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- What is methyl salicylate and menthol, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What are the uses for methyl salicylate and menthol?
- What are the side effects of methyl salicylate and menthol?
- What is the dosage for methyl salicylate and menthol?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with methyl salicylate and menthol?
- Is methyl salicylate and menthol safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about methyl salicylate and menthol?
What is methyl salicylate and menthol, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Menthol/methylsalicylate is used as a
topical analgesic. It works by first cooling the skin then warming it up, providing a topical anesthetic and analgesic action on the affected area. The cooling and warning action may interfere with transmission of pain signals through nerves.
What brand names are available for methyl salicylate and menthol?
Bengay, Icy Hot, Mentholatum D, Salonpas
Is methyl salicylate and menthol available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for methyl salicylate and menthol?
What are the uses for methyl salicylate and menthol?
What are the side effects of methyl salicylate and menthol?
Side effects of menthol/methylsalicylate are:
- redness, and
- tingling sensation of skin.
Although the likelihood is low these products may increase the risk of bleeding in individuals who have ulcers, elderly, are taking NSAIDs (for example ibuprofen), steroids, drink more than 3 drinks a day, or have other risks for stomach bleeding.
What is the dosage for methyl salicylate and menthol?
Adults and children 12 years of age and older (Cream, balm, spray, stick, spray, balm, and foam): Apply liberally to affected area up to 3 to 4 times daily. Do not use on open wound or damaged skin. Do not use with a heating pad.
Children under 12 years of age: Consult a doctor.
For those 18 years and over, one patch should be placed on the affected area for 8 to 12 hours. A second patch may be added after removing the first one if pain continues. Do not use for more than 2 patches a day or for more than 3 days in a row.
Which drugs or supplements interact with methyl salicylate and menthol?
Menthol/methylsalicylate topical products should be used with caution with blood thinning medications like warfarin (Coumadin), nonsteroidal anti-Inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and steroids due to increased likelihood of bruising and bleeding resulting from methylsalicylate which acts like aspirin and can affect blood clotting.
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Is methyl salicylate and menthol safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
There are no adequate studies done on menthol and methylsalicylate to determine safe and effective use in pregnant women.
What else should I know about methyl salicylate and menthol?
What preparations of methyl salicylate and menthol are available?
Menthol/methylsalicylate topical products are available in cream, balm, spray, stick, patch, and foam.
How should I keep methyl salicylate and menthol stored?
Menthol/methylsalicylate creams and patch are stored between 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F). Balms are stored between 15 C to 30 C (59F to 86 F). Sprays, sticks, and foams should be stored away from heat and direct sunlight.
Menthol and methylsalicylate (Bengay, Icy Hot, Mentholatum D, Salonpas) is a medication used to treatment of minor aches and joint pain due to arthritis, sprains, strains, bruises, and backaches. Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, and dosage information should be reviewed prior to taking this medication.
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Lower Back Pain
There are many causes of back pain. Pain in the low back can relate to the bony lumbar spine, discs between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, muscles of the low back, internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen, and the skin covering the lumbar area.
Nosebleeds are common in dry climates during winter months, and in hot dry climates with low humidity. People taking blood clotting medications, aspirin, or anti-inflammatory medications may be more prone to nosebleeds. Other factors that contribute to nosebleed are trauma (including nose picking, especially in children), rhinitis (both allergic and nonallergic), and high blood pressure. First-aid treatments for a nosebleed generally do not need medical care. Frequent or chronic nosebleeds may require medical treatment such as over-the-counter (OTC) medication, and prevention of nose picking.
Foot pain may be caused by injuries (sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures), diseases (diabetes, Hansen disease, and gout), viruses, fungi, and bacteria (plantar warts and athlete's foot), or even ingrown toenails. Pain and tenderness may be accompanied by joint looseness, swelling, weakness, discoloration, and loss of function. Minor foot pain can usually be treated with rest, ice, compression, and elevation and OTC medications such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen. Severe pain should be treated by a medical professional.
Neck Pain (Cervical Pain)
Neck pain (cervical pain) may be caused by any number of disorders and diseases. Tenderness is another symptom of neck pain. Though treatment for neck pain really depends upon the cause, treatment typically may involve heat/ice application, traction, physical therapy, cortisone injection, topical anesthetic creams, and muscle relaxants.
Acute injuries, medical conditions, and chronic use conditions are causes of knee pain. Symptoms and signs that accompany knee pain include redness, swelling, difficulty walking, and locking of the knee. To diagnose knee pain, a physician will perform a physical exam and also may order X-rays, arthrocentesis, blood tests, or a CT scan or MRI. Treatment of knee pain depends upon the cause of the pain.
Ankle Pain (Tendinitis)
Ankle pain is commonly due to a sprain or tendinitis. The severity of ankle sprains ranges from mild (which can resolve within 24 hours) to severe (which can require surgical repair). Tendinitis of the ankle can be caused by trauma or inflammation.
Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction (SI Joint Pain)
Sacroiliac joint (SI) dysfunction is a general term to reflect pain in the SI joints. Causes of SI joint pain include osteoarthritis, abnormal walking pattern, and disorders that can cause SI joint inflammation including gout, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Treatment includes oral medications, cortisone injections, and surgery.
Arthritis (Joint Inflammation)
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain. There are over 100 types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, gout, and pseudogout.
Elbow pain is most often the result of tendinitis, which can affect the inner or outer elbow. Treatment includes ice, rest, and medication for inflammation. Inflammation, redness, warmth, swelling, tenderness, and decreased range of motion are other symptoms associated with elbow pain. Treatment for elbow pain depends upon the nature of the patient's underlying disease or condition.
Pain management and treatment can be simple or complex, according to its cause. There are two basic types of pain, nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. Some causes of neuropathic pain include: complex regional pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis, and irritable bowel syndrome. There are a variety of methods to treat chronic pain, which are dependant on the type of pain experienced.
Chronic pain is pain (an unpleasant sense of discomfort) that persists or progresses over a long period of time. In contrast to acute pain that arises suddenly in response to a specific injury and is usually treatable, chronic pain persists over time and is often resistant to medical treatments.
Pain Management: Musculoskeletal Pain
Natural menopause is the permanent ending of menstruation that is not brought on by any type of medical treatment. For women undergoing natural menopause, the process is described in three stages: perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause. However, not all women undergo natural menopause. Some women experience induced menopause as a result of surgery or medical treatments, such as chemotherapy and pelvic radiation therapy.
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MedscapeReference.com. Menthol, methylsalicylate.