of the ankles, fingers, and face, breast tenderness, and trouble sleeping. Eating a healthy diet, getting a moderate amount of exercise, also are recommended for a healthy pregnancy. Information about the week by week growth of your baby in the womb are provided.
Dehydration is the excessive loss of body water. There are a number of causes of dehydration including heat exposure, prolonged vigorous exercise, and some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms of dehydration include headache, lightheadedness, constipation, and bad breath. Treatment for dehydration is to replace lost fluids and electrolytes.
Constipation is defined medically as fewer than three stools per week and severe constipation as less than one stool per week. Constipation usually is caused by the slow movement of stool through the colon. There are many causes of constipation including medications, poor bowel habits, low-fiber diets, laxative abuse, and hormonal disorders, and diseases primarily of other parts of the body that also affect the colon.
What Can Trigger Vertigo?
Vertigo is the sensation of spinning or rocking, even when someone is at rest. Vertigo may be caused by a problem in the brain or spinal cord or a problem within in the inner ear. Head injuries, certain medications, and female gender are associated with a higher risk of vertigo. Medical history, a physical exam, and sometimes an MRI or CT scan are required to diagnose vertigo. The treatment of vertigo may include medication, special exercises to reposition loose crystals in the inner ear, or exercises designed to help the patient re-establish a sense of equilibrium. Controlling risk factors for stroke (blood pressure, weight, cholesterol, and blood glucose) may decrease the risk of developing vertigo.
Fainting, also referred to as blacking out, syncope, or temporary loss of consciousness has many causes. Often a person will have signs or symptoms prior to the fainting episode. Diagnosis and treatment depends upon the cause of the fainting or syncope episode.
Dizziness is a symptom that often applies to a variety of sensations including lightheadedness and vertigo. Causes of dizziness include low blood pressure, heart problems, anemia, dehydration, and other medical conditions. Treatment of dizziness depends on the cause.
Nausea and Vomiting
Nausea is an uneasiness of the stomach that often precedes vomiting. Nausea and vomiting are not diseases, but they are symptoms of many conditions. There are numerous cases of nausea and vomiting. Some causes may not require medical treatment, for example, motion sickness, and other causes may require medical treatment by a doctor, for example, heart attack, lung infections, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Some causes of nausea and vomiting may be life-threatening, for example, heart attack, abdominal obstruction, and cancers. Treatment of nausea and vomiting depends upon the cause.
Menstruation (Menstrual Cycle)
Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed. This shedding of the uterine linking is the menstrual blood flow. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days. There can be problems with a woman's period, including heavy bleeding, pain, or skipped periods. Causes of these problems may be amenorrhea (lack of a period), menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea), or abnormal vaginal or uterine bleeding. There are a variety of situations in which a girl or woman should see a doctor about her menstrual cycle.
Fatigue can be described in various ways. Sometimes fatigue is described as feeling a lack of energy and motivation (both mental and physical). The causes of fatigue are generally related to a variety of conditions or diseases, for example, anemia, mono, medications, sleep problems, cancer, anxiety, heart disease, and drug abuse.Treatment of fatigue is generally directed toward the condition or disease that is causing the fatigue.
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome is a condition in which affected individuals have severe nausea and vomiting that come in cycles. Researchers believe that cyclic vomiting syndrome and migraine headaches are related. Triggers of cyclic vomiting syndrome are emotional stress and infections. People with cyclic vomiting syndrome are at an increased risk of dehydration. Cyclic vomiting syndrome is difficult to diagnose. Treatment varies from person to person, but is generally directed toward relief of the symptoms of the condition.
Headache Home Remedies
Headaches are a common complaint for many people. There are many types of headaches such as migraine, tension, cluster, and the general run of the mill headache. These 17 natural home remedies -- for example, exercise, meditation, hydration, yoga, caffeine, essential oils such as lavender and butterbur, herbs, and supplements like magnesium -- can soothe and relieve some headaches.
Stress occurs when forces from the outside world impinge on the individual. Stress is a normal part of life. However, over-stress, can be harmful. There is now speculation, as well as some evidence, that points to the abnormal stress responses as being involved in causing various diseases or conditions.
Stress Management Techniques
Stress may be considered as any physical, chemical, or emotional factor that causes bodily or mental unrest and that may be a factor in disease causation. Managing stress in our lives is important. Elimination of stress is unrealistic, since stress is a part of normal life. We can however, learn to manage stress through techniques such as exercise, relaxation, meditation, time management, and support systems so that we have control over our stress and its effects on our physical and mental health.
Depression is an illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts and affects the way a person eats and sleeps, the way one feels about oneself, and the way one thinks about things. The principal types of depression are major depression, dysthymia, and bipolar disease (also called manic-depressive disease).
