- What is metronidazole cream, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What are the side effects of metronidazole cream?
- What is the dosage for metronidazole cream?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with metronidazole cream?
- Is metronidazole cream safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about metronidazole cream?
What is metronidazole cream, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Metronidazole cream is a topical preparation (applied to the skin) of the antibiotic metronidazole. It is used for reducing the swelling and redness caused by acne rosacea. The mechanism through which metronidazole cream reduces the symptoms of acne rosacea is not known. The FDA approved metronidazole cream in September 1997.
What brand names are available for metronidazole cream?
Is metronidazole cream available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for metronidazole cream?
What are the side effects of metronidazole cream?
Side effects are rare and minor. These include:
- skin dryness,
- scaling, and itching at the site of application.
Individuals that are allergic to metronidazole should not use metronidazole cream.
What is the dosage for metronidazole cream?
Metronidazole cream is applied to affected areas once or twice daily. The affected areas should be cleaned before application, and then a thin film should be applied and rubbed into the skin. Makeup may be used after metronidazole cream has been applied. Metronidazole cream is for external use only. Contact with the eyes should be avoided.
Which drugs or supplements interact with metronidazole cream?
Drug interactions with metronidazole cream are unlikely because only small amounts of metronidazole are absorbed into the body when metronidazole cream is applied to the skin. Oral metronidazole interacts with warfarin (Coumadin), increasing the blood-thinning effects of warfarin. It is not known whether the small amounts of metronidazole absorbed via the skin can cause the same interaction.
Is metronidazole cream safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies of metronidazole cream in pregnant women.
When metronidazole is administered orally it is secreted into breast milk in concentrations similar to the concentration in the mothers body. Therefore, small amounts of metronidazole that are absorbed into the body when metronidazole cream is used may be secreted into breast milk.
What else should I know about metronidazole cream?
What preparations of metronidazole cream are available?
Cream: 0.75 and 1%
How should I keep metronidazole cream stored?
Metronidazole cream should be stored at room temperature, 15 C - 30 C (59 F - 86 F)
Metronidazole cream (Noritate, Metrocream) is a topical cream is used to treat the swelling and redness caused by acne rosacea. Side effects, drug interactions, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to using this drug.
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Acne is a localized skin inflammation as a result of overactivity of oil glands at the base of hair follicles. This inflammation, depending on its location, can take the form of a superficial pustule (contains pus), a pimple, a deeper cyst, congested pores, whiteheads, or blackheads. Treatments vary depending on the severity of the acne.
Rosacea is a skin disease that causes redness of the forehead, chin, and lower half of the nose. In addition to inflammation of the facial skin, symptoms include dilation of the blood vessels and pimples (acne rosacea) in the middle third of the face. Oral and topical antibiotics are treatments for rosacea. If left untreated, rhinophyma (a disfiguring nose condition) may result.
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Heart disease and heart attacks can be prevented by leading a healthy lifestyle with diet, exercise, and stress management. Symptoms of heart attack in men and women include chest discomfort and pain in the shoulder, neck, jaw, stomach, or back. Women experience the same symptoms as men; however, they also may experience: Extreme fatigue Pain in the upper abdomen Dizziness Fainting Leading a healthy lifestyle with a heart healthy low-fat diet, and exercise can help prevent heart disease and heart attack.
Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition with signs and symptoms of vaginal discharge, vaginal odor, and vaginal pain. Bacterial vaginosis results from an overgrowth of normal bacteria in the vagina. Although it may cause some disturbing symptoms (discharge and odor), it is not dangerous and cannot be passed by sex. Diagnosis becomes important to exclude serious infections like gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Many treatment options are available such as oral antibiotics and vaginal gels.
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Yeast Infection vs. Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)
Yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis (BV) both cause vaginal discharge. Yeast infection discharge is thick, white, and had a cottage cheese consistency. BV discharge is whitish-gray and is thinner. Vaginal odor, irritation, and pain may also be present. Treatment of yeast infections includes over-the-counter and prescription antifungals. BV treatment involves antibiotics.
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