Menopause is the time in a woman's life when menstrual periods permanently stop, also called the "change of life." Menopause symptoms and signs include hot flashes, night sweats, irregular vaginal bleeding, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, urinary incontinence, weight gain, and emotional symptoms such as mood swings. Treatment of menopausal symptoms varies and should be discussed with your physician. Read more: Menopause Article
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Menopause & Perimenopause: Symptoms, Signs
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Surprising Causes of Weight Gain
There are many reasons for sudden weight gain when there are no changes in diet or exercise. Learn to identify the cause of your...
Female Sexual Dysfunction: Treatment for Women's Sexual Disorders
Female sexual dysfunction symptoms can limit a woman’s sex life. Female sexual dysfunction guidelines aim to identify and address...
What Is Osteoporosis? Treatment, Symptoms, Medication
Osteoporosis is a disease characterized by low bone mass and density. Osteoporosis causes symptoms of weak, thin, fragile bones....
Healthy Aging: Better Sex After 50
It's never too late to improve your sex life. Learn how older adults can overcome common health conditions affecting seniors over...
Sex-Drive Killers: The Causes of Low Libido
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Menopause Quiz: Symptoms & Signs
The Menopause Quiz challenges your knowledge about the time in a woman’s life when menstruation ceases. Menopause can bring many...
Healthy Aging: Sneaky Depression Triggers in Pictures
There are many causes and triggers of depression. From too little vitamin B12 to too much time alone, look at these surprising...
9 Signs of Perimenopause
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Women's Health: 10 Tips to Ease Menopause Symptoms
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Women's Health: Myths About Menopause
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Women's Health: 11 Supplements for Menopause
11 supplements and herbs for hot flashes and other menopause symptoms are shown in this slideshow from WebMD.
Women's Health: Better Skin After 50 and Menopause
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Related Disease Conditions
Night sweats are severe hot flashes that occur at night and result in a drenching sweat. The causes of night sweats in most people are not serious, like menopause in women, sleep apnea, medications, alcohol withdrawal, and thyroid problems. However, more serious diseases like cancer and HIV also can cause night sweats. Your doctor will treat your night sweats depending upon the cause. You may experience other signs and symptoms that are associated with night sweats, which depend upon the cause, but may include, shaking, and chills with a fever caused by an infection like the flu or pneumonia; unexplained weight loss due to lymphoma; women in perimenopause or menopause may also have vaginal dryness, mood swings, and hot flashes during the day; and low blood sugar in people with diabetes. Other causes of night sweats include medications like NSAIDs (aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), antidepressants, sildenafil (Viagra), and abuse of prescription or illegal drugs and drug withdrawal; hormone disorders like pheochromocytoma and carcinoid syndrome; idiopathic hyperhidrosis; infections like endocarditis, AIDs, and abscesses; alcoholism and alcohol withdrawal; drug abuse, addiction, and withdrawal; and stroke. A doctor or other health care professional can treat your night sweats after the cause has been diagnosed.
Spotting vs. Period
Menstruation (a female's "period") occurs due to the shedding of the lining of the uterus. Menstrual bleeding lasts about three to five days, and the bleeding is heavy the first couple of days and then it lessens. Spotting is vaginal bleeding between periods.
What Foods Are High in Estrogen?
Learn more about what foods contain high amounts of estrogen, when to eat them, and when to avoid them. Human growth hormone (HGH) helps regulate metabolism as well as bone and muscle growth. But synthetic HGH treatments may do more harm than good.
Buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint causes gouty arthritis. Symptoms and signs include joint pain, swelling, heat, and redness, typically of a single joint. Gout may be treated with diet and lifestyle changes, as well as medication.
Bladder Infection (Cystitis)
Bladder infection is an infection of the bladder, usually caused by bacteria or, rarely, by Candida. Certain people, including females, the elderly, men with enlarged prostates, and those with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for bladder infection. Bladder infections are treated with antibiotics, but cranberry products and adequate hydration may help prevent bladder infections.
Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly most commonly involves excessive, frequent, irregular, or decreased bleeding. Causes of abnormal may arise from a variety of conditions that may include, uterine fibroids, IUDs, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, lupus, STDs, pelvic inflammatory disease, emotional stress, anorexia nervosa, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), cancers, early pregnancy.
Gum Disease (Gingivitis)
Gum disease is caused by plaque and may result in tooth loss without proper treatment. Read about symptoms, stages, treatment, and home remedies.
Vaginal Yeast Infection
Vaginal yeast infections in women are caused by an organism called Candida albicans. Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include vaginal pain with urination, vaginal discharge, odor, and itching. Treatment is generally OTC medications. A man can contract a yeast infection from his female sexual partner. Symptoms of a yeast infection in men include penile itching. Treatment is with oral or topical medication.
Sex and Menopause
What Is the Average Age a Woman Stops Menstruating?
The menstrual cycle is a series of hormone-regulated changes that a woman's body goes through to get it ready for a possible pregnancy. Women usually stop menstruating or attain menopause in their 40 or 50s, the average age being 50 years old.
Low Testosterone (Low-T)
Low testosterone (low-T) can be caused by conditions such as type 2 diabetes, obesity, liver or kidney disease, hormonal disorders, certain infections, and hypogonadism. Signs and symptoms that a person may have low-T include insomnia, increased body fat, weight gain, reduced muscle, infertility, decreased sex drive, depression, and worsening of congestive heart failure or sleep apnea. Low-T can be treated with testosterone therapy in the form of gels, injections, pellets, or skin patches. Side effects of testosterone treatment include acne, anxiety, hair loss, headache, and change in sex drive (libido).
There are many types of ovarian cancer, epithelial carcinoma is the most common. Women with a family history of ovarian cancer have an increased risk of developing the disease. Some ovarian cancer symptoms include abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, and abnormal vaginal bleeding, however, they usually do not present until the disease has progressed. Early diagnosis is important for successful treatment.
Hair Loss (Alopecia) In Men and In Women
There are many causes of scalp hair loss. This featured article covers the common ones such as patchy hair loss (alopecia areata, trichotillomania, and tinea capitis), telogen effluvium, and androgenetic alopecia (male-pattern baldness, female-pattern baldness).
Learn about osteoporosis, a condition characterized by the loss of bone density, which leads to an increased risk of bone fracture. Unless one experiences a fracture, a person may have osteoporosis for decades without knowing it. Treatment for osteoporosis may involve medications that stop bone loss and increase bone strength and bone formation, as well as quitting smoking, regular exercise, cutting back on alcohol intake, and eating a calcium- and vitamin D-rich balanced diet.
Perimenopause is the time in a woman's life when she is approaching menopause. During this time a woman starts to develop symptoms of declining estrogen levels that may include mood swings, painful sex, night sweats, hot flashes, and weight gain. Every adult woman eventually will experience perimenopause.
Vaginal Pain (Vulvodynia)
Vulvodynia or vaginal pain, genital pain is a condition in which women have chronic vulvar pain with no known cause. There are two types of vulvodynia, generalized vulvodynia, and vulvar vestibulitis. Researchers are trying to find the causes of vulvodynia, for example, nerve irritation, genetic factors, hypersensitivity to yeast infections, muscle spasms, and hormonal changes. The most common symptoms of vaginal pain (vulvodynia) are burning, rawness, itching, stinging, aching, soreness, and throbbing. There are a variety of treatments that can ease the symptoms of vulvodynia (vaginal pain).
Cervical Cancer (Cancer of the Cervix)
Cervical cancer is cancer of the entrance to the womb (uterus) caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Regular pelvic exams, Pap testing, and screening can detect precancerous changes in the cervix. Cervical cancer can be prevented by a vaccine. The most common signs and symptoms are an increase in vaginal discharge, painful sex, and postmenopausal bleeding. The prognosis and survival rate depend upon the stage at which the cancer was diagnosed.
What Are the Benefits of Taking Estrogen?
Estrogen therapy, also known as hormone replacement therapy, is a treatment for alleviating the symptoms caused by menopausal transition. Estrogen therapy can alleviate symptoms like hot flashes, painful intercourse and bone loss.