Mitral Valve Prolapse
Mitral valve prolapse (MVP), also called "click murmur syndrome" and "Barlow's syndrome," is the most common type of heart valve abnormality. Usually, people with mitral valve prolapse have no signs and symptoms; however, if the prolapsed valve is severe, symptoms may appear. When symptoms of severe mitral valve prolapse do appear, they may include, fatigue, palpitations, chest pain, anxiety, migraine headaches, and pulmonary edema. Echocardiography is the most useful test for mitral valve prolapse. Most people with mitral valve need no treatment. However, if the valve prolapse is severe, treatment medications or surgery may be necessary to repair the heart valve.
Pregnancy Planning (Tips)
Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. Planning for a pregnancy includes taking prenatal vitamins, eating healthy for you and your baby, disease prevention (for both parents and baby) to prevent birth defects and infections, avoiding certain medications that may be harmful to your baby, how much weight gain is healthy exercise safety and pregnancy, travel during pregnancy.
Occipital Neuralgia (Headache)
Occipital neuralgia is a type of headache that involves inflammation or irritation of occipital nerves. Signs and symptoms include a stabbing and throbbing head pain, and an aching pain in the upper back of the head and neck. Potential causes include infection, irritation, or trauma of the occipital nerves. This type of headache is diagnosed by physical examination findings and imaging tests. Treatment involves a multidisciplinary approach that includes massage, rest, physical therapy, heat, muscle relaxants, and anti-inflammatory drugs. Invasive procedures and even surgery may be considered if first-line treatments fail to bring relief from the chronic pain of this type of headache.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain condition characterized by symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, and tender points. Stress reduction, exercise, and medication are the standard treatments for fibromyalgia.
Double vision (diplopia) is a symptom that my indicate Graves' disease, myasthenia gravis, stroke, multiple sclerosis, Guillain-Barre syndrome, diabetes, cataracts, aneurysm, brain tumor, or migraine. Symptoms and signs include eye pain, droopy eyelids, nausea, headache, and a cross-eyed appearance. Treatment of double vision depends upon the underlying cause.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
Seizures Symptoms and Types
Seizures are divided into two categories: generalized and partial. Generalized seizures are produced by electrical impulses from throughout the brain, while partial seizures are produced by electrical impulses in a small part of the brain. Seizure symptoms include unconsciousness, convulsions, and muscle rigidity.
Antiphospholipid syndrome (phospholipid antibody syndrome or Hughes syndrome) is an immune system disorder with symptoms that include: excessive blood clotting, miscarriages unexplained fetal death, or premature birth. In antiphospholipid syndrome, these symptoms are accompanied by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (cardiolipin or lupus anticoagulant antibodies) in the blood. Treatment focuses on preventing clotting by thinning the blood with the use of anticoagulants and aspirin.
What Are the Causes of a Headache Behind the Eyes?
A headache behind the eyes is an uncomfortable sensation that is felt around or on the back of the eye, which may or may not be a throbbing ache. Causes of headaches behind the eyes include tension headaches, migraines, cluster headaches, sinus headaches, occipital neuralgia, brain aneurysm, Grave's disease, scleritis, dry eyes, vision problems, eye strain and poor posture.
Migraines and Seizures (Symptoms, Auras, Medication)
Migraines are a type of headache and seizures are the main symptom of epilepsy. Migraine headaches and seizures are two different neurological problems that have similar signs, symptoms, and auras, for example, sensitivity to light (photophobia) and sound, irritability, nausea, and vomiting. Symptoms unique to migraine and migraine auras are water retention, problems sleeping, appetite changes, and talkativeness. Symptoms unique to seizure and seizures auras are depression, a feeling of heaviness, a feeling that a seizure is approaching, and depression. Many of the symptoms of migraine and seizures are the same, however, seizures do not cause migraines; however, people who have seizures are twice as likely to have migraines and vice-versa. People who have migraines are twice as likely to have seizures, and people with seizures are twice as likely to have migraines; however, one condition does not cause the other.
Why Is Aspartame Bad?
According to research, adverse effects of aspartame only occur at very high concentrations not generally achieved by daily consumption. Consuming large amounts of aspartame is bad because it may cause headaches, weight gain, diabetes, phenylketonuria, heart disease, dementia and other health effects.
The most common food allergies are to eggs, nuts, milk, peanuts, fish, shellfish, strawberries and tomatoes. Symptoms and signs of a food allergy reaction include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, itching, hives, eczema, asthma, lightheadedness, and anaphylaxis. Allergy skin tests, RAST, and ELISA tests may be used to diagnose a food allergy. Though dietary avoidance may be sufficient treatment for mild allergies, the use of an Epipen may be necessary for severe food allergies.
How Do You Get Rid of a Migraine Fast?
