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- What is meclofenamate, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- Is meclofenamate available as a generic drug?
- Do I need a prescription for meclofenamate?
- What are the uses for meclofenamate?
- What are the side effects of meclofenamate?
- What is the dosage for meclofenamate?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with meclofenamate?
- What else should I know about meclofenamate?
What is meclofenamate, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Meclofenamate belongs to a class of drugs called
What are the uses for meclofenamate?
Meclofenamate is used for the relief of mild to moderate pain. It also is used to treat dysmenorrhea (painful periods), idiopathic heavy menstrual blood loss, and relief of the signs and symptoms of acute and chronic rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Off label uses include ankylosing spondylitis (arthritis that mainly affects the spine) and vascular headache.
What are the side effects of meclofenamate?
The most common side effects are:
- abdominal pain with cramps,
- allergic reactions,
- heartburn, nausea, and
- skin rash.
It is important to note that people who take NSAIDs such as meclofenamate may have a higher risk of having a heart attack or a stroke than people who do not take these medications. Meclofenamate may cause ulcers, bleeding, or holes in the stomach or intestine. The risk may be higher for people who take NSAIDs for a longer period of time, are older in age, have poor health, or drink large amounts of alcohol.
If patients experience any of the following symptoms they should stop taking meclofenamate and call their doctor:
- stomach pain,
- vomiting a substance that is bloody or looks like coffee grounds,
- blood in the stool, or
- black and tarry stools.
- indomethacin (Indocin),
- naproxen (Naprosyn,
(Relafen) and several others. These drugs are used for the management of mild to moderate pain, fever, and inflammation. They work by reducing the levels of prostaglandins, chemicals that are responsible for pain, fever, and inflammation. Meclofenamate blocks the enzymes that make prostaglandins (cyclooxygenases), resulting in lower concentrations of prostaglandins. As a consequence, inflammation, pain, and fever are reduced. Meclofenamate was approved by the FDA in June 1980.
What is the dosage for meclofenamate?
The usual dose for mild to moderate pain is 50 to 100 mg every 4 to 6 hours.
For excessive menstrual blood loss and primary dysmenorrhea the usual dose is 100 mg three times a day, for up to six days. The maximum dose is 300 mg daily.
Which drugs or supplements interact with meclofenamate?
: Concurrent use of meclofenamate and warfarin (Coumadin), a blood thinner, may cause excessive bleeding as meclofenamate enhances the effect of warfarin. It is important, therefore, to reduce the dosage of warfarin.
Meclofenamate, as other NSAIDS may reduce the effects of blood pressure-lowering medications. This may occur because prostaglandins are important in the regulation of blood pressure.
Concurrent use of meclofenamate and cyclosporine (Sandimmune), an immunosuppressant, can increase the risk of kidney damage (nephrotoxicity), as meclofenamate tends to increase cyclosporine-induced kidney damage by blocking certain prostaglandins that are important in preventing toxic effects on the kidney. It is important, therefore, to avoid this combination and/or monitor kidney function and blood pressure.
Persons who have more than three alcoholic beverages per day may be at increased risk of developing stomach ulcers when taking meclofenamate or other NSAIDs.
What else should I know about meclofenamate?
What preparations of meclofenamate are available?
Capsules: 50 and 100 mg.
How should I keep meclofenamate stored?
Meclofenamate should be stored at 20 C to 25 C (68 F to 77 F) in a sealed container protected from light and moisture.
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Related Disease Conditions
Headaches can be divided into two categories: primary headaches and secondary headaches. Migraine headaches, tension headaches, and cluster headaches are considered primary headaches. Secondary headaches are caused by disease. Headache symptoms vary with the headache type. Over-the-counter pain relievers provide short-term relief for most headaches.
Menstruation (Menstrual Cycle)
Menstruation (menstrual cycle) is also referred to as a "period." When a woman menstruates, the lining of the uterus is shed. This shedding of the uterine linking is the menstrual blood flow. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days. There can be problems with a woman's period, including heavy bleeding, pain, or skipped periods. Causes of these problems may be amenorrhea (lack of a period), menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea), or abnormal vaginal or uterine bleeding. There are a variety of situations in which a girl or woman should see a doctor about her menstrual cycle.
Normal vaginal bleeding (menorrhea) occurs through the process of menstruation. Abnormal vaginal bleeding in women who are ovulating regularly most commonly involves excessive, frequent, irregular, or decreased bleeding. Causes of abnormal may arise from a variety of conditions that may include, uterine fibroids, IUDs, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, lupus, STDs, pelvic inflammatory disease, emotional stress, anorexia nervosa, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), cancers, early pregnancy.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints, the tissue around the joints, as well as other organs in the body. Because it can affect multiple other organs of the body, rheumatoid arthritis is referred to as a systemic illness and is sometimes called rheumatoid disease. The 16 characteristic early RA signs and symptoms include the following. Anemia Both sides of the body affected (symmetric) Depression Fatigue Fever Joint deformity Joint pain Joint redness Joint stiffness Joint swelling Joint tenderness Joint warmth Limping Loss of joint function Loss of joint range of motion Many joints affected (polyarthritis)
Arthritis (Joint Inflammation)
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more joints. When joints are inflamed they can develop stiffness, warmth, swelling, redness and pain. There are over 100 types of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, gout, and pseudogout.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis that causes chronic inflammation of the spine. The tendency to develop ankylosing spondylitis is genetically inherited. Treatment incorporates medications, physical therapy, and exercise.
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis caused by inflammation, breakdown, and eventual loss of cartilage in the joints. Also known as degenerative arthritis. Osteoarthritis can be caused by aging, heredity, and injury from trauma or disease.
Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs and Ulcers
Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are prescribed medications for the treatment of inflammatory conditions. Examples of NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, and more. One common side effect of NSAIDs is peptic ulcer (ulcers of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum). Side effects, drug interactions, warnings and precautions, and patient safety information should be reviewed prior to taking NSAIDs.
Menstrual cramps (pain in the belly and pelvic area) are experienced by women as a result of menses. Menstrual cramps are not the same as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Menstrual cramps are common, and may be accompanied by headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea. Severity of menstrual cramp pain varies from woman to woman. Treatment includes OTC or prescription pain relief medication.
Menstrual Cramps and Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) Medication Guide
Menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include abdominal cramping, bloating, a feeling of fullness, abdominal pain, mood swings, anxiety and more. Treatment for menstrual cramps and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms include regular sleep, exercise, smoking cessation, diet changes, and OTC or prescription medication depending on the severity of the condition.
Treatment & Diagnosis
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