Hot flashes (or flushing) is the most common symptom experienced by a woman prior to and during the early stages of menopause, and often is described as the feeling of warmth that spreads over the body, often starting at the head accompanied by sweating. Symptoms of hot flashes include flushing, excessive sweating, anxiety, and palpitations.
Osteoarthritis vs. Osteoporosis Differences and Similarities
Arthritis is defined as painful inflammation and joint stiffness. Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis and the most common cause of chronic joint pain, affecting over 25 million Americans. Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that involves the entire joint. Osteoporosis is not a type of arthritis. It is a disease that mainly is caused by a loss of bone tissue that is not limited to the joint areas. It is possible for one person to have both osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. The differences in the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis include; pain, stiffness, and joint swelling, joint deformity, crackle sounds when the joint is moving, and walking with a limp. Osteoporosis is called the "silent disease" because it can progress for years without signs and symptoms before it is diagnosed, severe back pain, bone fractures, height loss, and difficulty or inability to walk. The differences in the causes of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are that osteoarthritis usually is caused by wear and tear on the joints. Osteoporosis usually is caused by one or more underlying problems, for example, calcium and vitamin D deficiencies. Treatment for osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are not the same. There is no cure for osteoarthritis or osteoporosis.
The main features of metabolic syndrome include insulin resistance, hypertension (high blood pressure), cholesterol abnormalities, and an increased risk for clotting. Patients are most often overweight or obese. Lifestyle modification such as the Mediterranean diet, exercise, and quitting smoking are the preferred treatment of metabolic syndrome.
Does Sex Drive Return After Menopause?
Menopause is defined as when you haven't had your periods for 12 consecutive months. You should accept the fact that it is normal to experience changes in sexual desire after menopause.
Women's health is an important topic area to guide a woman through the stages of her life, as well as knowing the conditions and diseases that may occur. Educating yourself so that the transitions into different phases of life is key to a healthy, happy, and productive life.
Insomnia is the perception or complaint of inadequate or poor-quality sleep because of difficulty falling asleep; waking up frequently during the night with difficulty returning to sleep; waking up too early in the morning; or unrefreshing sleep. Secondary insomnia is the most common type of insomnia. Treatment for insomnia include lifestyle changes, cognitive behavioral therapy, and medication.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS or SEID)
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID) is a debilitating and complex disorder characterized by profound fatigue that lasts 6 months or longer, is not improved by bed rest, and may be worsened by physical or mental activity.
Vaginal Dryness and Vaginal Atrophy
Vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy occurs in women during perimenopause, menopause, and postmenopause. With vaginal atrophy, the lining of the vaginal wall becomes thinner, drier, less elastic, and light pink to bluish in color. Symptoms of vaginal atrophy include vaginal dryness, itching, irritation, and/or pain during intercourse. Treatment options for vaginal dryness and vaginal atrophy include hormone treatment and over-the-counter vaginal lubricating and moisturizing products.
Sexual Side Effects of Menopause
Menopause marks the end of the reproductive era in a woman's life. Some women view it positively as periods no longer trouble them and there is no chance of getting pregnant even with unprotected sex. However, as estrogen and testosterone levels take a plunge during menopause, some women experience the sexual side effects of menopause.
Premature menopause is when menopause occurs in a woman before the age of 40. Causes of premature menopause include premature ovarian failure, treatments for cancer and other conditions, surgical removal of the ovaries, chronic diseases of the pituitary or thyroid gland, or psychiatric disorders. Treatment is directed at menopausal symptoms.
Amenorrhea (including hypothalmic amenorrhea) is a condition in which there is an absence of menstrual periods in a woman. There are two types of amenorrhea: primary and secondary. Treatment of amenorrhea depends on the type. In primary, surgery may be an option and in secondary amenorrhea medication or lifestyle changes may be treatment options. We go over the definition of amenorrhea, causes, and treatment options for amenorrhea.
Will Joint Pain From Menopause Go Away?
Whether joint pain from menopause will go away depends on whether the joint pain is purely due to hormonal changes seen in menopause or due to other associated factors.
What Are the 40 Symptoms of Menopause?