Migraine is a neurological condition that is characterized by recurrent episodes of intense headaches. It may be associated with symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and other clinical features.
Cluster headaches are a type of headache that recurs over a period. Episodes can last one to three times a day during this time, which may last from 2 weeks to 3 months. The three main types of treatments for cluster headaches are, 1) Abortive medications that work to stop the process in the brain that causes migraines and stops the symptoms too. 2) Preventive prescription medications, or 3) surgery which involves blocking the trigeminal nerve.
How Long Do Migraines Last For?
Migraines typically last from four to 72 hours. The frequency of migraines differs for everyone, but usually, there would be two to four headaches per month. In some, the migraines may occur every few days, while others may get them once or twice a year.
Does Daith Piercing Help Treat Migraine?
Migraines are complex disorders involving episodes of recurrent, severe headaches. Migraine headache is usually on one side and felt as pounding or pulsating. It may be associated with visual or sensory symptoms, collectively called “aura.”
Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which the person has seizures. There are two kinds of seizures, focal and generalized. There are many causes of epilepsy. Treatment of epilepsy (seizures) depends upon the cause and type of seizures experienced.
Smoking (How to Quit Smoking)
Smoking is an addiction. More than 430,000 deaths occur each year in the U.S. from smoking related illnesses. Secondhand smoke or "passive smoke" also harm family members, coworkers, and others around smokers. There are a number of techniques available to assist people who want to quit smoking.
Neck Pain and Dizziness
Neck pain is any degree of discomfort in the front or back of the neck between the head and the shoulders. Dizziness is characterized as either vertigo with disequilibrium or lightheadedness associated with feeling faint or the potential to lose consciousness. Causes of neck pain and dizziness vary, and treatment depends on the cause. With any unexplained or persisting neck pain or dizziness, consult with a health care professional, who can determine whether the symptoms are harmless and temporary or serious and threatening.
Migraine and Stroke
Migraine headache is a type of headache in which the exact cause is not known; however, they may be inherited, and certain foods and environmental factors can trigger and may contribute them. A stroke (brain attack) happens when a blood vessel in the brain leaks, bursts, or becomes blocked, which can be caused by many other health problems. Both migraines and strokes can can cause severe head pain (migraine pain usually is only on one side of the head). Migraine aura symptoms may mimic or feel like a stroke or mini-stroke (transient ischemic attack, TIA) because they have similar symptoms and signs like severe headache, numbness in the legs, feet, arms, hands, or face, nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. Other migraine aura symptoms include vision problems like flashing lights or blind spots in one eye. The main difference between migraine headache and stroke symptoms and signs is that a migraine headaches usually come on gradually while a stroke symptoms come on suddenly and unexpectedly.
Abdominal Migraines in Children and Adults
Abdominal migraine in adults and children is a variant of migraine headaches. Abdominal migraine in children generally occurs in children who have a family history of migraines. Causes of abdominal migraine is not known. Symptoms of abdominal migraine include acute, severe, midline abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, paleness, and inability to eat. Abdominal migraine is diagnosed through patient history, family history, and ruling out other medical causes. Treatment of abdominal migraine include tricyclic antidepressants and triptans.
Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep; waking up too early in the morning; or unrefreshing sleep. Secondary insomnia is the most common type of insomnia. Treatment for insomnia include lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medication.
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
Migraine vs. Headache: Differences and Similarities
Headaches are the most common reason why a person goes to the doctor or other healthcare professional for treatment. There are different types of headaches, for example, migraine, tension, and cluster headaches. The most common type of headache is tension headache. Migraine is much less common. There are few similarities between migraine and other headaches, for example, the severity of the pain can be the same, mild, moderate, or severe; and they can occur on one side or both sides of the head. However, there are many differences between migraine and other types of headaches. Migraine headaches also have different names, for example, migraine with aura and menstrual migraine. Symptoms of migraine that usually aren't experienced by a person with another type of headache include nausea, vomiting, worsens with mild exercise, debilitating pain, eye pain, throbbing head pain. Migraine trigger include light, mild exercise, strong smells, certain foods like red wine, aged cheese, smoked meats, artificial sweeteners, chocolate, alcohol, and dairy products, menstrual period, stress, oversleeping, and changes in barometric pressure. Untreated migraine attacks usually last from 4 to 72 hours, but may last for weeks. Most headaches resolve within 24-48 hours. Doctors don't know exactly what causes migraine headaches; however, other headaches like tension headaches have more specific triggers and causes. Additional tests usually are required to diagnose migraine from other types of headaches, diseases, or other medical problems. Most headaches can be treated and cured with home remedies like essential oils, massage, and over-the-counter pain medication like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) like naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn) or ibuprofen (Advil, Midol, Motrin). Most headaches resolve with OTC and home remedy treatment, while your doctor may need to prescribe medication to treat your migraines. If you have the "worst headache of your life," seek medical care immediately.
