- What is measles, mumps, rubella vaccine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
- What are the side effects of measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
- What is the dosage for measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
- Which drugs or supplements interact with measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
- Is measles, mumps, rubella vaccine safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
- What else should I know about measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
What is measles, mumps, rubella vaccine, and how does it work (mechanism of action)?
Measles infection is caused by the measles virus. It causes rash, cough, runny nose, eye irritation, and fever. It can progress into a serious illness which may cause ear infection, pneumonia, seizures, brain damage, and even death.
Mumps is caused by the mumps virus. It causes fever, headache, muscle pain, loss of appetite, and swollen glands. It can also progress into a serious illness which may cause deafness, infection of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis), painful swelling of the testicles or ovaries, and in rare cases sterility (inability of men to father children).
Rubella is caused by the rubella virus. It causes rash, arthritis, and mild fever. Rubella is especially dangerous during pregnancy as it can cause a miscarriage or serious birth defects in the newborn baby.
These diseases can easily spread from person to person through the air. Before the development of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine, these diseases were very common. Fortunately, we now have the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine that can protect from all three of these diseases.
The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine contains live attenuated (weakened) forms of the measles, mumps, and rubella viruses. The vaccine works by stimulating our immune system to produce antibodies (proteins which will fight and kill the viruses against the measles, mumps, and rubella viruses).
What brand names are available for measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
Is measles, mumps, rubella vaccine available as a generic drug?
Do I need a prescription for measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
What are the side effects of measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
Mild side effects of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine include:
- Mild rash
- Swelling of the glands in the cheeks or neck
- Other potential side effects that have been reported after taking the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine include:
- Seizures caused by fever
- Temporary pain and stiffness in the joints
- Temporary low platelet count that may cause bleeding problems
- Serious allergic reaction
- Long-term seizures, coma, or lowered consciousness
- Permanent brain damage
What is the dosage for measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
Children should get 2 injections of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine under the skin (subcutaneously):
- First injection (0.5 ml) at 12-15 months of age
- Second injection (0.5 ml) at 4-6 years age
Some adults also may need the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. It is generally recommended that adults who were born in 1957 or later should get at least one injection of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. However, the vaccine is not needed in people who have laboratory evidence of immunity (antibodies) to the three viruses.
Which drugs or supplements interact with measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
Patients who are sick should get the vaccine at a later time after they have recovered.
Patients with a weak immune system may not fully benefit from the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine.
Some medications may decrease the effectiveness of the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. Examples include fingolimod (Gilenya), belimumab (Benlysta), anakinra (Kineret), adalimumab (Humira), infliximab (Remicade), antineoplastic agents (anti-cancer medications), and other medicines that decrease the immune response.
The measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine may interact with the tuberculin (TB) test. The TB skin test should not be performed in patients who have received the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine within the previous 4-6 weeks.
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Is measles, mumps, rubella vaccine safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?
Pregnant women should not get the measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine. Pregnant women who need the vaccine should wait until after giving birth to get the vaccine. Additionally, females who have received the vaccine should avoid getting pregnant for 4 weeks (28 days) after vaccination.
What else should I know about measles, mumps, rubella vaccine?
What preparations of measles, mumps, rubella vaccine are available?
Vaccine powder for injection: Single dose vials
How should I keep measles, mumps, rubella vaccine stored?
Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine should be stored in the refrigerator, between 2 C to 8 C (36 F and 46 F).
MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella virus vaccine, live) is a vaccine used to prevent measles, mumps, and rubella. Side effects, drug interactions, dosing, storage, and pregnancy and breastfeeding information should be reviewed prior to using or taking any medication.
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Second Source article from Government
German Measles (Rubella)
German measles is a disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include rash and fever for two to three days. The MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccine prevents this disease.
Mumps is an acute viral illness caused by the mumps virus. Symptoms and signs of mumps include fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, and loss of appetite, followed by swelling of the salivary glands.
Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious disease that's caused by a virus. Symptoms include a rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, and red eyes. Treatment focuses on symptom relief. The disease can be prevented with the measles, mumps, rubella, and chickenpox (varicella) vaccine (MMRV).
Children's health is focused on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. There are many aspects of children's health, including growth and development, illnesses, injuries, behavior, mental illness, family health, and community health.
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