Menopause is the end of the reproductive era of a woman's life that is characterized by drastic changes in her emotional and physical aspects. Studies have identified around 40 signs and symptoms of menopause, but not every woman gets all of them.
How Long Can a Woman Stay on Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)?
HRT can be taken continuously or in cycles. The FDA recommends hormonal replacement therapy should be used at the lowest dose, and for the shortest duration, necessary.
Heart Disease in Women
Heart disease in women has somewhat different symptoms, risk factors, and treatment compared to heart disease in men. Many women and health professionals are not aware of the risk factors for heart disease in women and may delay diagnosis and treatment. Lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, tobacco use, overweight/obesity, stress, alcohol consumption, and depression influence heart disease risk in women. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes also increase women's risk of heart disease. Electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), stress-ECG, endothelial testing, ankle-brachial index (ABI), echocardiogram, nuclear imaging, electron beam CT, and lab tests to assess blood lipids and biomarkers of inflammation are used to diagnose heart disease. Early diagnosis and treatment of heart disease in women saves lives. Heart disease can be prevented and reversed with lifestyle changes.
What Are the Side Effects of Black Cohosh?
People in the US and Europe have used the herb black cohosh since ancient times for a variety of illnesses ranging from cough and cold to infertility. Side effects of black cohosh may include gastrointestinal upset, skin rash, breast pain, brain enlargement, infection, vaginal bleeding/spotting, joint or muscle pain and infection.
Male menopause refers to the decline in testosterone production in men. As men age, they often experience many of the same symptoms that women experience in menopause. Testosterone replacement therapy may relieve some of these symptoms.
Can Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT) Help You Lose Weight and Make You Look Younger?
Research has found that there's no difference in weight gain between women taking HRT and those not taking it. HRT can improve the appearance of the skin, contributing to a younger look.
Natural Remedies for Hot Flashes
Hot flashes are experienced by many women, especially at night. However, not all women undergoing menopause experience hot flashes. What causes hot flashes? A hot flash is a feeling of warmth that spreads over the body. Treatment for hot flashes include hormone replacement therapy and alternative prescription medications such as: SSRIs (Effexor, Paxil, Prozac), clonidine (Catapres), megestrol (Megace), and gabapentin (Neurontin). Few natural remedies for hot flashes (for example phytoestrogens - isoflavones, black cohosh, and vitamin E) have been scientifically studied.
What Are the Disadvantages of Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)?
HRT helps to reduce menopause symptoms. But there can be disadvantages too. These disadvantages may include the risks associated with the procedure and the side effects caused by the hormones.
What Are the Signs of Male Menopause?
Andropause is a term that refers to the symptoms and signs that men get when going through male menopause.
15 Things Women Should Know About Menopause
Menopause is a phase in a woman's life that challenges her physically and emotionally. Many women deal with menopause without any medical treatments, whereas some women with severe symptoms require therapies.
How Long Does a Hysteroscopy Take?
Hysteroscopy is a procedure performed by a gynecologist to inspect inside of the uterine cavity using a thin tube with a light and camera attached to it. Hysteroscopy can take anywhere between 5 to 30 minutes or longer if a surgical procedure is being performed at the same time. Surgical procedures to treat uterine pathologies can take between 30 minutes to 2 hours as well, depending on the procedure.
Does Menopause Make You More Sensitive to Pain?
Menopause can make you more sensitive to pain due to hormonal fluctuations, especially changes in estrogen levels. Here are 12 ways to manage pain during menopause.
What Are the Signs of Starting Menopause?
Learn the five signs that may indicate a woman is starting menopause.
How Do I Know If My Night Sweats Are Serious?
You’ll know that your night sweats are serious if your night sweats occur regularly, keep you from sleeping well, and come along with a fever, or if you experience weight loss for no apparent reason.
What Causes Vault Prolapse?
Over one-third of the women in the United States have experienced some form of pelvic prolapse in their lives. Vault prolapse can occur whenever the supporting structures in the pelvis become weak, torn or stretched. The causes include childbirth, surgery, obesity, long-term constipation, long-term cough and other conditions.
Disease Prevention in Women
Disease prevention in women includes screening tests that are a basic part of prevention medicine. All screening tests are commonly available through your general doctor. Some specialized tests may be available elsewhere.