What Does a Pseudotumor Cerebri Headache Feel Like?
Pseudotumor cerebri headaches usually feel like a headache that occurs at the back of the head or behind the eyes. The pain starts as a dull, aching pain that worsens at night or in the morning. They may be associated with vomiting as well. Patients may also eventually develop visual problems and blindness due to inflammation of the optic nerve.
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.
Should I Go to the ER for a Migraine?
A migraine is a severe throbbing and pulsating headache that causes pain on one side of the head. A patient should visit an emergency department if they have a severe headache with or without nausea and vomiting.
What Are the Side Effects of Ibuprofen?
Ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Genpril, Midol) is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs. Side effects of NSAIDs include diarrhea, constipation, dizziness, bloating, gas, ringing in the ears, nausea, anxiety, vomiting, fluid retention, swelling and skin peeling and rashes.
Is Pseudotumor Cerebri Serious?
Pseudotumor cerebri is a medical condition that causes increased pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressure). This is due to increased fluid accumulation inside the skull. This fluid called cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is produced inside the brain cavities and lubricates the coverings of the brain.
What Is CoQ10 Good For?
What is CoQ10 and could it benefit you? Learn about CoQ10 and what conditions CoQ10 supplements may help.
When sleepiness interferes with daily routines and activities, or reduces the ability to function, it is called "problem sleepiness." A person can have problem sleepiness without realizing it. Symptoms of problem sleepiness include: consistently don't get enough sleep, or poor quality sleep, fall asleep while driving, struggle to stay awake when inactive (like watching TV or reading), have difficulty paying attention or concentrating at work, school, or home, have poor performance problems at work or school, have difficulty remembering things, have slowed responses, have difficulty controlling your emotions, and/or if you have to take naps on most days.
Pregnancy and Drugs (Prescription and OTC)
Taking prescription medications or over-the-counter drugs or supplements should be discussed with your doctor. There are some medications that have been found to cause no problems in pregnancy, however, medications such as Accutane for acne, should never be taken during pregnancy.
What Are the First Signs of a Migraine?
The first sign of a migraine is severe eye pain associated with a dull headache. Migraines gradually worsen with physical activity.
What Is the Most Common Type of Migraine?
The most common type of migraine is migraine without aura (common migraine). 70-90% of people with migraine experience this type. The frequency of this type of migraine may range from once a year to several times per week.
Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of disease. Regular exercise can also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety. There are fitness programs that fit any age or lifestyle.
What Causes Migraines in Women?
Migraine is most commonly seen in women. Every three out of four women are affected by migraines. Some of the most common triggers affecting women are changes in hormonal levels or birth control pills, lack of sleep or too much sleep, and others
What Are the Different Types of Headaches?
Pain originating in any region of the face, head or neck is called headache. This pain can be dull or severe and localized to the face, skull or neck. The head is the most common site of pain in the body. Types include tension headache, migraines, cluster headaches and others.
What Causes Migraines?
A migraine is a complex disorder that involves episodes of recurrent and severe headaches. An episode of a migraine can be very painful, lasting for hours, making day-to-day activities difficult until the episode is resolved. The frequency and severity of migraine attacks tend to decline with age. And women are more likely to suffer from migraines than men.
Headaches in Children
Kids get headaches and migraines too. Many adults with headaches started having them as kids, in fact, 20% of adult headache sufferers say their headaches started before age 10, and 50% report their headaches started before age 20.
What Is the Best Cure for Migraine?
The best cure for migraine involves preventive medications and lifestyle changes. Some newer medications and therapies are effective in controlling the symptoms of migraine. Avoiding or controlling triggers may provide considerable benefit. Migraine can be prevented mainly by using medications, avoiding triggers and implementing lifestyle changes.
Local ResourcesFind a local Neurologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- CT Scan vs. MRI
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan)
- Lumbar Puncture (LP or Spinal Tap)
- Parathyroidectomy Surgery
- CT Scan (Computerized Tomography)
- What Does a CT Head Scan Show?
- What Is the Best Thing to Do for a Migraine?
- What Is an Occipital Nerve Stimulation Procedure?
- How Long Does A Supratrochlear Nerve Block Last?
- Electroencephalogram (EEG)
- Bioelectric Therapy
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Blurred Vision
- Jaw Pain
- Eye Pain
- Pale Skin
- Vision Loss
- Cold Hands
- Fainting (Syncope)
- Ptosis (Drooping Eye)
- Double Vision
- Chronic Pain
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Migraines Survival with Christina Peterson, M.D.
- Migraine & Headache Q & A
- Migraine: Managing Migraine Misery
- Headaches and Migraine: Easing the Pain -- Seymour Diamond, MD
- Diet & Nutrition FAQs
- Headaches FAQs
- Caffeine FAQs
- Pain FAQs
- Stress FAQs
- Exercise and Fitness FAQs
- Vertigo Balance Disorders FAQs
- Migraine Headaches FAQs
- Vestibular Migraine and Janet Jackson
- Pain Management Over-The-Counter
- Pain (Acute and Chronic)
- Headache: Questions To Ask Your Doctor About Headaches
- Beta Blockers: Why Take a Beta Blocker?
- Doctors Answer Pain Questions
- How Do You Get Rid of a Migraine?
- Can Botox Cure Migraines?
- Migraine Symptoms
- Migraine Headache Treatment
- Herbs: Toxicities and Drug Interactions
- Migraines: Eat to Minimize Your Migraines
Medications & Supplements
- Nonsteroidal Antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
- prednisone (Prednisone Intensol, Rayos) Corticosteroid
- Beta Blockers (Drug Class, List of Brand and Generic Names)
- Lyrica vs. Gabapentin: Differences between Pain Relief and Uses
- ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, Nuprin)
- Metoprolol vs. propranolol
- naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprelan, Naprosyn)
- Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)
- Beta Blocker Side Effects (Adverse Effects)
- ibuprofen chewable - oral, Advil, Children's Advil, Motri
- divalproex sodium extended-release - oral, Depakote ER
- naproxen - oral, Anaprox, Naprosyn
- zolmitriptan disintegrating tablet - oral, Zomig ZMT
- naproxen sustained-release - oral, Naprelan
- naproxen suspension - oral, Naprosyn
- topiramate sprinkles - oral, Topamax
- ibuprofen suspension - oral, Children's Advil, Children's M
- diclofenac sodium enteric-coated tablet - oral, Voltaren
- zolmitriptan - oral, Zomig
- topiramate - oral, Topamax
- diclofenac - oral, Cataflam, Zipsor
- lorazepam - injection, Ativan
- sumatriptan spray - nasal, Imitrex
- divalproex sodium enteric-coated tablet - oral, Depakote
- sumatriptan tablet - oral, Imitrex
- propranolol s.r. - oral, Inderal LA
- ketoprofen - oral, Orudis
- zolmitriptan spray - nasal, Zomig
- sumatriptan succinate - subcutaneous injection, Alsuma, Imitrex, Sumavel DoseP
- eletriptan - oral, Relpax
- ibuprofen - oral, Advil, Motrin, Nuprin
- Benzodiazepines vs. Barbiturates
- Aleve (naproxen) vs. Celebrex (celecoxib)
- Drug Interactions
- Oxycodone vs. Vicodin (hydrocodone/acetaminophen) for Pain
- amitriptyline (Elavil, Endep)
- Dilaudid vs. Oxycodone
- metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol XL)
- gabapentin (Neurontin)
- atenolol, Tenormin
- venlafaxine, Effexor XR (Effexor has been discontinued in the US)
- erenumab (Aimovig)
- butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine (Alagesic LQ, Capacet, Dolgic Plus, Esgic, Fioricet, and Others)
- prednisolone (Orapred, Pediapred)
- cyproheptadine (Periactin)
- diltiazem (Cardizem, Cardizem CD, Cardizem LA, Tiazac, Cartia XT, Diltzac, Dilt-CD, and several oth)
- propranolol, Inderal, Inderal LA, Innopran XL
- topiramate, Topamax, Qudexy XR, Topamax Sprinkle, Topiragen, Trokendi XR
- temazepam (Restoril)
- tricyclic antidepressants-oral, injection
- dong quai (Angelica sinensis, Chinese Angelica)
- OTC Pain Relievers and Fever Reducers
- valproic acid, divalproex, Depakote, Depakote Sprinkle, Depakote ER, Depakene, Depacon, Stavzor
- Digoxin vs. metoprolol
- metoclopramide, Reglan, Metozolv ODT, (Reglan ODT, Octamide, and Maxolon
- nifedipine (Procardia, Adalat, Afeditab)
- nortriptyline (Pamelor)
- Emgality (galcanezumab-gnlm)
- doxepin (Sinequan and Adapin are discontinued brand in the US; Silenor)
- valproate sodium syrup - oral, Depakene
- Depakote (valproic acid) Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- Side Effects of Topamax (topiramate)
- prochlorperazine (Compazine, Compro)
- sumatriptan, Imitrex, Alsuma, Imitrex STATdose System, Sumavel DosePro
- Emgality Side Effects, Warnings, and Drug Interactions
- rizatriptan disintegrating tablet - oral, Maxalt MLT