Sex and Menopause
Menopause is often associated with a change in sexual functioning. Loss of estrogen, bladder control issues, anxiety, stress, health concerns, medications, and sleep disturbances often result in a decrease in libido. Though there are currently no good drugs for treating sexual problems in women, there are ways to increase intimacy with a partner and treat vaginal dryness.
How Does a Man Deal With Menopause?
Many men do not fully understand menopause or feel comfortable talking about it. Learn about five ways men can help their partners deal with menopause.
What Menopause Does to Your Brain
Menopause is a time when you transition from one phase of your life to the next. This change will happen physically as well as mentally. In fact, your brain will undergo significant changes throughout the process of menopause.
Local ResourcesFind a local Obstetrician-Gynecologist in your town
Treatment & Diagnosis
- Vaginal Pain
- Fatigue, Tiredness, and Lethargy
- Hot Flashes
- Vaginal Itching
- Missed Menstrual Period
- Low Libido
- Difficulty Concentrating
- Loss in Breast Fullness
- Excessive Sweating (Hyperhidrosis)
- Painful Intercourse
- Vaginal Dryness
- Dry Eyes
- Bladder Spasms
- How to Choose a Doctor
- Doctor: Checklist to Take To Your Doctor's Appointment
- Male Menopause
- Menopause: The Men's Guide to Understanding It
- Doctor: Getting the Most from Your Doctor's Appointment
- Menopause: A New Perspective
- Menopause: Super Nutrition for Menopause
- Premature Menopause
- Menopause: Taking Charge
- Menopause Made Easy with Carolle Jean-Murat
- Menopause FAQs
- Thyroid Disease and Menopause
- Diet and Women
- Menopausal Hormone Therapy . . . Current Concepts
- Hormone Therapy - HRT, HT, ET, EPT, What Does it All Mean?
- The Women's Health Initiative in Perspective: The Last Straw for Estrogen Therapy?
- Osteoporosis Report - 2003 Arthritis Conference
- Bone Mineral Density Test: How Often?
- Menopause: Home Menopause Test Kits, Are They Worth It?
- Hormone Therapy and and Heart Disease in Women
- Ovarian Cancer Symptoms, Early Warning Signs, and Risk Factors
- Hot Flashes: Anxiety Worsens Hot Flashes
- Endometrial Cancer Symptoms
- Does Vaginal Moisture Change During Perimenopause?
- Do Soy Isoflavones Treat Menopause Hot Flashes?
- Can Menopause Cause High Cholesterol?
- How Is Menopause Diagnosed After a Hysterectomy?
- How Does Menopause Affect Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)?
- Can You Go Through Menopause at 40?
- Does Perimenopause Cause Mood Swings?
- Does Menopause Cause Pain During Sex?
- Does Menopause Affect Memory?
- Are Night Sweats a Sign of Menopause?
- Can Soy Help Menopause Symptoms?
- Do I Need Birth Control After Menopause?
- Does Menopause Cause High Blood Pressure?
- Do You Get More UTIs During Menopause?
- Can You Still Get Menopause After Hysterectomy?
- Do All Women Get Menopause?
- Male Menopause
- Who should get a bone density test?