- nadolol (Corgard)
- prochlorperazine - oral, Compazine
- tamoxifen (Soltamox, Nolvadex)
- verapamil (Calan, Verelan, Verelan PM [Discontinued: Isoptin, Isoptin SR, Covera-HS])
- Side Effects of Imitrex (sumatriptan)
- atenolol and chlorthalidone, Tenoretic
- eletriptan, Relpax
- rizatriptan tablet - oral, Maxalt
- mefenamic acid - oral, Ponstel
- Side Effects of Aimovig (erenumab)
- timolol (Betimol)
- onabotulinumtoxinA, Botox, Botox Cosmetic
- imipramine (Tofranil)
- isometheptene, acetaminophen, dichloralphenazone - oral, Amidrine, Isocom, Midchlor, Mi
- butorphanol tartrate - nasal, Stadol NS
- Turnera diffusa (Damiana)
- ergonovine maleate - oral
- bromocriptine (Parlodel)
- almotriptan - oral, Axert
- danazol - oral, Danocrine
- Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium, Chrysanthemum parthenium, Bachelor's Buttons, Featherfew)
- Side Effects of Zomig (zolmitriptan)
- zolmitriptan (Zomig, Zomig-ZMT)
- nimodipine - oral, Nymalize
- acetaminophen/phenyltoloxamine-oral, Dologesic, Flextra-650, Novagesic, Rhinoflex, Staflex
- Fiorinal with Codeine (butalbital, aspirin, caffeine, and codeine phosphate)
- ergotamine/belladonna/phenobarbital - oral, Bellergal-S
- Side Effects of Relpax (eletriptan)
- Ajovy (fremanezumab-vfrm injection)
- ergotamine - sublingual, Ergomar
- naratriptan - oral, Amerge
- methysergide - oral
- Zecuity (sumatriptan iontophoretic patch)
- dihydroergotamine - injection, D.H.E.45
- dihydroergotamine - nasal, Migranal
- frovatriptan - oral, Frova
- Reyvow (lasmiditan)
- Migergot (ergotamine tartrate and caffeine)
- Side Effects of Botox (onabotulinumtoxinA)
- Treximet (sumatriptan and naproxen sodium)
- Onzetra Xsail (sumatriptan nasal powder)
- Side Effects of Onzetra Xsail (sumatriptan)
- DHE 45
- Imitrex Injection
- Depakote ER
- Zomig Nasal Spray
- Toprol XL
- Imitrex Nasal Spray
- Codeine Sulfate
- Tenormin IV Injection
- Sumavel DosePro
- Verelan PM
Prevention & Wellness
- Geneticists Probe Origins of Painful Cluster Headaches
- Can You Eat Your Way to Fewer Migraines?
- Migraines Tied to Higher Odds for Complications in Pregnancy
- What Works Best for Migraines?
- Pot May Not Be the Best Rx for a Migraine
- Can Mindfulness Help Ease Migraine?
- Later School Start Time, Fewer Migraines for Teens?
- Preventative Meds Help Reduce Rebound Headaches: Study
- Gentle Yoga May Deliver Migraine Relief
- Trial Finds Acupuncture May Help Prevent Migraines
- 10 New Weapons in the War on Migraines
- Could Smartphones Be Making Migraines Even Tougher to Treat?
- Meds May Not Prevent Migraines in Kids
- Workers With Cluster Headaches Take Twice as Many Sick Days
- Production of Two Excedrin Painkillers Halted
- Sleep Disturbances May Trigger Migraine
- FDA Approves New Type of Drug to Treat Migraines
- Sometimes, Aspirin May Be Enough to Ease Migraines
- Marijuana Could Offer Relief From Migraine Pain
- How to Prevent Holiday Headaches
- New Type of Drug Might Ease Migraines
- Don't Get Along With Family? Check Your Health
- New Migraine Drug Approved by FDA
- AHA News: Can Being an Immigrant Be Hazardous to Your Health?
- 'Nerve-Release' Surgery Helped Ease One Man's Tough Migraines
- New Hope Against a 'Dizzying' Form of Migraine
- Facing Up to a Lesser Known Form of Migraine Pain
- Vaping Constricts Blood Vessels, Raising Heart, Lung Concerns
- How Much Coffee Is Too Much for Migraine Sufferers?
- New Migraine Drug Might Help When Other Meds Don't
- Money Worries Around Food May Spur Migraines
- AHA News: What Migraine Sufferers Need to Know About Stroke Risk
- Emgality Receives First FDA Approval for Treating Cluster Headache
- FDA OKs Wearable Device for Migraine Pain
- Health Tip: Uses for Botox
- Migraine Pain Linked to Raised Suicide Risk
- Health Tip: Managing Chronic Migraines
- Fewer Excess Pounds May Mean Fewer Migraines
- Dry Eye and Migraines Might Be Linked: Study
- Control Your Blood Pressure to Head Off Serious Health Problems
- Migraine's 'Silver Lining': Lowered Risk for Diabetes?
- Botox May Help Prevent Post-Op A-Fib
- Health Tip: Understanding Migraines
- FDA Approves Third of New Migraine Drugs
- FDA Approves 2nd Migraine Prevention Drug
- Magnetic Stimulation Device Approved to Treat Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
- Study Hints at Why Women Suffer More Migraines Than Men
- Pain, Sleeplessness Often Precede MS: Study
- To Fend Off Migraines, Try Keeping a Headache Diary
- Neurological Fallout From Ebola Infection Worse Than Thought
- Could Estrogen Play a Role in Men's Migraines?
- Non-Drug Migraine Treatments Often Ignored
- Another Drug to Prevent Migraines Shows Promise
- Aimovig Approved to Prevent Migraines
- FDA Approves First Drug Aimed at Preventing Migraines
- The Cold Truth About Migraine Headaches
- New Therapy May Prevent Tough-to-Treat Migraines
- One Man Got a Nasty Surprise From World's Hottest Chili Pepper
- 'Magnetic Pulse' Device May Be New Way to Prevent Migraines
- Sometimes, Headaches Can Be an Emergency. Here's When.
- Migraines Tied to Higher Heart Trouble Risk
- Another Legacy of Terror Attacks: Migraines
- New Migraine Drugs Show Promise
- Why a Headache Feels So Draining
- Botox May Offer New Hope for Young Migraine Sufferers
- Skip Opioid Treatment for Migraine in the ER
- Hormone Therapy May Be OK for Women With Migraines
- Migraine Matters
- Many Migraine Sufferers Given Unecessary Opioids, Study Finds
- Non-Opioid Drug More Effective for Migraines: Study
- A Healthier Weight May Mean Fewer Migraines
- Study Ties Some Migraines to Artery Tears in Neck, Raising Stroke Risk
- Nasal 'Nerve Block' May Help Ease Kids' Migraines
- 'Off-Label' Antidepressants Common, But Where's the Evidence?
- Migraine Linked to Higher Stroke Risk After Surgery
- Migraine and Stroke Risk Linked Again
- Study Questions Use of Migraine Meds in Kids, Teens
- Mouth and Gut Germs May Be Linked to Migraines
- For Migraine Sufferers, Is a Chiropractor's Touch All in the Mind?
- Ketamine May Treat Migraine, Chronic Pain
- Homing In on the Genetics of Migraine
- Vitamin Deficiencies Common in Young Migraine Sufferers
- Experimental Drug Acts Fast Against Chronic Migraine
- FDA Investigating Migraine Patch Skin Reactions
- Exploring the Link Between Estrogen and Migraines
- Women With Migraine May Face Higher Threat of Heart Disease, Stroke
- Migraines Take Toll on Spouse
- Giving the 'Green Light' to Migraine Relief
- Botox Can Be Used for Chronic Migraine, Experts Say
- Severe Migraines Linked to Complications During Pregnancy, Childbirth
- Emotional Abuse During Childhood Linked to Adult Migraine Risk
- Migraines May Worsen as Menopause Approaches
- Asthma Linked to Chronic Migraines in Some People
- Asthma Appears to Double Chronic Migraine Risk
- Blood Test Might One Day Help Spot Migraines
- Headaches Are Common in Kids, Teens
- Older Smokers With Migraines May Face Added Stroke Risk
- Childhood Trauma Tied to Migraine Risk as Adult
- Health Tip: Log Symptoms in a Headache Diary
- Surgery May Help Teens With Frequent Migraines, Study Contends
- New Drugs Might Prevent Migraines Before They Start
- Most Children With Migraines Don't Get Proven Treatments: Study
- High School Football Players May Be at Doubled Risk of Migraine
- Many Migraine Sufferers Given Narcotic Painkillers, Barbiturates
- Pregnancy Often Leads to Changes in Migraines
- Chronic Migraines Take Big Toll on Families, Survey Finds
- Migraines Often Undiagnosed, Doctor Says
- Migraine Drug May Up Risk of Eating Disorders in Some Teens
- Migraine, Carpal Tunnel May Be Linked
- Could Your Child Have Migraines?
- Nerve Treatment Via Nose Shows Promise Against Migraines
- Kids Can Get Migraines Too
- Study Rates Migraine Medications
- Abuse in Childhood Tied to Migraines in Adulthood
- Expert Offers Tips for Preventing Holiday Migraines
- Migraine May Raise Risk for Bell's Palsy, Study Suggests
- No Link Between Migraine, Breast Cancer Risk, Study Says
- Health Tip: When Headaches Signal Trouble
- Weight-Loss Surgery May Raise Risk of Severe Headaches, Scientists Report
- Noninvasive Devices May Help Migraines, FDA Says
- Are Migraines in Middle Age Tied to Raised Parkinson's Risk Later?