- Menopause: 10 Questions To Ask Your Doctor
- Characteristics of Female Sexual Satisfaction
- Menopause Symptoms
- Ask The Experts: Women's Health
- Ask the Experts - Menopause
- Menopause: Change of Life, Change of Diet
Medications & Supplements
- estradiol valerate - injection, Delestrogen
- estradiol cypionate - injection, Depo-Estradiol
- estradiol acetate ring - vaginal, Femring
- estradiol weekly - transdermal, Climara
- raloxifene - oral, Evista
- calcitonin spray - nasal, Fortical, Miacalcin
- alendronate 70 mg weekly solution - oral, Fosamax
- estradiol tablet - vaginal, Vagifem
- alendronate - oral, Fosamax
- letrozole - oral, Femara
- alendronate weekly - oral, Fosamax
- estradiol gel pump - transdermal, Elestrin, EstroGel
- estradiol semiweekly - transdermal, Estraderm, Vivelle
- estradiol ring - vaginal, Estring
- estradiol/norethindrone - oral, Activella
- estradiol, Alora, Climara, Delestrogen, Depo-Estradiol, Divigel, Elestrin, Estrace, and Others
- progesterone (Prometrium)
- paroxetine (Brisdelle)
- estrogens cream - vaginal
- horny goat weed
- alendronate, Fosamax, Binosto
- Reclast (zoledronic acid)
- Side Effects of Premarin Vaginal Cream (conjugated estrogens)
- black cohosh - oral
- vitexagnus castus (Chaste Tree)
- risedronate (Actonel, Atelvia)
- Forteo (teriparatide)
- red clover
- estrogen/progestin - oral, Activella, Femhrt, Ortho-Prefe
- Side Effects of Premarin (conjugated estrogens)
- calcitonin (Miacalcin)
- soy (glycine soya) - oral
- Side Effects of Prometrium (progesterone)
- estrogens conjugated (Premarin)
- Boniva (ibandronate)
- esterified estrogens and methyltestosterone, Estratest, Estratest HS
- medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera)
- black cohosh
- Didronel (etidronate)
- Side Effects of Prempro (conjugated estrogens/medroxyprogesterone)
- Conjugated Estrogens (Cenestin, Enjuvia, Estrace, and Others)
- Evista (raloxifene)
- Side Effects of Estratest (esterified estrogens and methyltestosterone)
- Fyavolv (norethindrone acetate and ethinyl estradiol)
- ergotamine/belladonna/phenobarbital - oral, Bellergal-S
- exemestane - oral, Aromasin
- flibanserin (Addyi)
- estrogens (synthetic)-vaginal cream
- conjugated estrogens vaginal cream (Premarin Vaginal Cream)
- esterified estrogens (Menest)
- methyltestosterone w/ estrogen - oral, Estratest
- conjugated equine estrogens and medroxyprogesterone acetate, Prempro, Premphase
- estrogens conjugated synthetic (Cenestin)
- Side Effects of Menest (esterified estrogens)
- estropipate, Ogen
- Side Effects of Addyi (flibanserin)
- Side Effects of Alora (estradiol)
- Side Effects of Cenestin (conjugated estrogens)
- Side Effects of Meclofenamate sodium
- Bijuva (estradiol and progesterone)
- Side Effects of Brisdelle (paroxetine)
- Fosamax Plus D
- Premarin Injection
- Actonel with Calcium
- Climara Pro
- Premarin Vaginal Cream
Prevention & Wellness
- Hormonal Therapy Won't Prevent Chronic Ills After Menopause: Expert Panel
- Years of Diabetes Could Speed Onset of Menopause
- Many Older Women Have Active Sex Lives, But Menopause Can Interfere
- Menopause Might Worsen Jaw Pain in Women
- Heart Failure Risk Climbs in Obese Older Women Who Had Late Menopause
- Menopause May Mean More Sleep Apnea and Painful Joints
- Insomnia Drug Might Also Ease Menopause Night Sweats
- Supplements for Menopausal Symptoms — Solutions or Snake Oil?
- Gastro Symptoms of Menopause May Vary by Race
- New Treatment May Help Infertility in Menopause
- Years Leading to Menopause See Uptick in Women's Heart Risks: AHA
- Common But Underreported Menopause Syndrome
- Hormones May Explain Greater Prevalence of Alzheimer's in Women
- A Woman's Guide to Reviving Sex Drive
- Links Between Oral and General Health
- Breast Cancer and Menopause
- Weight Gain: Surprising Reasons You're Gaining
- Menopause and Mental Health
- Menopause Treatment: Talking with Your Doctor
- Menopause Treatments
- Sleep and Menopause
- Menopause Symptoms: Natural Solutions
- Menopause: Talking With Your Doctor
- Menopause and Sleep
- Menopause FAQs
- Menopause: What it is, What to do
- Menopause's Secret Symptom
- Women and Body Image
- Menopause: Fewer Carbs to Avoid Getting Fat
- Bladder Incontinence
- Estrogen Lotion Approved