- Cosmetic Eye Procedure May Ease Migraines, Small Study Says
- Health Tip: Easing Headache Pain
- Surgery Doubted as a Migraine Reliever
- Chronic Migraines Affect the Whole Family
- Migraines May Worsen During Menopause
- Head Injuries Tied to Higher Migraine Risk for Veterans
- Migraines Linked to Increased Risk of 'Silent Strokes'
- New Drugs May Help Prevent Migraines
- Health Tip: What May Trigger Tension Headaches
- Could Reducing Stress Help Bring On a Migraine?
- Topamax Approval for Migraines Expanded to Younger Users
- FDA Approves First Device to Prevent Migraines
- Migraines Linked to Artery Networks in Brain
- Migraine Doctors in Short Supply Across U.S.
- Most Pregnant Women Treated for Migraines Able to Deliver Vaginally
- Acute Migraines More Apt to Turn Chronic With Poor Treatment
- Migraine With Aura May Be Linked to All Stroke Types
- Gene Discoveries Could Give Insight Into Migraines
- Obesity May Boost Migraine Odds
- Having Both Migraines, Depression May Mean Smaller Brain
- Migraine, Chronic Back Pain Tied to Higher Suicide Risk
- Drugs Can Sometimes Prevent Migraines, but at a Cost
- Figuring Out Your Migraine Triggers Is Tricky
- Colic May Be Linked to Childhood Migraine, Study Says
- Battery-Operated Skin Patch Offers New Option for Migraine Sufferers
- Brain Differences Seen in People With Migraines
- Nerve-Stimulating Device Might Ease Migraines
- No Proof Drugs Ease Kids' Migraines: Study
- Could Lightning Spur Headaches and Migraines?
- Migraine Triggers May Not Always Trigger Migraines
- FDA Approves 1st Skin Patch to Combat Migraines
- Migraine Sufferers Stigmatized Because of Their Condition: Study
- Some Migraines Linked to Heart Attack, Blood Clots
- Epilepsy, Migraines May Have Family Ties
- More Deaths, Illness Linked to Energy Drinks
- Kids' Headaches Rarely Due to Vision Problems, Study Finds
- Migraines' Brain Changes Not Linked to Mental Harm
- Migraines May Hurt Kids' Grades Too
- The 10 Most Annoying Sounds and Why They Bother Us
- Melatonin May Improve Sleep for People on Blood-Pressure Meds
- 'Where Is My Excedrin?'
- Migraines Not Linked to Decline in Thinking Skills
- Botox May Ease Tremors in Multiple Sclerosis Patients
- Health Tip: Have Your Headaches Evaluated
- Health Tip: Preventing Headaches
- Weather Triggers Migraine Headaches
- Some Kinds of Red Wine May Not Trigger Migraines
- Few Migraine Sufferers Referred for Behavioral Treatments
- Scientists Spot More Migraine Genes
- Health Tip: What Triggers Your Migraines?
- Health Tip: Log Migraine Details in a Diary
- Two-Drug Combo Helps Teens With Migraines
- Migraines More Likely for People With Celiac Disease, Study Says
- Children Usually Excluded From Clinical Drug Trials: Study
- Botox Only Modestly Effective for Migraines
- Migraine Guidelines Focus on Prevention
- New Clue to Brain Freeze
- Health Benefits of Chocolate Growing
- Hormonal Changes May Trigger Migraines in Some Women
- FDA Mulls Expanding Patients' Access to Certain Drugs
- Health Highlights: March 12, 2012
- Health Highlights: March 9, 2012
- Health Highlights: March 8, 2012
- Migraines Linked to Depression
- Study Links Colic in Infants to Migraines in Moms
- FDA Weighs Fate of Qnexa for Weight Loss, Again
- Health Tip: Coping With Migraines During Pregnancy
- Narrowed Artery Condition Often Goes Undiagnosed: Study
- Acupuncture May Be Effective for Migraines
- Bufferin, Excedrin, NoDoz, Gas-X Recalled
- Headaches May Plague Many With HIV/AIDS
- FDA Reconsiders Weight Loss Drug Qnexa
- Too Many Heart Patients Getting Migraine Drugs
- Strokes During Pregnancy, Childbirth on the Rise
- Americans Are Flocking to Alternative Therapies
- 'Placebo Effect' May Be Common in Headache Treatment
- Johnson & Johnson Recalls Topamax Due to Odor
- Qnexa Yields Up to Nearly a 10% Weight Loss: Study
- Weight Loss After Bariatric Surgery May Ease Migraines
- Serene Branson Migraine: Your Questions Answered
- Don't Ignore Migraines in Teenagers
Migraines and Headaches Resources
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